also, what was the order in which they conquered their territory? For example, did they go after Carthage first than Gaul. Also, what was rome's richest and poorest province?
There wasn't a plan during the Republic or Empire really for that matter. They attacked people opportunistically when they felt they had a Ius ad Bellum that could be approved by the S.P.Q.R. Or whatever the Emperor figured was a good idea.
Of course they tended to cause conflicts in the first place by being difficult or unpleasant.
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The Romans played the champion of freedom for the Greek cities, much like America does today. The Greeks were stupid and weakened enough to take the bait and bring Rome in. Once MAcedon had fallen the rest were easy pickings.
^Pretty much that, when the Romans fought the Macedonians they accepted the greeks as allies under their influence, and when a few cities tried to deify them, I forget which ones, they destroyed them and the rest fell into line. I mean, they were weakend by hundreds of years of intercine warfare and attempts to fight off the macedonians they pretty much fell apart. Though they did try to revolt during hte Mitheradic Wars with Pontus during the early 1st century BC
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They established provinces in captured territories that the Senate or Monarch decided to keep under Roman control. Many territories people think of as Roman provinces were actually Roman allies. The status of territories changed as rulers died or rebelled. Its a complicated subject.
The Emperors kept control of the provinces in the hands of their private nominees, they never let senators govern there.
Before Egypt was taken over I belive Asia (= eastern Turkey) was the richest Roman province, lots of productive land and wealthy trading cities. Prior to that I believe Sicily was a source of much wealth (not to mention Greek culture) for Rome.
The poorest province? I imagine the Germania Magna wasn't returning a lot of gold to the treasury for the brief time it was held by Rome. Bitain had three provinces, and none of them seem to have paid for the cost of occupying them. Just guessing though
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Rome kept on crashing with the already existing players of the Mediterranean and many conquest weren't planned or even considered on a positive light at first; many cases of Roman Conquest came up as initially defensive wars(if these was simple Roman Propaganda or they truly felt threatened by the likes of Antiochus, Macedonians, Epirus, the Carthies, Mythridates etc it's a matter of debate). Exception is Gaul, Caesar's goal was to wage an aggressive war against the unconquered tribes of northern and central gaul in order to gain political and financial resources that might allow him to get a better standing in an already quite "unequal" Triumvirate(when compared to Pompey's prestige and influence and Crassus treasure).
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Britain has to be a candidate for the least profitable province, since it was the first one to be voluntarily abandoned.
It was probably not the poorest though, since the main reason it was unprofitable was that it required 3 legions to garrison and keep under control.
I don't have the actual numbers but excepting specific cases(like Egypt, Africa and Asia who had to be kept by purely economic reasons) most Roman Provinces were abandoned or retained under the decisions of the Imperial Authority, which in turn, usually took action on the basis of strategical, political or defensive premises.It was probably not the poorest though, since the main reason it was unprofitable was that it required 3 legions to garrison and keep under control.
Last edited by Claudius Gothicus; March 01, 2013 at 05:57 PM.
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Last edited by Claudius Gothicus; March 01, 2013 at 06:46 PM.
Proud to be a real Prussian.
Divide and conquer of course. Rome exploited the traditional hatred between the various Greek states and turned one against another. Firstly, Aetolia and Pergamon were used against Macedon and then, when the Seleucids invaded Greece, the Romans managed to keep Phillip from allying himself with Antiochus III. In the Third Macedonian War, the Macedonians had been stripped of most of their allies in mainland Greece: Epirus, the Achaean League, even Thessaly had joined the Romans. Rome managed to fight one enemy at a time: first Macedon, then the Seleucids, then the Aetolians and lastly, the Achaean League. Slowly but steadily most Greek states realized that Rome was not there to free anyone, but just to impose her hegemony over Greece. When that was realized, the remaining powers were too weak to resist.
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"Steps to be taken in case Russia should be forced out of war considered. Various movements [of ] troops to and from different fronts necessary to meeting possible contingencies discussed. Conference also weighed political, economic, and moral effect both upon Central and Allied powers under most unfavorable aspect from Allied point of view. General conclusions reached were necessity for adoption of purely defensive attitude on all secondary fronts and withdrawing surplus troops for duty on western front. By thus strengthening western front [those attending] believed Allies could hold until American forces arrive in numbers sufficient to gain ascendancy."
~General Pershing, report to Washington, 26 July 1917