THE RED ROSE OF ENGLAND
King Henry was worried. The death of his father the previous year had given him the guidance of England, but the 28-year-old monarch was overwhelmed by his duties.
Lollardy, that had been led by John Wycliffe, was widespread and was the main cause of unrest, especially in Cornwall and Hampshire. Due to the high taxation the population had to sustain, many people were abandoning the greater Northern cities to go to live in the country.
On the Western border Wales has gained independence under the revolt of Owain Glyndŵr, a powerful local noble. In the North, Scotland was preparing for war, in order to avenge the defeat suffered at Homildon Hill.
In Ireland the heavily garrisoned city of Dublin, the last in English hands, had to face urban riots as well as destructive raids by the hostile independent Irish principalities.
In France the Truce of Bruges had left to England only the territories of Calais, Brest and Bordeaux.
Now the madness of King Charles VI of France had led the kingdom in a civil war between the Armagnacs and the Burgundians.
The king read once more the letter he had in his hands. John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and loyal ally of the English, asked for help against Bernard VII of Armagnac.
Now Henry had to decide whether to help him, weakening furthermore the kingdom, or to remain idle, worsening the relations with Burgundy and leaving the English territories in France exposed to an enemy attack.
The Kingdom of England in 1414