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Thread: Russian Regimental Names

  1. #1
    Prince of Essling's Avatar Napoleonic Enthusiast
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    Default Russian Regimental Names

    This thread aims to provide a snapshot of Russian regimental names at 1805 & 1812, and the 1806/07 changes. It draws on the work of A.V. Viskovatov (as translated by Mark Conrad), Haythornwaite's "Napoleonic Source Book", Pivka's "Armies of the Napoleonic Wars", Ospreys MAA series, Knotel#s "Uniforms of the World", Partridge & Oliver "Napoleonic Army Handbook", Nafziger etc.

    Part 1: 1805 Russian regimental names are followed by Anglicised version in brackets

    Guard
    Guards Infantry:
    Leib-Gvardii Preobrazhenskii polk [Life-Guards Preobrazhenski Regiment] – of four (four company) Grenadier battalions;
    Leib-Gvardii Semenovskii polk [Life-Guard Semenovski Regiment] – of three (four company) Grenadier battalions;
    Leib-Gvardii Izmailovskii polk [Life-Guards Izmailovski Regiment] – of three (four company) Grenadier battalions;
    Leib-Gvardii Yegerskii batalion [Life-Guard Jäger Battalion] – of four companies;
    Leib-Gvardii Garnizonnyi batalion [Life-Guards Garrison Battalion] – of three companies.
    Guards Cavalry:
    Kavalergardskii polk [Chevalier Guards Regiment] – of five squadrons; ½ squadron of replacements
    Leib-Gvardii konnyi polk [Life-Guards Horse Regiment]) – of five squadrons; ½ squadron of replacements
    Leib-Gvardii Gusarskii polk [Life-Guards Hussar Regiment] – of five-squadrons;
    Leib-Kazachii polk [Life-Cossack Regiment] – of three squadrons.
    Guards Artillery:
    Leib-Gvardii Artilleriiskii batalion (Life Guards Artillery battalion) – two Battery companies, two Light companies, and one Horse company [konnaya rota],( on 25 March 1805 – The horse company was detached and designated as independent, under the title of Leib-Gvardii Konnaya Artilleriiskaya rota (Life-Guards Horse Artillery Company).
    three commands [komandy]: the Pionernaya, Pontonnaya, and Furshtatskaya [Pioneer, Pontoon, and Supply-Train].

    Line
    Grenadier Regiments [Grenaderskie polki]:
    Leib Grenaderskii polk (Life Grenadier Regiment)
    Pavlovskii Grenaderskii polk (Pavlovski Grenadier Regiment).
    Yekaterinoslavskii (Yekaterinoslavl
    Sankt-Peterburgskii (St Petersburg).
    Astrakhanskii (Astrakhan)
    Kievskii (Kiev).
    Moskovskii (Moscow)
    Malorossiiskii (Little Russia)
    Sibirskii (Siberia)
    Fanagoriiskii (Phanagoria or Fanagoria).
    Khersonskii (Kherson)
    Tavricheskii (Taurica)
    Kavkazskii (Caucasus)

    Note: the Life Grenadier Regiment comprised three Grenadier battalions; Rest of Grenadier Regiments comprised one Grenadier and two Fusilier [Fuzelernyi] battalions;

    Musketeer Regiments [Mushketerskie polki]:
    Belozerskii Mushketerskii polk (Belozersk Musketeer Regiment)
    Nasheburgskii (Nasheburg)
    Chernigovskii (Chernigov)
    Novoingermanlandskii (New Ingermanland)
    Yaroslavskii (Yaroslavl)
    Apsheronskii (Apsheron)
    Smolenskii (Smolensk)
    Ryazhskii (Ryazhsk)
    Kurskii (Kursk)
    Kozlovskii (Kozlov)
    Sevastopolskii (Sevastopol)
    Belevskii (Belev)
    Bryanskii (Bryansk)
    Shlisselburgskii (Schlüsselburg)
    Aleksopolskii (Aleksopol)
    Troitskii (Troitsk)
    Ladozhskii (Ladoga)
    Polotskii (Polotsk)
    Arkhangelogorodskii (Archangel)
    Staroingermanlandskii (Old Ingermanland)
    Novgorodskii (Novgorod)
    Nizhegorodskii (Nizhnii-Novgorod)
    Vitebskii (Vitebsk)
    Azovskii (Azov)
    Orlovskii (Orel)
    Revelskii (Reval)
    Tulskii (Tula)
    Yeletskii (Yelets)
    Pskovskii (Pskov)
    Tambovskii (Tambov)
    Rostovskii (Rostov)
    Muromskii (Murom)
    Staroskolskii (Staryi-Oskol)
    Tobolskii (Tobolsk)
    Tiflisskii (Tiflis)
    Voronezhskii (Voronezh)
    Kazanskii (Kazan)
    Moskovskii (Moscow)
    Kabardinskii (Kabarda)
    Vladimirskii (Vladimir)
    Uglitskii (Uglich)
    Sevskii (Sevsk)
    Narvskii (Narva)
    Dneprovskii (Dneiper)
    Vyatskii (Vyatka)
    Suzdalskii. Suzdal
    Keksgolmskii (Kexholm)
    Vyborgskii (Viborg)
    Ryazanskii (Ryazan)
    Nevskii (Neva)
    Velikolutskii (Velikie-Luki)
    Sofiiskii (Sofiya)
    Shirvanskii. (Shirvan)
    Permskii (Perm)
    Nizovskii (Nizovsk)
    Butyrskii (Butyrskii)
    Rylskii (Rylsk)
    Ufimskii (Ufa)
    Yekaterinburgskii (Ekaterinburg)
    Tomskii (Tomsk)
    Selenginskii (Selenginsk)
    Tenginskii (Tenginsk)
    Navaginskii (Navaginsk)
    Saratovskii (Saratov)
    Olonetskii (Olonets)
    Kolyvanskii (Kolyvan)
    Poltavskii (Poltava)
    Ukrainskii (Ukraine)
    Litovskii (Lithuania)
    Kurinskii (Kura)
    Petrovskii (Petrovsk)
    Koporskii (Kopore)
    Volynskii (Volhynia)
    Podolskii (Podolia)
    Galitskii (Galich)
    Krymskii (Crimea)
    Vologodskii (Vologda)
    Mogilevskii (Mogilev) – established 29th August 1805
    Kaluzhskii (Kaluga) – established 29th August 1805
    Kostromskii (Kostroma) – established 29th August 1805
    Vilenskii (Vilna) – established 29th August 1805
    Penzinskii (Penza) – established 29th August 1805
    Estlyandskii (Estonia) – established 29th August 1805
    Odesskii (Odessa) – established 29th August 1805
    Note: Musketeer Regiments comprised of one Grenadier and two Musketeer battalions

    Jäger Regiments [Yegerskie polki]:
    Pervyi Yegerskii polk or 1-i Yegerskii polk [First Jäger Regiment].
    Vtoroi or 2-i Yegerskii polk [Second].
    Tretii or 3-i Yegerskii polk [Third].
    Chetvertyi [Fourth].
    Pyatyi [Fifth].
    Shestoi [Sixth].
    Sedmoi [Seventh].
    Vosmoi [Eighth].
    Devyatyi [Ninth].
    Desyatyi [Tenth].
    Odinnadtsatyi [Eleventh].
    Dvenadtsatyi [Twelfth].
    Trinadtsatyi [Thirteenth].
    Chetyrnadtsatyi [Fourteenth].
    Pyatnadtsatyi [Fifteenth].
    Shestnadtsatyi [Sixteenth].
    Semnadtsatyi [Seventeenth].
    Vosemnadtsatyi [Eighteenth].
    Devyatnadtsatyi [Nineteenth]
    Dvatsatyi [Twentieth]
    Dvatsatpyerviy [Twenty-First] – established 29th August 1805
    Dvatsatftaroy [Twenty-Second] – established 29th August 1805

    Note: Jäger Regiments comprised of three Jäger battalions.

    Cavalry
    Cuirassier Regiments [Kirasirskie polki]:
    Leib EGO VELICHESTVA [HIS MAJESTY’S Life Cuirassiers].
    Leib EYA VELICHESTVA [HER MAJESTY’S Life Cuirassiers].
    Voennago Ordena [Military Order].
    Yekaterinoslavskii. [Yekaterinoslavl]
    Glukhovskii. [Glukhov]
    Malorossiiskii [Little Russia].

    Note: Cuirassier regiments comprised 5 operational squadrons and ½ replacement squadron.

    Dragoon Regiments [Dragunskie polki]:
    Pskovskii. [Pskov]
    S.-Peterburgskii. [St, Petersburg]
    Smolenskii. [Smolensk]
    Orenburgskii. [Orenburg]
    Moskovskii [Moscow].
    Ingermanlandskii. [Ingermanland]
    Severskii. [Severskii]
    Kargopolskii. [Kargopol]
    Kinburnskii. [Kinburn]
    Vladimirskii. [Vladimir]
    Taganrogskii. [Taganrog]
    Narvskii [Narva].
    Nizhegorodskii [Nizhnii-Novgorod].
    Irkutskii. [Irkutsk]
    Sibirskii [Siberia].
    Kazanskii [Kazan]
    Kievskii [Kiev]
    Starodubskii [Starodub,]
    Chernigovskii [Chernigov]
    Rizhskii [Riga]
    Kharkovskii [Kharkov]
    Tverskii.[Tver]
    Kurlyandskii [Courland]
    Novorossiiskii [New Russia]
    Borisoglegskii [Borisoglegsk]
    Pereyaslavskii [Pereyaslavl]
    Zhitomirskii [Zhitomir]
    Liflyandskii [Livonia]
    Note: Dragoon Regiments comprised 5 operational [stroevye] squadrons, with ½ squadron as replacements.

    Hussar Regiments [Gusarskie polki]::
    Mariupolskii. [Mariupol]
    Pavlogradskii. [Pavolgrad]
    Aleksandriiskii [Aleksandriya].
    Izyumskii. [Izyum]
    Sumskii [Sumy].
    Akhtyrskii [Akhtyrka].
    Yelisavetgradskii. [Yelisavetgrad]
    Olviopolskii. [Olviopol]
    Belorusskii [Belorussia]

    Note: Hussar Regiments comprised two five-squadron battalions, plus a replacement squadron.

    Lancer Regiment [Ulanskii Polk]
    Ulanskii Ego Imperatorskago Vysochestva Tsesarevicha Konstantina Pavlovicha polk [His Imperial Highness the Tsesarevich Constantine Pavlovich’s Lancer Regiment] – 2 battalions each of 5 squadrons

    Polskii Konnyi polk [Polish Horse Regiment] – 5 squadrons.
    Litovskii-Tatarskii polk [Lithuanian-Tatar Regiment] – 5 squadrons


    Artillery Regiments [Artilleriiskie polki]:
    There were 9 Field Artillery [Polevaya Artilleriya] Regiments numbered 1st to 9th with 2 battalions each. A battalion had two Battery [Batareinaya, meaning Heavy or Positional] companies and two Light [Legkaya] companies. On 31 August 1805– Two more Artillery regiments were formed: the 10th and 11th, on the same basis as the previous ones
    There was 1 Horse Artillery [Konno-Artilleriiskii] Regiment with two battalions - each battalion had 5 companies.

    Note:
    Positional Battery comprised 4 x 20pdr Licornes, 4 x medium 12pdr, 4 x light 12pdr.
    Light Company comprised 4 x 10pdr Licornes, 4 x medium 6pdr, 4 x light 6pdr.
    Horse Company comprised 6 x 10pdr Licornes, 6 x light 6pdr.

    Cossacks & National Troops

    Regular Cossack Troops [Regulyarnyya Kazachi voiska]:
    Chuguevskii polk [Chuguev Regiment]: 10 squadrons
    1-i and 2-i Teptyarskie polki [1st and 2nd Teptyar Regiments],
    Leib-Uralskaya sotnya [Life-Ural Sotnia].


    Irregular Cossack Hosts [Irregulyarnyya Kazachi voiska]:
    Donskoe,
    Chernomorskoe [Black Sea]: 10 Horse regiments and 10 Foot Regiments; each of five sotnias
    Sibirskoe [Siberian],
    Orenburgskoe: 1,000 man Orenburg Cossack Regiment [tysyachnyi Orenburgskii Kazachii polk]
    Uralskoe: 10 Cossack regiments each of five sotnias.
    Astrakhanskoe.

    Settled Caucasian Cossacks [Poselennye Kavkazskie kazaki]:
    Grebenskie,
    Terskie [Terek],
    Semeinye [Family],
    Khoperskie,
    Volzhskie [Volga],
    Kizlyarskie,
    Mozdokskie,
    Stavropolskie kreshchenye Kalmyki [Stavropol baptized Kalmucks]. 1,000 man Stavropolskii Kalmytskii polk [Stavropol Kalmuck Regiment]
    Yekaterinoslavskoe Kazache voisko [Yekaterinoslavl Cossack Host]: 5 sotnia Kavkazskii Kazachii polk [Caucasian Cossack Regiment].

    National Troops [Natsionalnyya voiska]:
    Odesskii Grecheskii Pekhotnyi batalion[Odessa Greek Infantry Battalion - from Greeks and Albanians settled in Russia] - three companies.
    Gorskaya Mozdokskaya komanda [Mozdok Mountaineer Command].
    Litovskii-Tatarskii Glovenskago polk [Glovenskii’s Lithuanian-Tatar Regiment].
    Polskii konnyi Knyazya Ratieva polk [Prince Ratiev’s Polish Horse Regiment].
    Each of the last three had 10 squadrons.

    Note: Sotnia (equivalent to a company or squadron) comprised 100 men.
    The former Bug Cossacks, established in the Yelisavetgrad, Olviopol, and Kherson districts, and from Bulgars who had settled on their lands, formed: 1, 2, i 3-i Bugskie Kazachi polka [1st,2nd, and 3rd Bug Cossack Regiments]; each of five sotnias.

    GARRISON REGIMENTS AND BATTALIONS (All 1battalion strength unless noted)

    Vyborgskii [Viborg] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions,
    Fridrikhsgamskii [Fredrikshamn] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions
    Rochensalmskii [Rochensalm] Garnizonnyi polk - three battalions,
    Vilmanstrandskii [Vilmanstrand] Garnizonnyi battalion.
    Keksgolmskii [Kexholm] Garnizonnyi batalion
    Neishlotskii [Nyslott] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Kronshtadtskii [Kronstadt] Garnizonnyi polk - four battalions.,
    Narvskii [Narva] Garnizonnyi batalion
    Novgorodskii [Novgorod] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Pskovskii [Pskov] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Shlisselburg [Schlüsselburg] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Vilenskii [Vilna] Garnizonnyi batalion
    Minskii [Minsk] Garnizonnyi battalion
    Mitavskii [Mitau] Garnizonnyi battalion
    Grodnenskii [Grodno] Garnizonnyi battalion
    Rizhskii [Riga] Garnizonnyi polk - three battalions
    Revelskii [Reval] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions.,
    Pernovskii [Pernau] Garnizonnyi batalion.,
    Dinamindskii [Dünamünde] Garnizonnyi batalion - three battalions (? should this be a polk instead or wrong number of battalions in source material?)
    Arensburgskii [Arensburg] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Khersonskii [Kherson] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions.
    Ochakovskii [Ochakov] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Akhtiarskii [Akhtiar] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions [Akhtiar was the name of the original Tatar village on the site where Sevastopol was founded in 1783.]
    Perekopskii [Perekop] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Astrakhanskii [Astrakhan] Garnizonnyi polk - three battalions
    Tsaritsynskii [Tsaritsyn] Garnizonnyi batalion.,
    Dimitrievskii [St.-Dimitrii] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions
    Azovskii [Azov] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Taganrogskii [Taganrog[ Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Vladikavkazskii [Vladikavkaz] Garnizonnyi polk – two battalions
    Smolenskii [Smolensk] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Vitebskii [Vitebsk] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Mogilevskii [Mogilev] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Kievskii [Kiev] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions.
    Yekaterinoslavskii [Yekaterinoslavl] Garnizonnyi battalion
    Moskovskii [Moscow] Garnizonnyi polk - four battalions.
    Tverskii [Tver] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Tambovskii [Tambov] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Voronezhskii [Voronezh] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Saratovskii [Saratov] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Vladimirskii [Vladimi]r Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Nizhegorodskii [Nizhnii-Novgorod] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Arkhangelogorodskii [Archangel] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions
    Vologodskii [Vologda] Garnizonnyi batalion ,
    Velikoustyuzhskii [Velikii-Ustyug] Garnizonnyi batalion
    Simbirskii [Simbirsk] Garnizonnyi battalion
    Kazanskii [Kazan] Garnizonnyi polk two battalions
    Orenburgskii [Orenburg] Garnizonnyi polk. two battalions
    Orenburgskie Lineinye bataliony [1st,2nd,3rd, and 4th Orenburg Line Battalions]
    Orskii [Orsk] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Kizilskii [Kizilsk] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Zverinogolovskii [Zverinogolovsk] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Verkhneuralskii [Verkhne] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Troitskii [Troitsk] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Ufimskii [Ufa] Garnizonnyi batalion
    Vyatskii [Vyatka] Garnizonnyi batalion
    Tobolskii [Tobolsk] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions
    Omskii [Omsk] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Zhelezninskii [Zhelezinka] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Biiskii [Biisk] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Petrovskii [St.-Peter] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Semipalatinskii [Semipalatinsk] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Irkutskii [Irkutsk] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions,
    Selenginskii [Selenginsk] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions.
    Kamchatskii [Kamchatka] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Tomskii [Tomsk] Garnizonnyi battalion
    Kizlyarskii [Kizilsk]Garnizonnyi polk - ? battalions
    Mozdokskii [Mozdok] Garnizonnyi battalion
    Note: All Garrison battalions were ordered to be made up of four Combatant [Stroevaya], or Musketeer [Mushketerskaya], companies.
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; November 17, 2010 at 08:45 AM. Reason: formatting, addition of line cavalry, addition of artillery, addition of garrison units

  2. #2
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    Default Re: Russian Regimental Names

    In 1805 Infantry and Cavalry Units were assigned to Inspectorates as follows:
    INFANTRY
    FINLYANDSKAYA [FINLAND]INSPEKTSIYAVelikie-Luki, Neva, and Ryazan Musketeers, and 1st and 2nd Jägers.
    S.-PETERBURGSKAYA Life and Pavlovsk Grenadiers; Yelets, Kexholm, Belozersk, Tenginsk, Petrovsk and Lithuania [Litovskii] Musketeers. 20th Jägers
    LIFLYANDSKAYA [LIVONIA]— St.-Petersburg and Taurica Grenadiers; Sevsk, Sofiya, Reval, Tobolsk, Dnieper, Kopore,Kaluga, Odessa and Chernigov Musketeers, and 3rd Jägers.
    LITOVSKAYA [LITHUANIA]— Yekaterinoslavl Grenadiers; Tula, Pskov, Murom, Rostov, Nizovsk, Volhynia,Mogilev,Kostromaand Archangel Musketeers, and 4th, 5th, 6th, and 7th Jägers.
    BRESTSKAYA [BREST] Old Ingermanland, Ryazhsk, Viborg, Apsheron, Podolia,Vilna, Penza and Azov Musketeers, and 8th Jägers.
    UKRAINSKAYA [UKRAINE] Little Russia and Kiev Grenadiers, and Smolensk, Galich, Estonia and Bryansk Musketeers.
    DNESTROVSKAYA [DNIESTER]— Kherson and Siberia Grenadiers; Ladoga, Vladimir, New Ingermanland, Aleksopol, Kozlov, Yaroslavl, Crimea and Nizhnii-Novgorod Musketeers, and 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th and 22nd Jägers Jägers.
    KRYMSKAYA [CRIMEA] Belev, Sevastopol, Troitsk, and Vitebsk Musketeers, and 14th and 15th Jägers.
    KAVKAZSKAYA [CAUCASUS]— Caucasus Grenadiers; Suzdal, Tiflis, Karbarda, Saratov, Vologda and Caucasus Musketeers, and 16th, 17th Jägers and. 21st Jägers.
    SMOLENSKAYA[SMOLENSK] Moscow and Phanagoria Grenadiers, and Polotsk, Perm, Uglich, Kursk, and Voronezh Musketeers.
    KIEVSKAYA [KIEV] Moscow, Butyrskii, Kolyvan, Novgorod, Vyatka, Narva, and Poltava Musketeers.
    MOSKOVSKAYA [MOSCOW]— Astrakhan Grenadiers and Navaginsk, Tambov, Ukraine, Schlüsselburg, Nasheburg, Orel, Kura, Staryi-Oskol, and Olonets Musketeers.
    ORENBURGSKAYA [ORENBURG] Rylsk, Ufa, and Yekaterinburg Musketeers.
    SIBIRSKAYA [SIBERIA]— Shirvan, Tomsk, and Selenginsk Musketeers, and 18th and 19th Jägers.
    CAVALRY
    S.-PETERBURGSKAYAHis Majesty’s Life-Cuirassiers.
    LIFLYANDSKAYA [LIVONIA]— Riga, Kazan and Livonia Dragoons.
    LITOVSKAYA [LITHUANIA]— Moscow, Courland and Zhitomir Dragoons; Aleksandriya Hussars, and Lithuanian-Tatar Regiment.
    BRESTSKAYA [BREST] Her Majesty’s Life-Cuirassiers; Kharkov, Chernigov and New Russia Dragoons, Pavlograd Hussars; Polish Horse.
    UKRAINSKAYA [UKRAINE]— Tver Dragoons; Mariupol Hussars;.Constantine Pavlovich’s Lancer Regiment
    DNESTROVSKAYA [DNIESTER]— Glukhov Cuirassiers; Severskii Dragoons; Olviopol, Belorussia and Yelisavetgrad Hussars.
    KRYMSKAYA [CRIMEA]— Smolensk Dragoons.
    KAVKAZSKAYA [CAUCASUS]— Vladimir, Taganrog, Narva, Borisoglebsk, and Nizhnii-Novgorod Dragoons.
    SMOLENSKAYA [SMOLENSK]Pskov, Kargopol, and St.-Petersburg Dragoons.
    KIEVSKAYA [KIEV]Little Russia Cuirassiers; Starodub, Kiev, Ingermanland, Pereyaslavl and Kinburn Dragoons; Sumy, Izyum, and Akhtyrka Hussars.
    MOSKOVSKAYA [MOSCOW]— Yekaterinoslavl and Military Order Cuirassiers.
    ORENBURGSKAYA [ORENBURG] Orenburg Dragoons.
    SIBIRSKAYA [SIBERIA]— Siberia and Irkutsk Dragoons.
    GARRISON REGIMENTS AND BATTALIONS(All 1battalion strength unless noted)
    Finland Inpectorate:,
    Vyborgskii [Viborg] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions,
    Fridrikhsgamskii [Fredrikshamn] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions
    Rochensalmskii [Rochensalm] Garnizonnyi polk - three battalions,
    Vilmanstrandskii [Vilmanstrand] Garnizonnyi battalion.
    Keksgolmskii [Kexholm] Garnizonnyi batalion
    Neishlotskii [Nyslott] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    St.-Petersburg Inpectorate:,
    Kronshtadtskii Kronstadt Garnizonnyi polk - four battalions.,
    Narvskii [Narva] Garnizonnyi batalion
    Novgorodskii [Novgorod] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Pskovskii [Pskov] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Shlisselburg Schlüsselburg Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Lithuania:
    Vilenskii [Vilna] Garnizonnyi batalion
    Minskii [Minsk] Garnizonnyi battalion
    Mitavskii [Mitau] Garnizonnyi battalion
    Grodnenskii [Grodno] Garnizonnyi battalion
    Livonia Inpectorate:,
    Rizhskii [Riga] Garnizonnyi polk - three battalions
    Revelskii [Reval] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions.,
    Pernovskii [Pernau] Garnizonnyi batalion.,
    Dinamindskii [Dünamünde] Garnizonnyi batalion - three battalions (? should this be a polk instead or wrong number of battalions in source material?)
    Arensburgskii [Arensburg] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Dnieper Inpectorate:
    Khersonskii [Kherson] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions.
    Ochakovskii [Ochakov] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Crimea Inpectorate
    Akhtiarskii [Akhtiar] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions [Akhtiar was the name of the original Tatar village on the site where Sevastopol was founded in 1783.]
    Perekopskii [Perekop] Garnizonnyi batalion.

    Caucasus Inpectorate:
    Astrakhanskii [Astrakhan] Garnizonnyi polk - three battalions
    Tsaritsynskii [Tsaritsyn] Garnizonnyi batalion
    Dimitrievskii [St.-Dimitrii] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions
    Azovskii [Azov] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Taganrogskii [Taganrog[ Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Vladikavkazskii [Vladikavkaz] Garnizonnyi polk – two battalions
    Smolensk Inpectorate:
    Smolenskii [Smolensk] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Vitebskii [Vitebsk] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Mogilevskii [Mogilev] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Kiev Inpectorate:
    Kievskii [Kiev] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions.
    Yekaterinoslavskii [Yekaterinoslavl] Garnizonnyi battalion – June 1805 reassigned to Crimea,
    Moscow Inpectorate:
    Moskovskii [Moscow] Garnizonnyi polk - four battalions.
    Tverskii [Tver] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Tambovskii [Tambov] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Voronezhskii Voronezh Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Saratovskii [Saratov] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Vladimirskii [Vladimi]r Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Nizhegorodskii [Nizhnii-Novgorod] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Arkhangelogorodskii [Archangel] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions
    Vologodskii [Vologda] Garnizonnyi batalion
    Velikoustyuzhskii [Velikii-Ustyug] Garnizonnyi batalion
    Orenburg Inpectorate:
    Simbirskii Simbirsk Garnizonnyi battalion
    Kazanskii [Kazan] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions
    Orenburgskii [Orenburg] Garnizonnyi polk. two battalions
    Orenburgskie Lineinye bataliony [1st,2nd,3rd, and 4th Orenburg Line Battalions]
    Orskii [Orsk] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Kizilskii [Kizilsk] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Zverinogolovskii [Zverinogolovsk] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Verkhneuralskii [Verkhne] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Troitskii [Troitsk] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Ufimskii [Ufa] Garnizonnyi batalion
    Vyatskii [Vyatka] Garnizonnyi batalion
    Siberia Inpectorate:
    Tobolskii [Tobolsk] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions
    Omskii [Omsk] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Zhelezninskii [Zhelezinka] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Biiskii [Biisk] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Petrovskii [St.-Peter] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Semipalatinskii [Semipalatinsk] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Irkutskii [Irkutsk] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions,
    Selenginskii [Selenginsk] Garnizonnyi polk - two battalions.
    Kamchatskii [Kamchatka] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Tomskii[Tomsk] Garnizonnyi battalion

    Note: All Garrison battalions were ordered to be made up of four Combatant [Stroevaya], or Musketeer [Mushketerskaya], companies.
    Kizlyarskii [Kizilsk]Garnizonnyi polk and Mozdokskii [Mozdok] Garnizonnyi battalion – formed in 1801 but have not been able to find which Inspectorate they were assigned to.
    Since writing the above I have consulted an atlas - Mozdok is in the Caucasus & Kizilsk (if I got the correct place) in Siberia, so it is probable that they were assigned accordingly.
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; September 22, 2011 at 08:02 AM. Reason: addition of garrison Units; & addition to end note

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    Default Re: Russian Regimental Names

    1806/1807

    Infantry
    7 February 1806– The Penzinskii [Penza] Garnizonnyi batalion established.
    1 March 1806– The 23-i Yegerskii polk established.
    10 May 1806 The Life-Guards Jäger Battalion was reformed. It became a two-battalion Life-Guards Jäger Regiment [Leib-Gvardii Yegerskii polk].
    13 June 1806 24-i, 25-I and 26-i Yegerskie polki established.
    24 June 1806 Brestkii [Brest], Kremenchugskii [Kremenchug], Minskii [Minsk], Neishlotskii [Nyslott], Yakutskii [Yakutsk], Okhotskii [Okhotsk], Kamchatskii [Kamchatka], Mingrelskii [Mingrelia], Vilmanstrandskii [Villmanstrand], Libavskii [Libau], and Pernovskii [Pernau] Mushketerskii polki, and the 27-i, 28-i, 29-i, 30-i, 31-i, and 32-i Yegerskie polki established.
    12 December 1806Batalion Imperatorskoi Militsii [Imperial Militia Battalion] of 4 companies formed from peasants of the Imperial patrimonial estates.

    Cavalry
    13 June 1806Finlyandskii [Finland] and Mitavskii [Mitau] Dragunskie [Dragoons], and the Grodnenskii [Grodno] Gusarskii [Hussars] established with 5 squadrons each.
    24 July 1806Nezhinskii [Nezhin], Yamburgskii [Yamburg], Serpukhovskii [Serpukhov], Arzamasskii [Arzamas], Tiraspolskii [Tiraspol], and Derptskii [Dorpat] Dragunskie [Dragoons] established with 5 squadrons each.
    27 August 1806– The Grodnenskii [Grodno] Gusarskii [Hussars] strength increased to 11 squadrons, of which one was a replacement [zapasnyi] squadron.
    Finlyandskii [Finland] and Mitavskii [Mitau], Nezhinskii [Nezhin], Yamburgskii [Yamburg], Serpukhovskii [Serpukhov], Arzamasskii [Arzamas], Tiraspolskii [Tiraspol], and Derptskii [Dorpat] Dragunskie [Dragoons] each increased by ½ replacement squadron.
    20 April 1807– The Lubenskii Gusarskii polk [Lubny Hussar Regiment] established, with two 5 squadron battalions and a replacement squadron.
    28 April 1807Konno-Volynskii [Volhynia Horse established with 5 squadrons.
    November 1807– The Polish Horse Regiment was renamed—the Polish Lancers [Polskii Ulanskii], the Tatar Horse—the Tatar Lancers [Tatarskii Ulanskii], the Lithuanian Horse—the Lithuania Lancers [Litovskii Ulanskii], and the Volhynia Horse—the Volhynia Lancers [Volynskii Ulanskii].

    Artillery
    23 August 1806– The Artillery regiments and Horse battalions disbanded, and replaced by brigades [brigady] with the following numbers of companies (and assigned to divisions with the same numerical designation - see next post for troop composition of Divisions):
    1st Brigade: included 4 Foot and 1 Horse company of Guards Artillery, and from the Line 2 Battery and, 3 Light.
    2nd Brigade: 2 Battery, 2 Light, and 1 Horse.
    3rd Brigade: 2 Battery, 3 Light and 1 Horse.
    4th Brigade: 2 Battery, 3 Light and 1 Horse.
    5th Brigade: 1 Battery, 2 Light, and 1 Horse.
    6th Brigade: 2 Battery, 3 Light, and 1 Horse.
    7th Brigade: 2 Battery, 3 Light and 1 Horse.
    8th Brigade: 2 Battery, 2 Light, and 1 Horse.
    9th Brigade: 2 Battery, 3 Light, and 1 Horse.
    10th Brigade: 1 Battery, 3 Light, and 1 Horse.
    11th Brigade: 2 Battery, 3 Light and 1 Horse.
    12th Brigade: 3 Battery, 1 Light and 1 Horse.
    13th Brigade: 1 Battery and 4 Light.
    14th Brigade: 1 Battery and 2 Light.
    15th Brigade: 3 Battery and 1 Horse.
    Georgia Brigade: 2 Battery and 3 Light.
    Caucasus Brigade: 2 Battery and 2 Light.
    Siberia Brigade: 2 Battery and 2 Light.
    11 September 1806– Five more brigades were established:
    16th Brigade: 1 Battery, 2 Light, and 1 Horse.
    17th Brigade: 1 Battery, 2 Light and 1 Horse.
    18th Brigade: 1 Battery, 2 Light and 1 Horse.
    St.-Petersburg Reserve Brigade: 6 Battery companies.
    Kiev Reserve Brigade: 6 Battery companies.
    11 February 1807– The Moscow Reserve Brigade [Moskovskaya Rezervnaya brigada] established with 3 Battery companies.
    16 February 1807– The 19th and 20th Brigades formed from the companies of the Georgia and Caucasus Brigades.
    1 June 1807– All brigades were brought to the same number of companies: 2 Battery, 2 Light and 1 Horse, except for the 19th, 20th, and Siberia Brigades, which did not have Horse companies. An additional new brigade was formed, receiving the number 22nd, while the non-Guard companies of the 1st Brigade formed the 21st Brigade.

    Garrison Units

    7 February 1806 Penzinskii [Penza] Garnizonnyi batalion formed.
    16 June 1806 Following Garrison regiments and battalions assigned to the newly formed divisions:
    1st Division: Schlüsselburg and Narva battalion.
    2nd Division: Riga and Reval regiments and Pernau, Dünamünde, Arensburg, and Mitau battalions.
    4th Division: Vilna, Grodno, and Minsk battalions.
    5th Division: Vitebsk and Mogilev battalions.
    10th Division: Kiev Regiment.
    13th Division: Kherson and Akhtiar regiments and Perekop, Ochakov, and Yekaternislavl battalions.
    14th Division: Novgorod and Pskov battalions.

    5 October 1806 Akhtiar Garrison Regiment reduced to 1 battalion and renamed Akhtiarskii Garnizonnyi batalion.
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; February 05, 2011 at 03:51 PM. Reason: addition of artillery & formatting, garrison units section

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    Default Re: Russian Regimental Names

    1806 REORGANISATION

    4 May 180613 divisions [divizii] formed from the forces of the Finland, St.-Petersburg, Livonia, Lithuania, Brest, Ukraine, Dniester, Crimea, Smolensk, Kiev, and Moscow inspectorates:
    1st Division: Life-Grenadiers; Kexholm, Velikie-Luki, Neva, and Petrovsk Musketeers; 2nd Jägers. His Highness the Tsesarevich’s Lancers.
    2nd Division: St.-Petersburg and Pavlovsk Grenadiers; Belozersk, Ryazan, Rostov, Yelets, and Lithuania Musketeers; 1st Jägers. HIS MAJESTY’ Life-Cuirassiers, Kargopol Dragoons, and Izyum Hussars.
    3rd Division: Taurica Grenadiers; Chernigov, Murom, and Kopore Musketeers; 21st Jägers. Little Russia Cuirassiers, Courland Dragoons, and Sumy Hussars
    4th Division: Dniester, Tula, Tenginsk, Navaginsk, Tobolsk, and Polotsk Musketeers; 4th Jägers. Military Order Cuirassiers, Pskov Dragoons, and Polish Horse.
    5th Division: Uglich, Sofiya, Perm, Mogilev, Kaluga, and Sevsk Musketeers; 20th Jägers. Riga and Kazan Dragoons and Yelisavetgrad Hussars.
    6th Division: Kostroma, Nizovsk, Reval, Vilna, Volhynia, and Staryi-Oskol Musketeers; 3rd Jägers. Yekaterinoslavl Cuirassiers, Kiev Dragoons, and Aleksandriya Hussars.
    7th Division: Yekaterinoslavl Grenadiers; Vladimir, Pskov, Azov, Voronezh, and Moscow Musketeers; 5th Jägers. Moscow and Ingermanland Dragoons and Pavlograd Hussars.
    8th Division: Moscow Grenadiers; Viborg, Schlüsselburg, Old Ingermanland, Archangel, and Podolia Musketeers; 7th Jägers. St.-Petersburg and Livonia Dragoons, and Olviopol Hussars.
    9th Division: Astrakhan Grenadiers; Tambov, Orel, Ukraine, Crimea, Penza, and Galich Musketeers; 10th Jägers. Glukhov Cuirassiers, New Russia Dragoons, and Mariupol Hussars.
    10th Division: Kiev Grenadiers; Ryazhsk, Yaroslavl, Bryansk, Kursk, and Vyatka Musketeers; 6th Jägers. Kharkov and Chernigov Dragoons and Akhtyrka Hussars.
    11th Division: Little Russia and Siberia Grenadiers; Odessa, Olonets, Apsheron, and Nasheburg Musketeers;11th Jägers. Kinburn and Severskii Dragoons and Belorussia Hussars.
    12th Division: Phanagoria Grenadiers; New Ingermanland, Narva, Novgorod, Smolensk, and Butyrskii Musketeers; 8th Jägers. Starodub and Tver Dragoons.
    13th Division: Estonia, Ladoga, Poltava, Nizhnii-Novgorod, and Aleksopol Musketeers; 12th and 22nd Jägers. HER MAJESTY’S Life-Cuirassiers; Pereyaslavl, Smolensk, and Zhitomir Dragoons.
    The rest of the regiments were included in the following Inspectorates:
    KAVKAZSKAYA [CAUCASUS]— Caucasus and Kherson Grenadiers; Kazan, Suzdal, Tiflis, Karbarda, Sevastopol, Saratov, Vologda, Troitsk, and Belev Musketeers, and 9th, 15th, 16th and 17th Jägers.Vladimir, Taganrog, Narva, Nizhnii-Novgorod, and Borisoglebsk Dragoons.
    ORENBURGSKAYA — Rylsk, Ufa, and Yekaterinburg Musketeers. Orenburg Dragoons.
    SIBIRSKAYA [SIBERIA]— Shirvan, Tomsk, and Selenginsk Musketeers, and 18th and 19th Jägers. Siberia and Irkutsk Dragoons
    Note: 23rd Jäger Regiment as it was still incomplete, and the Kozlov, Vitebsk, Kolyvan, and Kura Musketeers and the 13th and 14th Jägers as they were in the Mediterranean were not included in any of the divisions.

    14 June 1806 - new Division created and some units moved between Divisions.
    1st Division: Life-Grenadiers; Kexholm, Velikie-Luki, Neva, and Petrovsk Musketeers; 2nd Jägers. His Highness the Tsesarevich’s Lancers.
    2nd Division: Pavlovsk and St.-Petersburg Grenadiers; Rostov and Yelets Musketeers, and 1st and 24th Jägers. HIS MAJESTY’ Life-Cuirassiers, Kargopol Dragoons, and Izyum Hussars.
    3rd Division: Taurica Grenadiers; Chernigov, Murom, and Kopore Musketeers; 21st Jägers. Little Russia Cuirassiers, Courland Dragoons, and Sumy Hussars
    4th Division: Dniester, Tula, Tenginsk, Navaginsk, Tobolsk, and Polotsk Musketeers; 4th Jägers. Military Order Cuirassiers, Pskov Dragoons, and Polish Horse.
    5th Division: Perm, Mogilev, Kaluga and Sevsk Musketeers, and 20th and 25th Jägers. Riga and Kazan Dragoons and Yelisavetgrad Hussars.
    6th Division: Kostroma, Nizovsk, Reval, Vilna, Volhynia, and Staryi-Oskol Musketeers; 3rd Jägers. Yekaterinoslavl Cuirassiers, Kiev Dragoons, and Aleksandriya Hussars.
    7th Division: Yekaterinoslavl Grenadiers; Vladimir, Pskov, Azov, Voronezh, and Moscow Musketeers; 5th Jägers. Moscow and Ingermanland Dragoons and Pavlograd Hussars.
    8th Division: Moscow Grenadiers; Viborg, Schlüsselburg, Old Ingermanland, Archangel, and Podolia Musketeers; 7th Jägers. St.-Petersburg and Livonia Dragoons, and Olviopol Hussars.
    9th Division: Astrakhan Grenadiers; Tambov, Orel, Ukraine, Crimea, Penza, and Galich Musketeers; 10th Jägers. Glukhov Cuirassiers, New Russia Dragoons, and Mariupol Hussars.
    10th Division: Kiev Grenadiers; Ryazhsk, Yaroslavl, Bryansk, Kursk, and Vyatka Musketeers; 6th Jägers. Kharkov and Chernigov Dragoons and Akhtyrka Hussars.
    11th Division: Little Russia and Siberia Grenadiers; Odessa, Olonets, Apsheron, and Nasheburg Musketeers;11th Jägers. Kinburn and Severskii Dragoons and Belorussia Hussars.
    12th Division: Phanagoria Grenadiers; New Ingermanland, Narva, Novgorod, Smolensk, and Butyrskii Musketeers; 8th Jägers. Starodub and Tver Dragoons.
    13th Division: Estonia, Ladoga, Poltava, Nizhnii-Novgorod, and Aleksopol Musketeers; 12th and 22nd Jägers. HER MAJESTY’S Life-Cuirassiers; Pereyaslavl, Smolensk, and Zhitomir Dragoons.
    14th Division : Belozersk, Ryazan, Uglich and Sofiya Musketeers, and 23rd and 26th Jägers. Finland and Mitau Dragoons, and Grodno Hussars.
    15th Division: Kozlov, Vitebsk, Kura, and Kolyvan Musketeers, and 13th and 14th Jägers.
    16th Division: Petrovsk, Libau, Kamchatka, and Mingrelia Musketeers, and 27th and 28th Jägers. Tiraspol and Dorpat Dragoons.
    17th Division: Villmanstrand, Brest, Kremenchug, and Minsk Musketeers, and 30th and 31st Jägers. Nezhin and Yamburg Dragoons.
    18th Division: Tambov, Yakutsk, Nyslott, and Okhotsk Musketeers, and 29th and 32nd Jägers.Serpukhov and Arzamas Dragoons.

    February 1807 – the Caucasus Inspection was dissolved and 2 new Divisions created
    19th Division: Kazan, Suzdal, Vologda, Belev, and Sevastopol Musketeers, and 16th and 17th Jägers.
    20th Division: Kherson and Caucasus Grenadiers; Kabarda, Troitsk, Tiflis, and Saratov Musketeers; and 9th and 15th Jägers.

    13 June 1807 With the inclusion of the Guards infantry regiments in the 1st Division a number of Divisions were reorganized and the creation of a 21-ya diviziya (21st Division) & 22-ya diviziya (22nd Division). The changed Divisions were organised:
    1st Division: Life-Grenadiers; Life-Guards Preobrazhenski, Life-Guard Semenovski & Life-Guards Izmailovski & Life-Guard Jäger Regiments, Kexholm Musketeers, Chevalier Guards Regiment,Life-Guards Horse Regiment, Life-Guards Hussar Regiment,Life-Cossack Regiment, His Highness the Tsesarevich’s Lancers.
    2nd Division: Pavlovsk and St.-Petersburg Grenadiers; Rostov and Yelets Musketeers, and 1st and 24th Jägers. HIS MAJESTY’ Life-Cuirassiers, Kargopol Dragoons, and Izyum Hussars.
    6th Division: Kostroma, Nizovsk, Reval Vilna and, Volhynia Musketeers; 3rd Jägers. Yekaterinoslavl Cuirassiers, Kiev Dragoons, and Aleksandriya Hussars.
    8th Division: Moscow Grenadiers; Schlüsselburg, Old Ingermanland, Archangel, and Podolia Musketeers; 7th Jägers. St.-Petersburg and Livonia Dragoons, and Olviopol Hussars.
    9th Division: Astrakhan Grenadiers; Tambov, Orel, Ukraine, Crimea, and Galich Musketeers; 10th Jägers. Glukhov Cuirassiers, New Russia Dragoons, and Mariupol Hussars.
    10th Division: Kiev Grenadiers; Ryazhsk, Yaroslavl, Bryansk, Kursk, and Musketeers; 6th Jägers. Kharkov and Chernigov Dragoons and Akhtyrka Hussars.
    11th Division: Little Russia and Siberia Grenadiers; Odessa, Apsheron, and Nasheburg Musketeers;11th Jägers. Kinburn and Severskii Dragoons and Belorussia Hussars.
    12th Division: Phanagoria Grenadiers; New Ingermanland, Narva, Smolensk, and Butyrskii Musketeers; 8th Jägers. Starodub and Tver Dragoons.
    16th Division: PetrovskKamchatka, Novgorod, and Mingrelia Musketeers, and 27th and 28th Jägers. Tiraspol and Dorpat Dragoons.
    21st Division:Velikie-Luki, Neva, Petrovsk and Libau Musketeers; 2nd Jägers.
    22nd Division:Vyatka, Staryi-Oskol, Olonets, Viborg & Penza Musketeers; 29th Jägers.

    5 February 1808– The Orenburg Inspectorate was renamed the 23-ya diviziya (23rd Division), and the Siberia Inspectorate—24-ya diviziya (24th Division).
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; January 26, 2011 at 04:08 AM. Reason: formatting, addition of June 1807 changes

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    Default Re: Russian Regimental Names

    Infantry:

    23 January 1808 Imperial Militia Battalion became part of the Guards infantry.

    12 August 1808 Belostokskii Mushketerskii polk [Bialystok Musketeer Regiment] -formed from three garrison battalions which helped defend Danzig and was assigned to the 9th Division.

    30 October 1808 Due to distribution problems with recruits to infantry regiments, Replacement Recruit Depots [Zapasnyya Rekrutskiya Depo], each consisting of six infantry companies were established in: Kholm, Toropets, Zaslavl, Roslavl, Ivenets, Rovno, Chudnov, Novomirgorod, Novgorod-Severskii, Olviopol, Kharkov, Yekaterinoslavl, Staraya-Russa, Glukhov, Bryansk, Yaroslavl, Vladimir, Ivanovo, Olonets, Akhtyrka, Kargopol, Nizhnii-Novogorod, Dmitrovsk, Azov and Korostyn [Korosten] Tetyushi, and Belogorodka (a small town in Kiev Province). From 12 August 1809 some of the recruits in each Depot were held for the cavalry.

    During 1809 some infantry regiments were reassigned divisions.
    29 September 1809 Apart from the 1st or Guards Division [1-ya ili Gvardeiskaya diviziya], the remaining twenty-four divisions, were divided into brigades [brigady].
    2nd Division
    1st Brigade: St.-Petersburg Grenadiers and Yelets Musketeers.
    2nd —— Pavlovsk Grenadiers and Polotsk Musketeers.
    3rd —— Lithuania Musketeers and 1st Jägers.
    3rd Division
    1st —— Taurica Grenadiers and Chernigov Musketeers.
    2nd —— Murom and Kopore Musketeers.
    3rd —— 20th and 21st Jägers.
    4th Division
    1st —— Kremenchug and Minsk Musketeers.
    2nd —— Tobolsk and Volhynia Musketeers.
    3rd —— Vilna Musketeers and 4th Jägers.
    5th Division
    1st —— Sevsk and Kaluga Musketeers.
    2nd —— Perm and Mogilev Musketeers.
    3rd —— 23rd and 24th Jägers.
    6th Division
    1st —— Nizovsk and Azov Musketeers.
    2nd —— Uglich and Reval Musketeers.
    3rd —— Sofia Musketeers and 3rd Jägers.
    7th Division
    1st —— Yekaterinoslavl Grenadiers and Moscow Musketeers.
    2nd —— Pskov and Vladimir Musketeers.
    3rd —— Podolia Musketeers and 5th Jägers.
    8th Division
    1st —— Moscow Grenadiers and Archangel Musketeers.
    2nd —— Schlüsselburg and Old Ingermanland Musketeers.
    3rd —— Voronezh Musketeers and 7th Jägers.
    9th Division
    1st —— Astrakhan Grenadiers and Bialystok Musketeers.
    2nd —— Ryazhsk and Ukraine Musketeers.
    3rd —— Galich Musketeers and 10th Jägers.
    10th Division
    1st —— Kiev Grenadiers and Crimea Musketeers.
    2nd —— Kursk and Yaroslavl Musketeers.
    3rd —— Bryansk Musketeers and 8th Jägers.
    11th Division
    1st —— Little Russia Grenadiers and Apsheron Musketeers.
    2nd —— Siberia Grenadiers and Nasheburg Musketeers.
    3rd —— Odessa Musketeers and 11th Jägers.
    12th Division
    1st —— Phanagoria Grenadiers and New Ingermanland Musketeers.
    2nd —— Smolensk and Narva Musketeers.
    3rd —— Orel Musketeers and 6th Jägers.
    13th Division
    1st —— Nizhnii-Novgorod and Ladoga Musketeers.
    2nd —— Aleksopol and Butyrskii Musketeers.
    3rd —— Poltava and Estonia Musketeers.
    4th —— 12th and 22nd Jägers.
    14th Division
    1st —— Graf Arakcheev’s and Tenginsk Musketeers.
    2nd —— Tula and Navaginsk Musketeers.
    3rd —— 25th and 26th Jägers.
    15th Division
    1st —— Kozlov and Vitebsk Musketeers.
    2nd —— Kura and Kolyvan Musketeers.
    3rd —— 13th and 14th Jägers.
    16th Division
    1st —— Okhotsk and Nyslott Musketeers.
    2nd —— Kamchatka and Mingrelia Musketeers.
    3rd —— Novgorod Musketeers and 27th Jägers.
    17th Division
    1st —— Ryazan and Bialystok [sic, should be Belozersk] Musketeers.
    2nd —— Villmanstrand and Brest Musketeers.
    3rd —— 30th and 31st Jägers.
    18th Division
    1st —— Tambov and Yakutsk Musketeers.
    2nd —— Kostroma and Dnieper Musketeers.
    3rd —— 28th and 32nd Jägers.
    19th Division
    1st —— Kazan and Suzdal Musketeers.
    2nd —— Belev and Sevastopol Musketeers.
    3rd —— Vologda Musketeers and 16th and 17th Jägers.
    20th Division
    1st —— Caucasus and Kherson Grenadiers.
    2nd——Troitsk and Tiflis Musketeers.
    3rd —— Kabarda and Saratov Musketeers.
    4th —— 9th and 15th Jägers.
    21stDivision
    1st —— Neva and Petrovsk Musketeers.
    2nd —— Libau and Pernau Musketeers.
    3rd —— Velikie-Luki Musketeers and 2nd Jägers.
    22nd Division
    1st —— Vyatka and Staryi-Oskol Musketeers.
    2nd —— Olonets and Viborg Musketeers.
    3rd —— Penza Musketeers and 29th Jägers.
    23rd Division
    —— (of one brig.) Rylsk and Yekaterinburg Musketeers.
    24th Division
    —— (of one brig.) Selenginsk Musketeers and 18th Jägers.
    25th Division
    1st -- Ufa and Shirvan Musketeers.
    2nd —— Tomsk Musketeers and 19th Jägers

    19 October 1810 A number of Musketeer regiments were retitled Jägers so that all divisions would have two Jäger regiments,:
    Lithuania– as the 33rd,
    Vilna– as the 34th,
    Sofiya– as the 35th,
    Podolia– as the 36th,
    Voronezh– as the 37th,
    Galich– as the 38th,
    Bryansk– as the 39th,
    Odessa– as the 40th,
    Orel– as the 41st,
    Estonia– as the 42nd,
    Novgorod– as the 43rd,
    Velikie-Luki– as the 44th,
    Penza– as the 45th, and
    Saratov– as the 46th.


    Following the changes brigades were ordered to be made up of the indicated regiments:
    4th Division.
    2nd Brigade — Tobolsk and Volhynia Musketeers.
    3rd Brigade — 4th and 34th Jägers.
    7th Division
    2nd Brigade — Pskov and Vladimir Musketeers.
    3rd Brigade — 5th and 36th Jägers.
    8th Division
    1stBrigade — Moscow Grenadiers and Archangel Musketeers.
    3rd Brigade — 7th and 37th Jägers.
    9th Division
    1st Brigade — Astrakhan Grenadiers and Bialystok Musketeers.
    3rd Brigade — 10th and 38th Jägers.
    11th Division
    1stBrigade — Little Russia Grenadiers and Apsheron Musketeers.
    3rd Brigade — 11th and 40th Jägers.
    13th Division
    3rd Brigade — 12th and 22nd Jägers.


    26 October 1810 Corps [Korpusa] were established and infantry regiments of divisions were assigned as follows:
    1st Corps, regiments of the 5th and 14th Divisions.
    2nd Corps, regiments of the 16th, 17th, and 21st Divisions.
    3rd Corps, regiments of the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Divisions.
    4th Corps, regiments of the 7th and 25th Divisions, and replacement or second battalions of regiments of the 9th, 10th and 18th Divisions.
    6th Corps, regiments of the 19th and 20th Divisions.
    The composition of the 5th Corps was not laid down.


    17 January 1811 new regiments formed
    Musketeer:
    Voronezhskii [Voronezh],
    Bryanskii[Bryansk],
    Litovskii[Lithuania],
    Podolskii [Podolia],
    Estlyandskii [Estonia],
    Orlovskii [Orel],
    Galitskii [Galich],
    Velikolutskii[Velikie-Luki],
    Penzinskii[Penza],
    Saratovskii[Saratov]
    Yegerskie [Jägers]
    47-i,
    48-i,
    49-i

    As a result a number of the divisions were reorganised:
    1st Division — Life, Pavlovsk, St.-Petersburg, Yekaterinoslavl, & Taurica Grenadiers; Graf Arakcheev’s Musketeers.
    13th Division — Galich, Velikie-Luki, Penza, & Saratov Infantry; 12th & 22nd Jägers.
    25th Division — 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Marines [Morskie]*; Voronezh Infantry; 31st & 47th Jägers.
    26th Division — Ladoga, Poltava, Nizhnii-Novgorod, & Orel Infantry; 42nd Jägers.
    * These regiments were under the Navy Department [Morskoe vedomstvo].

    27 January 1811 Grafa Arakcheeva polk was renamed the Grenaderskii Grafa Arakcheeva polk [Graf Arakcheev’s Grenadier Regiment].
    January/February 1811 Nizhnii-Novgorod Recruit Depot abolished and ten others relocated:
    Zaslavl to Beloi, Ivenets to Vyazma, Vladimir toYelna, Dmitrovsk to Romny, Rovno to Izyum, Belgorod to Bakhmut, Tetyushi to Taganrog, Bryansk to Starodub, Glukhov to Konotop and the Chudnov to Chigrin [Chigirin].
    3 February 1811 The Kavkazskii Grenaderskii polk was renamed the Gruzinskii Grenaderskii polk [Georgia Grenadier Regiment].
    March 1811 Replacement Recruit Depots renamed Recruit Depots [Rekrutskiya Depo]. Recruit Depots, except for Yaroslavl, were assigned to divisions: Roslavl 2nd, Vyazma 3rd, Toropets 4th, Kholm 5th, Kargopol 6th, Starodub 7th, Novomirgorod 8th, Bakhmut 9th, Yelisavetgrad 10th, Izyum 11th, Akhtyrka 12th, Ivanovo 13th, Staraya-Russa 14th, Zmiev (transferred from Kharkov) 15th, Olviopol 16th, Belev 17th, Konotop 18th, Taganrog 19th, Azov 20th, Olonets 21st, Chigrin 22nd, Yelna 23rd, Novgorod-Severski 24th, Podgoshcha (transferred from Korostin) 25th, and Romny 26th. The 1st Division did not have a Recruit Depot.
    12 March 1811 The 49-i Yegerskii polk was renamed the Sofiiskii Pekhotnyi polk [Sofiya Infantry Regiment].
    10 September 1811 Recruit Depots of the 2nd Line [Rekrutskiya Depo 2-i linii] established in Petrozavodsk, Novgorod, Tver, Moscow, Kaluga, Orel, Kursk, Kharkov, and Yekaterinoslavl. Existing Depots comprised the Recruit Depots of the 1st Line and were divided into divisions and brigades:
    1st Division:
    1st Brigade: Kargopol (16th Division) and Olonets (21st).
    2nd Brigade: Podgoshcha (25th), Staraya-Russa (14th), and Kholm (5th).
    3rd Brigade: Toropets (4th), Belev (17th), and Vyazma (3rd).
    4th Brigade: Yelna (23rd) and Roslavl (11th).
    2nd Division:
    1st Brigade: Starodub (7th) and Novgorod-Severski (24th).
    2nd Brigade: Konotop (18th), Romny (26th), and Akhtyrka (12th).
    3rd Brigade: Zmiev (15th) and Izyum (9th).
    4th Brigade: Chigrin (22nd), Novomirgorod (8th), Yelisavetgrad (10th), and Olviopol (16th).
    Separate brigade under the command of the Military Governor of New Russia: Ivanovo (13th), Taganrog (19th), and Azov (20th).
    6 November 1811 New units formed and constituted as the 27-ya diviziya [27th Division]:
    Pekhotnye [Infantry]
    Odesskii[Odessa],
    Vilenskii[Vilna],
    Tarnopolskii [Tarnopol],
    Simbirskii [Simbirsk]
    Yegerskie [Jägers]
    49-i
    50-i
    11 November 1811– The Life-Guards Finland Regiment was considered a Jäger regiment. A Gvardeiskaya Pekhotnaya diviziya [Guards Infantry Division] was formed from the foot regiments of the Life-Guards, in the first brigade went the Preobrazhenskii and Semenovskii regiments, in the second went the Izmailovskii and Lithuania regiments, and in the third the Jäger and Finland regiments.
    November 1811 All Recruit Depots were ordered to each have six three-company battalions (except Roslavl five three-company battalions, and Yelna four three-company battalions), which received the name of fourth Rezervnye [chetvertye Rezervnye] or Recruit [Rekrutskie] battalions of those regiments to which they were assigned.
    All Recruit Depots belonged to divisions as follows: Vyazma – 3rd, Toropets – 4th, Kholm – 5th, Kargopol – 6th, Starodub – 7th, Novomirgorod – 8th, Izyum – 9th, Yelisavetgrad – 10th, Roslavl – 11th, Akhtyrka – 12th, Ivanovo – 13th, Staraya-Russa – 14th, Zmiev – 15th, Olviopol – 16th, Belev – 17th, Konotop – 18th, Taganrog – 19th, Azov – 20th, Olonets – 21st, Chigrin – 22nd, Yelna – 23rd, Novgorod-Severski – 24th, Podgoshcha – 25th, and Romny – 26th. Only the Yaroslavl and Bakhmut Depots were not divided into battalions; only Grenadier regiments did not have fourth battalions.
    2 March 1812 The Gvardeiskii Ekipazh [Guards Équipage], established in 1810, with four companies was assigned to the third brigade.
    14 March 1812 18 new Infantry divisions were formed from the second or Replacement [Zapasnyi] battalions (without Grenadier companies) and fourth or Reserve [Rezervnyi] battalions. [breakdown in section below] & Combined Grenadier Battalions [Svodnye Grenaderskie bataliony] were formed from the Grenadier companies of second battalions [breakdown in section below].
    1 May 1812– Recruits mustered in Yaroslavl, Vladimir, Kostroma, Voronezh, Ryazan, and Tambov were formed into new regiments: 1-i, 2-i, 3-i, 4-i, 5-i, 6-i, 7-i, and 8-i Pekhotnye polk [Infantry regiment], and 1-i, 2-i, 3-i, and 4-i Yegerskii polk [Jäger regiment.
    The Zapasnyi and Rezervnyi battalions listed above were used to replace losses in personnel, and at the start of hostilities to bring line units up to strength.
    27 June 1812 From recruits of the Recruit Depots of the 2nd Line were established: the 9-i,10-i,11-i,12-i,13-i, and14-i Pekhotnye polk [Infantry regiment], and afterwards all Recruit Depots were disbanded.
    26 October 1812 Having been established in May and June of this year, the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, and 14th Infantry regiments and the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Jäger regiments were disbanded in order to provide replacements for the other forces in the Main Army.
    13 April 1813 The Life-Grenadiers and Pavlovsk Grenadiers became part of the Guard. They were considered part of the New,or Young, Guard [Novaya ili Molodaya Gvardiya]; the former regiments were considered part of the Old Guard.

    Cavalry:
    18 August 1808 Chuguev Cossack Regiment became the Chuguevskii Ulanskii polk [Chuguev Lancer Regiment] with 10 squadrons.
    18 October 1808 The Polish, Tatar, Lithuania, and Volhynia Lancer regiments consisted of 10 active squadrons and one replacement squadron.
    12 December 1809 Two Guards cavalry regiments were formed from His Highness Constantine Pavlovich’s Lancer Regiment - Leib-Gvardii Ulanskii[Life-Guards Lancers] and Leib-Gvardii Dragunskii [Life-Guards Dragoons]; each consisted of five active squadrons and a replacement half-squadron.
    18 May 1811 Leib-Gvardii Chernomorskaya sotnya [Life-Guards Black Sea Sotnia] formed and assigned to the Guards Cavalry Division [Gvardeiskaya Kavaleriiskaya diviziya], composed of two brigades. 1st Brigade - Dragoon and Lancer regiments, and 2nd Brigade —the Hussar and Cossack regiments and both the Black Sea and Ural sotnias. The Chevalier Guards and Horse regiments formed the 1st Brigade of the 1st Cuirassier Division.
    12 October 1811 Astrakhanskii and Novgorodskii Cuirassier regiments established.
    November 1811 The Recruit Depots at Podgoshcha, Staraya Russa, Kholm, Toropets, Yelna, Roslavl, Konotop, Romny, Akhtyrka, Chigrin, Novomirgorod, Yelisavetgrad, and Olviopol, were ordered to have recruits for four squadrons, while Novgorod-Severskii Depot for six squadrons. One squadron for each Dragoon regiment and two for each Hussar and Lancer regiment so that there would be one reserve squadron for every five operational squadrons i.e. for a Dragoon regiment, they formed a sixth Reserve Squadron [Rezervnye eskadrony], and in the others eleventh and twelfth Reserve Squadrons.
    All the regiments of the seven Cavalry divisions mentioned above had reserve squadrons except the Astrakhan and Novgorod Cuirassiers and Chuguev Lancers, which were just forming.
    17 December 1812 Many dragoon regiments were converted to other types of cavalry.
    Pskov and Starodub Dragoon regiments became Cuirassiers.
    Irkutsk Dragoons (merged with Graf Saltykov’s Moscow Hussar Regiment) became Hussars.
    Yamburg, Orenburg, Siberia, Zhitomir, Vladimir, Taganrog, and Serpukhov Dragoons became Lancers.
    Nezhin, Chernigov, Arzamas, Livonia, Severskii, Pereyaslavl, Tiraspol, and Dorpat Dragoons became Konno-Yegerskii [Horse-Jägers].

    14 March 1812 Eight new Cavalry divisions were ordered to be formed from replacement and reserve squadrons. [breakdown in section below].

    13 April 1813 For its distinction in the 1812 campaign, His Majesty’s Life-Cuirassiers were named the Life-Guards Cuirassiers [Leib-Gvardii Kirasirskii] and became part of the New (or Young) Guard.

    3 April 1814 7 squadron Life-Guards Horse-Jäger Regiment [Leib-Gvardii Konno-Yegerskii polk] was added to the strength of the Guards cavalry, joining the 2nd Brigade of the Guards Cavalry Division. This regiment was part of the New, or Young, Guard.

    ARTILLERY:

    23 February 1808– The Siberia Brigade was renamed the 23rd.
    31 January 1811Artilleriiskiya Rekrutskiya Depo [Artillery Recruit Depots] established in Pskov, Smolensk, Starodub (transferred to Bryansk on 7 February), and Konotop (transferred to Glukhov on 7 February).
    14 February 1811– 26 new Field [Polevaya], 10 Reserve [Rezervnaya], and 4 Replacement [Zapasnaya] brigades with the following numbers of companies:
    1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 14th, 15th, 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th, 20th, 22nd, 23rd, 24th, and 26th Field Brigades — each of 1 Battery company and 2 Light companies.
    6th and 21st Field Brigades: each of 1 Battery company and 1 Light company.
    25th Field Brigade: 1 Battery and 3 Light half-companies, located with the Marine regiments.
    1st Reserve Brigade: 3 Horse, 2 Battery, and 2 Pontoon companies.
    2nd and 4th Reserve Brigade: 3 Horse, 2 Battery, and 1 Pontoon companies.
    3rd Reserve Brigade: 4 Horse, 2 Battery, and 1 Pontoon companies.
    5th Reserve Brigade: 1 Battery, 1 Light, and 1 Pontoon company.
    6th and 7th Reserve Brigade: 2 Horse, 2 Battery, 1 Light, and 1 Pontoon company.
    8th Reserve Brigade: 1 Horse and 2 Battery companies.
    9th Reserve Brigade: 2 Battery companies.
    10th Reserve Brigade: 2 Battery and 1 Light company.
    1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Replacement Brigades: each of 1 Horse, 1 Battery, and four Pontoon companies.

    2 September 1811 The Life-Guards Horse Artillery company was divided into two.
    October 1811 The Life-Guards. Artillery Battalion was named the Life-Guards Artillery Brigade [Leib-Gvardi Artilleriiskaya brigada].
    15 October 1811– A new Field brigade was established, made up of 1 Battery company and 2 Light companies and named the 27th Field Brigade on 7 November.
    18 November 1811 Artillery Recruit Depots were divided into companies:
    Pskov and Smolensk depots: each with 6 Foot and 1 Horse company.
    Bryansk depot: 4 Foot and 3 Horse companies.
    Glukhov depot: into 5 Foot and 2 Horse companies.
    13 March 1812 Active companies were formed at the Artillery Recruit Depots and assigned to Replacement brigades [Zapasnyya brigady]:
    1st Replacement Brigade: 1 Battery, 4 Light, and 1 Horse company.
    2nd Replacement Brigade: 1 Battery, 4 Light, and 1 Horse company.
    3rd Replacement Brigade: 3 Light and 3 Horse companies.
    4th Replacement Brigade: 1 Battery, 3 Light, and 3 Horse companies.
    13 April 1813 Guards Artillery companies were assigned to the Old Guard.
    21 October 1813 Three more Guards Artillery companies were formed: 1 Battery, 1 Light, and 1 Horse.


    Cossacks
    20 February 1807 Ust-Dunaiskoe voisko [Danube-Mouth Host]formed from the Zaporozhians of the Transdanube for service against the Turks. Disnbanded on 5 December 1807.
    24 January 1808Simferopolskii, Perekopskii, Yevpatoriiskii, and Theodosiiskii Regiments of five sotnias formed from the Crimean Tatars.
    19 July 1808 Two Horse-Artillery companies were established on the Caucasian Line.
    18 August 1808 Chuguev Regular Cossack Regiment [Chuguevskii regulyarnyi Kazachii polk] renamed Chuguev Lancers [Chuguevskii Ulanskii] and became part of the regular cavalry.
    19 August 1808 Siberian Cossack Host implemented new organization - in peacetime this host would not be divided into regiments and sotnias, but in wartime as many of these would be formed as necessary; each regiment to have five sotnias. Two companies of Horse Artillery were formed.
    7 April 1811 Five-sotnia Horse regiments were formed: 1-i & 2-i Kalmytskie polki [1st and 2nd Kalmuck regiments]; from the Stavropol Kalmucks—Stavropolskii Kalmytskii polk [Stavropol Kalmuck Regiment]; 1-i & 2-i Bashkirskie polki [1st and 2nd Bashkir regiments].
    9 April 1812– From the Cossack commands which for a long time had been in Kamchatka, there were formed two: for Kamchatka—a horse command, and for Izhiginsk—a foot command.
    5 July 1812 1-i, 2-i, 3-i, & 4-i Ukrainskie Kazachi polki[1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Ukrainian Cossack Regiments] each of eight squadrons formed.
    15 September 1813–Horse-Artillery company added to the two existing in the Don Host.

    GARRISON UNITS:

    22 October 1809 Pskov Garrison Battalion renamed the Gangutskii Garnizonnyi batalion on transfer to Gangut Fortress. 1 battalion from the Fredrikshamn Garrison Regiment and the Villmanstrand, Kexholm, Schlüsselburg, and Novgorod garrison battalions, were used to form the 4 battalion Sveaborgskii Garnizonnyi polk and 3 battalion Alandskii Garnizonnyi polk; the remaining battalion of the Fredrikshamn Garrison Regiment was named the Fridrikhsgamskii Garnizonnyi batalion.
    21 October 1809 With the addition of a battalion the Omsk Garrison Battalion became the Omskii Garnizonnyi polk.
    22 January 1810 Potiiskii [Poti] Garnizonnyi batalion formed.
    23 August 1810 Minsk Garrison Battalion renamed the Bobruiskii Garnizonnyi batalion, and the Mitau renamed the Dinaburgskii [Dünaburg] Garnizonnyi batalion.
    26 August 1810 Irkutsk Garrison Regiment reduced to 2 battalions; while Omsk Garrison Regiment increased to 3 battalion.
    19 October 1810 A number of garrison battalions were renamed: Grodno became Kyumenegorodskii, Nizhnii-Novgorod became Khotinskii, Yekaterinoslavl became Akkermanskii, Vladimir became Kerch-Yenikolskii [Kerch-Yenikale]; one battalion of the Kherson Garrison Regiment became Benderskii [Bender or Bendery] Garnizonnyi batalion, and one battalion of the Kizlyar Garrison Regiment became Derbentskii Garnizonnyi batalion. The remaining battalion of the Kherson Garrison Regiment was named the Khersonskii Garnizonnyi batalion. The Kiev Garrison Regiment was increased to 3 battalions by the inclusion of the Mogilev Garrison Battalion. Bakinskii [Baku] Garnizonnyi polk formed from one battalion of the Astrakhan Garrison Regiment, and the Penza Garrison Battalion. Anapskii [Anapa] Garnizonnyi polk formed from the Azov and Vitebsk Garrison Battalions. The Saratov Garrison Battalion was incorporated into the Kizlyar Garrison Regiment, replacing the battalion transferred to Derbent.
    17 January 1811 52 battalions of garrison units were disbanded: Garrison Regiments of Aland, Dmitrievsk, Kiev, Kronstadt, Reval, Riga, Rochensalm, Sveaborg, and Viborg; Garrison Battalions of Akhtiar, Akkerman, Baku, Bender, Bobruisk, Dünaburg, Dünamünde, Fredrikshamn, Gangut, Kerch-Yenikale, Kherson, Khotin, Kyumenegorod, Narva, Nyslott, Ochakov, Perekop,Poti, Smolensk, Taganrog, Tambov, Tsaritsyn, Tver, Vilna, and Voronezh. The best of the personnel were used to form the ten new Musketeer and three new Jäger regiments. 12 companies used to form new 4 company Garrison battalions: 1st and 2nd Crimea and a new Poti, while forty companies were distributed to the same number of provincial capitals [gubernskie goroda] to form in conjunction with state provincial companies [shtatnyya gubernskiya roty], 2 company Internal Garrison [Vnutrennye Garnizonnye], or Provincial [Gubernskie], half-battalions [polubataliony]. These cities were as follows:
    Bialystok, Chernigov, Georgievsk, Grodno, Kaluga, Kamenets-Podolskii, Kharkov, Kiev. Kostroma, Kuopio, Kursk, Minsk, Mitau, Mogilev, Nizhnii-Novgorod, Novgorod, Orel, Penza, Perm, Peterburg, Petrozavodsk, Poltava, Pskov, Riga, Ryazan, Saratov, Smolensk, Tambov, Tula, Tver, Viborg, Vilna, Vitebsk, Vladimir, Vologda, Voronezh, Yaroslavl, and Zhitomir.
    Only the following former Garrison Regiments remained:
    Anapa, Archangel, Astrakhan, Irkutsk, Kazan, Kizlyar, Moscow, Omsk, Orenburg, and Tobolsk, and only the following former Garrison Battalions remained:
    Arensburg, Baku, Biisk, Derbent, Kizilsk, Mozdok, Petrovsk, Semipalatinsk, Simbirsk, Tomsk, Troitsk, Ufa, Verkhne-Uralsk, Vyatka, Zhelezinka, and Zverinogolovsk.

    14 March 1811 The 1st Crimea Garrison Battalion was renamed the Khersonskii, and the 2nd Crimea was renamed the Tavricheskii [Taurica]. Also, the three-company Yekaterinoslavl Internal Garrison Half-Battalion [Yekaterinoslavskii Vnutrennii Garnizonnyi polubatalion] was established. The garrisons of the Internal Guard [Vnutrennyaya Strazha] was distributed to regions [okruga] and brigades:
    1st Region
    1st Brigade: Petrozavodsk, Kuopio, and Viborg half-battalions.
    2nd Brigade: St.-Petersburg and Novgorod half-battalions.
    3rd Brigade: Reval and Riga half-battalions.
    2nd Region
    1st Brigade: Tver and Pskov half-battalions.
    2nd Brigade: Vitebsk and Mitau half-battalions.
    3rd Region
    1st Brigade: Kaluga, Smolensk, and Mogilev half-battalions.
    2nd Brigade: Minsk and Vilna half-battalions.
    4th Region
    1st Brigade: Tula, Orel, and Chernigov half-battalions.
    2nd Brigade: Grodno and Bialystok half-battalions.
    5th Region
    1st Brigade: Kursk, Kharkov, and Poltava half-battalions.
    2nd Brigade: Kiev and Zhitomir half-battalions.
    6th Region
    1st Brigade: Yekaterinoslavl Half-Battalion and Taurica and Kherson battalions.
    2nd Brigade: Kamenets-Podolskii and Tarnopol half-battalions.
    7th Region
    1st Brigade: Vologda and Kostroma half-battalions.
    2nd Brigade: Vyatka Battalion and Perm Half-Battalion.
    3rd Brigade: Kazan Regiment and Nizhnii-Novgorod Half-Battalion.
    4th Brigade: Vladimir and Yaroslavl half-battalions.
    8th Region
    1st Brigade: Ryazan, Tambov, and Penza half-battalions.
    2nd Brigade: Simbirsk and Ufa battalions.
    3rd Brigade: Saratov and Voronezh half-battalions.

    Garrison regiments and battalions: in Archangel, Arensburg, Astrakhan, Moscow, in Georgia, the Caucasus, Orenburg, and in Siberia remained under the authority of local Commandants and Military Governors.
    10 March 1811 Vologda and Velikii-Ustyug Garrison Battalions were used for the Moscow Garrison Regiment.
    Simbirsk and Ufa Garrison Battalions reduced to 3 companies each.
    New, 4-company, Uralskii Garnizonnyi batalion formed.

    27 March 1811 The following half-battalions were reinforced with a 3rd company and renamed Internal Garrison Battalion [Vnutrennii Garnizonnyi batalion]: the Bialystok, Chernigov, Georgievsk (assigned to 8th Region’s 3rd Brigade) Grodno, Kaluga, Mogilev, Nizhnii-Novgorod, Novgorod, Perm, Riga, Ryazan, Smolensk, Tula, Tver, Vitebsk, Vologda, Vladimir, Yaroslavl, and Zhitomir.
    July to December 1811 Internal Half-Battalions of Kamenets-Podolskii, Kuopio, Penza, Pskov, St.-Petersburg, Saratov, Tambov, Viborg, and Voronezh, reinforced with 3rd company and renamed Internal Garrison Battalion [Vnutrennii Garnizonnyi batalion].
    6 November 1811 The Garrisons of the Orenburg Territory [Orenburgskii krai] were formed into the 28th Infantry Division, and the Siberia Garrisons into the 27th.
    January to March 1812 Internal Half-Battalions of Kiev, Kostroma, Kursk, Minsk, Mitau, Petrozavodsk, Poltava, Reval, and Vilna, reinforced with 3rd companies renamed Internal Garrison Battalions.
    9 April 1812 Kamchatka Garrison Battalion disbanded.
    August to November1812 Internal Half-Battalions of Tarnopol and Yekaterinoslavl reinforced with 3rd companies renamed Internal Garrison Battalions.
    January to March 1813 Internal Half-Battalions of Kharkov and Orel reinforced with 3rd companies renamed Internal Garrison Battalions.
    11 March 1813 Some troops from Moscow Garrison Regiment used to form regular army units as a result it was reduced to Moscow Internal Garrison Battalion.
    10 January 1814 Kishinev Internal Garrison Battalion was established with 3 companies.
    1 February 1814 Vladikavkaz Garrison Regiment was brought to a strength of three battalions.
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; February 11, 2011 at 05:23 PM. Reason: info added, 1811 entries, Cavalry, Artillery, cossacks; garrison units section; guard artillery
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  6. #6
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    Default Re: Russian Regimental Names

    Changes in Organisation:

    12 October 1810 Infantry Regiments organization amended as follows:
    1.) Grenadier Regiments (except the Life-Grenadiers) to consist of 3 Fusilier battalions each of 1 Grenadier and 3 Fusilier companies.
    2.) Musketeer Regiments to consist of 3 Musketeer battalions each comprising 1 Grenadier and 3 Musketeer companies.
    3.) Jäger Regiment battalions to consist of 1 Grenadier and 3 Musketeer companies.
    4.) In every Fusilier, Musketeer, and Jäger battalion, the senior, or Grenadier, company was to be made up of grenadiers and marksmen [strelki], with the grenadiers in the 1st platoon [vzvod] and the marksmen in the 2nd platoon.
    5.) In battle formation, the 1st, or Grenadier, platoon of the Grenadier company was to deploy on the right flank of its battalion, while the 2nd, or Marksmen [Strelkovyi] platoon, was to be on the left.
    6.) When regiments went on campaign, the Fusilier, Musketeer, and Jäger companies of the second battalions, were used to bring the other two battalions upto strength, and the troops remaining were termed Replacement [Zapasnyi] battalions.
    7.) The Grenadier companies of second battalions were to go on campaign with the first and third battalions.
    8.) When all six regiments of a division were united together, the Grenadier companies of their second battalions were to form for it two Combined Grenadier Battalions [Svodnye Grenaderskie bataliony], each of three companies.
    9.) In each Corps [Korpus], the Combined Grenadier Battalions were to form a Combined Grenadier Brigade [Svodnaya Grenaderskaya brigada] and be the Reserve [Rezerv] of this Corps.
    10.) In an Army [Armiya], the Combined Grenadier Brigades of its Corps were to form a Combined Grenadier Division [Svodnaya Grenaderskaya diviziya] and be its Reserve.

    On 31 October 1810 – The organisational changes for Grenadier regiments were extended to the Life-Grenadiers, except that all companies were titled Grenadiers.

    8 November 1810 Replacement [Zapasnye] squadrons and half-squadrons of Line cavalry regiments were disbanded. In times of war one of the three centre squadrons [srednie eskadrony] of Cuirassier and Dragoon regiments, and one of the three centre squadrons of each battalion for Hussar and Lancer regiments, would become a Replacement Squadron. They would provide replacement personnel and horses to the active squadrons. A Replacement Brigade [Zapasnaya brigada] was supposed to be formed in Cuirassier divisions by uniting the division’s replacement squadrons, and in other divisions by the uniting of each brigade’s replacement squadrons.
    In the case of theGuards cavalry regiments the replacement half-squadrons were disbanded, and in times of war one of the three centre [srednie] squadrons in the Chevalier Guards, Horse, Dragoon, Hussar, and Lancer regiments of the Life-Guards would remain in their quarters with the name of Replacement Squadron, and would be composed of personnel, as well as horses, from the other four squadrons.

    22 February 1811 – Musketeer regiments were renamed infantry [pekhotnyi] regiments.

    27 December 1812 Cuirassier, Dragoon, Hussar, Lancer, and Horse-Jäger regiments: ordered to consist of six active squadrons and one replacement [zapasnyi] squadron, and reserve squadrons still in existence were used to reinforce formations (shortly afterwards they were disbanded).
    All Guards cavalry regiments, except for the Life-Guards Cossacks, were ordered to consist of six active squadrons and one replacement squadron.

    13 April 1813 The Guards were divided into Old Guard [Staraya Gvardiya] and the New (,or Young,) Guard [Novaya ili Molodaya Gvardiya].
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; February 10, 2011 at 03:50 PM. Reason: addition of cavalry section
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    Default Re: Russian Regimental Names

    1811 organisation

    Infantry

    6 November 1811 The Grenadier, Infantry, and Jäger regiments were formed into twenty-seven divisions as follows:
    1st Division
    1st Brigade: Life-Grenadiers and Graf Arakcheev’s Grenadiers (plus the Guards).
    2nd Brigade: Pavlovsk and Yekaterinoslavl Grenadiers.
    3rd Brigade: St.-Petersburg and Taurica Grenadiers.
    2nd Division
    1st Brigade: Kiev and Moscow Grenadiers.
    2nd Brigade: Astrakhan and Phanagoria Grenadiers.
    3rd Brigade: Siberia and Little Russia Grenadiers.
    3rd Division
    1st Brigade: Reval and Murom Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Kopore and Chernigov.
    3rd Brigade: 20th and 21st Jägers.
    4th Division
    1st Brigade: Kremenchug and Minsk Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Tobolsk and Volhynia.
    3rd Brigade: 4th and 34th Jägers.
    5th Division
    1st Brigade: Sevsk and Kaluga Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Perm and Mogilev.
    3rd Brigade: 23rd and 24th Jägers.
    6th Division
    1st Brigade: Bryansk and Nizovsk Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Uglich Infantry and 35th Jägers.
    3rd Brigade: Azov Infantry and 3rd Jägers.
    7th Division
    1st Brigade: Pskov and Mogilev Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Libau and Sofiya Infantry.
    3rd Brigade: 36th and 11th Jägers.
    8th Division
    1st Brigade: Ukraine and Archangel Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Schlüsselburg and Old Ingermanland.
    3rd Brigade: 7th and 37th Jägers.
    9th Division
    1st Brigade: Nasheburg and Yakutsk Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Apsheron and Ryazhsk.
    3rd Brigade: 10th and 38th Jägers.
    10th Division
    1st Brigade: Bialystok and Crimea Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Kursk and Yaroslavl Infantry.
    3rd Brigade: 8th and 39th Jägers.
    11th Division
    1st Brigade: Kexholm (with the Guards) and Pernau Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Polotsk and Yelets.
    3rd Brigade: 1st and 33rd Jägers.
    12th Division
    1st Brigade: Smolensk and Narva Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Aleksopol and New Ingermanland.
    3rd Brigade: 6th and 41st Jägers.
    13th Division
    1st Brigade: Galich and Velikie-Luki Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Penza and Saratov.
    3rd Brigade: 12th and 22nd Jägers.
    14th Division
    1st Brigade: Tula and Navaginsk Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Estonia and Tenginsk.
    3rd Brigade: 25th and 26th Jägers.
    15th Division
    1st Brigade: Kozlov and Vitebsk Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Kura and Kolyvan.
    3rd Brigade: 13th and 14th Jägers.
    16th Division
    1st Brigade: Okhotsk and Nyslott Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Kamchatka and Mingrelia.
    3rd Brigade: 27th and 43rd Jägers.
    17th Division
    1st Brigade: Ryazan and Belozersk Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Villmanstrand and Brest.
    3rd Brigade: 30th and 48th Jägers.
    18th Division
    1st Brigade: Vladimir and Tambov Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Kostroma and Dnieper.
    3rd Brigade: 28th and 32nd Jägers.
    21st Division
    1st Brigade: Petrovsk and Podolia Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Neva and Lithuania.
    3rd Brigade: 2nd and 44th Jägers.
    22nd Division
    1st Brigade: Vyatka and Staryi-Oskol Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Olonets and Viborg.
    3rd Brigade: 29th and 45th Jägers.
    23rd Division
    1st Brigade: Rylsk and Yekaterinburg Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Selenginsk Infantry and 18th Jägers.
    24th Division
    1st Brigade: Ufa and Shirvan Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Butyrskii and Tomsk.
    3rd Brigade: 40th and 19th Jägers.
    25th Division
    1st Brigade: 1st and 2nd Marines.
    2nd Brigade: 3rd Marines and Voronezh Infantry.
    3rd Brigade: 31st and 47th Jägers.
    26th Division
    1st Brigade: Ladoga and Poltava Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Nizhnii-Novgorod and Orel.
    3rd Brigade: 5th and 42nd Jägers.
    27th Division
    1st Brigade: Odessa and Tarnopol Infantry.
    2nd Brigade: Vilna and Simbirsk.
    3rd Brigade: 49th and 50th Jägers.

    From July 1811 the 19th and 20th Divisions, formed the Gruzinskii Korpus [Georgia Corps]. They were not organized into brigades and comprised:
    19th Division:– Kazan, Suzdal, Belev, Sevastopol, Vologda, and 17th Jägers, and
    20th Division:– Caucasus and Kherson Grenadiers; Troitsk, Tiflis, and Kabarda Infantry, and 9th, 15th, and 46th Jägers.

    The 28th and 29th Divisions were composed of Garrison regiments and battalions in the Orenburg and Siberia territories.

    Cavalry

    12 October 1811 The distribution of Cavalry regiments was as follows:
    1st Cuirassier Division
    1st Brigade: His Majesty's Life-Cuirassiers, Her Majesty's Life-Cuirassiers, and Astrakhan Cuirassiers.
    2nd Brigade: Yekaterinoslavl and Miliatry Order Cuirassiers.
    3rd Brigade: Glukhov, Little Russia, and Novgorod Cuirassiers.
    1st Cavalry Division
    3rd Brigade : Riga and Yamburg Dragoons.
    4thBrigade: Kazan and Nezhin Dragoons.
    5th Brigade: Grodno Hussars and Polish Lancers.
    2nd Cavalry Division
    6th Brigade: Pskov and Moscow Dragoons.
    7th Brigade: Kargopol and Ingermanland Dragoons.
    8th Brigade: Yelisavetgrad and Izyum Hussars.
    3rd Cavalry Division
    9th Brigade: Courland and Orenburg Dragoons.
    10th Brigade: Siberia and Irkutsk Dragoons.
    11th Brigade: Sumy and Mariupol Hussars
    4th Cavalry Division
    12th Brigade: Kharkov and Chernigov Dragoons.
    13th Brigade: Kiev and New Russia Dragoons.
    14th Brigade: Pavlograd and Akhtyrka Hussars, and Lithuania Lancers.
    5th Cavalry Division
    15th Brigade: Starodub and Tver Dragoons.
    16th Brigade: Zhitomir and Arzamas Dragoons.
    17th Brigade: Aleksandriya Hussars and Tatar Lancers.
    6th Cavalry Division
    18th Brigade: St.-Petersburg and Livonia Dragoons.
    19th Brigade: Severskii and Kinburn Dragoons.
    20th Brigade: Belorussia Hussars and Volhynia Lancers.
    7th Cavalry Division
    21st Brigade: Smolensk and Pereyaslavl Dragoons.
    22nd Brigade: Tiraspol and Dorpat Dragoons.
    23rd Brigade: Olviopol Hussars and Chuguev Lancers.
    Not included in divisions:
    24th Brigade: Vladimir and Taganrog Dragoons.
    25th Brigade: Nizhnii-Novgorod, Narva, and Borisoglebsk Dragoons.
    26th Brigade: Serpukhov Dragoons and Lubny Hussars.
    27th Brigade: Finland and Mitau Dragoons.

    The 1st Cuirassier Division also had a Guards Brigade made up of the Chevalier Guards and Horse Guards regiments, and the 1st and 2nd brigades of the Guards Cavalry Division were made up of the remaining Guards cavalry regiments.

    27 December 1812 The cavalry were redistributed as follows:
    1st Cuirassier Division [1-ya Kirasirskaya diviziya]
    1st Brigade: Chevalier Guards and Life-Guards Horse Regiments.
    2nd Brigade: His Majesty’s Life-Cuirassiers and Her Majesty’s Life-Cuirassiers.
    2nd Cuirassier Division [2-ya Kirasirskaya diviziya]
    1st Brigade: Yekaterinoslavl and Pskov Cuirassiers.
    2nd Brigade: Glukhov and Astrakhan Cuirassiers.
    3rd Cuirassier Division [3-ya Kirasirskaya diviziya]
    1st Brigade: Military Order and Little Russia Cuirassiers.
    2nd Brigade: Novgorod and Starodub Cuirassiers.
    1st Dragoon Division
    1st Brigade: Riga and Kargopol Dragoons.
    2nd Brigade: Finland and Mitau Dragoons.
    2nd Dragoon Division
    1st Brigade: Courland and Moscow Dragoons.
    2nd Brigade: New Russia and Kazan Dragoons.
    3rd Dragoon Division
    1st Brigade: Kharkov and Ingermanland Dragoons.
    2nd Brigade: Tver and Kiev Dragoons.
    4th Dragoon Division
    1st Brigade: St.-Petersburg and Kinburn Dragoons.
    2nd Brigade: Smolensk and Narva Dragoons.
    1st Horse-Jäger Division
    1st Brigade: Nezhin and Chernigov Horse-Jägers.
    2nd Brigade: Arzamas and Severskii Horse-Jägers.
    2nd Horse-Jäger Division
    1st Brigade: Livonia and Pereyaslavl Horse-Jägers.
    2nd Brigade: Tiraspol and Dorpat Horse-Jägers.
    1st Hussar Division
    1st Brigade: Grodno and Yelisavetgrad Hussars.
    2nd Brigade: Izyum and Sumy Hussars.
    2nd Hussar Division
    1st Brigade: Mariupol and Akhtyrka Hussars.
    2nd Brigade: Aleksandriya and Irkutsk Hussars.
    3rd Hussar Division
    1st Brigade: Pavlograd and Belorussia Hussars.
    2nd Brigade: Olviopol and Lubny Hussars.
    1st Lancer Division
    1st Brigade: Lithuania and Yamburg Lancers.
    2nd Brigade: Orenburg and Siberia Lancers.
    2nd Lancer Division
    1st Brigade: Polish and Zhitomir Lancers.
    2nd Brigade: Tatar and Vladimir Lancers.
    3rd Lancer Division
    1st Brigade: Volhynia and Chuguev Lancers.
    2nd Brigade: Taganrog and Serpukhov Lancers.
    Nizhnii-Novgorod and Borisoglebsk Dragoon Regiments, stationed as part of the Georgia Corps, were not part of any division.
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; February 11, 2011 at 07:48 AM. Reason: addition of cavalry, plus 1812 redistribution
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    Default Re: Russian Regimental Names

    Breakdown of New Infantry Divisions & Combined Grenadier Battalions

    14 March 1812 18 new Infantry divisions were formed from the second or Replacement [Zapasnyi] battalions (without Grenadier companies) and fourth or Reserve [Rezervnyi] battalions.

    30th Division:
    from the Replacement battalions: of the 14th Division: Tula, Navginsk, Tenginsk, and Estonia Infantry, and 25th and 26th Jägers, andof the 4th Division: Kremenchug, Volhynia, Tobolsk, and Minsk Infantry, and 4th and 34th Jägers.
    31st Division:
    from the Replacement battalions: of the 5th Division:Sevsk, Kaluga, Perm, and Mogilev Infantry, and 23rd and 24th Jägers, and of the 17th Division: Ryazan, Brest, Villmanstrand, and Belozersk Infantry, and 30th and 48th Jägers.
    32nd Division:
    from the Replacement battalions: of the 1st Division:St.-Petersburg, Yekaterinoslavl, Pavlovsk, and Taurica Grenadiers; of the 23rd Division:Rylsk, Yekaterinburg, and Selenginsk Infantry, and 18th Jägers, and of the 11th Division:Polotsk and Pernau Infantry and 1st and 33rd Jägers.
    33rd Division:
    from the Replacement battalions: of the 3rd Division:Reval, Murom, Kopore, and Chernigov Infantry, and 20th and 21st Jägers, and of the 7th Division: Pskov, Moscow, Libau, and Sofiya Infantry, and 36th and 11th Jägers.
    34th Division:
    from the Replacement battalions: of the 24th Division:Ufa, Shirvan, Butyrskii, and Tomsk Infantry, and 40th and 19th Jägers, and of the 26th Division: Ladoga, Poltava, Nizhnii-Novgorod, and Orel Infantry, and 5th and 24th Jägers.
    35th Division:
    from the Replacement battalions: of the 2nd Division:Kiev, Moscow, Astrakhan, Phanagoria, Siberia, and Little Russia Grenadiers, and of the 18th Division: Vladimir, Tambov, Kostroma, and Dnieper Infantry, and 28th and 32nd Jägers.
    36th Division:
    from the Replacement battalions: of the 12th Division:Smolensk, Narva, Aleksopol, and New Ingermanland Inf., and 6th and 41st Jägers, and of the 15th Division: Kozlov, Vitebsk, Kura, and Kolyvan Infantry, and 13th and 14th Jägers.
    37th Division:
    from the Replacement battalions: of the 27th Division:Odessa, Tarnopol, Vilna, and Simbirsk Infantry, and 49th and 50th Jägers, and of the 9th Division: Nasheburg, Yakutsk, Apsheron, and Ryazhsk Infantry, and 10th and 38th Jägers.
    38th Division:
    from the Replacement battalions: of the Kargopol Depot,i.e. 6th Division: Bryansk, Nizovsk, Uglich, and Azov Infantry, and 35th and 3rd Jägers, and of the Olonets Depot,i.e. 21st Division: Petrovsk, Podolia, Neva, and Lithuania Infantry, and 2nd and 42nd Jägers.
    39th Division:
    from the Replacement battalions: of the Podgoshcha Depot,i.e. 25th Division: 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Marines, Voronezh Infantry, and 31st and 47th Jägers, and of the Staraya-Russa Depot,i.e. 14th Division: Tula, Navaginsk, Estonia and Tenginsk Infantry, and 25th and 26th Jägers.
    40th Division:
    from the Replacement battalions: of the Kholm Depot,i.e. 5th Division: Sevsk, Kaluga, Perm, and Mogilev Inf., and 23rd and 24th Jägers, and of the Toropets Depot,i.e. 4th Division: Kremenchug, Minsk, Tobolsk, and Volhynia Infantry, and 4th and 34th Jägers.
    41st Division:
    from the Replacement battalions: of the Belev Depot,i.e. 17th Division: Ryazan, Belozersk, Villmanstrand, and Brest Infantry, and 30th and 48th Jägers, and of the Vyazma Depot, i.e. 3rd Division: Reval, Murom, Kopore, and Chernigov Infantry, and 20th and 21st Jägers.
    42nd Division:
    from the Replacement battalions: of the Yelna Depot,i.e. 23rd Division: Rylsk, Yekaterinburg, and Selenginsk Infantry, and 18th Jägers; of the Roslavl Depot, i.e. 11th Division: Kexholm, Pernau, and Polotsk Inf., and 1st and 33rd Jägers, and of the Starodub Depot,i.e. 7th Divisionskov, Moscow, Libau, and Sofiya Infantry, and 36th and 11th Jägers.
    43rd Division:
    from the Replacement battalions: of the Novgorod-Severskii Depot,i.e. 24th Division: Ufa, Shirvan, Butyrskii, and Tomsk Infantry, and 40th and 19th Jägers, and of the Konotop Depot, i.e. 18th Division: Vladimir, Tobolsk, Kostroma, and Dnieper Infantry, and 28th and 32nd Jägers.
    44th Division:
    from the Replacement battalions: of the Romny Depot,i.e. 26th Division: Ladoga, Poltava, Nizhnii-Novgorod, and Orel Infantry, and 5th and 42nd Jägers, and of the Akhtyrka Depot, i.e. 12th Division: Smolensk, Narva, Aleksopol, and New Ingermanland Infantry, and 6th and 41st Jägers.
    45th Division:
    from the Replacement battalions: of the Zmiev Depot,i.e. 15th Division: Kozlov, Vilna, Kura, and Kolyvan Infantry, and 13th and 14th Jägers, and of the Izyum Depot, i.e. 9th Division: Nasheburg, Yakutsk, Apsheron, and Ryazhsk Infantry, and 10th and 38th Jägers.
    46th Division:
    from the Replacement battalions: of the Chigrin Depot,i.e. 22nd Division: Vyatka, Staryi-Oskol, Olonets, and Viborg Infantry, and 29th and 45th Jägers, and of the Novomirgorod Depot, i.e. 8th Division: Ukraine, Archangel, Schlüsselburg, and Old Ingermanland Infantry, and 7th and 37th Jägers.
    47th Division:
    from the Replacement battalions: of the Yelisavetgrad Depot,i.e. 10th Division: Bialystok, Crimea, Kursk, and Yaroslavl Infantry, and 8th and 39th Jägers, and of the Olviopol Depot, i.e. 16th Division: Okhotsk, Nyslott, Kamchatka, and Mingrelia Infantry, and 27th and 43rd Jägers.

    Combined Grenadier Battalions [Svodnye Grenaderskie bataliony] were formed from the Grenadier companies of second battalions.
    1st Division:
    1st Battalion from: Yekaterinoslavl, St.-Petersburg, and Pavlovsk Grenadier regiments.
    2nd Battalion from: Taurica and Graf Arakcheev’s Grenadiers and Kexholm Infantry.
    2nd Division:
    1st Battalion from: Moscow, Kiev, and Astrakhan Grenadiers.
    2nd Battalion from: Phanagoria, Little Russia, and Siberia Grenadiers.
    3rd Division:
    1st Battalion from: Chernigov, Kopore, and 21st Jägers.
    2nd Battalion from: Reval, Murom, and 20th Jägers.
    4th Division:
    1st Battalion from: Kremenchug, Lithuania [sic, Minsk], and 4th Jägers.
    2nd Battalion from: Tobolsk, Volhynia, and 34th Jägers.
    5th Division:
    1st Battalion from: Sevsk, Kaluga, and 23rd Jägers.
    2nd Battalion from: Perm, Mogilev, and 24th Jägers.
    6th Division:
    1st Battalion from: Bryansk, Nizovsk, and 35th Jägers.
    2nd Battalion from: Uglich, Azov, and 3rd Jägers.
    7th Division:
    1st Battalion from: Pskov, Moscow, and 36th Jägers.
    2nd Battalion from: Libau, Sofiya, and 11th Jägers.
    9th Division:
    1st Battalion from: Nasheburg, Yakutsk, and 10th Jägers.
    2nd Battalion from: Apsheron, Ryazhsk, and 38th Jägers.
    11th Division:
    1st Battalion from: Pernau and 1st Jägers.
    2nd Battalion from: Polotsk and 33rd Jägers.
    12th Division:
    1st Battalion from: Smolensk, Narva, and 6th Jägers.
    2nd Battalion from: Aleksopol, New Ingermanland, and 41st Jägers.
    14th Division:
    1st Battalion from: Navaginsk, Estonia, and 26th Jägers.
    2nd Battalion from: Tula, Tenginsk, and 25th Jägers.
    15th Division:
    1st Battalion from: Kozlov, Vitebsk, and 13th Jägers.
    2nd Battalion from: Kursk, Kolyvan, and 14th Jägers.
    17th Division:
    1st Battalion from: Ryazan, Belozersk, and 30th Jägers.
    2nd Battalion from: Brest, Villmanstrand, and 48th Jägers.
    18th Division:
    1st Battalion from: Vladimir, Tambov, and 28th Jägers.
    2nd from: Kostroma, Dnieper, and 32nd Jägers.
    23rd Division:
    1st Battalion from: Rylsk and Yekaterinburg.
    2nd from: Selenginsk and 18th Jägers.
    24th Division:
    1st Battalion from: Ufa, Shirvan, and 40th Jägers.
    2nd from: Butyrskii, Tomsk, and 19th Jägers.
    26th Division:
    1st Battalion from: Ladoga, Poltava, and 5th Jägers.
    2nd from: Nizhnii-Novgorod, Orel, and 42nd Jägers.
    27th Division:
    1st Battalion from: Odessa, Tarnopol, and 49th Jägers.
    2nd from: Vilna, Simbirsk, and 50th Jägers.

    The 6th, 21st, and 25th Divisions, quartered in Finland; the 8th, 10th, 13th, 16th, and 22nd, on campaign against the Turks; and the 19th and 20th, stationed in Georgia and the Caucasus—did not have Combined Grenadier battalions.

    Breakdown of New Cavalry Divisions

    14 March 1812– Eight new Cavalry divisions were ordered to be formed from replacement and reserve squadrons.

    9th Cavalry Division,
    from the 4 replacement squadrons of: Chevalier Guards, L.-Gds. Horse, His Majesty’s Life-Cuirassiers, Her Majesty’s Life-Cuirassiers.
    from the 3 replacement squadrons of: L.-Gds. Dragoons, Hussars, and Lancers.
    from the 8 replacement squadrons of: 1st Cav. Div. Riga, Yamburg, Kazan, and Nezhin Dragoons; Grodno Hussars; and Polish Lancers.
    from the 8 replacement squadrons of: 2nd Cav. Div. Pskov, Moscow, Kargopol, and Ingermanland Dragoons, and Yelisavetgrad and Izyum Hussars.

    10th Cavalry Division
    from the 8 replacement squadrons of: 3rd Cav. Div. Courland, Orenburg, Siberia, and Irkutsk Dragoons, and Sumy and Mariupol Hussars.
    from the 6 replacement squadrons of: 4th Cav. Div. Kharkov, Chernigov, Kiev, and New Russia Dragoons, and Pavlograd Hussars.

    11th Cavalry Division
    from the 4 replacement squadrons of: 5th Cav. Div. Akhtyrka Hussars and Lithuania Lancers.
    from the 8 replacement squadrons of: 6th Cav. Div. Starodub, Tver, Zhitomir, and Arzamas Dragoons; Aleksandriya Hussars; and Tatar Lancers.

    12th Cavalry Division
    from the 8 replacement squadrons of: 7th Cav. Div. St.-Petersburg, Livonia, Severskii, and Kinburn Dragoons; Belorussia Hussars; and Volhynia Lancers.
    from the 8 replacement squadrons of: 8th Cav. Div. Smolensk, Pereyaslavl, Tiraspol, and Dorpat Dragoons; Olviopol Hussars; and Chuguev Lancers.

    13th Cavalry Division
    from the 4 reserve squadrons of: Podgoshcha Depot.
    from the 4 reserve squadrons of: Staraya Russa Depot.
    from the 4 reserve squadrons of: Kholm Depot.
    from the 4 reserve squadrons of: Toropets Depot.
    from the 4 reserve squadrons of: Yelna Depot.
    from the 4 reserve squadrons of: Roslavl Depot.

    14th Cavalry Division
    from the 6 reserve squadrons of: Novgorod Severskii Depot.
    from the 4 reserve squadrons of: Konotop Depot.

    15th Cavalry Division
    from the four reserve squadrons of: Romny Depot.
    from the 4 reserve squadrons of: Akhtyrka Depot.

    16th Cavalry Division
    from the 4 reserve squadrons of: Chigrin Depot.
    from the 4 reserve squadrons of: Novomirgorod Depot.
    from the 4 reserve squadrons of: Yelisavetgrad Depot.
    from the 4 reserve squadrons of: Olviopol Depot.
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; February 09, 2011 at 04:44 PM. Reason: Cavalry section
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    Default Re: Russian Regimental Names

    Volunteers, Opolchenie etc.

    24 November 1806 3 Horse and 3 Foot Volunteer Regiments [Volontirskie polki] formed for the Army operating against the Turks.
    30 November 1806 To deter French forces from invading Russian territory a temporary mass levy [vremennyya opolcheniya] was created under the title of the Land Host [Zemskoe Voisko] or Militia [Militsiya]. They were divided into 7 Regions [Oblasti] which incorporated the forces of the following provinces:
    I Region: St.-Petersburg, Tver, Olonets, and Yaroslavl.
    II Region: Estonia, Livonia, Courland, and Pskov.
    III Region: Vitebsk, Mogilev, Smolensk, and Chernigov.
    IV Region: Moscow, Tula, Kaluga, Vladimir, and Ryazan.
    V Region: Orel, Kursk, Voronezh, and Kharkov.
    VI Region: Kiev, Poltava, Kherson, and Yekaterinoslavl.
    VII Region: Kostroma, Vologda, Nizhnii-Novgorod, Kazan, and Vyatka.
    Provinces not listed above were to contribute monetary sums, provisions, weapons, and equipment.

    4 December 1806 The establishment of the militia in Vyatka Province was halted until further notice.

    9 February 1807 Kurlyandskii Batalion Volnykh Strelkov [Courland Battalion of Volunteer Marksmen] established. Renamed Courland Jäger Battalion [Kurlyandskii Yegerskii batalion] on 25 July 1808 and assigned to the 3rd Division. Disbanded on 22 October 1809.
    7 March 1807 18 four-company Marksmen battalions [bataliony Strelkov] formed: 4 each in Regions III & V; 5 each in Regions IV & VII.
    14/15 March 1807 Two-thirds of the Land Host was discharged, and from the remainder battalions of 4 or 6 companies were formed with the title “Mobile Land Host” [Podvizhnoe Zemskoe voisko], also known as Mobile or Serving [Sluzhashchaya] militia, They were named numerically in each province. For example, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Battalions of the Kiev Militia [Kievskoi militsii 1, 2 i 3-i bataliony], and so on.
    27 September 1807 The entire Land Host was disbanded.

    16 May 1808 The Volunteer regiments established in 1806 disbanded.

    16 April 1812 Volontirskii, iz dvoryan, Korpus Konnykh Strelkov [Volunteer Nobles, Corps of Mounted Marksmen] formed at own expense by Lieutenant Nirot.
    12 June 1812 Korpus Kurlyandskikh Strelkov [Corps of Courland Marksmen] formed.
    3 July 1812 Infantry battalion formed in the city of Tver by Her Highness Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna [Velikaya Knyaginya Yekaterina Pavlovna].

    [Note - 1812 Opolchenie & Cossacks entry to be updated with further info as I continue to review info]
    18 July 1812 Vremennoe Vnutrennee Opolchenie [Temporary Internal Mass Levy] formed. They were organised into three Regions [Okruga] – foot regiments comprised 3 or 4 battalions:

    1st Region:
    Moscow Province:
    3 Jäger and 8 Foot Cossack regiments of 4 battalions each. 1 Horse Cossack regiment. Graf Saltykov at his own expense formed a 10 squadron Hussar regiment (called the Moscow Hussars and also Graf Saltykov’s Hussars) – on 17 December 1812 it was merged withIrkutsk Dragoon Regiment to form Irkutsk Hussar Regiment.
    Graf Dmitriev-Mamonov at his own expense formed a 5 squadron Cossack regiment (called the Moscow Cossacks or Graf Dmitriev-Mamonov’s Cossacks) became 6 squadron unit in 1813, disbanded in France on 27 August 1814.
    Tver Province:
    5 Foot and 1 Horse Cossack regiments (Tver Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment) of 5 squadrons.
    Yaroslav Province:
    4 Foot Cossack regiments and 1 Horse Cossack (Yaroslav Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment) of 5 squadrons.
    Vladimir Province:
    6 Foot regiments.
    Ryazan Province:
    2 Jäger regiments of 4 battalions and 4 Foot Cossack regiments (from order of battles these appear to be of 3 battalions each). 1 Horse Cossack regiment (Ryazan Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment) of 10 squadrons.
    Tula Province:
    1 Jäger regiment of 4 battalions and 4 Foot Cossack regiments. 2 Horse Cossack regiments (1-i and 2-I Tula mass-levy cavalry regiment)of 10 squadrons each, and 1 company of Horse Artillery (though only ½ appears to have been deployed – 6 guns).
    Kaluga Province:
    1 Jäger battalion and 5 Foot Cossack regiments. 1 Horse Cossack regiment (Kaluga Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment) of 10 squadrons.
    Smolensk Province: formation was disrupted by the French invasion, but 12,500 men levied.
    At Borodino the following Smolensk units were present (from Jonathan Gingerich’s work on the Russian Order of Battle for Borodino):
    Belsky district militia.
    Dorogobuzhsky district militia.
    Dukhovsky district militia.
    Gzhatsky district militia.
    Krasnensky district militia (added to Smolensk district milita).
    Roslavlsky district militia.
    Smolensky district militia.
    Sychevsky district militia.
    Vyazemsky district militia.
    Yelninsky district militia.
    Yukhnovsky district militia.
    It also appears a 6 squadron Smolensk Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment was formed.

    2nd Region:
    St.-Petersburg Province:
    18 Foot druzhiny [bands of levies, also called cohorts, roughly equivalent to a battalion, each of 821 men – 17th formed by City of Vologda, 18th formed by city of Olonets] and 2 Cossack Volunteer Regular Regiments (1-i & 2-i Kazachi regulyarnye volonternye), each of 5 squadrons – the 1st was also referred to as “”Immortals” (Bezsmertnyi) or “Bringers of Death” [Smertonosnyi]; the 2ndAlexander’s” [Aleksandriiskii].
    Novgorod Province:
    12 Foot druzhiny.

    3rd Region:
    Kazan Province:
    1 Jäger battalion and 1 Foot regiment of 3 battalions. Kazan mass-levy cavalry regiment of 3 squadrons joined with Vyatka Province.
    Nizhnii-Novgorod Province:
    5 Foot regiments (from order of battles these appear to be of 3 battalions each) and 1 Horse Cossack regiment (Nizhnii-Novgorod Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment) of 5 squadrons.
    Penza Province:
    3 Foot regiments (from order of battles these appear to be of 3 battalions each) and 1 Horse Cossack regiment (Penza Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment) of 5 squadrons.
    Kostroma Province:
    4 Foot regiments (from order of battles these appear to be of 3 battalions each), 1 Jäger battalion, and Kostroma Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment, of 5 squadrons.
    Simbirsk Province:
    4 Foot regiments (from order of battles these appear to be of 3 battalions each) and 1 Horse Cossack regiment (Simbirsk Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment) of 5 squadrons.

    Additionally the following voluntary call-ups and levies were made in the following provinces which were not part of a region:
    Kherson Province: Bug Cossack Host, apart from 3 regiments in the Army, equipped a druzhina of 5 sotnias, and at his own expense landowner Skarzhinskii formed a Horse squadron.
    Poltava Province: 13 Cossack Horse regiments, 7 Cossack Foot regiments (3 battalions each).
    Chernigov Province: 6 Cossack Horse regiments, 7 Cossack Foot regiments (3 battalions each), 1 artillery battery.
    Orenburg Province: 23 Cossack regiments, each of 5 sotnias, and 1 thousand-man regiment (the Orenburg Ataman’s).
    Lands of the Don Cossacks: In addition to 60 regiments with the army a Replacement Host [Zapasnoe voisko] of 26 regiments was formed which joined the Main Army at the beginning of October.
    Astrakhan Province
    : 2 Cossack regiments.
    Livonia Province: a mass levy of 2,260 men was called up; 8 sotnia Liflyandskii Kazachii polk [Livonia Cossack Regiment] was formed, and, in Riga citizens formed 8 Birgerskiya roty [Burgher companies].
    Estonia Province: from every 500 souls 17 recruits were sent out.

    The other provinces not mentioned here were also preparing to send out their levies, but as the levies were abolished, they replaced them with significant donations of monetary and in-kind.

    21 October 1812 The provinces of the 3rd Regionwere was ordered to call up further men, and together with the sick and weak left over from the previous mass levy, to form a Reserve Internal Mass Levy [Rezervnoe Vnutrennee Opolchenie].
    17 December 1812 Graf Saltykov’s Moscow Hussar Regiment was transferred into the Irkutsk Hussar Regiment, and was now part of the regular Army cavalry.
    29 December 1812 The establishment of Grand Duchess Catherine Pavlovna’s Battalion was strengthened by one Reserve company.
    3 January 1813 Rossiisko-Germanskii Legiony[Russo-GermanLegions] formed from captured personnel of the enemy Army, taken prisoner in the course of operations during 1812, and who voluntarily wished to enter Russian service.
    6 February 1813 Lieutenant Colonel Dibich’s detachment was merged with the Russo-GermanLegions.
    3 March 1813 The Cossack regiment of the Livonia Mass Levy was disbanded.

    12 March 1813 The Cossack regiment formed by Graf Dmitriev-Mamonov was ordered to adopt a Lancer establishment and at first consist of five squadrons, and later six.
    30 March 1813 Of the mass levies called up in 1812, the Moscow and Smolensk levies were discharged.
    3 June 1813 The reserve of the Internal Mass Levy was discharged.
    22 January 1814 The St.-Petersburg, Novgorod, Tver, Yaroslavl, Vladimir, Tula, and Kaluga Mass Levies were discharged.
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; March 07, 2011 at 03:57 PM. Reason: inclusion of Opolchenie info
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  10. #10
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    Default Re: Russian Regimental Names

    Cossack Formations in 1812


    Adapted from translations by Mark Conrad of “Vollständiges Verzeichnis aller Kosaken-Formationen 1812,” by Dr. Freiherr von Baumgartner & of Viskovatov's multi-volume work on the Russian Army; Dr Stephen Summerfield “Cossack Hurrah!”; Isaac Bykadorov “Cossacks in the Patriotic War of 1812”; Richard Partridge & Mark Oliver “Napoleonic Army Handbook”, Haythornthwaite “Napoleonic Source Book”, Pivka “Armies of the Napoleonic Era”, Osprey MAA, etc.


    During 1812 roughly three times as many mounted cossack regiments served in the Russian army as regular cavalry regiments, and two times as many combatants.

    Cossack was used for ethnic national regiments, and the Opolchenie (mass levy) raised in 1812 (due to their partial uniforming and to a great extent armed with lances, which thus gave them an appearance similar to that of cossacks). For Opolchenie the term mass-levy cossacks was the usual usage, but a number of units were officially titled as cossack regiments. Some were even organized in the cossack manner. Although the mounted mass levies were regular troops, they should be considered cossacks.

    Included under the names of irregulars or cossacks:
    A) Troops raised by cossack communities,
    B) Formations raised from ethnic nationalities,
    C) Mounted units of the mass levy,
    D) Small volunteer corps raised against Napoleon.

    The following formations assigned to the groups above took the field against Napoleon, and those which also existed in both Europe and Asia.

    A) Troops raised by cossack communities.
    Old cossack communities formed during the course of the 16th century were designated as hosts(voiska). Communities that were artificially created were called either a host or in many cases simply a regiment. Also, in Siberia since the 16th century there were small independent cossack groups in towns as well as village settlements (stanitsy) that were called town or settlement commands. Each community had a so-called ataman as its chief.

    Cossack officer ranks were equivalent to army ranks. Rank titles for general officers and field-grade officers were the same except for the field-grade of voiskovoi starshina (literally, the “host elder”), roughly a lieutenant colonel but placed between that grade and major. Yesaul corresponded to captain; sotnik to first lieutenant; and khorunzhii (literally “ensign”) to second lieutenant or cornet. There were also the quartermaster-adjutant in the rank of a sotnik and the polkovoi pisar' (regimental clerk, also called the kaznachei or cashier) who corresponded to a paymaster but was counted as a combatant.

    For non-commissioned officers there was only one rank — uryadnik (corporal). The non-commissioned officer used for administrative work was called a pisar', had the same rank and was also counted as a combatant. A desyatnik (decurion), also called a prikaznyi kazak (command-giving cossack) or simply prikaznik, was between a private soldier and a non-commissioned officer. An officer's servant was called a putzer.

    Cossack regiments normally comprised 5 sotnias (centuries or equivalent to a squadron) with the following regulation strength: 1 general or field-grade officer as commander, 1 quartermaster-adjutant, 1 paymaster, and 2 non-commissioned officers (pisarya) formed the staff. Each of the five sotnias consisted of 1 yesaul, 1 sotnik, 1 khorunzhii, 4 uryadniks, 10 prikazniks, and 100 cossack privates. For the regimental commander 1 putzer was authorized. He was the only officer's servant, and also the sole non-combatant!A regiment thus numbered 18 officers, 22 non-commissioned officers, 50 prikazniki, 500 privates, and 1 noncombatant, or 591 persons in all.

    Mounted cossack battery (officially called a horse-artillery company) counted 12 light cannons.

    The following formations were raised by individual cossack communities:

    1. Don Host [Donskoe voisko.]
    a) One Life-Guards Regiment of 3 squadrons, classed as regular guards cavalry. Squadron strength: 6 officers (including one field-grade officer as commander), 1 sergeant, 12 non-commissioned officers (including 2 trumpeters), and 160 guard cossacks (including 16 marksmen with muskets).
    b) 86 mounted regiments of 5 sotnias. 60 regiments required, but further 26 raised voluntarily.

    Don Cossack regiments were named after their commanders, and changed when the commander changed. If a new commander was not immediately assigned, the regiment kept the name of its last commander with the prefix “formerly” or “temporarily.” When the commander was absent for only a short time and the regiment was commanded by another officer, it retained its name. As several members of the same family served as officers at the same time, for the purpose of distinguishing them they were (as in the army) assigned an identifying number.

    The exception to the naming convention was the Ataman Regiment, which formed a guard unit for the commander of the Don Host and always kept the designation “Ataman”.

    The regiments in existence on 1 November 1812 were as follows, in alphabetical order (name changes before or after this date are in parentheses):

    Ataman Regiment. Commander – the Ataman, General-of-Cavalry Graf Platov, but in practice commanded by Major General Kuteinikov II. Each sotnia 4 officers, 10 non-commissioned officers, 160 privates (including 16 marksmen with muskets). Total strength with staff and 2(?) servants: 879 men.

    Ageev II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Ageev III Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Andreyanov II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Arakantsov II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Astakhov IV Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Formerly Lt. Col. Balabin I (commanded by Yesaul Polyakov) Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Barabanshchikov II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Chernozubov VIII (until 27 June Gordeev I, then until 5 Sept. Krasnov I) Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Chikilev's Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Danilov I Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Denisov VII Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Dyachkin Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Grekov IV Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Grekov VIII Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Grekov IX Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Grekov XVIII (titled Denisov VI until about 27 June) Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Grekov XXI Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Il'in I Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Ilovaiskii IV Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Ilovaiskii V Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Ilovaiskii X Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Ilovaiskii XI Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Ilovaiskii XII Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Isaev II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Izvalov Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Karpov II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Kharitonov VII Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Kireev II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Kisel'ev II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Kuteinikov IV Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Loshchilin I Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Lukovkin II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Melent'ev II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Formerly Melent'ev III (commanded by Gorin II) Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Mel'nikov IV (until about 27 June Slyusarev II) Donskoi Kazachii Polk;;
    Mel'nikov V Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Molchanov II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Panteleev II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Platov IV Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Platov V Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Popov XVI Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Pozdeev VIII Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Rodionov II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Rogachev I Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Rubashkin Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Ryabinin Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Safonov Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Selivanov II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Semenchikov Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Sysoev II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Sysoev III Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Turchaninov Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Vlasov II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Vlasov III Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Yanov II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Yezhov I Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Zhirov (until 27 June Ilovaiskii VIII, then until 8 Aug. Mel'nikov III) Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Zhitchov III Donskoi Kazachii Polk;

    Voluntarily Raised Units:
    Andreyanov I Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Andreyanov III Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Bikhalov I Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Belogorodtsev (at end of the year Gorin I) Donskoi Kazachii Polk;.
    Chernozubov IV Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Danilov II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Golitsyn's (from about 27 Dec. Rebrikov III) Donskoi Kazachii Polk;;
    Grebtsov II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Grekov I Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Grekov II (from about 27 Dec. Chernozubov V) Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Grekov III Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Grekov V Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Grekov XVII Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Ilovaiskii III Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Ilovaiskii IX Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Komissarov I Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Kuteinikov VI Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Popov III Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Popov XIII Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Shamshev II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Slyusarev I Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Sulin IX Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Suchilin II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Troilin (from about 22 Dec. Koshkin) Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Yagodin II Donskoi Kazachii Polk;
    Yezhov II Donskoi Kazachii Polk.

    c) 2 and 1/2 mounted batteries - 2 permanent batteries usually referred to by the names of their commanders - No. 1 Tatsin and No. 2 Suvorov. 1/2battery raised in 1812 from captured Turkish cannon barrels but disbanded before the end of the year.

    d) Various detachments:
    2 sotnias in Kazan.
    Very small number in fortresses of Azov and Taganrog.
    12 officers and 242 men conveying recruits in Voronezh Province.
    Post service, at quarantine stations, and as a guard cordon along the Don territory's borders.
    Police force.

    2. URAL COSSACK HOST [Ural’skoe kazach’e voisko.]
    a) 1 Life-Guard Sotnia, part of the Don Guard Regiment. Strength 5 officers, 120 men, and 6 non-combatants.
    b) 10 mounted regiments (numbered 1 to 10 Ural’skii Kazachii Polk), each of 5 sotnias.
    3. ORENBURG COSSACK HOST [Orenburgskoe kazach’e voisko.]
    a) 1 mounted Ataman Regiment, usually called the Orenburg Ataman Regiment to distinguish it from the Don unit of the same name – with 10 sotnias. Prescribed strength of 34 officers, 43 non-commissioned officers, 100 prikazniks (an in between rank: command giving Cossacks), 1,000 privates, and 1 officer's servant, or 1178 men in all.
    b) 3 mounted regiments (numbered 1 to 3 Orenburgskii Kazachii Polk), each of 5 sotnias.
    c) 4 Line Sector Detachments with average strength of 1,000 men, half on foot and half on horseback.
    4. ASTRAKHAN COSSACK HOST [Astrakhanskoe kazach’e voisko.]
    Although this community was designated a “regiment”, it was required to provide 3 mounted regiments (numbered 1 to 3) each of 5 sotnias (since 1808).
    5. BUG COSSACK HOST [Bugskoe kazach’e voisko.]
    Required to provide 3 mounted regiments (numbered 1 to 3) each of 5 sotnias, 4th regiment raised in fall of 1812.
    6. DANUBE-MOUTH HOST.
    (Formed in 1807 from a part of the Zaporozhians who had accepted Turkish sovereignty and been settled by them at the mouth of the Danube.) About 500 strong and by 1812 still had no organized units. Apparently they were only used for occupation duties in newly acquired Moldovia.

    Following below are the cossack communities that were on the so-called Caucasian Line, being from west to east:
    7. BLACK SEA HOST [Chernomorskoe voisko].
    a) 1 Guard Sotnia (raised 1811), organised as the Guard Ural Sotnia, and part of the Don Life-Guard Regiment.
    b) 10 mounted regiments(numbered 1 to 10), each of 5 sotnias.
    c) 10 foot regiments(numbered 1 to 10), each of 5 sotnias, also called druzhinas or plastun battalions. Same organization and strength as the mounted regiments.

    The remaining Caucasian cossack communities on the Caucasian Line, which went along the Kuban River and then the Terek, were lumped together under the designation of CAUCASIAN LINE COSSACK HOST [Kavkazskoe lineinoe kazach’e voisko]. Combat units were not specially organized, but rather covered “the line” in various sized detachments. Each community provided 100 men and 3 officers. To the east and ending on the shore of the Black Sea were:
    8. Caucasian Regiment - 515 men.
    9. Kuban Regiment - 1,236 men.
    10. Khoper Regiment - 618 men.
    11. Volga Regiment - 824 men.
    12. Mozdok Regiment - 824 men.
    13. Greben Cossack Host - 412 men.
    14. Terek-Family Cossack Host - 515 men.
    15. Terek-Kizlyar Cossack Host - 206 men.
    Out of the above Caucasian Line Cossacks (but not the Black-Sea Cossacks) jointly formed:
    a) 1 mounted regiment of 5 sotnias - 515 men.
    b) 2 mounted batteries of 12 guns each.

    SIBERIAN LINE COSSACK HOST [Sibirskoe lineinoe kazach’e voisko]
    In West Siberia there were:
    16. (West) Siberian Line Cossack Host.
    a) 10 mounted regiments (numbered 1 to 10), each of 5 sotnias (strength of a regiment 596 men). Regiment No. 4 was the Ataman's.
    b) 2 mounted batteries, each of 12 guns.
    17. West Siberian town commands - 10 combined provided 1000 men on foot and about 30 officers.
    In East Siberia there were:
    18. Abakan and Sayansk border settlements 6 combined provided 500 horsemen.
    19. Krasnoyarsk, Yeniseisk, and Turukhansk – 3 town commands combined provided 500 horsemen.
    20. Tunginsk border settlement 4 detachments combined provided 300 horsemen.
    21. Irkutsk Town Regiment(with Kirensk), provided 500 horsemen.
    22. Trans-Baikal border settlements -12 detachments combined provided 900 horsemen divided into five line sector commands along the Chinese border between Lake Baikal and the Amur River, each averaging 180 horsemen. These cossacks were also called East-Siberian line cossacks.
    23. Verkhne-Udinsk Town Command (with Selenginsk) - provided 150 horsemen.
    24. Nerchinsk Town Command - provided 100 horsemen.
    25. Yakutsk Town Regiment (also called Command) - provided 500 men on foot.
    26. Kamchatka Town Command - provided 100 horsemen.

    With the regular troops withdrawn from Siberia for the struggle against Napoleon, border defense lay entirely with the cossacks. All Siberian cossack formations remained in their home territories, with town cossacks reinforcing the border cossacks.

    B) Troops from ethnic nations and peoples.
    For these troops the organization of sotnias into regiments was the same as for true cossacks. Regiments were commanded by army officers, but there were exceptions. Other army officers were likewise incorporated along with ethnic officers. The former naturally carried army rank titles while the latter those for cossacks. Only mounted troops were raised, namely by the following nationalities:
    1. Kalmucks.
    a) Stavropol Kalmucks, 1 mounted regiment of 10 sotnias. From May of 1812 the prescribed strength was 1,178 men, analogous to that of the Orenburg Ataman Regiment.
    b) Kalmucks of the lower Volga (from the former Khoshut Horde) - two 5-sotnia regiments (one each from Astrakhan and Samara provinces).
    2. Crimean Tatars.
    Organized into 4 regiments (named after the main towns of their recruiting districts in the Crimea: Perekop, Eupatoria, Simferopol, & Feodosia - each of 5 sotnias;.
    3. Teptyars (in the Ural Mountains, Orenberg Province).
    2 mounted regiments (numbered 1 & 2 Teptyarskie polki) of 5 sotnias each. A regiment comprised 622 men.
    4. Bashkirs (in the Ural Mountains, Orenberg Province).
    2 mounted regiments (numbered 1 & 2) of 5 sotnias each. Further 18 regiments (numbered 3 to 20) levied in 1812. A regiment comprised 579 men.
    5. Meshcheryaks (in the Ural Mountains, Orenberg Province).
    2 regiments (numbered 1 & 2) of 5 sotnias each. A regiment comprised 579 men.
    6. Caucasians.
    Mozdok Mountaineer Command provided 3 officers and 100 horsemen.
    7. Isker Tatars (in West Siberia).
    Tobolsk, Tyumen, and Tomsk combined provided 500 horsemen with about 15 officers.
    8. Buryats (in the Trans-Baikal).
    4 regiments (numbered 1 to 4) of 5 sotnias (presumably) each of 120 men and 18 officers.
    9. Tungus (in the Trans-Baikal).
    1 regiment of 5 sotnias with 500 men and about 15 officers.

    C) Mounted Mass-Levy Formations.
    Mass-levy (opolchenie) wcall-up made at the provincial level in August/September, which led to individual mass-levy regiments being named after the particular province. Simultaneously a small number of units were raised by either government officials or private persons at their own expense. Officers were mostly retired army officers or government officials, the latter with ranks equivalent to their civil-service grade. Non-commissioned officers were often called uryadniks as in the cossacks, and likewise privates were titled cossacks.

    Regiments could be 5, 8, or 10 squadrons, also called sotnias. The fighting strength of a squadron was between 100 and 150 privates. Combatants in a regimental staff were 1 commander, 1 or 2 adjutants depending on the number of squadrons, 1 quartermaster, and if musicians were planned for—also a staff trumpeter (sergeant). Each regiment had 2 more field-grade officers besides the commander, assigned as either battalion (half-regiment) or squadron commander, depending on the regimental organization.

    All mounted mass-levy units took part in the campaign against Napoleon after they were raised, although some set forth only in December.

    Provinces succeeded in raising the following formations:
    1. Moscow - 1 Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment, of 10 squadrons. Combatant strength of a squadron consisted of 1 captain or in 2 squadrons a field-grade officer, 2 subaltern officers, 12 non-commissioned officers, 120 privates. Total authorized strength with staff (4 officers) was thus 1,354 combatants but regiment incomplete as forced to leave with the main army when it retreated through Moscow.
    2. Tula - 2 Mass-levy cavalry regiments (numbered 1 & 2) and 1 mounted battery. Like the Moscow Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment, they had 10 squadrons each.
    Battery was to consist of 12 guns but by the turn of the year, only a half-battery set forth, while the other half, probably never completed!
    3. Kaluga - 1 Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment, of 10 squadrons. Organized like the Moscow Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment
    4. Ryazan- 1 Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment, of 10 squadrons. Organized like the Moscow Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment.
    5. Smolensk - 6 mass-levy squadrons, organized like the Moscow regiment, each of 135 combatants. Raising a complete regiment did not happen due to the swift enemy advance into this province. Insofar as circumstances permitted, the districts of Beloe, Sichevka, Yukhnov, Roslavl, and Smolensk, plus the districts of Dorogobuzh, Vyazma, and Gzhatsk, all had to each raise an approximately squadron-sized mounted detachment. Because the district mass levies of this province had to operate separately and large distances were involved, their mounted detachments were never combined into a regiment.
    6. Tver - 1 Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment, of 5 squadrons. A prescribed strength like that of the Moscow Regiment but for only 5 squadrons and with one less adjutant on the staff, thus 678 combatants.
    7. Yaroslav – 1 Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment, of 5 squadrons. Organized like the Tver Regiment. Set forth in September.
    8. Kostroma – 1 Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment, of 5 squadrons. Organized like the Tver Regiment
    9. Nizhnii-Novgorod - 1 Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment, of 5 squadrons. Organized like the Tver Regiment
    10. Simbirsk - 1 Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment, of 5 squadrons. Organized like the Tver Regiment
    11. Penza – 1 Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment, of 5 squadrons. Organized like the Tver Regiment
    12. Kazan - 1 Mass-levy cavalry, as an exception only 3 squadrons were formed. In other details formed like the Tver Regiment. Set forth in December.
    13. St. Petersburg - 2 Mass-levy cavalry regiments, each of 5 squadrons. Prescribed combatant strength of a squadron consisted of 6 officers, 1 squadron sergeant, 9 non-commissioned officers, 2 trumpeters (non-commissioned officers), and 100 privates, the last also being called cossacks. Regiment's authorized strength was 594 combatants (including 3 officers and 1 staff-trumpeter in the regimental staff)
    14. Ukraine - 4 Cossack regiments, each of 8 squadrons in 2 battalions (numbered 1 to 4). First three regiments were from Kiev Province and No. 4 from Podolia Province. Although officially designated cossacks they were in all ways mass-levy formations whose officers and men were enrolled in the same way as the rest of the mass levy. They had nothing in common with real cossack except for the name (the last remnants of the Ukrainian Cossack Host was disbanded in 1784!). To distinguish them from true cossacks they were often referred to as regular cossacks. Besides the commander each regimental staff had two other field-grade officers who served as battalion (half-regiment) commanders, but they were not given an adjutant or staff-trumpeter. Squadron comprised 4 officers, 1 squadron sergeant, 10 non-commissioned officers, 2 trumpeters (non-commissioned officers), and 150 privates, the last being called cossacks. Regimental staff: 3 field-grade officers, 2 adjutants, 1 quartermaster, and 1 staff-trumpeter. Regimental strength was 1,342 men.
    15. Little-Russian - 15 Cossack regiments, each of 8 squadrons in 2 battalions. 10 regiments from Poltava Province (numbered 1 to 10) and 5 regiments from Chernigov Province (numbered 1 to 5). Prescribed strength for combatants was the same as laid down for the Ukrainian cossacks. These cossack regiments were plain mass-levy formations that were commanded exclusively by Russian officers.
    16. Livonia - 1 Cossack Regiment, of 8 sotnias (squadrons), possibly in 2 battalions. Sotnias comprised 3 officers, 10 non-commissioned officers, and 100 privates; for total strength of 910 combatants. Other than name this regiment had nothing in common with cossacks!

    From persons in state service there were formed:
    17. Coachmen's Mass-Levy Regiment (stage and relay drivers), of 10 squadrons (sotnias) - each having 3 officers, 10 non-commissioned officers and 100 privates. Prescribed strength including staff (4 officers) was 1,134 men. Raised in October on the Czar's orders in addition to the normal mass levy in Tver Province from government stage and relay drivers. Unit appears under a number of names Tver Train Personnel, Tver Postmen, Beshentsov's Regiment, and in 1813—simply (and not entirely accurately) Tver Mass-Levy Cavalry Regiment.
    18. Two squadrons of mounted forestry personnel, one each from Volhynia and Minsk. Volhynia squadron 165 men, and Minsk squadron 113 men.

    The following were raised by private persons at their own cost:
    19. Graf Saltykov's Hussar Regiment, raised in Moscow Province and was to comprise 10 squadrons. However, Napoleon's swift advance on Moscow interrupted the unit's formation. Personnel on hand (150 men as a result in many sources unit is called Saltykov's Squadron) joined the main army as it retreated through Moscow. In January 1813 it was incorporated into the Irkutsk Dragoon Regiment, which was converted into a hussar regiment.
    20. Maj. Gen. Graf Mamonov's Lancer Regiment, raised in Moscow Province and was to comprise 5 squadrons but the formation of this regiment was interrupted by the loss of the city. The 150men on hand joined the main army and Major General Graf Mamonov transferred to the regular cavalry. At this time the regiment’s few men were sent to the cavalry reserve where the unit could be filled out. Regiment eventually 600 strong.
    21. von Skarzinski's Cossack Squadron, raised in Kherson Province, modeled on a Ukraine cossack squadron with 169 combatants. Another unit whose only thing in common with cossacks was the name.

    22. Simbirsk, Kostroma, and Penza each formed a mass-levy reserve cavalry regiment (of 5 squadrons for Simbirsk Province and 3 squadrons for the other two). None of this mass-levy reserve ever went into service, no more so than the voluntarily raised mass-levy of some other provinces such as Kharkov with 1 cavalry regiment possibly formed and Kursk with 7 cavalry regiments, each to have been of 10 squadrons. None of these formations appeared during the campaign against France into 1814, and their actual raising is doubtful.

    D) Volunteer corps raised against Napoleon.
    Lieutenant Colonel Diebitsch’s force [otryad Podpolkovnikova Dibicha], raised September/October 1812 from willing deserters of various nationalities. Reached strength of 3 sotnias (squadrons) and disbanded at start of November. Czar granted Diebitsch petition for the German volunteers to being placed back under his command. Unit incorporated into the Russo-German Legion in 1813.
    Schmidt's Volunteer Horse-Jäger Corps, usually called just Schmidt's Volunteer Regiment or Freikorps, raised in the fall of 1812 from Livonians with 3 sotnias each of 10 non-commissioned officers and 100 privates, there being a total of about 15 officers.
    Col. Figner's corps raised during the 1813 truce at Fraustadt near Glogau in Silesia from Italian and Spanish deserters, achieved a strength of 150 mounted men..
    Russo-German Legion, first raised in 1813, included two hussar regiments, was never classed with the cossacks!
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; March 12, 2011 at 07:15 AM.
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