Un-walled Sparta... home to legend and stories of the greatest heroism. The finest hoplites in the entire world train together day and night, living for battle. Striving to conquer their neighbors to support their unorthodox regime the Lakedaimonioi lust for new lands cannot be quashed easily. The Messenioi have fallen and become helot slaves to the Lakedaimonioi. With them preparing for war almost constantly it could only be a matter of time before all Greece is held under her hegemony.
Lakedaimon's mainstay of battle is the Spartiatai - The most formidable hoplites to ever grasp a spear stand unflinchingly in the face of any danger. The Krypteia , masters of the night, might infiltrate the enemy camps and wreak havoc among the terrified victims. Their cavalry is limited, but the Lakedaimonioi need no prissy horsemen to win their battles. All they need is a strong right arm and the will to stand and fight!
Their lands are mountainous and not suitable for much agriculture which forces the Lakedaimonioi to expand and conquer new richer territories. With Athens only a few stadia away an explosive war is soon to erupt and only the most cunning of commanders will be able to come out on top. With Greece being desperately fought over the armies of the east may soon take their chance to strike at the vulnerable Hellenes. The Lakedaimonioi no doubt will be there to raise an iron-tipped spear and stand for the freedom and glory of Greece!
| Hellenic AOR |
Dorikoi Hoplitai (Dorian Hoplites) UNIT MADE BY THE RISE OF PERSIA TEAM
Many years ago the chariot was the supreme weapon in Hellas, though with the improvement of smithing techniques better weapons and armor could be made, and slowly infantry made a comeback. Furthermore, as war became a less elitist activity (although there still is no such thing as a standing citizen army), more people could take part. Combined with the rugged terrain of Hellas, which made cavalry largely unfeasible, this brought about the rise of the phalanx. Contrary to popular opinion, the hoplites did not derive his name from the shield (which is correctly known in this period as the 'aspis') but from the general word for 'weapon' - 'hoplon'. Hoplitai fight together in a compact formation, forming a solid front with their large round shields and advancing slowly so as to maintain order. Their principle weapon is the xyston thrusting spear, though more often than not the victorious phalanx is the one that can push forward the hardest, and hold formation the longest. These are generally reliable infantry against most other infantry types, though they are hard to maneuver and are quite vulnerable to cavalry.
Hoplitai are generally drawn from the higher strata of cities, and minor cities can often find their hoplitai being used as pawns by more powerful, influential cities. Sparta, for example, mostly filled her armies up with allied hoplitai, as her own troops were too valuable to waste.\n\nThe Dorikoi are one of the four major Greek ethnē into which the Greeks of the ancient period considered themselves divided, along with the Aioloi, Achaioi and Iōnes. They were diverse in way of life and social organization, varying from the populous trade center of the city of Corinth, known for its ornate style in art and architecture, to the isolationist, military state of Sparta. And yet, all Greeks knew which localities were Dorik, and which were not. Dorikoi states at war could more likely, but not always, count on the assistance of other Dorikoi states.
Perioikoi Hoplitai (Perioci Hoplites) UNIT MADE BY HEGEMONIA CITY-STATES TEAM
Perioikoi are free people but not Spartan citizens. As their name suggests they live in town of Laconia but also inside Sparta city itself. They are allowed to trade and travel to other cities, therefore having contact with foreigners. They have rights in owning land and they were probable making the weapons of the Lakedaimonian army.
The Perioikoi are distinct from both the Spartans and the helots. They dont receive the famous Spartan training (Agōgá) but they serve the Lakedaimonian army as heavy hoplites. They could not participate in any political decisions and could not marry Spartan men or women.
Akontistai (Hellenic Javelinmen) UNIT MADE BY THE RISE OF PERSIA TEAM
The current military trends in Hellas are very much in favor of heavy infantry. Lighter troops and cavalry generally fall into very slim supporting roles, and often don't make an appearance on the battlefield at all. Very few people have looked into the possibilities of skirmishers, and few have studied skirmishing tactics in any detail. Thus the harassing role is left to the poorest sections of society who cannot afford the armor of a hoplite nor spare the time for the training. The Akontistes is, as a result of his lack of armor and his hard, hand-to-mouth farming lifestyle, extremely fast and well able to read the land and hide in long grass, but he suffers from poor morale. He is named after his javelin, the akontion, and this weapon can be quite useful, even against the well armored hoplite, though as his only side arm is a club, the Akontistes should stay away from melee.
The concept of the skirmisher only really became popular in Greece in the Peloponnesian Wars in the second half of the fifth century BC, in his incarnation as the peltastēs, named after his shield, the peltē.
Toxotai (Hellenic Archers) UNIT MADE BY THE RISE OF PERSIA TEAM
In much the same manner as the Greeks have not had much of a tradition for javelin troops, so they are not really accustomed to fielding powerful contingents of archers. The Toxotai are of much the same social status as the Akontistai, and have largely derived their abilities with the bow from hunting wild animals. Their name comes from the Greek for bow, 'toxon', and they have the potential to be quite useful in battle, though their bows aren't really powerful enough to make them worthwhile to use against hoplites. Greek bowmen are not up to the standard of their Asiatic counterparts, and the usual advice applies concerning keeping them away from the enemy. Even though they aren't the best archers, when used properly they are still an asset to an army.\n\nThe Greeks never really used their own archers that much at all, preferring where necessary to hire foreign mercenaries or conscript conquered peoples. Even leaders such as Epimanondas and Alexander the Great followed this practice.
Thētes Sphendonetai (Hellenic Slingers) UNIT MADE BY THE BATTLE FOR HELLAS TEAM
Thētes are manual workers or sharecroppers, they served voluntarily in the role of personal servant, or as auxiliaries armed for instance with the sling or as rowers in the Navy. Slingers are much valued by commanders for their ability to maintain a barrage on an enemy unit for long periods. They can supplement the ammunition in their satchels with the stones on the ground at their feet, so they are much less likely to run out than other missile troops. Using slings of varying length according to the range of their target, their shots strike home with a terrible impact which can knock a man back even if it strikes his armour. Other than a knife and the simple clothes they stand up in, they carry nothing to assist them in a fight at close quarters, preferring instead to retreat to the shelter provided by friendly infantry when such danger threatens.
Hippikoi (Hellenic Cavalry) UNIT MADE BY THE RISE OF PERSIA TEAM
Again, thanks to the phalanx-centered nature of Greek warfare, and the mountainous nature of Greece (there are few large pastures), cavalry is not prominent. That’s not to say that it isn't used, but it is expensive and there aren't many men who can field horses from their estates. Greek cavalry are not poorly armored though - because horsemen have to be wealthy to afford a horse, they can generally also afford a cuirass and helmet, though the lack of stirrups means that their armor cannot be too heavy (the soldier would be more likely to fall off then). Hippikoi are typically used as advance scouts, skirmishers and strike forces, quick raiders who can lob javelins and hit a phalanx in the rear or the flank. Attacking a phalanx head on however is highly inadvisable, as the light Greek horses would not penetrate very far into the formation. Nonetheless, they are valuable troops, and their scarcity makes them highly valuable on the battlefield. Thanks to this scarcity though, they come in smaller unit sizes than most other cavalry.