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Thread: Swedish Army regimental names 1790-1814

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    Default Swedish Army regimental names 1790-1814

    Swedish Army 1790-1814

    Originally planned to include Sweden in my Minor Nations/States thread, but I have concluded that Sweden deserves its own thread because of the complexities surrounding its army.

    To produce the following covering 1790 to 1814 I have drawn on the Swedish Armeemuseum’s “Between the Imperial Eagles: Sweden’s Armed Forces during the Revolutionary & Napoleonic Wars 1780-1820”, W J Rawkins “The Swedish Army 1802-14”, Richard Partridge & Michael Oliver "Napoleonic Army handbook - The British Army & Her Allies", Knotel "Uniforms of the World", Otto von Pivka's "Armies of the Napoleonic Wars", Philip Haythornthwaite "The Napoleonic Source Book", the Osprey Men at Arms on the Scandinavian Armies of the Napoleonic Wars by Jack Cassin-Scott, various magazine articles & websites (including The Napoleon Series, Sword & Sabre).

    Recruitment
    This section has been adapted from article on the Swedish Army by Magnus Olfsson at the Napoleon Series & Gunnar Arteus’ chapter on the Swedish Army Organisation 1780-1820 in “Between the Imperial Eagles: Sweden’s Armed Forces during the Revolutionary & Napoleonic Wars 1780-1820”.

    Sweden’s regular army was composed of two types of units - indelta (approximate meaning “allotted” - implying “the allotment [of state property and income]”) and värvade (“enlisted”).

    A majority personnel were indelta - raised, maintained, and trained through the so called indelningsverket (approximately “the allotment establishment”). Infantry were recruited by roteringen, cavalry by rustningenor rusthållet. Rotering(en) meant a group of farmers undertaking, in return, forpermanent exemption from conscription, to partly clothe and, in peacetime, pay, house & feed a soldier (knekt). Rustning(en) meant rusthålle(t) i.e. the owner of a homestead (for tax assessment purposes) in return for exemption from tax and rotering undertook to permanently provide the Crown with a cavalry soldier (ryttare) complete with horse, accroutements etc. In peacetime, knekt & ryttare were essentially farmers. Indelningsverket also included a system of benefits in-kind (house, rents & tithes) for the great mass of army officers.

    Although a regular army, the indelta was not a true standing army. In peacetime the indelta officers and soldiers would live on their assigned farmsteads tending their fields. Occasionally each squad or platoon would drill outside the church after Sunday service and each summer, before the harvest, each regiment would assemble and drill for a few weeks. Training was a problem and the indelta army was undoubtedly one of the worst trained in Europe when the Napoleonic Wars broke out. Indelta units could not be used for garrison duty, so these had to come from the värvade (enlisted) units.

    The värvade (enlisted) units consisted of professional soldiers who served for cash salaries. They provided garrison troops in peacetime; and in wartime they were usually used in the field, their garrison duties handed over to reserve troops.

    The degree of professionalism demanded by the artillery arm meant that it was completely värvade (enlisted).

    Värvade units main advantage over the indelta was their training, though differences should not be exaggerated. As the indelta year was seasonal, i.e. training in summer and farming the other seasons, so were the enlisted units. During two or so summer months the enlisted units drilled, which meant that they were better trained than the indelta units, but during the rest of the year most time was spent on routine garrison duty; during that time up to half the enlisted men went on leave provided they had a civilian job to support themselves. This was for financial reasons: of all soldiers in the Swedish army only about half of the enlisted were employed as soldiers the whole year; a majority of the men spent most of their time pursuing civilian occupations.

    During the 1808 crisis the King introduced a form of compulsory military service by conscripting the lantvärn. As a resuly of misfortune, maladministration & severe privations (e.g. 20 per cent of the men died from epidemics) a lasting aversion to conscription was created. In 1812 former French Marshal Bernadotte managed to get the Riksdag to agree to make military service compulsory for men of between 20 and 25 years of age. The nationallbeväring was formed to provide reinforcements and replacements for pre-existing units [e.g. infantry units would take the field with 3 instead of 2 batatlions of 600men each with the beväringsmännen (conscripted soldiers) equally distributed between the battalions].

    Special Troops

    Konungens livrabantcorps (King’s Garde du Corps) – 1 company of 75 men (Palace Guard).
    Hertigens av Södermanland livrabantcorps (Duke of Södermanland’s Garde du Corps) – 34 men.
    Adelsfanerregimente (Noble-Banner Regiment) 6 companies (squadrons) totalling 395 officers. The unit was used as a support mechanism for retired or supernumary officers. The officers were mobilised in 1808-09 to lead the lantvärn (militia).

    Guard Infantry
    Some sources (Rawkins, Haythornthwaite, Pivka & Partridge/Oliver) say Guard Infantry Regiments comprised 2 battalions, each of 6 ordinary companies of 100 men, plus an attached jägare company; the Finska Guards Regiment had 1 battalion of 6 ordinary companies of 100men, and 1 jägare company.

    But the strength returns (for 1805, 1808 & 1813-14) in Lundh Aminoff “Sveriges Krieg” quoted by others (Olfsson, Isnard…) show the Kunglig Majestäts Lifgarde till fot & Svenska gardesregementet with 10 companies each and theFinska gardesregementet with 6 companies. The Swedish Armeemuseum book is silent!

    Kunglig Majestäts Lifgarde till fot (His Majesty’s Foot Guards)
    1791 renamed Kunglig Majestäts Första Lifgarde till fots (His Majesty’s 1st Foot Guards)
    1792 renamed Svea Lifgarde (Svea Life Guard)
    1808 demoted and renamed Fleetwoodska regementet (Fleetwood Regiment)
    1808 part of Svenska gardesregementettransferred into regiment
    1809 renamed Kungliga Svea Lifgarde (Svea Life Guard)

    Svenska gardesregementet (Swedish Guard Regiment)
    1790 Andra gardesregementet (2nd Guards Regiment) formed from Sandels fotjägare, Storamiralens regemente and battalilons from Eherenmalm and Tornéhelm.
    1792 renamed Kunglig Majestäts Göta Lifgarde (His Majesty’s Göta Life Guard)
    1792 renamed Göta gardesregemente (Göta Guards Regiment)
    1806 renamed Svenska gardesregementet (Swedish Guards regiment)
    1808 regiment disbanded and split between the Fleetwoods regementet and the af Paléns regemente

    Finska gardesregementet (Finnish Guard Regiment)
    1793 Värvade bataljonen av lifregementsbrigadens lätta infanteri (Enlisted Battalion of the Light Infantry of the Life Regiment Brigade)
    1796 renamed Lifregementets värvade infanteribataljon (Enlisted Infantry Battalion of the Life Regiment)
    1803 converted to Finska gardesregementet (Finnish Guards Regiment)
    1808 part of Svenska gardesregementettransferred into regiment
    1808 demoted and renamed af Palénska regementet
    1809 renamed Andra gardesregementet (2nd Guards Regiment)

    Grenadier Regiments
    Lifgrenadjärregementet (Life GrenadierRegiment)
    1791 Östgöta infanteriregemente became the "Rotehållsdivision
    2 batallions of 4 companies, each of 125 men.

    Lifgrenadjarregimentet (Life GrenadierRegiment)
    1791 Östgöta kavalleriregemente dismounted and formed the “Rusthållsdivision”
    2 batallions of 4 companies, each of 150 men.

    Lifregimentetsbrigaden grenadjärcorps (Grenadier Corps of the Life Regiment Brigade)
    1808 from the Lifregimentetsbrigaden lätta infanteribataljon (Light Infantry Battalion of the Life Regiment Brigade)
    1 battalion of 4 companies, each of 125 men.

    Line & Light Infantry
    In theory Regiments had 2 battalions of 4 companies each of 150 men (exceptions are indicated against regimental titles below).

    Only the Swedish infantry units formed jägare detachments. In 1790 each Swedish battalion had a designated jägare division of 53 men. In 1802 it was resolved that 6 men per company were to be selected as jägare (24 per battalion!).In 1806 the jägare detachment was increased to 106 men per battalion. In 1813 the jägare detachment was reduced to 58 men per battalion. Several of these divisions would be combined into temporary battalions and held at Brigade level.

    The Swedish Armeemuseum book (and some others) make no mention of grenadier sections, whereas some of the other sources say about 25 men per company were grenadiers, separated from the parent company & brigaded into elite battalions, and that the grenadier sections appear to have been disbanded in either 1801 or 1806.

    Varvade (Enlisted) Units:

    Änkedrottningens lifregemente (Queen Dowagers Life regiment)
    1793 - III Bataljonen av Änkedrottningens livregemente separated from regiment and formed Värvade bataljonen av lifregementsbrigadens lätta infanteri (Enlisted Battalion of of the Light Infantry of the Life Regiment Brigade) – this became the basis for the Finska gardesregementet (Finnish Guard Regiment)
    1808 disbanded after the Russian capture of Sveaborg.

    Drottningens lifregemente (Queens Life Regiment) - 12 companies
    1815 transferred to Prussian service.

    Psilanderhielmska regementet (Psilanderhielm Regiment)
    1796 renamed Engelbrechtenska regementet (Engelbrechten Regiment) - 12 companies
    1815 transferred to Prussian service.

    Sprengtportenska regementet (Sprengtporten Regiment)
    1796 renamed Danckwardtska regementet (Danckwardt Regiment)
    1798 transferred into Konungens Eget värvade regemente (King’s Own Enlisted Regiment)

    Konungens Eget värvade regemente (King’s Own Enlisted Regiment) – 11 companies
    1798 formed from Danckwardtska regementet(Danckwardt Regiment)
    1806 – reduced to 10 companies

    Stackelbergska regementet (Stackelberg Regiment) – Finnish Unit
    1799 renamed Jägerhornska regementet (Jägerhorn Regiment)
    1808 disbanded after the Russian capture of Sveaborg.

    Stedingkska regimentet (Stedingk Regiment)
    1801 divided between Göta artillerieregimente (Göta Artillery Regiment) & Skärgärdsflottans sjöartilleri (Artillery of the Archipelago Fleet)

    Värmlands fältjägarbataljon (Värmlands Rifle Battalion)
    1788 unit raised though not fully formed until March 1790 with 3 companies. The battalion was subordinated to the Närke-Värmlands regemente.
    1812 became Värmlands fältjägar regemente (Värmlands Rifle Regiment) – 6 companies.

    Savolaks jägarregemente (Savolak Rifle Regiment) – Finnish Unit -6 companies
    1805 increased to 10 companies; then 1 company converted to Savolaksbrigadens artillerikompani (Savolak Brigade Artillery Company) & remaining troops reorganised into 8 companies.
    1809 disbanded.

    Karelska jägarcorpsen (Karelian Rifle Corps) – Finnish Unit
    1789 had four companies of 550 numbers and was split in 2 battalions with 4 companies each of 150 men. Actual strength never exceeded 860.
    The corps was disbanded after the war but re-established one year later with 2 companies of 100 men each.
    1805 had 4 companies.
    1806 companies expanded to 150 men each.

    Indelta Units:

    Upplands regemente (Uppland Regiment)

    Skaraborgs regemente (Skaraborg Regiment)

    Åbo läns regemente (County of Åbo Regiment) – Finnish Unit
    1791 light infantry battalion added from Lifdragonregimentet when unit was converted.
    1809 disbanded.

    Södermanlands regemente (Södermanland Regiment)

    Kronobergs regemente (Kronoberg Regiment)

    Jönköpings regemente (Jönköping Regiment)

    Björneborgs regemente (Björneborg Regiment) – Finnish Unit
    1791 rusthållsbataljon (functioned as light infantry) added from Lifdragonregimentet when unit converted to infantry.
    1809 disbanded.

    Dalregementet (Dalecarla Regiment)

    Östgöta infanteriregemente (Östgöta Infantry regiment)
    1791 became "rotehållsdivision" of the Lifgrenadjärregementet (Life Grenadier Regiment)

    Tavastehus regemente (Tavastehus Regiment) – Finnish Unit
    1791 rusthållsbataljon (functioned as light infantry) added from Tavesthus & Nyland Cavalry Regiment when unit converted to infantry.
    1809 disbanded.

    Hälsinge regemente (Hälsinge Regiment)

    Elfsborgs regemente (Elfsborgs Regiment)
    1813 – 3 battalions

    Västgöta-Dals regemente (Västgöta-Dal Regiment)

    Savolaks regemente (Savolak Regiment) – Finnish Unit
    SubsequentlySavolaks infanteriregemente (Savolak Infantry Regiment)
    1809 disbanded.

    Västmanlands regemente (Västmanland Regiment)

    Västerbottens regemente (Västerbotten Regiment)

    Kalmar regemente (Kalmar Regiment)

    Nylands regemente (Nyland Regiment) – Finnish Unit
    1791 light infantry battalion added from Tavesthus & Nyland Cavalry Regiment when unit converted to infantry.
    SubsequentlyNylands infanteriregemente (Nyland Infantry Regiment)
    1809 disbanded.

    Bohusläns regemente (Bohusläns regiment)
    1791 formed when Bohusläns dragonregemente was dismounted

    Närke-Värmlands regemente (Närke-Värmlands Regiment) - 10 companies
    1812 regiment split into Värmlands regiment and Närke regiment.

    Närkes regemente (Närke Regiment)
    formed 1812 on split of Närke-Värmlands regemente – 8 companies.

    Värmlands regemente (Värmlands Regiment)
    formed 1812 on split ofNärke-Värmlands regemente– 8 companies

    Österbottens regemente (Österbottens Regiment) – Finnish Unit
    1809 disbanded.

    Jämtlands dragonregemente (Jämtland Dragoon Regiment)
    Unit was dismounted and was also known as Jämtlands regemente (Jämtland Regiment)

    Nylands jägarbataljon (Nyland Rifle Battalion)– Finnish Unit
    Unusually comprised 2 companies of varvade & 2 companies of indelta troops.
    1809 disbanded.

    Kajana bataljon (Kajana Battalion) – Finnish Unit
    In theory part of the Österbottens regemente
    1809 disbanded.

    Västgöta regemente (Västgöta regiment)
    1811 formed from theVästgöta dragonregemente (Västgöta Dragoon Regiment)

    Smålands dragonregemente infanteribataljon (Infantry Battalion of the Småland Dragoon Regiment)
    1812 formed when part of the Smålands dragonregemente (Småland Dragoon Regiment) was converted into infantry. – 4 companies.

    Adlercreutzska regemente (Adlercreutz Regiment) – Finnish Unit
    Until September 1804 Nya Jägarregementet or Finska värvade fotjägarregementet (Finnish Rifle Regiment) - 13 companies formed into 4 battalions. One company with 200 men, remainder with 150 men.
    1805 - the 200 strong company was divided into 2 companies and transferred to the Nylands jägarbataljon.
    1809 disbanded.

    Vasa regemente (Vasa Regiment) – Finnish Unit
    1808 raised – 2 battalions each of 3 companies.
    1809 disbanded

    Norra skånska infanteriregementet (North Skånska Infantry Regiment)
    1811 formed. (1 batatlion of 4 companies)

    Södra skånska infanteriregementet (South Scanian Infantry Regiment)
    1811 formed. (1 batatlion of 4 companies)

    Cavalry
    Cavalry Regiments were originally organised with 8 companies of 125 men grouped into squadrons of 2 companies, but in recognition of the changed role of cavalry the company became the smallest tactical unit and it took the name of squadron. Bernadotte reduced squadron strengths from 125 to 90 or 100 men.

    In general Dragoon Regiments comprised 8 squadrons of 100 men each, divided into 2 battalions; the Nyland Dragoons had 1 battalion of 2 squadrons, the 2 Light Dragoon Regiments had 8 & 6 squadrons, each of 100men. The 2 Hussar regiments comprised 10 & 6 squadrons, each of 100 men. Exceptions are noted in the regimental listing below.

    Guard Cavalry

    Varvade:

    Lätta dragonerna av lifgardet (Light Dragoons of the Life Guards)
    1793 renamed Lifhusarregimentet (Life Hussar Regiment)
    1797 renamed Lätta lifdragoncorps (Life Dragoon Corps)
    1806 renamed Lifgardet till häst (Horse Guards) – 6 squadrons of 75 men each. (1 of which jägare)
    1811 reduced to 4 squadrons each of 70 men.
    1813 increased to 5 squadrons each of 90 men.

    Indelta:
    Lifregement till häst (Mounted Life Regiment) – 12 companies
    1791 divided into 3 Corps:

    Lifregimentetsbrigadenskyrassiärkår (Cuirassier Corps of the Life Regiment Brigade) – 4 squadrons

    Lifregimentetsbrigadens lätta dragonkår (Light Dragoon Corps of the Life Regiment Brigade)
    1795 became Lifregementsbrigadens husakår (Hussar Corps of the Life Regiment Brigade) – 8 squadrons

    Lifregimentetsbrigaden lätta infanteribataljon (Light Infantry Battalion of the Life Regiment Brigade)
    1808 became Lifregimentetsbrigaden grenadjärcorps (Grenadier Corps of the Life Regiment Brigade)

    Cavalry Regiments of the Line

    Varvade:

    Husarregementet (Hussar regiment)
    1790 Kunglig Husarregementet (Hussar regiment)
    1797 renamed Hornska Husarregementet (Horn Hussar Regiment)
    1801 renamed Mörnerska Husarregementet (Morner Hussar Regiment)
    1806 - 8 squadrons each of 75 men
    1813 –squadrons increased to 100 men.

    Indelta:

    Västgöta kavalleriregemente (Västgöta Cavalry Regiment)
    1792 converted into Västgöta dragonregemente (Västgöta Dragoon Regiment)
    1802 renamed Västgöta linjedragonregemente (Västgöta Line Dragoon Regiment)
    1806 renamed Västgöta dragonregemente (Västgöta Dragoon Regiment)
    1811 dismounted and transformed into infantry as the Västgöta regemente (Västgöta regiment).

    Smålands kavalleriregemente (Småland Cavalry Regiment)
    1801 renamed Smålands latta dragoner (Småland Light Dragoons)
    1806 renamed Smålands dragonregemente (Småland Dragoon Regiment) – 8 squadrons
    1812 reduced to 6 squadrons when part of the regiment was converted into infantry under the name Smålands dragonregemente infanteribataljon (Infantry Battalion of the Småland Dragoon Regiment);

    Östgöta kavalleriregemente (Östgöta Cavalry Regiment)
    1791 - dismounted and formed the Rusthållsdivision of theLifgrenadjarregimentet (Rusthållsdivision of the Life Grenadier Regiment).

    Norra skånska kavalleriregemente (North Scanian Cavalry Regiment)
    1801 renamed Skånska linjedragonregementet (Scanian Line Dragoon Regiment)
    1807 - transformed into Skånska hussarregementet (Scanian Hussar Regiment)

    Södra skånska kavalleriregementet (South Scanian Cavalry Regiment)
    1805 renamed Skånska karabinjärregementet (Scanian Carabineer Regiment).

    Bohusläns dragonregemente (Bohuslän Dragoon Rregiment)
    1788-90 war the four northern companies formed an infantry battalion and the four southern companies formed a cavalry battalion.
    1791 the entire regiment dismounted and unit renamed as Bohusläns regemente (Bohusläns regiment).

    Lifdragonregementet (Life Dragoon Regiment) – Finnish Unit
    1791 regiment dismounted and transformed into 2 battalions of light infantry. They formed the third battalion (Rusthållsbataljon) of the Åbo läns regemente and the Björneborgs regemente.

    Tavastehus och Nylands kavalleriregementet (Tavastehus and Nyland Cavalry Regiment) – Finnish Unit
    1791 one battalion was dismounted and transferred to the Tavastehus Regiment as a third battalion. The remaining mounted battalion went through several reorganisations.
    1805 formed core of the Nylands dragonregemente (Nyland Cavalry Regiment).
    1809 disbanded.

    Jämtlands kavallerikompani (Jämtland Cavalry Company) – 1 squadron
    1802 renamed Jämtlands hästjägarkvadron (Jämtland Mounted Rifle Squadron)

    Karelska dragoncorps (Karelian Dragoon Corps) – Finnish Unit - 3 squadrons
    1809 disbanded

    Artillery

    The regiment was formed in four brigades, with various numbers of companies. Each company had 80 men.
    1794 reorganised into 4 regiments:
    Svea artilleriregimente (Svea Artillery regiment) - comprised 13 companies
    1809 comrised 15 companies
    Göta artilleriregimente (Göta Artillery Regiment) - comprised 8 companies
    1801 increased to 12 companies
    1808 – increased to 16 companies
    Wendes artilleriregimente (Wendes Artillery Regiment) - 8 companies and 1 horse artillery battery.
    1808 - 6 companies and 1 horse artillery battery.
    1809 - 8 companies and 1 horse artillery battery.
    Finska artilleriregementet (Finnish Artillery Regiment) - 10 companies
    1809 dissolved and 2 companies transferred to Svea artilleriregimente and 3 companies to Wendes artilleriregimente.

    Savolaksbrigadens artillerikompani (Savolak Brigade Artillery Company) – Finnish Unit
    1802 1 company formed from Savolaks jägarregemente
    1809 disbanded.

    The Militia

    It was decided in March 1808 to raise militia (lantvärn) in Sweden (Finland was exempted) because of the War against Russia and Denmark’s declaration of War. 27,000 men were organised into 49 infantry and 3 artillery battallions - all were abolished at war’s end in 1809. Units raised are listed below (Other or collective names in brackets):

    Blekinge läns lantvärn (Kronobergs lantvärn): 1 battalion (6 companies)
    Elfsborgs läns lantvärn: 4 battalions (4 companies each)
    Gottlands läns lantvärn: 1 battallion (4 companies); additional battalion with 4 companies raised.
    Gäfleborgs läns lantvärn: 1 battallion (4 companies)
    Göteborgs och Bohus läns lantvärn (Göteborgs lantvärn): 2 battallion (4 companies each) + 1 artillery battalion (4 companies)
    Hallands läns lantvärn (Göteborgs lantvärn): 2 battallion (4 companies each)
    Jönköpings läns lantvärn: 3 battallion (4 companies each)
    Kalmar läns lantvärn: 3 battallion (4 companies each)
    Kopparbergs läns lantvärn(Dallantvärnet): 3 battallion (4 companies each)
    Kristianstad läns lantvärn (Skånska lantvärnet): 2 battallion (4 companies each) + 1 artillery battalion (3 companies – probably formed battalion with Malmöhus läns lantvärn)
    Kronobergs lantvärn: 2 battallion (4 companies each)
    Malmöhus läns lantvärn (Skånska lantvärnet): 3 battallion (4 companies each) + 1 artillery company– probably formed battalion withKristianstad läns lantvärn)
    Skaraborgs lantvärn: 3 battallion (4 companies each)
    Stockholms läns lantvärn (Upplands lantvärn): 2 battallion (4 companies each)
    Stockholms stads lantvärn: 1 artillery battalion (4 companies)
    Södermanlands län lantvärn: 2 battallion (4 companies each)
    Uppsala läns lantvärn (Upplands lantvärn): 2 battallion (4 companies each)
    Värmlands läns lantvärn: 3 battallion (4 companies each)
    Västerbottens läns lantvärn: 1 battallion (4 companies)
    Västernorrlands läns lantvärn: 1 battallion (4 companies)
    Västmanlands läns lantvärn: 2 battallion (4 companies each)
    Örebro län lantvärn (Närikes lantvärn): 2 battallion (4 companies each)
    Östergötlands läns lantvärn: 3 battallion (4 companies each)

    The Reserve

    Vargering (or the Reserve) was a system that meant that every 2 rote or rusthållare of the indelta (enlisted) army had to provide ther regiment with a reserve soldier. He was provided in peacetime with either a plot of land to cultivate or hire him as a farmhand.


    They were mobilised for the 1808-09 war with Russia. Finnish units took the field immediately while Swedish units were held back for training – taking the field in the summer. Swedish vargering units were formed along the same lines as regular units (Vargeringsbataljonen - battalion of 4 companies, with jägare division).
    This system was abolished in 1810.

    Miscellaneous Units

    Stockholms stads borgerskaps kavalericorps (Stockholm City Burghers Cavalry Corps) 4 squadrons each of about 70 men.

    Stockholms stads borgerskaps infantericorps (Stockholm City Burghers Infantry Corps) 5 battalions:- Stads (City), Norra första (1st North), Norra andra (2nd North), Södra första (1st South) and Södra andra (2nd South). Each battalion comprised 4 companies (Södra andra had only 3); each of about 400 men.

    Kongliga Pommerska lantvärnet (Royal Pomeranian Militia)
    raised April 1806 and to consist of 6 battalions called: Stralsund’s, Griefswald’s, Wolgast’s, Barth’s, Bergen’s, and Gartz’s, each of 4 companies of 150 men. They served until the Swedes abandoned the province in 1807. The Pomeranian lantvärn seems to have been split into two corps of roughly equal size - Pommerska lantvärnet and Stralsunds borgarskap (Stralsund Burghership). The Pomeranian lantvärn appears to have been reformed in 1811 in the shape of a lantstorm (“Landsturm”).

    Dalfriskyttekåren (Dal marksman-corps) spring of 1808 until the end of the Russo-Swedish war; 300 men dwindled to about 100. It was attached to Dalregementet for most of the war.

    Särna friskyttar (Särna Marksmen) 70 men raised and served as border guard from the summer of 1808 until April 1809

    Gyllenbögells fribataljon (Gyllenbögels Free Battalion) - 4 companies; Skarpskyttebataljonen (Sharpshooter Battalion) - 2 then 3 companies; Malaks lanvärnsbataljon (Malaks Lantvärns Battalion) – 2 companies; Närpes lantvärnsbatalajon (Närpes Lantvärns Battalion) – 2 companies; Sahlsteins frivillga kompani (Sahlsteins Volunteer Company) and Heintzi frivilliga kompani (Heintzi Volunteer Company). Most raised in the spring or summer of 1808 and disbanded during the autumn or winter. Were of little combat value, serving as garrisons and lines-of-communication troops. Many men were incorporated into the regular units of the Finnish army when units were disbanded.

    Garnisonsbataljonen (Garrison Battalion) in Uleåborg made up of Finnish regular troops convalescencing.

    Isles of Åland raised both a lantvärn and a lantstorm. 1 battalion of lantvärn was mobilized in late May 1808 & 3 battalions of lantstorm in August 1808. They fell to pieces when the Russian occupied Åland in mid-May 1809.

    2 värvade border guard companies - Norra finska gränskompaniet (Northern Finnish Border Company) and Södra finska gränskompaniet (Southern Finnish Border Company) - were raised from the remnants of the Finnish army in the late 1809. Administratively they belonged to Västerbottens and Uplands regiments respectively.

    Kungliga Gotlands National-Beväring (Royal Gotland National Guard) was created in December 1810.
    3 artillery companies (2 field artillery, 1 depot) with 90 men each.
    16 jägare companies (men between 15 and 30 years old)
    20 infantry companies (men between 30 and 45 years old)
    7 pike armed reserve companies (men between 45 and 50 years old)
    All companies 150 men.

    Régiment du Roi (King’s Regiment)
    1807 recruited from French deserters. (only 1 company formed)
    1809 unit disbanded.

    Konungens Swedois Regemente (Royal Swedish Regiment)
    1813 raised from French & Italian deserters (initially 1 battalion, 2nd battalion raised).

    Kongl. Svenska Pommerska Legionens Cavallerie Corps (Cavalry Corps of the Royal Swedish Pomeranian Legion) raised April 1813 – 1 squadron;
    1814 June disbanded

    Kongl. Svenska Pommerska Legionens Infanterie Corps (Infantry Corps of the Royal Swedish Pomeranian Legion) raised April 1813 - 1 company.
    1814 June disbanded

    Hallands infanteri bataljon (Halland Infantry Battalion)
    1813 May formed
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; July 13, 2011 at 10:54 AM. Reason: formatting
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  2. #2
    Semisalis
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    Default Re: Swedish Army regimental names 1790-1814

    Great Maybe not an important army at the time but very interesting, at least for a swede like me There was a uniform exhibition at Armémuseet last year and some of the Swedish uniforms from around this time period were really cool. Some looked french and some looked Prussian. At least I thought they did, uniforms never really was my main interest .

    I just had time to give your post a quick glance but the swedish spelling looks correct also

    Edit: I suppose there is a reason why the Royal regiments use a French spelling for cavalry and corps, not unreasonable I suppose
    Last edited by MrT; July 15, 2011 at 05:32 AM.

  3. #3
    Prince of Essling's Avatar Napoleonic Enthusiast
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    Default Re: Swedish Army regimental names 1790-1814

    Quote Originally Posted by MrT View Post
    Great Maybe not an important army at the time but very interesting, at least for a swede like me There was a uniform exhibition at Armémuseet last year and some of the Swedish uniforms from around this time period were really cool. Some looked french and some looked Prussian. At least I thought they did, uniforms never really was my main interest .

    I just had time to give your post a quick glance but the swedish spelling looks correct also

    Edit: I suppose there is a reason why the Royal regiments use a French spelling for cavalry and corps, not unreasonable I suppose
    Glad you like it . I agree the Swedish army is an interesting one & in particular how the troops were recruited and funded.

    The reason for the funny spelling is due to page 43 of the Swedish Armeemuseum book; the book says that it had modernised spellings as follows:

    Kår instead of Corps
    Liv instead of Lif
    Alvsborg instead of Elfsborg
    To give the right flavour I went back to the old style
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  4. #4
    Semisalis
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    Default Re: Swedish Army regimental names 1790-1814

    Yes, the recruitment system is very interesting indeed. When the system of rotering or knektehållet was new it was a very nice way of getting an army that was relatively large and well-trained for a country with such a small population as Sweden. I believe Gustavus Adolphus II started this system and Karl XI finalized it(he usually is given all the credit which is not true) so that it was ready to be used during the Great Northern War by Karl XII

  5. #5
    Biggus Splenus's Avatar Primicerius
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    Default Re: Swedish Army regimental names 1790-1814

    Great thread, great work would give you rep but I'm afraid I can't I already gave you too much

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