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Thread: Portuguese Army 1796-1814

  1. #1
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    Default Portuguese Army 1796-1814

    Portuguese Army 1789-1814

    Portugal was originally going to be included in my Minor Nations/States thread, but the amount of information now available, the complexity of the changes, and the need to correct errors more than merits its own thread. The format of this article will be used for an expansion/breaking apart of my Minor Nations/States into separate entries on each state/nation etc.

    Listed below are the sources I have drawn on to produce the information covering the pre-Revolutionary War period to 1814:

    Andrew Halliday’s “Observations on the present state of the Portuguese Army”1811 & 1812 editions,
    Napoleonic Association booklet “The Portuguese Regular Army 1806-14” by Richard A Howard,
    Sir Charles Oman “History of the Peninsular War – Volume 2
    ”,
    Philip Haythornthwaite "The Napoleonic Source Book",
    George Nafziger "Armies of Spain & Portugal",
    Otto von Pivka's "Armies of the Napoleonic Era",
    Otto von Pivka's “The Portuguese Army of the Napoleonic Wars”,
    Rene Chartrand and Bill Younghusband “The Portuguese Army of the Napoleonic Wars - Volumes 1, 2 & 3,
    Philip Haythornthwaite & Michael Chappell “Uniforms of the Peninsular War 1807-14”,
    Martin Windrow &Gerry Embleton “Military Dress of the Peninsular War”,
    Richard Partridge & Michael Oliver "Napoleonic Army Handbook - The British Army & Her Allies",
    Knotel "Uniforms of the World",

    Pedro Soares Branco
    Uniformes Portugueses Na Guerra Peninsular,
    various magazines, articles including
    Tenente-Coronel Nuno Correia Barrento de Lemos PiresOs Exércitos não se improvisam - Um estudo sobre o Exército Português e o novo Exército Anglo-Português em 1808” and
    various websites including

    http://www.arqnet.pt/exercito/principal.html
    ,
    www.revistamilitar.pt/,
    www.revista-artilharia.net/,
    http://guerradapeninsula-marr.blogspot.co.uk/,.
    http://lagosmilitar.blogspot.co.uk/, etc.

    Information in English on the timing and detailed internal organisational changes is often incomplete, confusing and contradictory and in some cases are just incorrect. In an attempt to correct the errors and fleshout the information, I have drawn on Portuguese sources (my thanks to GoogleBooks) – in particular Antonio Delgado da SilvaCollecção da legislação Portugueza desde aultima compilação das ordenações – Volumes 2 to 6”.

    Corrections/amendments to the notes that follow would be much appreciated (where appropriate with supporting evidence) as it is quite possible that I have failed to identify all of the relevant decrees etc or misread/misinterpreted some of them or some may not have been implemented.
    For details of the uniforms worn by the Portuguese units, I recommend that readers visit Geronimo's excellent thread with plenty of pictures at http://www.twcenter.net/forums/showthread.php?t=368825
    Additional pictures or links to pictures will be added later at the end of each section.

    For Portuguese Army Ranks and their British equivalents see post by João Centeno at http://www.napoleon-series.org/milit...ueseranks.html

    ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    The 1764 reforms of the Portuguese Army by Conde de Lippe (Graf von Schaumberg-Lippe-Bückeburg) resulted in a modern efficient army. Following his departure in 1767 the the army was allowed to go into a steady decline. Its complete disorganistaion was demonstrated by the Spanish-French offensive in the war of the Oranges in 1801. As a result calls were made to reorganise the army but no action was taken until the new law of 19 May 1806.

    This law proposed major changes in organization and recruitment system. It represented remarkable progress in the military institutions as the country was divided into 3 major divisions: Divisão Norte, Divisão Centro and Divisão Sul, covering 7 Governments and 3 military districts. The 3 Divisions comprised all arms; a mix of regular, militia & ordenanças; regular regiments were given numbers rather than titles.
    The Infantry was brigaded as follows:

    Divisão Norte
    Brigada Nº 1 Regimentos Nº 3 & 15
    Brigada Nº 2 Regimentos Nº 6 & 18
    Brigada Nº 3 Regimentos Nº 9 & 2
    Brigada Nº 4 Regimentos Nº 12 & 24

    Divisão Centro
    Brigada Nº 1 Regimentos Nº 1 & 13
    Brigada Nº 2 Regimentos Nº 4 & 16
    Brigada Nº 3 Regimentos Nº 7 & 19
    Brigada Nº 4 Regimentos Nº 10 & 22

    Divisão Sul
    Brigada Nº 1 Regimentos Nº 2 & 14
    Brigada Nº 2 Regimentos Nº 5 & 17
    Brigada Nº 3 Regimentos Nº 8 & 20
    Brigada Nº 4 Regimentos Nº 11 & 23

    The Cavalry was allocated as follows:

    Divisão Norte
    Regimentos No 3, 6, 9 & 12

    Divisão Centro
    Regimentos No 1, 4, 7 & 10

    Divisão Sul
    Regimentos No 2, 5, 8 & 11

    The Artillery was allocated as follows:

    Divisão Norte
    Regimento No 4

    Divisão Centro
    Regimento No 1

    Divisão Sul
    Regimentos No 2 & 3

    The Militia Regiments were allocated as follows:

    Divisão Norte
    Regimento de Milícias de Bragança
    Regimento de Milícias de Chaves
    Regimento de Milícias de Miranda
    Regimento de Milícias de Vila Real
    Regimento de Milícias dos Arcos
    Regimento de Milícias da Barca
    Regimento de Milícias de Barcelos
    Regimento de Milícias de Basto
    Regimento de Milícias de Braga
    Regimento de Milícias de Guimarães
    Regimento de Milícias de Viana
    Regimento de Milícias de Vila do Conde
    Regimento de Milícias da Feira
    Regimento de Milícias da Maia
    Regimento de Milícias de Penafiel
    Regimento de Milícias do Porto

    Divisão Centro
    Regimento de Milícias de Alcácer do Sal
    Regimento de Milícias de Leiria
    Regimento de Milícias da Lousã
    Regimento de Milícias de Santarém
    Regimento de Milícias de Setúbal
    Regimento de Milícias de Soure
    Regimento de Milícias de Torres Vedras
    Regimento de Milícias do Termo da Corte, do Lado Ocidental
    Regimento de Milícias do Termo da Corte, do Lado Oriental
    Regimento de Voluntários Reais de Milícias a Pé de Lisboa Ocidental
    Regimento de Voluntários Reais de Milícias a Pé de Lisboa Oriental
    Regimento de Milícias de Coimbra
    Regimento de Milícias de Aveiro
    Regimento de Milícias da Figueira da Foz
    Regimento de Milícias de Oliveira de Azemeis

    Divisão Sul
    Regimento de Milícias de Avis
    Regimento de Milícias de Beja
    Regimento de Milícias de Évora
    Regimento de Milícias de Portalegre
    Regimento de Milícias de Vila Viçosa
    Regimento de Milícias de Lagos
    Regimento de Milícias de Tavira
    Regimento de Milícias de Arganil
    Regimento de Milícias de Arouca
    Regimento de Milícias de Castelo Branco
    Regimento de Milícias da Covilhã
    Regimento de Milícias da Guarda
    Regimento de Milícias de Idanha-a-Nova
    Regimento de Milícias de Lamego
    Regimento de Milícias de Tondela
    Regimento de Milícias de Trancoso
    Regimento de Milícias de Viseu

    The Ordenança Brigades were allocated as follows:

    Divisão Norte
    Brigada No 3 & 15; 6 & 18; 9 & 21; 12 & 24.

    Divisão Centro
    Brigada No 1 & 13; 4 &16; 7 & 19; 10 & 22.

    Divisão Sul
    Brigada No 2 & 14; 5 &17; 8 & 20; 11 & 23.


    Implementation was halted by the French invasion of Portugal in 1807. General Junot’s order of 22 December 1807 resulted in the regular army being disbanded and in January 1808 the same fate fell to the militias and the Ordenanças. In summary:

    • soldiers with more than eight years of service were sent home leaving their weapons arms with the French (although they could maintain the uniforms);
    • most of the horses were handed over to the French;
    • the better troops and officers were amalgamated with the Legion d’Alorna to form the Legião Portuguese (16 January 1808 organisation 6 regimentos de infantaria (each with 2 batalhões de infantaria), 1 batalhão de infantaria ligeira, 3 regimentos de cavalaria and 1 esquadrão de cavalaria ligeira). It was sent to France via Saragossa to serve against Austria in 1809 and then take part in the invasion of Russia in 1812. The remainder of the troops mainly returned their homes having surrendered their weapons.

    Following the Spanish rebellion against the French occupation, in June 1808, Portuguese officers and soldiers began to appear in their old units, many using their old uniforms and weapons, bringing anything they could find.

    The 30 September 1808 decree assigned regiments to recruitment areas:

    Infantry:
    Lisboa - Regimentos No 1, 4, 10, 13 & 16
    Elvas - Regimentos No 5, 17 & 22
    Porto - Regimentos No 6 & 18
    Setubal - Regimento No 7
    Cascais - Regimento No 19
    Estremoz - Regimento No 3
    Castelo de Vide - Regimento No 8
    Vila Viçosa - Regimento No 15
    Campo Maior - Regimento No 20
    Lagos - Regimento No 2
    Tavira - Regimento No 14
    Viseu - Regimento No 11
    Almeida - Regimento No 23
    Viana - Regimento No 9
    Valença - Regimento No 21
    Chaves - Regimento No 12
    Bragança - Regimento No 24

    Cavalry:
    Lisboa - Regimentos No 1, 4 & 7
    Santarem - Regimento No 10
    Elvas - Regimento No 8
    Moura - Regimento No 2
    Beja - Regimento No 3
    Évora - Regimento No 5
    Almeida - Regimento No 11
    Chaves - Regimentos No 6 & 9
    Bragança - Regimento No 12

    On 14 October 1808, the Caçadores were assigned to Divisions as follows:

    Divisão Norte
    Batalhões No 3 & 6

    Divisão Centro
    Batalhões No 1 & 4

    Divisão Sul
    Batalhões No 2 & 5

    In response to the Portuguese request to the British Government for a senior officer to be appointed to command, reorganise & modernise their army, William Carr Bereford was chosen. In March 1809, he took office with the rank of Marechal de Campo and had the British drill-books translated into Portuguese and generally improving administrative efficiency. He sacked the less efficient, lazy, senile elements of the officer corps. 24 British Capitains and Majors allocated to Beresford were transferred to Portuguese service. These officer received a one step rank increase in British service and another in Portuguese e.g. a Captain would become a British Major and a Tenente-Coronel in Portuguese service. Altogther some 350 British officers including 23 Sergeants received Portuguese commissions. The later transferees only received a one step rank increase in the Portuguese army; there was no advancement in rank in the British army which led to much acrimony.

    Beresford’s next job was to try and bring the army upto strength. This was slow work and full strength was never reached. Cavalry was a major problem as suitable horse flesh was limited. A number of regiments remained dismounted and were utilised as garrison troops. Performance in the field by the cavalry was mixed – it was the least reliable arm of the revitalised army. The infantry, caçadores & artillery performed well.
    -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Bandeiras & Estandartes (Flags & Standards)


    The royal decree of 19 May 1806 also gave new colours and standards to the Portuguese Army.

    Each infantry regiment was given two flags. The first was in distinctive geometrical shapes in a mix red, blue white and yellow. The second was a relatively plain regimental colour, in the appropriate divisional colour to which the regiment belonged. Infantry regimental flags had cravats in the regimental colours attached immediately below the flag staff heads.

    Six regiments which had taken part in the war against France were granted an inscription on their colours by the Warrant of 17 December 1795.
    3rd Regiment ‘Ao Valor do I. Regimento de Olivença’; 4th Regiment ‘Ao Valor do Regimento de Freire’; 6th Regiment ‘Ao Valor do I. Regimento de Porto’; 13th Regiment ‘Ao Valor do Regimento de Peniche’; 18th Regiment ‘Ao Valor do II. Regimento de Porto’; and 19th Regiment ‘Ao Valor do Regimento de Cascaes’.

    In recognition of the 9th, 11th, 21st and 23rd line regiments distinguishing themselves at Vitoria they were granted a special inscription that was added around the central white field bearing the royal arms on the King's colours. It read ‘Julgareis qual he mais Excellente? Se ser do Mundo Rei ou de Tal Gente’ [Judge which is better, to be king of the world or of such people]. For a modern recreation see http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-JzRbWuglMs...s1600/0580.jpg

    Each cavalry regiment was issued with four standards, one per squadron, the 1st squadron a white standard, the 2nd red, the 3rd yellow and the 4th blue. The cavalry regiments cravats were 1st-3rd regiments white, 4th-6th scarlet, 7th-9th yellow and 10th-12th light blue.

    The battalions of cacadores did not carry flags. However the 7th and 11th battalions [note the British order of battle describes the 11th as the 12th] so distinguished themselves at the battle of Vitoria in June 1813, that as a special honour these two battalions were granted colours. The flags followed the usual pattern though only in red, white & blue. They bore the legend ‘Distintos vos Sereis na Luza Historia c’os Louros que Colhestes na Victoria’ [you will be distinguished in the history of Portugal by the laurels you won at Vitoria]. The cravat was yellow and black. It is not known if they received a plain second colour as well.


    The warflag website at http://www.warflag.com/napflags/flaghtml/portugal.htm has illustrations of

    Infantry King's Colours:

    Post 1806 issue for line infantry regiments.
    Pattern for 19th infantry regiment.
    Pattern for 9th, 11th, 21st and 23rd regiments post 1813.
    Pattern for 7th and 11th cacadores battalions post 1813.
    Pattern attributed to 21st regiment - possibly pre 1806 issue.

    Infantry Regimental Colours:

    Infantry regiments of the Northern division.
    Infantry regiments of the Center Division.
    Infantry regiments of the Southern Division

    Cavalry Standards:

    1st and 2nd squadrons.
    3rd and 4th squadrons.

    For other examples including modern recreations see:
    Regimento de Infantaria de Lagos (nº2).

    Regimento no4

    Regimento no8

    Regimento no9

    Regimento no10

    Regimento de Viseu (no 14)

    Regimento no23


    -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Pictures of General Staff



    [
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; January 17, 2014 at 03:41 PM. Reason: Addition of section on Flags & Standards
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  2. #2
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    Default Re: Portuguese Army 1796-1814

    INFANTRY (Infantaria)

    Regimento de Lippe
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 1
    22 December 1807 licensed by order of Junot, integrated into 1º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established



    Regimento de Infantaria de Lagos
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 2
    31 December 1807 licensed by order of General Solano, integrated into ??.º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established

    1º Regimento de Infantaria de Olivença
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 3
    31 December 1807 licensed by order of General Solano, integrated into ??.º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established

    Regimento de Infantaria de Freire
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 4
    22 December 1807 licensed by order of Junot, integrated into 2º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established

    1º Regimento de Infantaria de Elvas
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 5
    31 December 1807 licensed by order of General Solano, integrated into ??.º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established

    1º Regimento de Infantaria do Porto
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 6
    31 December 1807 licensed by order of General Taranco, integrated into 2º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established

    Regimento de Infantaria de Setubal
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 7
    31 December 1807 licensed by order of General Solano, integrated into ??.º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established

    Regimento de Infantaria de Castelo de Vide
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 8
    31 December 1807 licensed by order of General Solano, integrated into ??.º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established




    Regimento de Infantaria de Viana
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 9
    31 December 1807 licensed by order of General Toranco. Not integrated into Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established


    Regimento de Infantaria de Lisboa
    27 February 1801 created by decree.
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 10
    22 December 1807 licensed by order of Junot, integrated into 1º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established

    Regimento de Infantaria de Penamacor
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 11
    22 December 1807 licensed by order of Junot, integrated into 3º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established

    Regimento de Infantaria de Chaves
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 12
    22 December 1807 licensed by order of Junot, integrated into 3º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established


    Regimento de Infantaria de Peniche
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 13
    22 December 1807 licensed by order of Junot, integrated into 1º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established

    Regimento de Infantaria de Tavira
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 14
    31 December 1807 licensed by order of General Solano, integrated into ??.º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established


    2º Regimento de Infantaria de Olivença
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 15
    31 December 1807 licensed by order of General Solano, integrated into ??.º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established

    Regimento de Infantaria de Vieira Teles
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 16
    22 December 1807 licensed by order of Junot, integrated into 1º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established



    2º Regimento de Infantaria de Elvas
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 17
    31 December 1807 licensed by order of General Solano, integrated into ??.º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established



    2º Regimento de Infantaria do Porto
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 18
    31 December 1807 licensed by order of General Toranco, integrated into 2º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established

    Regimento de Infantaria de Cascais
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 19
    22 December 1807 licensed by order of Junot, integrated into 2º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established




    Regimento de Infantaria de Campo Maior
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 20
    31 December 1807 licensed by order of General Solano, integrated into ??.º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established

    Regimento de Infantaria de Valença
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 21
    31 December 1807 licensed by order of General Toranco. Not integrated into Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established

    Regimento de Infantaria de Serpa
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 22
    31 December 1807 licensed by order of General Solano, integrated into ??.º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established

    Regimento de Infantaria de Almeida
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 23
    22 December 1807 licensed by order of Junot, integrated into 3º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established


    Regimento de Infantaria de Bragança
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Infantaria nº 24
    22 December 1807 licensed by order of Junot, integrated into 3º Regimento de Infantaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 formally re-established





    1 August 1796 – the Decree ordered each Regimento de Infantaria da Linha (line infantry regiments) to comprise of 1 battalion (headquarters and 10 companies - 1 grenadier, 1 caçadores & 8 fusiliers):
    Regimento de Infantaria da Linha
    Headquarters: 18 men
    Coronel, Tenente Coronel, Major, 2 Ajudantes, Quartel Mestre, Secretario, Capellaõ, Cirurgiaõ Mór, 5 Ajudantes do Cirurgiaõ, Coronheiro, Espingardeiro, Tambor Mór, Preboste
    Companhias:
    I Companhia de Fuzileiros; 94 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, 2 Sargentos, Furriel, Porta-Bandeira, 5 Cabos, 2 Tambores, 2 Pifanos, 78 Anspessadas & Soldados
    II Companhia de Fuzileiros; 92 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, 2 Sargentos, Furriel, Porta-Bandeira, 5 Cabos, 2 Tambores, 78 Anspessadas & Soldados
    III, IV, V, VI, VII & VIII Companhia deFuzileiros; 92 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, 2 Sargentos,Furriel, 5 Cabos, 2 Tambores, 78 Anspessadas & Soldados
    Companhia de Granadeiros; 97 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, 2 Sargentos,Furriel, 5 Cabos, 6 Porta-Machedos, 2 Tambores, 78 Anspessadas & Soldados
    Companhia de Caçadores; 92 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, 2 Sargentos, Furriel, 5 Cabos, 2 Tambores, 78 Anspessadas & Soldados

    However there was one exception - the Regimento de Infanteria de Lippe which had 2 battalions (2 batalhóes)
    Headquarters: 20 men
    Coronel, Tenente Coronel, 2 Majores, 2 Ajudantes, Quartel Mestre, Secretario, Capellaõ, Cirurgiaõ Mór, 6 Ajudantes do Mór, Coronheiro, Espingardeiro, Tambor Mór, Preboste
    Companhias:
    I Companhia de Fuzileiros; 119 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, 2 Sargentos, Furriel, Porta-Bandeira, 6 Cabos de Esquadra, 2 Tambores, 2 Pifanos, 102 Anspessadas & Soldados
    II Companhia de Fuzileiros; 117 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, 2 Sargentos, Furriel, Porta-Bandeira, 6 Cabos de Esquadra, 2 Tambores, 102 Anspessadas & Soldados
    III, IV, V, VI, VII & VIII Companhia deFuzileiros; 116 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, 2 Sargentos, Furriel, 6 Cabos de Esquadra, 2 Tambores, 102 Anspessadas & Soldados
    Companhia de Granadeiros; 124 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, 2 Sargentos, Furriel, 6 Cabos de Esquadra, 6 Porta-Machedos, 2 Tambores, 104 Anspessadas & Soldados
    Companhia de Caçadores; 124 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, 2 Sargentos, Furriel, 6 Cabos de Esquadra, 6 Porta-Machedos, 2 Tambores, 104 Anspessadas & Soldados

    July 1808 – Regimento de Infanteria de Linha– 2 battalions, each of 5 companies (1 grenadier & 4 fusilier).
    Regimental headquarters: 7 men
    Coronel, Major (grade of Tenente Coronel), Quartel Mestre, Capellão, Cirurgião Mór, Coronheiro, Espingardeiro,

    Battalion headquarters: 16 men
    Chefe de batalho (grade of Major), Primeiro Ajudante (grade of Capitão), 4 Ajudantes de Cirurgião, Porta Bandeira, Cabo de Tambores, 8 Musicos,

    Companies: 162 men
    Capitao, Tenente, 2 Alferes, Primeiro Sargento, 2 Segundos Sargentos, Furriel, 8 Cabos, 2 Tambores, 144 Anspeçadas & Soldados.

    1809 November – Regimento de Infantaria- headquarters augmented while companies remained as before.
    Headquarters: 36 men.
    Coronel, Tenente Coronel, 2 Majores, 2 Ajudantes, Thesoureiro (or Pagador), 2 Quarteis Mestres, 2 Sargentos de Brigada (or 2 Ajudantes Sargentos), 2 Quarteis Mestre Sargentos, 2 Porta-Bandeiras, Capellão, Cirurgião Mór, 4 Ajudantes do Cirurgião, Coronheiro, Espinguardeiro, Mestre de Musica, 8 Musicos, Tambor Mór, Cabo de Tambores, 2 Pifanos.


    29 October 1814 - Regimento de Infantaria reduced to peacetime strength:
    Headquarters:
    Coronel, Tennete Coronel, 2 Majores, 2 Ajudantes, Quarteis Mestre, Cirurgiao Mor; 2 Ajudantes do Cirurgiao Mor; 2 Porta-Bandeiras, 2 Sargentos Ajudante; Sargento Quartel Mestre; Coronheiro; Espingardeiro; Mestre de Musica, 8 Musicos, 1 Tambor Mor, 1 Cabo de Tambores, 2 Pifanos
    10 companies each:
    Capitao, Tenente, Alferes, Primeiro Sargento, 2 Segundos Sargentos, Furrieis, 4 Cabos de Esquadra, 4 Anspecadas, 82 Soldados, Tambor


    http://library.brown.edu/cds/catalog...6194265625.jp2

    Also see:
    http://www.portugalweb.net/historia/...nf_1807_01.jpg
    http://www.portugalweb.net/historia/...nf_1807_02.jpg
    http://www.portugalweb.net/historia/...nf_1807_03.jpg
    http://www.portugalweb.net/historia/...nf_1807_04.jpg
    http://www.portugalweb.net/historia/...nf_1807_05.jpg
    http://www.portugalweb.net/historia/...nf_1807_06.jpg
    http://www.portugalweb.net/historia/...nf_1807_07.jpg
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; January 19, 2014 at 09:47 AM. Reason: Uniforms added
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  3. #3
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    Default Re: Portuguese Army 1796-1814

    CAÇADORES

    Batalhão de Caçadores n.ª 1 (Castello de Vide)
    Batalhão de Caçadores n.ª 2 (Moura)
    Batalhão de Caçadores n.ª 3 (Villa Real)
    Batalhão de Caçadores n.ª 4 (Viseu)


    Batalhão de Caçadores n.ª 5 (Campo-Mayor)
    Batalhão de Caçadores n.ª 6 (Porto)


    20 April 1811 - 6 additional battalions formed:
    Batalhão de Caçadores n.ª 7 (formerly Loyal Lusitanian Legion)

    Batalhão de Caçadores n.ª 8 (formerly Loyal Lusitanian Legion)
    Batalhão de Caçadores n.ª 9 (formerly Loyal Lusitanian Legion)
    Batalhão de Caçadores n.ª 10
    Batalhão de Caçadores n.ª 11
    Batalhão de Caçadores n.ª 12


    1808 July - Batalhao de Caçadores – 6 companies
    Headquarters: 18 men
    Chefe de batalho (Major), Primeiro Ajudante (Capitão), Segundo Ajudante (Alferes), Quartel Mestre, Capellão, Cirurgão Mór, 3 Ajudantes de Cirurgião, Tambor Mór, 8 Musicos,
    Companies: 138 men
    Capitao, Tenente, 2 Alferes, Primeiro Sargento, 2 Segundos Sargentos, Furriel, 8 Cabos, 2 Tambores, 120 Anspeçadas e Soldados.

    1808 October - Batalhão de Caçadores reorganised - 628 men
    Headquarters: 13 men;
    Tenente Coronel, Major, Ajudante, Quartel Mestre, Capellão, Cirurgião Mór, 2 Ajudantes do Cirurgião, Coronheiro, Espingardeiro, Tambor Mór, 2 Pifanos
    Companhia de Atiradores & 4 Companhias de Caçadores: each of 123 men.
    Capitão, Tenente, 2 Alferes, Primero Sargento, 2 Segundos Sargentos, Furriel, 8 Cabos, 8 Anspeçadas, 2 Tambores, 1 Corneta, 96 Soldados

    1809 November – Batalhão de Cacadores - headquarters augmented, companies remained as before.
    Headquarters: 23 men.
    Tenente Coronel, Major, Ajudante, Thesoureiro (or Pagador), Quartel Mestre, Sargento de Brigada (or Ajudante Sargento), Quartel Mestre Sargento, Capellão, Cirurgião Mór, 2 Ajudantes do Cirurgião, Coronheiro, Espinguardeiro, Mestre de Musica, 8 Musicos, Corneta Mór.

    29 October 1814 - Batalhao de Cacadores reduced to peacetime strength:
    Headquarters:
    Tenente Coronel, Major, Ajudante; Quartel Mestre; Capellao; Cirurgiao Mor; Ajudante do Cirurgiao Mor; Sargento Ajudante; Sargento Quartel Mestre; Coronheiro; Espingardeiro; Mestre de Musica, 8 Musicos, Corneta Mor,
    6 companies each of :
    Capitao, Tenente, Alferes, Primeiro Sargento, 2 Segundos Sargentos, Furrieis, 4 Cabos de Esquadra, 4 Anspecadas, 64 Soldados, Corneta,


    Loyal Lusitanian Legion
    1809 June - Leal Legião Lusitana formed as a Regimento de Infanteria Ligera
    2267 men in Headquarters, 2 battalions each of 10 companies:
    Headquarters: 47 men
    Coronel, 2 Tenentes Coronels, 2 Majores, 2 Ajudantes, 2 Quarteis Mestres, 2 Porta-Bandeiras, 2 Capellães, 2 Cirurgiões Móres, 4 Ajudantes do Cirurgiões,2 Coronheiros, 2 Espingardeiros, 2 Mestres de Musica, 16 Musicos, 2 Tambores Móres, 4 Pifanos.
    Companhia: 111 men
    Capitão, Tenenete, 2 Alferes, Primero Sargento, 3 Segundos Sargentos, Furriel, 6 Cabos de Esquadra, 6 Anspecadas, 2 Tambores, 88 Soldados.
    20 April 1811 converted into 3 battalions of Cacadores

    For uniforms also see:
    http://www.portugalweb.net/historia/...ac_1808_01.jpg
    http://www.portugalweb.net/historia/...ac_1808_02.jpg
    http://www.portugalweb.net/historia/...ac_1808_03.jpg
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; January 02, 2014 at 05:06 PM. Reason: Uniforms added
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  4. #4
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    Default Re: Portuguese Army 1796-1814

    CAVALRY (Cavallaria)

    Regimento de Cavalaria de Alcântara
    19 May 1806 renamed Regimento de Cavalaria n.º 1.
    22 December 1807 licensed by order of Junot, integrated into 1.º Regimento de Cavalaria, Legião Portuguesa,
    30 September 1808 re-established

    Regimento de Cavalaria [da praça] de Moura
    19 May 1806 renamed Regimento de Cavalaria n.º 2.
    31 December 1807 licensed by order of General Solano, integrated into 3.º Regimento de Cavalaria, Legião Portuguesa
    14 October 1808 re-established


    Regimento de Cavalaria Dragões de Olivença
    19 May 1806 renamed Regimento de Cavalaria n.º 3.
    31 December 1807 licensed by order of General Solano, integrated into 3.º Regimento de Cavalaria, Legião Portuguesa

    Regimento de Cavalaria de Mecklembourg
    19 May 1806 renamed Regimento de Cavalaria n.º 4.
    22 December 1807 licensed by order of Junot, integrated into 1.º Regimento de Cavalaria, Legião Portuguesa.
    30 September 1808 re-established


    Regimento de Cavalaria Dragões de Évora
    19 May 1806 renamed Regimento de Cavalaria nº 5.
    31 December 1807 licensed by order of General Solano, integrated into 3.º Regimento de Cavalaria, Legião Portuguesa.

    Regimento de Cavalaria [da cidade] de Bragança
    19 May 1806 renamed Regimento de Cavalaria n.º 6
    22 December 1807 licensed by order of Junot, integrated into 2.º Regimento de Cavalaria, Legião Portuguesa.
    14 October 1808 formally re-established


    Regimento de Cavalaria do Cais
    19 May 1806 renamed Regimento de Cavalaria nº 7.
    22 December 1807 licensed by order of Junot, integrated into 1º Regimento de Cavalaria, Legião Portuguesa.

    Regimento de Cavalaria de Elvas
    19 May 1806 renamed Regimento de Cavalaria n.º 8.
    31 December 1807 licensed by order of General Solano, integrated into 3.º Regimento de Cavalaria, Legião Portuguesa.

    Regimento de Cavalaria [da praça] de Chaves
    19 May 1806 renamed Regimento de Cavalaria n.º 9
    22 December 1807 licensed by order of Junot, integrated into 2.º Regimento de Cavalaria, Legião Portuguesa.
    14 October formally re-established.

    Regimento de Cavalaria de Santarém
    19 May 1806 renamed Regimento de Cavalaria nº 10.
    22 December 1807 licensed by order of Junot, integrated into 1º Regimento de Cavalaria, Legião Portuguesa.

    Regimento de Cavalaria [da praça] de Almeida
    19 May 1806 renamed Regimento de Cavalaria n.º 11.
    22 December 1807 licensed by order of Junot, integrated into 2º Regimento de Cavalaria, Legião Portuguesa.
    14 October formally re-established


    Regimento de Cavalaria [da cidade] de Miranda
    19 May 1806 renamed Regimento de Cavalaria n.º 12.
    22 December 1807 licensed by order of Junot, integrated into 2º Regimento de Cavalaria, Legião Portuguesa.
    14 October formally re-established



    31 August 1764 - decree for the organisation of Regimiento de Cavallaria de Linha (according to Arqnet, however I could find no corroborating evidence in either "Collecao da Legliscao de Portugueza desde a ultima compilacao das ordenacoes" or "Historia da Cavallaria Poertugueza - 4 volume" but may have missed it.
    Regiment to comprise 329 men in a headquarters and 8 companhias (companies).
    Headquarters: 15 personnel.
    Sargento Maior, Ajudante (?Tenente), Quartel Mestre (? Tenente), Capellao, Auditor, Cirugiao, 4 Ajudantes do Cirugiao, Timbaleiro, Picador, Correeiro (or Selleiro), Espingardeiro, Coronheiro.
    Primeiro do Coronel: 41 personnel
    Coronel, Primero Tenente, Segundo Tenente, Alferes, Porta-Estandarte, Furriel, 3 Cabos de Esquadra, Ferrador, Trombeta, 30 Soldados (peace time establishment)
    Segundo do Tenente Coronel: same as for Coronel's company.
    Terceira do Primero Capitao: 40 personnel
    Capitao, Tenente, Alferes, Furriel, Porta-Estandarte, 3 Cabos de Esquadra, Trombeta, Ferrador, 30 Soldados (peace time establishment)
    Quarto do Segundo Capitao: same as for Primeir Capitao's company
    5th, 6t, 7th & 8th Companhia do Terceiro Capitao: 38 personnel
    Capitao, Tenente, Alferes, Furriel, Cabos de Esquadra (Arqnet table shows just the 1 but possibly 3), Ferrador, 30 Soldados (peace time strength).


    1796 August -Regimento de Cavallaria de Linha: 613 men (565 horses)
    Headquarters: 14 men (6 horses)
    Sargento Mór, Ajudante, Quartel Mestre, Capellão, Picador, Secretario, Cirurgiaõ, 4 Cirurgiões Ajudantes, 3 Artifices
    I. Companhia do Coronel : 77 men (72 horses)– while the Decree shows these totals the actual break down is listed as follows:
    Coronel. Capitão Commandante, Tenente,Alferes, Porta-Estandarte, Furriel, Timbaleiro, Clarim, 5 Cabos de Esquadra, 65 Soldados (includes Anspessadas and 5 Supranumeirarios)
    II. Companhia do Tenente Coronel: 76 men (71 horses) – while the Decree shows these totals the actual break down is listed as follows:
    Tenente Coronel. Capitão Commandante, Tenente, Alferes, Porta-Estandarte, Furriel, Clarim, 5 Cabos de Esquadra, 65 Soldados (includes Anspessadas and 5 Supranumeirarios)
    III & IV. Companhias do Primero Capitão: 75 men (70 horses) – while the Decree shows these totals the actual break down is listed as follows:
    Primero Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, Porta-Estandarte, Furriel, Clarim, 5 Cabos de Esquadra, 65 Soldados (includes Anspessadas and 5 Supranumeirarios)
    V. VI. VII & VIII Companhias: each 74 men (69 horses).
    Primero Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, Furriel, Clarim, 5 Cabos de Esquadra, 65 Soldados (includes Anspessadas and 5 Supranumeirarios)

    1808 July - Regimento de Cavallaria

    Headquarters: 17 men
    Coronel, Tenente Coronel, Major, Ajudante, Quartel Mestre, Cirurgão Mór, Capellão, Picador, Trombeta Mór, 4 Ajudantes de Cirurgião, Alveitar, 3 Artifices (Selleiro, Coronheiro, Espingardeiro),
    Companies: 54 men

    1808 October -Regimento de Cavallaria reorganised – 594 men
    Headquarters: 14 men
    Coronel, Tenente Coronel, Major, Ajudante,Quartel Mestre, Capellão, Cirurgiao Mór, 2 Ajudantes do Cirurgiao, Picador,Trombeta Mór, Selleiro, Coronheiro. Espingardeiro

    1o, 3o, 5o& 7o Companhia: 73 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, Sargento, Furriel, Porta-Estandarte, 4 Cabos, 4 Anspeçadas, Trombeta, Ferrador, 57 Soldados

    2o, 4o, 6o& 8o Companhia: 72 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, Sargento, Furriel, 4 Cabos, 4 Anspeçadas, Trombeta, Ferrador, 57 Soldados

    1809 November – Regimento da Cavallaria .
    Headquarters: 21 men (20 horses)
    Coronel, Tenente Coronel, Major, Ajudante, Quartel-Mestre, Thesoureigo (or Pagador), Sargento do Brigada, Quartel-Mestre Sargento, 4 Porte-Estandaries, Capellao, Cirurgião Mór, 2 Ajudantes do Cirurgião, Picador, Trombeta Mór, Selleiro, Coronheiro, Espingardeiro

    Companhia: 72 men (64 horses)
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, 2 Sargentos, Furriel, 4 Cabos de Esquadra, 4 Anspeçadas, Trombeta, Ferrador, 56 Soldados (8 dismounted).


    29 October 1814 - Regimento da Cavallaria reduced to peacetime strength:
    Headquarters:
    Coronel; Tenente Coronel; Major; Ajudante; Quartel Mestre; Capellao; Cirurgiao Mor; Ajudantes do CM; Picador; 4 Porta-Estandartes; Sargento Ajudante; Sargento Quartel Mestre; Selleiro; Coronheiro; Espingardeiro; Trombeta Mor;
    Total for Companies:
    8 Capitaes, 8 Tenentes, 8 Alferes, 8 Primeiros Sargentos, 8 Segundos Sargentos, 8 Furrieis, 24 Cabos de Esquadra, 24 Anspecadas, 400 Soldados, 8 Trombetas, 8 Ferradores.
    (probably 8 companies each with Capitao, Tenente, Alferes, Primeiro Sargento, Segundo Sargento, Furrieis, 3 Cabos de Esqudara, 3 Anspecadas, 50 Soldados, Trombeta, Ferrador,)
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; January 02, 2014 at 05:14 PM. Reason: 1814 peacetime strengths added
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  5. #5
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    Default Re: Portuguese Army 1796-1814

    ARTILLERY (Artilharia)


    Regimento de Artilharia da Corte
    22 February 1801 regiment increased by 2 companhias de artilheiros-cavaleiros
    22 January 1804 companhias de artilheiros-cavaleiros were extinguished.
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Artilharia nº 1

    Regimento de Artilharia do Algarve
    February 1774 - regiment re-established
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Artilharia nº 2


    Regimento de Artilharia do Alentejo
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Artilharia nº 3


    Regimento de Artilharia do Porto
    19 May 1806 designated Regimento de Artilharia nº 4





    August 1796 Regimentos de Artilheria da Linha reorganised so that each comprised:
    Headquarters – 16 men: 1 Coronel, 1 Tenente Coronel, 1 Major, 1 Ajudante, 1 Quartel Mestre, 1 Auditor, 1 Capellaõ, 1 Cirurgiaõ Mór, 6 Ajudantes do Mór, 1 Tambor Mór, 1 Preboste

    Companhia Bombeiros: 1 Capitao, 1 Primeiro Tenente, 1 Segundo Tenente, 2Sargentos, 1 Furriel, 6 Artifices de fogo, 2 Tambores, 110 Soldados

    1o to 6o Companhia - 1 Capitao, 1 Primeiro Tenente, 1 Segundo Tenente, 2 Sargentos, 1 Furriel, 2 Tambores, 110 Soldados


    1809 October – Regimentos de Artilheria
    Headquarters: 22 men
    Coronel, Tenente Coronel, Major, Ajudante, Quartel-Mestre, Capellao, Cirurgião Mor, 3 Ajudantes do Cirurgião, Mestre de Musica, 8 Musicos, Tambor Mór, 2 Pifanos.

    Companhia do Bombeiros: 118 men
    Capitão, Primero Tenente, 2 Segundos Tenentes, Primeiro Sargento, 4 Segundos Sargentos, Furriel, 6 Artifices de Fogo, 8 Cabos de Esquadra, 2 Tambores, 92 Soldados.

    Companhia de Pontoneiros: 112 men
    Capitão, Primero Tenente, 2 Segundos Tenentes, Primeiro Sargento, 4 Segundos Sargentos, Furriel, 8 Cabos de Esquadra, 2 Tambores, 92 Soldados.

    1o to 7o Companhias:112 men
    Capitão, Primero Tenente, 2 Segundos Tenentes, Primeiro Sargento, 4 Segundos Sargentos, Furriel, 8 Cabos de Esquadra, 2 Tambores, 92 Soldados.

    29 October 1814 - Regimento de Artilharia reduced to peacetime establishment
    Headquarters:
    Coronel, Tenente Coronel, Major, Ajudante, Quartel Mestre, Capellao, Cirurgiao Mor, 2 Ajudantes de Cirurgiao Mor, Tambor Mor 2 Pifanos,
    Total for Companies:
    10 Capitaes (order shows Tenentes, but possibly a misprint?), 10 Tenentes, 10 Sargentos, 20 Segundos Sargentos, 10 Furrieis, 60 Cabos de Esquadra, 740 Soldados, 10 Tambores,
    (probably 10 companies each with Capitao, Tenente, Sargento, 2 Segundos Sargentos, Furrieis, 6 Cabos de Esqudara, 74 Soldados, 1 Tambore)



    ARTILLERY CONDUCTORS (Artilheiros Conductores)

    October 1812 – Batalhão de Artilheiros Conductores
    Headquarters: 12 men
    Tenente Coronel (or Major Commandante), Ajudante, Quartel-Mestre, Picador, Sargento Ajudante, Sargento Quartel-Mestre, Alveitar, 3 Ferradores, 2 Cornetas.
    Companhia para o Servico da Brigada Obuses (Howitzers):141 men
    Primeiro Tenente, Segundo Tenente, Primeiro Sargento, 5 Segundos Sargentos, 8 cabos de Esquadra, Alveitar, 4 Ferradores, 2 Cornetas, 118 Soldados.
    5 x Companhia para o Servico da Brigada de Cailbre 9: 130 men
    Primeiro Tenente, Segundo Tenente, Primeiro Sargento, 5 Segundos Sargentos, 8 Cabos de Esquadra, Alveitar, 4 Ferradores, 2 Cornetas, 107 Soldados.
    3 x Companhia para o Servico da Brigada de Cailbre 6: 95 men
    Primeiro Tenente, Segundo Tenente, Primeiro Sargento, 4 Segundos Sargentos, 6 Cabos de Esquadra, Alveitar, 3 Ferradores, 2 Cornetas, 76 Soldados.
    1 x Companhia para o Servico da Brigada de Cailbre 3: 95 men (while the introduction to the order says 4 companies to serve 6pdrs, the detail shows only 3 and includes a 3pdr brigade)
    Primeiro Tenente, Segundo Tenente, Primeiro Sargento, 4 Segundos Sargentos, 6 Cabos de Esquadra, Alveitar, 3 Ferradores, 2 Cornetas, 76 Soldados.



    29 October 1814 - reduced to peacetime establishment:
    4 Compania de Bollieiros de Artilharia: each with 69 men and 100 animals
    Tenente or Alferes, Primero Sargenot, 2 Segundos Sargentos, Furriel, Alveitar, 10 Cabos de Esquadra, 50 Soldados, Corneta, 2 Ferradores.
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; January 05, 2014 at 03:48 PM. Reason: 1814 Peacetime establishment added
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  6. #6
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    Default Re: Portuguese Army 1796-1814

    LEGION OF LIGHT TROOPS (Legiao de Tropas Ligeiras)

    1796 August – decree to form Legiao de Tropas Ligeiras (Legion of Light Troops, also known as Legion d’Alorna).
    The Legion consisted of a headquarters,Batalhao de Infanteria (battalion of infantry), 3 Esquadroes de Cavallaria (3cavalry squadrons) & Bataria de Artilheria Ligeira a Cavallo (horseartillery battery)

    Headquarters: 23 men
    Coronel, Tenente Coronel, Major de Infanteria, Major de Cavallaria, Ajudante de Infanteria, Ajudante de Cavallaria, Quartel Mestre de Infanteria, Quartel Mestre de Cavallaria, Secretario, Capellão, Picador, Cirurgião Mór, 6 Ajudantes de Cirurgião, Tambor Mór, Selleiro, Coronheiro, Espingardeiro, Preboste.

    Batalhao de Infanteria – 8 companies, each with 108 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, 2 Sargentos, Furriel, 5 Cabos, 96 Soldados, Tambor.

    Corpo de Cavallaria – 3 squadrons, each of 2 companies (66 men per company)
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, 2 Furrieis, 5Cabos, Ferrador, Tambor, 54 Soldados

    Bataria de Artilheria – 4 x 6pdr cannon eachserved by 10 men & 14 horses

    February 1801 – 2 companhias de Artilheiros Cavalleiros (3 guns per company) each comprised 72 men & 72 horses
    Capitão, Primero Tenente, Segundo Tenente, 2Sargentos, Furriel, 4 Cabos, 62 Soldados


    Last edited by Prince of Essling; January 01, 2014 at 05:06 PM.
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    Default Re: Portuguese Army 1796-1814

    MILITIAS (Milicias)
    Before August 1796 the Militia was known as Auxiliary troops and there were 43 regiments:

    Província de Trás-os-Montes:
    Terço Auxiliar da Cidade de Bragança
    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Bragança
    Terço Auxiliar da Praça de Chaves
    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Chaves
    Terço Auxiliar de Miranda

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Miranda
    Auxiliar da Comarca de Torre de Moncorvo

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Moncorvo
    21 October 1807 disbanded.
    Terço Auxiliar de Vila Real
    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Vila Real Terço

    Província de Entre-Douro-e-Minho
    Terço Auxiliar dos Arcos
    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias dos Arcos de Valdevez
    Terço Auxiliar do Distrito da Vila da Ponte da Barca

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias da Vila de Barca
    Terço Auxiliar do Distrito da Vilade Barcelos

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Barcelos
    Terço Auxiliar do Distrito do Concelho de Basto

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Basto
    Terço Auxiliar de Braga

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Braga
    Terço Auxiliar de Guimarães

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Guimarães
    Terço Auxiliar do Distrito da Vilade Viana

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Viana
    Terço Auxiliar de Vila do Conde

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Vila do Conde

    Partido do Porto
    Terço Auxiliar da Cidade de Aveiro
    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Aveiro
    Terço Auxiliar do Distrito da Maia

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias da Maia
    Terço Auxiliar da Cidade de Penafiel

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Penafiel

    Terço Auxiliar da Cidade do Porto

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias do Porto
    21 October 1807 Regimento de Milícias da Feira created.
    21 October 1807 Regimento de Milícias da Figueira da Foz created.
    21 October 1807 Regimento de Milícias de Oliveira de Azeméis created.

    Província da Beira
    Terço Auxiliar da Comarca de Castelo Branco
    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Castelo Branco
    Terço Auxiliar da Comarca de Coimbra

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Coimbra
    1º Terço Auxiliar da Comarca da Guarda

    August 1796 1ª Regimento de Milícias da Guarda
    2º Terço Auxiliar da Comarca da Guarda

    August 1796 2ª Regimento de Milícias da Guarda
    Terço Auxiliar da Comarca de Lamego

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Lamego
    Terço Auxiliar da Comarca de Trancoso

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Trancoso
    Terço Auxiliar da Comarca de Viseu

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Viseu
    21 Octuber 1807 Regimento de Milícias de Arganil created.
    21 October 1807 Regimento de Milícias de Arouca created.
    21 October 1807 Regimento de Milícias da Covilhã created.
    21 October 1807 Regimento de Milícias de Idanha-a-Nova created.
    21 October 1807 Regimento de Milícias de Tondela

    Província da Estremadura
    Terço Auxiliar dos Coutos de Alcobaça
    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Alcobaça
    Terço Auxiliar da Comarca de Leiria

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Leiria
    Terço Auxiliar de Santarém

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Santarém
    Terço Auxiliar da Comarca de Setúbal

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Setúbal
    1º Terço Auxiliar do Termo de Lisboa

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias do Termo Ocidental de Lisboa
    2º Terço Auxiliar do Termo de Lisboa

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias do Termo Oriental de Lisboa
    Terço Auxiliar da Comarca de Tomar

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Tomar
    21 October 1807 disbanded.
    Terço Auxiliar da Comarca da Vila de Torres Vedras
    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Torres Vedras
    21 October 1807 Regimento de Milícias de Alcácer do Sal created.
    21 October 1807 Regimento de Milícias da Lousã created.
    21 October 1807 Regimento de Milícias de Soure created.
    21 October 1807 Regimento de Milícias de Lisboa Ocidental created.
    21 October 1807 Regimento de Milícias de Lisboa Oriental created.
    28 December 1808 Regimento de Infantaria dos Voluntários Reais do Comércio created.

    21 October 1807 Regimento de Milícias a Cavalo de Lisboa created.

    28 December 1808 Regimento de Cavalaria dos Voluntários Reais do Comércio created.


    Província do Alentejo:
    Terço Auxiliar da Comarca de Avis
    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Avis
    Terço Auxiliar de Beja

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Beja
    Terço Auxiliar da Comarca do Crato

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Crato
    Terço Auxiliar de Estremoz

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Estremoz
    Terço Auxiliar da Comarca de Évora

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Évora
    Terço Auxiliar da Comarca de Ourique

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Ourique
    Terço Auxiliar da Comarca de Portalegre

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Portalegre
    Terço Auxiliar da Comarca de Vila Viçosa

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Vila Viçosa

    Reino do Alagarve:
    Terço Auxiliar da Comarca de Faro
    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Faro
    21 October 1807 disbanded.
    Terço Auxiliar da Comarca de Lagos
    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Lagos
    Terço Auxiliar da Comarca de Tavira

    August 1796 Regimento de Milícias de Tavira


    1796 August - Regimento de Milicias organised into Headquarters, 8 Fusilier companies, 1 grenadier company & 1 caçadores company. Regiment totalled 800 men.

    Headquarters: 7 men.
    Coronel, Tenente Coronel, Sargento Mór, 2 Ajudantes, Quaretl Mestre, Tambor Mór.
    I Companhia de Fuzileiros: 81 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, 2 Sargentos,Furriel, Porta-Bandeira, 5 Cabos, 2 Pifanos, Tambor, 66 Soldados.
    II Companhia de Fuzileiros: 79 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, 2 Sargentos, Furriel, Porta-Bandeira, 5 Cabos, Tambor, 66 Soldados.
    III to VIII Companhias de Fuzileiros: each with 78 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, 2 Sargentos, Furriel, 5 Cabos, Tambor, 66 Soldados.
    Companhia de Granadeiros: 87 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, 2 Sargentos, Furriel, 5 Cabos, 6 Porta-Machados, Tambor, 69 Soldados.
    Companhia de Caçadores: 79 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, 2 Sargentos, Furriel, 5 Cabos, Tambor, 66 Soldados.

    1808 October – each Regimento de Milicias now comprised 2 battalions of 4 companies, plus 1 grenadier company, with a total of 1,101 men.
    Headquarters: 12 men
    Coronel, 2 Tenente Coronel, Major, 2 Ajudantes, Quartel Mestre, 2 Porta-Bandeiras, Tambor Mór, 2 Pifanos.
    Companhia de Granadeiros or Fuzileiros: 121men
    Capitao, Tenenete, 2 Alferes, Primero Sargento, 2 Segundos Sargentos, Furriel, 8 Cabos, 8 Anspecadas, 1 Tambor, 96 Soldados.
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; January 05, 2014 at 02:49 PM.
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    Default Re: Portuguese Army 1796-1814

    Real da Marinha

    1791 December - Regimento de Artilheria da Marinha formed
    Headquarters – 16 men:
    1 Coronel, 1 Tenente Coronel, 1 Major, 1 Ajudante, 1 Quartel Mestre, 1 Auditor,
    1 Capellaõ, 1 Secretario, 1 Cirurgiaõ Mór, 4 Ajudantes do Mór, 1 Tambor Mór, 1 Espingardeiro, 1 Coronheiro, 1 Preboste
    10 companhanias (companies)
    1o & 2o – each authorised to have 87 men:
    1 Capitao, 1 Primeiro Tenente, 1 Segundo Tenente, 1 Sargento, 1 Furriel, 3 Artifices de Fogo, 4 Cabos de Esquadra, 72 Soldados, 1 Pifano, 2 Tambores

    3o to 10o – each authorised to have 83 men:
    1 Capitao, 1 Primeiro Tenente, 1 Segundo Tenente, 1 Sargento, 1 Furriel, 4 Cabos de Esquadra, 72 Soldados, 2 Tambores


    1797 ….Brigada Real da Marinha
    Corpo de Artilheiros Marinheiros, de Fuzilieros Marinheiros, e de Artifices e Lastradores Marinheiros
    Headquarters: 9 men
    Inspector Geral (Chefe de Esquadra), 3 Chefes de Divisão, 3 Majores de Divisão (Capitães de Fregata), 2 Primeiros Tenentes(Adjutants to whole Corps),
    Primeira Divisão de Artilheiros Marinheiros
    10 companies each with 177 men.
    Capitão (Capitão Tenente), Tenente (Primero Tenente), Tenente em 2o (Segundo Tenente), 4 Sargentos, Furriel, 8 Cabos de Esquadra, Tambor, 160 Artilheiros Marinheiros
    Segunda Divisão de Fuzileiros Marinheiros
    12 companies each with 177 men.
    Capitão (Capitão Tenente), Tenente (Primero Tenente), Tenente em 2o (Segundo Tenente), 4 Sargentos, Furriel, 8 Cabos de Esquadra, Tambor, 160 Fuzileiros Marinheiros
    Terceira Divisão de Artifices Marinheiros e Lastradores Marinheiros
    9 Artifices Marinheiros companies each with 177men.
    Capitão (Capitão Tenente), Tenente (PrimeroTenente), Tenente em 2o (Segundo Tenente), 4 Mestres, 4 Contra-Mestres, 4 Guardiães, 8 Cabos, 2 Mestres Carpinteiros, 2 Mestres Calafates, 80 Marinheiros (divided into various classes), 10 Carpinteiros, 10 Calafates, 5 Marinheiros no Apparelho e casa de velas
    1 Lastradores Marinheiros company with 140 men
    20 Cabos, 120 Lastradores Marinheiros

    September 1807 – Brigada Real da Marinha -all soldiers were designated Artilheiros.
    Headquarters: 10 men
    Inspector Geral e Commandante (Chefe de Esquadra), Ajudante de Ordens, Major de Brigada (Capitão de Fragata), Secretario, Official Maior, 2 Officiaes de Secretaria, 2 Capallães, Cirurgião Mór (Primero Tenente)

    3 battalions, each of 8 companies
    Battalion Headquarters: 10 men
    Commandante (Capitão de Mar e Guerra), Major (Capitão de Fragata), Ajudante (Primero Tenente), Quartel Mestre (PrimeroTenenete), Secretario (Primero Tenenete), 2 Ajudante de Cirurgião Mór, Tambor Mór, Espingardeiro, Coronheiro.
    Companhia: 123 men
    Capitão Tenente, Primero Tenente, Segundo Tenente, Porta Bandeira, 3 Sargentos, 2 Furrieis, 5 Cabos, 5 Anspeçadas, 100 Soldados, Pifano, 3 Tambores.
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; December 21, 2013 at 10:16 AM. Reason: formatting
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    Default Re: Portuguese Army 1796-1814

    ENGINEERS (Engenheiros)






    18 October 1813 – Batalhão de Artifices Engenheiros

    Headquarters: 4 men
    1 Major Commandante, 1 Ajudante, 1 Quartel Mestre Pagador, 1 Quartel Mestre Sargento.
    2 Companhias de Artifices Engenheiros: authorised strength of each company 135 men –
    1 Capitão, 1 Primeiro Tenente, 2 Segundo Tenentes, 4 Primeiros Sargentos, 5 Segundos Sargentos, 1 Furriel, 10 Cabos de Esquadra, 10 Anspeçadas, 100 Soldados, 1 Tambor.
    Companhia de Pontoneiros: authorised strength 74 men:
    1 Capitão, 1 Primeiro Tenente, 1 Segundo Tenente, 4 Primeiros Sargentos, 5 Segundos Sargentos, 1 Furriel, 10 Cabos de Esquadra, 10 Anspeçadas, 40 Soldados, 1 Tambor.

    29 October 1814 – Batalhao de Artifices Engenheiros (348 personnel)
    Headquarters: Major, Ajudante, Quartel Mestre, Sargento Quartel Mestre
    Total for Companies:
    3 Capitaes, 3 Primeiros Tenente, 5 Segundos Tenentes, 12 Primeiros Sargentos, 15 Segundos Sargentos, 3 Furrieis, 30 Cabos de Esquadra, 30 Anspecadas, 240 Soldados
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; January 02, 2014 at 04:46 PM. Reason: additional info
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    Default Re: Portuguese Army 1796-1814

    Corpo da Garda Real da Policia

    November 1806 Corpo da Garda Real da Policia

    Corps Headquarters – 23 men
    Coronel, Tenente Coronel, Sargento Mór de Infantaria, Sargento Mór de Cavallaria, 2 Ajudantes de Infantaria, Ajudante de Cavallaria, Quartel Mestre, Secretario, Porta-Bandeira (Ajudante de Secretario), Porta-Estandarté (Ajudante do Quartel Mestre), Cirurgião Mór, 4 Ajudante do Cirurgião Mór, Tambor Mór, Alveitar, Espingardeiro, Coronheiro, Sellleiro, Auditor, Agente do Corpo


    Capitão Commandante, Ajudante Major,

    10 companies of infantry – each of 98 men
    Commandante, Alferes, 3 Sargentos, Furriel, 6 Cabos, 6 Anspessadas, 2 Tambores, 78 Soldados,
    Odd numbered companies were commanded by a Capitão, while even numbered companies were commanded by a Tenente.

    4 companies of cavalry – each of 51 men
    Tenente Commandante, 2 Sargentos, Furriel, 3Cabos, 3 Anspessadas, Trombeta, 40 Soldados,


    4 companies of cavalry – each of 59 men
    Commandante, Alferes, 2 Sargentos, Furriel, 4 Cabos, 4 Anspessadas, Trombeta, 44 Soldados (dos quaes 4 apeados), Trombeta, Ferrador
    Odd numbered companies were commanded by a Capitão, while even numbered companies were commanded by a Tenente.

    September 1808 – Corpo de Cavallaria da Guarniçaodo Porto
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, Furriel, Porta-Estandarte, 4 Cabos de Esquadra, Ferrador, Clarim, 4 Anspeçadas, 45 Soldados.
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; January 01, 2014 at 05:11 PM. Reason: Corpo da Garda Real da Policia added
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    Default Re: Portuguese Army 1796-1814


    ORDENANÇAS



    Prior to 1806 the Ordenanças were organised into companies of 240 men each.

    19 May 1806 a new law proposed major changes in organization and the recruitment system. The country was divided into 3 major divisions: North, Centre and South, covering 7 Governments and 3 military districts. The 3 Divisions had 24 Ordinance Brigades, each with 8 capitao-mor and in turn these were divided into 8 companies. This was not fully implemented as the French invasion dismembered the Portuguese armed forces. The army was simply undone by an order of December 22, 1807 and in January 1808 the militias and the Ordenanças were also disbanded.


    With the ejection of the French the May 1806 decree was implemented.

    23 December 1808 - 16 legions were raised in Lisbon, each legion consisted of a Chefe, Major, Ajudante and 3 battalions
    Each battalion was composed of a Commandante, Major, Ajudante and 10 companies
    Each company was named after the principal Road where it was formed. Each company consisted of:
    Capitão, Tenente, Sargento, and 6 or more squads (each of Primeiro Cabo, Segundo Cabo & 15 to 20 men).
    The Legions were titled:
    Santa Clara, Caes, Rocio, Campo de Santa Anna, Paço da Rainha, Praça do Commercio, Caes do Sodré, Carmo, Loreto, San Pedro de Alcantara, Estrella, Necessidades, Campo de Ourique, Amoreiras, Cruz do Taboado, & Bélem.
    In addition to the Legions there were a number of artillery units each consisting of:
    Commandante, Segundo Commandante, 2 Sargentos, 4 Cabos, 20 Artilheiros, 40 Serventes.





    1810 September – Companhias de Artilheiros de Ordenanças (number of companies formed is unclear from the order)
    Each company was to comprise 60 men:
    Primero Tenente (commandante), SegundoTenente, Primeiro Sargento, Segundo Sargento, Furriel, 5 Cabos de Esquadra, 50Soldados.


    Last edited by Prince of Essling; January 05, 2014 at 03:19 PM. Reason: Expansion of Lisbon Legions entry by adding artillery
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    Default Re: Portuguese Army 1796-1814

    Garrison Units

    1 July 1795 - Corpo fixo das Guarnições do Reino de Algarve
    2 Capitões, 2 Primeiros Tenentes, 8 Segundos Tenentes, 14 Sargentos, 17 Furreis, 38 Cabos, 323 Soldados

    7 April 1796 - Corpo fixo das Guarnicoes da Provincia do Minho formed with 2 companies:
    Companhia de Valença & Companhia de Villa de Vianna
    Each had 126 men:
    Capitão, 2 Primeiros Tenentes, 2 Segundos Tenentes, 2 Furrieis, 9 Cabos de Esquadra, 2 Tambores, 108 Soldados

    2 January 1797 – 4 Companhias de Artilheria de Pé de Castello, para guarnecerem as Praças, Fortalezas, e Baterias do Reino do Algarve
    Companhia formada na Praça de Villa Real Santo Antonio
    Companhia formada na Praça de Faro (uniform see http://library.brown.edu/cds/catalog...5832312500.jp2)
    Each had 200 men:
    Capitao, 3 Primeiros Tenentes, 3 Segundos Tenentes, 4 sargentos, 6 Furrieis, 20 Cabos, 3 Tambores, 160 Soldados
    Companhia formada na Cidade de Lagos – with 260 men:
    2 Capitães, 4 Primeiros Tenentes, 4 Segundos Tenentes, 5 sargentos, 8 Furrieis, 27 Cabos, 4 Tambores, 206 Soldados
    Companhia formada na Praça de Sagres – with 140 men
    Capitao, 2 Primeiros Tenentes, 2 Segundos Tenentes, 2 sargentos, 4 Furrieis, 13 Cabos, 2 Tambores, 113 Soldados


    31 March 1797 - Corpo fixo das Guarnicoes da Provincia da Beira formed with 2 companies:
    Companhia de Beira Alta & Companhia da Baixa
    Each had 128 men:
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, 2 Sargentos, Furriel, 5 Cabos de Esquadra, 5 Anspecadas, 2 Tambores, 110 Soldados

    30 December 1806 - Companhias de Veteranos created

    2 January 1807 - Companhia de Veteranos de Barcarena: 93 men:
    Commandante, Segundo Commandante, 3 Sargentos, Furriel, 8 Cabos, Tambor, 78 Anspecadas & Soldados

    23 February 1807 - Companhia de Veteranos de Beirolas : 108 men:
    Commandante, 2 Segundos Commandantes, 5 Sargentos, Furriel, 8 Cabos, Tambor, 90 Anspecadas & Soldados

    1812 October – Corpos se Invalidos, Guarniçoes fixas, & Companhias Veteranos reorganised as Corpo de Veteranos.
    There were 30 companies, each comprised 120 men.
    Capitão (Commandante), Tenente, Alferes, Primeiro Sargento, 5 Segundos Sargentos, Furriel, 6 Cabos de Esquadra, 6 Anspeçadas, 96 Soldados, 2 Tambores

    The companies were distributed as follows:
    Corpo Veteranos de Provincia da Extremedura – 8 companies (Barcarena, Beirolas, Cascaes, Setubal, Sines, Peniche, Torre de S, Juliao da Barra, Torre de S. Vicente de Belém)
    Corpo Veteranos da Provincia da Beira – 6 companies (1 & 2 Abrantes, 3 & 4 Almeida, 5 & 6 Monsanto)
    Corpo Veteranos da Provincia do Alentejo – 3 companies (Elvas, Campo Maior & Jeromenha)
    Corpo Veteranos da Provincia do Reino do Algarve – 2 companies (Faro & Lagos)
    Corpo Veteranos da Provincia do Partido de Porto – 4 companies (Buarcos, Castello da Foz, Castello de Matozinhos & Aveiro)
    Corpo Veteranos da Provincia do Minho - 4 companies (Castello de Villa do Conde, Castello de Viana, Praca de Valenca & Castello de Lindoso)
    Corpo Veteranos da Provincia de Tres Montes - 3 companies (Chaves, Bragança & Miranda)
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; January 02, 2014 at 04:28 PM. Reason: Veterans added
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    Default Re: Portuguese Army 1796-1814

    Other Units

    1808 June - Batalhão Académico da Universidade de Coimbra also referred to as "Batalhão Académico de 1808" i.e. the year of its founding. It comprised of 6 companies of infantry, a body of cavalry & a unit of artificers.


    1810 July - Batalhóes de Cacadores e Artilheiros Naciones de Lisboa Oriental e Occidental
    2 battalions of Caçadores & 2 artillerybattalions. All the battalions had aheadquarters and 8 companies.

    Caçadores Headquarters: 6 men
    Tenenete Coronel (Commandante), Major,Ajudante, Quartel-Mestre, Sargento de Brigada, Corneta Mór.
    Companhia de Cacadores: 76 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, Primeiro Sargento,2 Segundos Sargentos, Furriel, 4 Cabos de Esquadra, 4 Anspeçadas, Corneta, 60Soldados

    Artilharia Headquarters: 6 men
    Tenenete Coronel (Commandante), Major,Ajudante, Quartel-Mestre, Sargento de Brigada Tambor Mór.
    Companhia de Artilharia: 76 men
    Capitão, Tenente, Alferes, Primeiro Sargento,2 Segundos Sargentos, Furriel, 4 Cabos de Esquadra, 4 Anspeçadas, Tambor, 60 Soldados


    8 August 1810 - Batalhão de Voluntários Reias do Porto raised with 4 companhias de infantaria each of 94 men and a 24 man headquarters.
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; January 01, 2014 at 04:52 PM.
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    Steph's Avatar Maréchal de France
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    Default Re: Portuguese Army 1796-1814

    Very nice you are starting that. I've almost finished Denmark, then I'll do Sweden and Poland (should be relatively fast), and the next factions on my todo list are Portugal and Spain. so it will come just at the right time!

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    Default Re: Portuguese Army 1796-1814

    Dear All,

    My aim is to complete the entries on the Portuguese Army between now & 6 January 2014 - provided the system will allow me to save stuff. So far it is doing an excellent job in thwarting my efforts as it is not allowing me to cut and paste from my own word generated documents [ :-( ] ..... is this a NSA/GCHQ plot (joke).
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    Default Re: Portuguese Army 1796-1814

    Cavalry Section (see post #4) complete bar pictures/links to pictures.
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  17. #17
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    Default Re: Portuguese Army 1796-1814

    Many illustrations added to the various entries & more to follow, plus more text..
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  18. #18
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    Default Re: Portuguese Army 1796-1814

    Portuguese Army entry has now been completed - I may fine tune later and/or add further information where justified (or additional uniform pictures become available).
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    Steph's Avatar Maréchal de France
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    Default Re: Portuguese Army 1796-1814

    Very good update. It will make my life very easy when I'll do Portugal (4th faction in my TODO list)

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    Default Re: Portuguese Army 1796-1814

    Quote Originally Posted by Steph View Post
    Very good update. It will make my life very easy when I'll do Portugal (4th faction in my TODO list)
    I am glad you like it and it is also doing what I had hoped, that is helping you out.

    One thought out loud, will see if I can add a useful section on the flags....
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