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Thread: Celtic unit names

  1. #1

    Default Celtic unit names

    Since I've already been asking a bunch of annoying questions about the celts, I might as well get this out of the way. Why are do some of the unit names seem greek? "Arkoi", "Nedes Nesamoi", "Bataroi", and "Gargokladioi" have the greek ending to them. Why is this? And why do some celtic units have this, and some don't?

  2. #2
    Genava's Avatar Decanus
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    Mar 2009

    Default Re: Celtic unit names

    Gaulish name have often - os in singular and - oi in plural.

    Example: Kingetos (warrior), Kingetoi (warriors).

    It depends of the ending in singular.
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  3. #3

    Default Re: Celtic unit names

    In Gaulish as well as in Greek, the most common masculine singular ending is -os with a plural in -oi. In late Gaulish the -oi became -i, perhaps influenced by Latin. It's usually referred to as an o-stem noun ending and (in the nominative case anyway) it looks very similar to a "Second Declension" in Greek.

    Nedes on the other hand, is the plural of *ne(i)s which is a masculine dental stem (earlier proto-Celtic is reconstructed as *nejets, which is where the dental t/d comes from - Gaulish lost it) Nessamoi is an o-stem and is plural, agreeing with it's head noun; it means "nearest" or "next" (its Welsh descendant is nesaf)
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  4. #4

    Default Re: Celtic unit names

    Quote Originally Posted by Elmetiacos View Post
    In late Gaulish the -oi became -i, perhaps influenced by Latin.
    Thank you for a linguistically sound explanation. Do you know of a reason for why we should posit Latin influence instead of regular morphological development?

  5. #5

    Default Re: Celtic unit names

    How much of gaulish has been preserved, and how?

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