Page 1 of 2 1 2 LastLast
Results 1 to 20 of 32

Thread: Prussian Army Regimental Names

  1. #1
    Prince of Essling's Avatar Napoleonic Enthusiast
    Join Date
    Dec 2009
    Location
    Surrey, England
    Posts
    2,335

    Default Prussian Army Regimental Names

    To produce the list for the Prussian Army I will draw on Osprey MAA series, Pivka’s “Armies of the Napoleonic Wars”, Haythornwaite’s “Napoleonic Source Book”, Knotel’s ”Uniforms of the World”, Napoleon Series website, Napoleonic Association Publications, Nash’s “Prussian Army 1808-15”, Partridge & Oliver’s “Napoleonic Army Handbook” etc.

    Here is the consolidated list:

    1806

    Infantry

    Infantry Regiment Nr. 1 Kuhnheim
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 2 Rϋchel
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 3 Renouard
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 4 Kalckreuth
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 5 Kleist
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 6 Grenadier-Garde
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 7 Owstein
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 8 Rϋts (some sources have this as Ruiz or Ruits)
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 9 Schenck
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 10 Wedell
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 11 Schöning
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 12 Prinz von Braunschweig-Oels (some sources say Herzog instead of Prinz)
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 13 Arnim
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 14 Besser
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 15 Garde
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 16 Diericke
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 17 Treskow (some sources have Tresckow)
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 18 Regiment des Königs
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 19 Prinz von Oranien
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 20 Prinz Louis-Ferdinand
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 21 Herzog von Braunschweig
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 22 Pirch
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 23 Winning
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 24 Zenge
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 25 Möllendorf
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 26 Alt-Larisch
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 27 Tschammer
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 28 Malschitski
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 29 Treuenfels
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 30 Borcke
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 31 Kropff
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 32 Furst Hohenlohe
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 33 Alvensleben
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 34 Prinz Ferdinand
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 35 Prinz Heinrich
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 36 Puttkammer
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 37 Tschepe
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 38 Pelchrzim
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 39 Zastrow
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 40 Schimonski
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 41 Lettow
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 42 Plotz
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 43 Strachwitz
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 44 Hagken
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 45 Zweiffel
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 46 Thile (some sources have Thiele)
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 47 Grawert
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 48 Kurfürst of Hessen
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 49 Mϋffling
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 50 Sanitz
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 51 Kauffberg
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 52 Reinhardt
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 53 Jung-Larisch
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 54 Natzmer
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 55 Manstein
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 56 Tauentzien
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 57 Gravenitz
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 58 Courbiere
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 59 Wartensleben
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 60 Chlebowsky

    Grenadier Battalions
    (commander followed by regiments that troops were drawn from)
    Prinz August von Preussen – 1, 13
    K F von Schliessen – 2, 11
    Alt-Braun – 3, 21
    Vieregg – 4, 54
    Hanstein – 5, 20
    Forstner -6, 15
    H W von Schliessen – 7, 30
    Massow – 8, 42
    Hallmann - 9, 44
    Borstell – 10, 41
    Hulsen – 12, 34
    Fabecky – 14, 16
    Schmeling – 17, 51
    Rabiel – 18, 27
    Knebel – 19, 25
    der Osten – 22, 36
    Reinbaben – 23, 26
    Gaudi – 24, 35
    Borck – 28, 50
    Hahn – 29, 32
    Jung-Braun -31, 46
    Sack – 33, 47
    Schack – 37, 57
    Losthin – 38, 49
    Kollin – 39
    Graf Dohna – 40, 43
    Herwarth - 45
    Krafft – 48, 59
    Brauchitsch – 52, 58
    Crety – 53, 55

    FeldJäger Regiment
    The 12-company FeldJager Regiment, formed in 1799, was not intended to be employed in battle as a single unit. Individual companies were assigned to various higher commands

    Fusilier Battalions
    There were also 24 four-company fusilier battalions available for the 1806 Campaign. The battalions were organized into eight three-battalion brigades for administrative purposes. In the field, these battalions were assigned thoroughout the Prussian Army, and were identified by their commander's name rather than the number.

    Westfalen Fusilier Brigade
    Battalion Nr. 18 "Sobbe"
    Battalion Nr. 19 "Ernest"
    Battalion Nr. 20 "Ivernois"
    Magdeburg Fusilier Brigade
    Battalion Nr. 1 "Kaiserlingk"
    Battalion Nr. 2 "Bila"
    Battalion Nr. 5 "Graf Wedel"
    Upper Silesian Fusilier Brigade
    Battalion Nr. 7 "Rosen"
    Battalion Nr. 10 "Erichsen"
    Battalion Nr. 22 "Boguslawski"
    Lower Silesian Fuslier Brigade
    Battalion Nr. 13 "Rabenau"
    Battalion Nr. 14 "Pelet"
    Battalion Nr. 15 "Rϋhle"
    1st Warsaw Brigade
    Battalion Nr. 4 "Greiffenberg"
    Battalion Nr. 8 "Kloch"
    Battalion Nr. 16 "Oswald"
    2nd Warsaw Brigade
    Battalion Nr. 9 "Borel du Vernay"
    Battalion Nr. 12 "Knorr"
    Battalion Nr. 17 "Hinrichs"
    1st East Prussian Fusilier Brigade
    Battalion Nr. 3 "Wakenitz"
    Battalion Nr. 6 "Rembow"
    Battalion Nr. 11 "Bergen"
    2nd East Prussian Fusilier Brigade
    Battalion Nr. 21 "Stutterheim"
    Battalion Nr. 23 "Schachtmeister"
    Battalion Nr. 24 "Bϋlow"

    Kurassiers
    1st Graf Henckel
    2nd Beeren
    3rd Leib
    4th Wagenfeld
    5th Bailliodz
    6th Quitzow
    7th Reitzenstein
    8th Heising
    9th Holtzendorff
    10th Gendarmes
    11th Leib-Karabiniers
    12th Bunting
    13th Garde du Corps

    Dragoons
    1st König von Bayern
    2nd Prittwitz
    3rd Irwing
    4th Katte
    5th Regiment der Königin
    6th Auer
    7th von Rhein
    8th Esebeck
    9th Graf von Herzberg
    10th Manstein/Heyking
    11th Voss/Krafft
    12th Brusewitz/Osten
    13th Rouquette
    14th Wobeser

    Hussars
    1st Gettkandt
    2nd Rudorff
    3rd Pletz
    4th Prinz Eugen von Wurttemberg
    5th Prittwitz
    6th Schimmelfennig von der Oeye
    7th Kohler
    8th Blϋcher
    9th Bosniaken/Towarczys
    10th Usedom
    11th Bila

    Artillery
    4 Foot Artillery Regiments comprised of 9 companies each with 6 x 12pdrs & 2 x 10pdr howitzers. In addition 22 horse artillery troops each with 6 x 6pdrs & 2 x7pdr howitzers.
    Each Infantry battalion had a 6pdr gun attached.

    1808

    Note Regiments tended to be known by their name rather than their number e.g. Pommersches Husaren Regiment rather than 5th Husaren Regiment

    Line Infantry

    Nr1 (1st Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr2 (1st Pommersches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr3 (2nd Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr4 (3rd Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr5 (4th Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr6 (1st Westpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr7 (2nd Westpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr8 Garde-Regiment zu Fuß
    Nr9 Leib-Infantrie Regiment
    Nr10 Colberg Infantrie Regiment
    Nr11 (1st Schlesisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr12 (2nd Schlesisches) Infantrie Regiment

    Jäger & Schϋtzen

    1st Jäger-Bataillon (Garde-Jäger)
    2nd Ostpreussisches Jäger-Bataillon
    3rd Schlesisches Schϋtzen Bataillon

    Cavalry

    Cuirassiers
    1st Schlesisches Kϋrassier Regiment
    2nd Ostpreussisches Kϋrassier Regiment
    3rd Garde du Corps Regiment
    4th Brandenburgisches Kϋrassier Regiment

    Dragoons
    1st Königin Dragoner Regiment
    2nd Dragoner (1st Westpreussisches) Regiment
    3rd Dragoner (Littauisches) Regiment
    4th Dragoner (2nd Westpreussisches) Regiment
    5th Dragoner (Brandenburgisches) Regiment
    6th Dragoner (Neumarkisches) Regiment

    Hussars
    1st (1st Leib) Husaren Regiment
    2nd (2nd Leib) Husaren Regiment
    3rd (1st Brandenburgisches) Husaren Regiment
    4th (2nd Brandenburgisches) Husaren Regiment - disbanded in 1809 after Schill's unauthorised invasion of Westphalia.
    5th (Pommersches) Husaren Regiment
    6th (Oberschlesisches) Husaren Regiment
    7th (Niederschlesisches) Husaren Regiment

    Lancers
    1st Uhlanen (1st Westpreussisches) Regiment
    2nd Uhlanen (1st Schlesisches) Regiment

    Wars of Liberation 1813-14
    Note Regiments tended to be known by their name rather than their number e.g. Pommersches Husaren Regiment rather than 5th Husaren Regiment


    Line Infantry
    Each regiment consisted of two Musketeer Battalions of four companies each, a Fusilier Battalion of four Companies, used as light troops, and two Grenadier Companies, grouped in independent Battalions.

    Nr1 (1st Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr2 (1st Pommersches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr3 (2nd Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr4 (3rd Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr5 (4th Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr6 (1st Westpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr7 (2nd Westpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr8 Garde-Regiment zu Fuß
    Nr9 Leib-Infantrie Regiment
    Nr10 Colberg Infantry Regiment
    Nr11 (1st Schlesisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr12 (2nd Schlesisches) Infantrie Regiment

    The 1st Garde-Regiment zu Fuß was taken out of the line on 1 July 1813 and a 2nd Garde-Regiment zu Fuß was formed on 19 June 1813 (from the Normal-Infanterie-Bataillon which was drill unit & from Infantrie Regiments 9 & 10). A new line unit – the Brandenburgisches Infanterie Regiment was formed resulting in:

    Nr1 (1st Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr2 (1st Pommersches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr3 (2nd Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr4 (3rd Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr5 (4th Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr6 (1st Westpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr7 (2nd Westpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr8 Leib-Infantrie Regiment
    Nr9 Colberg Infantry Regiment
    Nr10 (1st Schlesisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr11 (2nd Schlesisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr12 (Brandenburgisches) Infanterie Regiment

    Grenadiers
    (regiments that troops were drawn from – early 1813)
    1st Ostpreussisches Grenadier Bataillon (1, 3)
    2nd Ostpreussisches Grenadier Bataillon (4, 5)
    Pommersches Grenadier Bataillon (2, 10)
    Leib-Grenadier Bataillon (9)
    Westpreussisches Grenadier Bataillon (6, 7)
    Schlesisches Grenadier Bataillon (11, 12)

    In October 1814 two Garde Grenadier Regiments were formed – “Kaiser Alexander” No 1 and “Kaiser Franz” No 2 - from the grenadier battalions.

    Jäger & Schϋtzen

    1st Jäger-Bataillon (Garde-Jäger)
    2nd Ostpreussisches Jäger-Bataillon
    3rd Schlesisches Schϋtzen Bataillon

    Reserve Infantry
    1st Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    2nd Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    3rd Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    4th Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    5th Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    6th Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    7th Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    8th Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    9th Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    10th Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    11th Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    12th Reserve Infantrie Regiment

    Cavalry
    Cuirassiers
    1st Schlesisches Kϋrassier Regiment
    2nd Ostpreussisches Kϋrassier Regiment
    3rd Garde du Corps Regiment
    4th Brandenburgisches Kϋrassier Regiment

    Dragoons
    1st Königin Dragoner Regiment
    2nd Dragoner (1st Westpreussisches) Regiment
    3rd Dragoner (Littauisches) Regiment
    4th Dragoner (2nd Westpreussisches) Regiment
    5th Dragoner (Brandenburgisches) Regiment
    6th Dragoner (Neumarkisches) Regiment
    Garde-Normal-Dragoner-Kompagnie

    Hussars
    1st (1st Leib) Husaren Regiment
    2nd (2nd Leib) Husaren Regiment
    3rd (1st Brandenburgisches) Husaren Regiment
    4th (1st Schlesisches) Husaren Regiment
    5th (Pommersches) Husaren Regiment
    6th (2nd Schlesisches) Husaren Regiment
    Garde-Normal-Husaren-Kompagnie

    Lancers
    1st Ulanen (1st Westpreussisches) Regiment
    2nd Ulanen (1st Schlesisches) Regiment
    3rd Ulanen (Brandenburgisches) Regiment
    Garde-Ulanen-Eskadron
    Garde-Kosaken-Eskadron (raised 1813)

    Note: In February 1813 the Garde-Ulanen-Eskadron, Garde-Normal-Husaren-Kompagnie & Garde-Normal-Dragoner-Kompagnie were joined together to form the Leichte-Garde-Kavallerie Regiment.

    Landwehr – Infantry & Cavalry

    Ostpreussisches (East Prussia )
    1st April 1813 there were 20 battalions (numbered 1 to 20) and organised into 5 brigades.
    10th August 1813 the 20 battalions were organised into 5 Regiments (numbered 1 to 5).
    1st April 1813 there were 5 Kavalrie-Abtheilung (numbered 1 to 5) attached to the Infantry Brigades.
    10th August 1813 there were 21 squadrons organised into 5 Regiments (numbered 1 to 5).

    Westpreussisches (West Prussia)
    By June 1813 there were 10 battalions organised into 3 brigades – the 1st with 4 battalions, the battalions were numbered 1 to 4, the other 2 brigades had 3 battalions each numbered 1 to 3.
    27th July 1813 the old organisation was dissolved. The now 11 battalions were organised into 3 regiments (the 2nd had 3 battalions). The regiments were numbered 1 to 3.
    By June 1813 there were 3 Kavalrie-Abtheilung (numbered 1 to 3) attached to the Infantry Brigades.
    27th July 1813 there were 9 squadrons organised into 3 regiments (numbered 1 to 3).

    Schlesisches (Silesia)
    July/August 1813 there were 68 battalions organised into 17 regiments (numbered 1 to 17). There were also 40squadrons organised into 10 regiments numbered 1 to 10.
    At the end of December 1813, although infantry organisation was the same, the cavalry had grown to 46 squadrons still organised in 10 regiments (no breakdown found).

    Kurmarkisches (Kurmark)
    April 1813 there were 28 battalions organised into 7 brigades numbered 1 to 7 (in each brigade battalions were numbered 1 to 4).
    By August 1813 there were 26 battalions organised into 7 regiments (numbered 1 to 7 – the 1st regiment had just 2 battalions).
    April 1813 there were 7 Kavalrie-Abtheilung (numbered 1 to 7) attached to the Infantry Brigades.
    By August 1813 there were 28 squadrons organised into 7 regiments (numbered 1 to 7).

    Neumarkisches (Neumark)
    April 1813 there were 12 battalions organised into 3 brigades numbered 1 to 3 (in each brigade battalions were numbered 1 to 4).
    August 1813 the Brigades became regiments 1 to 3.
    April 1813 1813 there were 2 Kavalrie-Abtheilung (numbered 1 & 2) attached to the first two Infantry Brigades.
    August 1813 the Kavalrie-Abtheilung became regiments 1 & 2 each with 4 squadrons.

    Pommersches (Pommeranian)
    1st June 1813 there were 12 battalions organised into 3 brigades numbered 1 to 3 (in each brigade battalions were numbered 1 to 4).
    August 1813 the Brigades became regiments 1 to 3.
    April 1813 1813 there were 3 Kavalrie-Abtheilung (numbered 1 to 3) attached to the Infantry Brigades.
    August 1813 the Kavalrie-Abtheilung became regiments 1 to 3 each with 4 squadrons.

    Elbisches (Elbe)
    By 1 March 1814 there were 12 battalions organised into 3 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 3) and 1 Kavalrie Regiment (Elbisches Landwehr-Kavalrie-Regiment) with 5 squadrons.


    Westfälisches (Westphalia)
    Between nNovemeber 1813 and March 1814 there were 19 battalions organised into 5 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 5) – Nr 5 had 3 battalions.
    1 Kavalrie Regiments (Westfälisches Landwehr-Kavalrie-Regiment) with 6 squadrons.

    Bergisches (Berg)
    During December 1813 there were 4 battalions organised.

    Inaddition 10 ½ 6pdr Fussbatteries and 1 6pdr Reitende batterie were organised.

    1815
    Note Regiments tended to be known by their name rather than their number e.g. Pommersches Husaren Regiment rather than 5th Husaren Regiment

    Line Infantry
    Each regiment consisted of two Musketeer Battalions of four companies each, a Fusilier Battalion of four Companies, used as light troops.

    Nr1 (1st Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr2 (1st Pommersches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr3 (2nd Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr4 (3rd Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr5 (4th Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr6 (1st Westpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr7 (2nd Westpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr8 Leib (1st Brandenburgisches)-Infantrie Regiment
    Nr9 Colberg (2nd Pommersches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr10 (1st Schlesisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr11 (2nd Schlesisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr12 (2nd Brandenburgisches) Infanterie Regiment
    Nr13 Infantrie Regiment - former 1st Reserve Infantrie Regt (RIR) - 1st Westfälisches in 1816
    Nr14 Infantrie Regiment – former 2nd RIR - 3rd Pommersches in 1816
    Nr15 Infantrie Regiment – former 3rd RIR - 2nd Westfälisches in 1816
    Nr16 Infantrie Regiment – former 4th RIR - 3rd Westfälisches in 1816
    Nr17 Infantrie Regiment – former 5th RIR - 4th Westfälisches in 1816
    Nr18 Infantrie Regiment – former 6th RIR - 1st Posen in 1816
    Nr19 Infantrie Regiment – former 7th RIR - 2nd Posen in 1816
    Nr20 Infanterie Regiment – former 8th RIR - 3rd Brandenburgisches in 1816
    Nr21 Infantrie Regiment – former 9th RIR - 4th Pommersches in 1816
    Nr22 Infantrie Regiment – former 10th RIR - 1st Oberschlesisches in 1816
    Nr23 Infantrie Regiment – former 11th RIR - 2nd Oberschlesisches in 1816
    Nr24 Infanterie Regiment – former 12th RIR - 4th Brandenburgisches in 1816
    Nr25 Infantrie Regiment – former Lϋtzow Freicorps - 1st Rheinisches in 1816
    Nr26 Infanterie Regiment – former Elbe Infantrie Regiment - 1st Magdeburgisches in 1816
    Nr27 Infanterie Regiment – from mix of former units - 2nd Magdeburgisches in 1816
    Nr28 Infantrie Regiment – formerly 1st Berg Infantrie Regiment - 2nd Rheinisches in 1816
    Nr29 Infantrie Regiment – former 2nd Berg Infantrie Regiment - 3rd Rheinisches in 1816
    Nr30 Infantrie Regiment – former 1st Regiment Russo-German Legion - 4th Rheinisches in 1816
    Nr31 Infantrie Regiment - former 2nd Regiment Russo-German Legion - 1st Thϋringisches in 1816
    Nr32 Infantrie Regiment – from mix of Landwehr units - 2nd Thϋringisches in 1816

    Note: Infantrie Regiments 13 to 32 did not receive a Provincial designation until the AKO of 5th November 1816.

    Jäger & Schϋtzen

    1st Jäger-Bataillon (Garde-Jäger) removed from the Line on 21 June 1815
    2nd Ostpreussisches Jäger-Bataillon
    3rd Schlesisches Schϋtzen Bataillon
    4th Rheinisches Schϋtzen Bataillon
    5th Magdeburgisches Jäger-Bataillon
    Garde- Schϋtzen-Bataillon

    Cavalry

    Cuirassiers
    1st Schlesisches Kϋrassier Regiment
    2nd Ostpreussisches Kϋrassier Regiment
    3rd Brandenburgisches Kϋrassier Regiment
    4th Kϋrassier Regiment - became "Magdeburgisches" in 1816

    Dragoons
    1st Königin Dragoner Regiment
    2nd Dragoner (1st Westpreussisches) Regiment
    3rd Dragoner (Littauisches) Regiment
    4th Dragoner (2nd Westpreussisches) Regiment
    5th Dragoner (Brandenburgisches) Regiment
    6th Dragoner (Neumarkisches) Regiment
    7th Dragoner Regiment - became "Rheinisches" in 1816
    8th Dragoner Regiment - became "Magdeburgisches" in 1816

    Hussars
    1st (1st Leib) Husaren Regiment
    2nd (2nd Leib) Husaren Regiment
    3rd (1st Brandenburgisches) Husaren Regiment
    4th (1st Schlesisches) Husaren Regiment
    5th (Pommersches) Husaren Regiment
    6th (2nd Schlesisches) Husaren Regiment
    7th (Westpreussisches) Husaren Regiment
    8th Husaren Regiment - became "1st Westfälisches" in 1816
    9th Husaren Regiment - became "Rheinisches" in 1816
    10th Husaren Regiment - became "1st Magdeburgisches" in 1816
    11th Husaren Regiment - became "2nd Westfälisches" in 1816
    12th) Husaren Regiment - "2nd Magdeburgisches" in 1816

    Lancers
    1st Ulanen (1st Westpreussisches) Regiment
    2nd Ulanen (1st Schlesisches) Regiment
    3rd Ulanen (Brandenburgisches) Regiment
    4th Ulanen Regiment - became "Pommersches" in 1816
    5th Ulanen Regiment - became "Westfälisches" in 1816
    6th Ulanen Regiment - became "2nd Westpreussisches" in 1816
    7th Ulanen Regiment - became "1st Rheinisches" in 1816
    8th Ulanen Regiment - became "2nd Rheinisches" in 1816

    Guard
    Garde du Corps Regiment
    Garde-Dragoner-Regiment
    Garde-Ulanen-Regiment
    Garde-Husaren-Regiment
    1st Garde-Regiment zu Fuß
    2nd Garde-Regiment zu Fuß
    1st Garde Grenadier “Kaiser Alexander” Regiment
    2nd Garde Grenadier “Kaiser Franz” Regiment
    Garde-Jäger-Bataillon
    Garde-Schϋtzen-Bataillon


    Landwehr – Infantry & Cavalry

    Ostpreussisches (East Prussia )
    5 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 5) each of 3 field battalions.
    5 Kavalrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 5) – all with 2 squadrons except the 2nd with 4.

    Westpreussisches (West Prussia)
    2 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 & 2) each with 3 field battalions.
    3 Kavalrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 3) – all with 3 squadrons except Nr 3 with 2.

    Schlesisches (Silesia)
    15 Infanterie Regiments (numbered 1 to 15) each with 3 field battalions.
    8 Kavalrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 5) – all with 2 squadrons

    Kurmarkisches (Kurmark)
    7 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 7) each with 3 field battalions.
    7 Kavalrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 3) – 30 squadrons in total.

    Neumarkisches (Neumark)
    3 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 3) each with 3 field battalions.
    2 Kavalrie Regiments (numbered 1 &2) – each with 3 squadrons.

    Pommersches (Pommerania)
    3 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 3) each with 3 field battalions.
    3 Kavalrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 3) – all with 3 squadrons.

    Elbisches (Elbe)
    4 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 4) each with 3 field battalions.
    1 Kavalrie Regiments (Elbisches Landwehr-Kavalrie-Regiment) with 4 squadrons.

    Westfälisches (Westphalia)
    5 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 5) each with 3 field battalions.
    1 Kavalrie Regiments (Westfälisches Landwehr-Kavalrie-Regiment) with 4 squadrons.

    Bergisches (Berg)
    1 Infantrie Regiment (Bergisches Landwehr-Infanterie-Regiment) with 3 field battalions.

    Saechsisches (Saxony)
    2 Infantrie Regiments from Obersaechsisches (numbered 1 & 2) each with 3 field battalions.
    2 Infantrie Regiments from Thueringisches [Thuringia] (numbered 1 & 2) each with 3 field battalions.
    1 Kavalrie Regiment (Thueringisches Landwehr-Kavalrie-Regiment) - strength not confirmed.

    Rheinisches (Rhineland)
    8 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 8) each with 3 field battalions.
    3 Kavalrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 3) with 4 squadrons.
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; November 04, 2010 at 01:40 PM. Reason: formatting + light infantry+ names to Fusilier Btns

  2. #2
    Prince of Essling's Avatar Napoleonic Enthusiast
    Join Date
    Dec 2009
    Location
    Surrey, England
    Posts
    2,335

    Default Re: Prussian Army Regimental Names

    1806 Cavalry


    Kurassiers 1792-1806
    1st Graf Henckel
    2nd Beeren
    3rd Leib
    4th Wagenfeld
    5th Bailliodz
    6th Quitzow
    7th Reitzenstein
    8th Heising
    9th Holtzendorff
    10th Gendarmes
    11th Leib-Karabiniers
    12th Bunting
    13th Garde du Corps

    Dragoons 1792-1806
    1st König von Bayern
    2nd Prittwitz
    3rd Irwing
    4th Katte
    5th Regiment der Königin
    6th Auer
    7th von Rhein
    8th Esebeck
    9th Graf von Herzberg
    10th Manstein/Heyking
    11th Voss/Krafft
    12th Brusewitz/Osten
    13th Rouquette
    14th Wobeser

    Hussars
    1st Gettkandt
    2nd Rudorff
    3rd Pletz
    4th Prinz Eugen von Wurttemberg
    5th Prittwitz
    6th Schimmelfennig von der Oeye
    7th Kohler
    8th Blϋcher
    9th Bosniaken/Towarczys
    10th Usedom
    11th Bila

    Artillery
    4 Foot Artillery Regiments comprised of 9 companies each with 6 x 12pdrs & 2 x 10pdr howitzers. In addition 22 horse artillery troops each with 6 x 6pdrs & 2 x7pdr howitzers.
    Each Infantry battalion had a 6pdr gun attached.
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; October 27, 2010 at 02:23 AM. Reason: Formatting + artillery

  3. #3

    Default Re: Prussian Army Regimental Names

    Fine list, but what about Prussian lancers - Towarzysze Regiment and battalion.

    By 1806, the Prussian Army still retained units with strong Polish/Bosnian links. These were the ‘Towarczys" Regiment and a self-standing "Towarczy" Battalion, both of which were armed primarily with the lance, and were used for scouting and foraging duties for which the Uhlans became justly famous. These troops were used in East Prussia and the bordering Polish and Austrian-Hungarian states and had a distinctly Tartar-Slav appearance.
    This I have quoted from
    http://www.caltim.com/uhlan.regiments/index.htm

    Also on that site http://napoleonistyka.atspace.com/ you can find some interesting informations about Prussian Regiments.

    It will be good put on your list of Prussian Regiments areas of recruitment too. It was important and even historicaly used, because as like in Austrian case, Prussian Army recruited not only Germans. There were many Polish and even Lithuanians soldiers which were forced to service in Prussian Army.

    Sometimes they have little heart to fought for King of Prussia and maybe therefore Napoleon can quickly destroyed Prussian Army and captured so many POWs in 1806, and soon can formed many Polish troops in his service.

    Later Prussian Regiments were named and even numbered by Prussian Provinces too. Therefore these regiments had "double" regimental numbers.

    exNowy

  4. #4

    Default Re: Prussian Army Regimental Names

    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    It will be good put on your list of Prussian Regiments areas of recruitment too. It was important and even historicaly used, because as like in Austrian case, Prussian Army recruited not only Germans. There were many Polish and even Lithuanians soldiers which were forced to service in Prussian Army.

    The Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania ceased to exist on the 24 October 1795, with the third partition of its lands by its protector Russia. As you can see Prussia recieved all the northenr provinces which linked the long standing Prussian area known as Royal Prussia with the rest of the Prussian Kingdom.
    Spoiler Alert, click show to read: 



    After that all that remained were the ethnic groups and cultures that lived in the area where it had once been. These included the peoples now living in the area's now known as Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia and the Ukraine.

    In the partitions the Kingdom of Prussia recieved some of this but also included peoples of many other ethnic backgrounds including German, Polish, Danish, Lithuanian, Slavic, Kashubian, and Frisian.

    Its army would therefore have included volunteers from all of these cultures in its ranks, and in common with all European Armies of the period would also have included professional soldiers, volunteers, mercenaries and adventurers from many other parts of Europe.

    However, as far as I know the Prussian Army of 1806 was a professional volunteer force. Prussia did not introduce conscription in 1813 and so there is no reason to suppose that anyone was forced to fight for them.

    The Towarzysze Regiment you specifically mention was raised by Anton Wilhelm von L’Estocq a veteran Prussian General who had served in the Prussian Army since 1757 though he was born in Saxony.

    It consisted of ten squadrons of what were called Bosniaken (irregular lance armed cavalry) organized into two battalions of five squadrons each. Although in practice they were frequently detached in smaller units to support other formations. Apparently several squadrons even took part in the Battle of Eylua in 1807, when L’Estocq commanding one of the last operational units of the old Prussian Army attempted to assist the Russian’s against Napoleon.

    However, the Towarzysze Regiment would not have been consisted a regular Prussian Armyt unit and is probably better thought of as a FrieKorps or ‘Free Corps’ raised by an private individual and volunteered for service in support of the Prussian Army.

    As part of the reforms this regiment along with the other Bosniaken units were disbanded and some of the men transferred to form the cadres of the new Prussian Uhlan Regiments.

    Later Prussian Regiments were named and even numbered by Prussian Provinces too. Therefore these regiments had "double" regimental numbers.

    Yes, it’s worth noting that the army lists quoted by Prince of Essling are those for the Prussian Army of 1806, which essentially ceased to exist in 1807.

    Following the witch-hunt conducted by the Prussian Board of Enquiry into the blame for their humiliation at the hands of Napoleon a new breed of Prussian Officer rose to dominance in Prussia, many of the old Generals were disgraced and their idea’s discredited.

    On the 15 July 1807 the King of Prussia established a Military Reorganisation Commission, which set about the task of changing the Prussian Army completely.

    One of the outcomes from this reorganization was the establishment of new Infantry Regiments with the regional titles you mention. There were twelve regular regiments number 1-12, but you rightly point out where more than one was based in the same province their name indicated which they were.

    Thus:

    Nr1 First East Prussian Infantry Regiment
    Nr2 East Pomeranean Infantry Regiment
    Nr3 Second East Prussian Infantry Regiment
    Nr4 Third East Prussian Infantry Regiment
    Nr5 Fourth East Prussian Infantry Regiment
    Nr6 First West Prussian Infantry Regiment
    Nr7 Second West Prussian Infantry Regiment
    Nr8 Foot Guard Regiment (Garde-Regiment zu Fuß)
    Nr9 Life Guard Regiment (Leib-Infantrie Regiment)
    Nr10 Colberg Infantry Regiment
    Nr11 First Silesian Infantry Regiment
    Nr12 Second Silesian Infantry Regiment

    However, once again I would stress that whilst the regimental names and depots may indicate a regional affiliation there is no evidence to suggest that recruitment was limited to one specific area, let alone one specific ethnic group within that area.
    Last edited by Didz; October 28, 2010 at 05:52 AM.

  5. #5

    Default Re: Prussian Army Regimental Names

    Quote Originally Posted by Didz
    The Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania ceased to exist on the 24 October 1795, with the third partition of its lands by its protector Russia. As you can see Prussia recieved all the northenr provinces which linked the long standing Prussian area known as Royal Prussia with the rest of the Prussian Kingdom.
    Please do not teach me Polish history. I am Pole and know well history of my country. Prussia did not received all the northern provinces, they captured it by PLC partitions in 1772, 1793 and 1795.

    Earlier Royal Prussia was Polish province named Gdansk Pomerania which was captured by Teutonic Order in 14 century. Polish Kingdom get back this territory in 15 century and therefore later it was named Royal Prussia because East Prussia, later known as Principality of Prussia, was still in Teutonic hands as Polish vassal. There still lived Poles in majority in Royal (West) Prussia.

    On that map which you put in your post you also can find other Polish provinces as like Great Poland (Poznan) and Masovia (Warsaw) and few other territories which Prussian captured during Poland partitions and there lived few millions Poles. This way Kingdom of Prussia tripled territory and citizens.
    It is clear that later Prussian forced many Poles to servis in their army. What is more earlier Great Friz II also captured Polish people and forced to service in Prussian Army. This King captured Silesia in middle of 18 century and there lived many Poles too.

    Quote Originally Posted by Didz
    In the partitions the Kingdom of Prussia recieved some of this but also included peoples of many other ethnic backgrounds including German, Polish, Danish, Lithuanian, Slavic, Kashubian, and Frisian.
    Well tell me where lived Danish, Frisian and Slavic (?) in old PLC.
    It could be only micro minorities I suppouse, but in majority in these teritories which were captured by Prussians during PLC partitions lived Poles, and near Niemen River some Lithuanians. There lived also some Germans in few towns, but it was minority, maybe except in Gdansk. Kashubian it was and is very small ethnic group. Many people even say that they are ethnicaly Poles too.

    Quote Originally Posted by Didz
    However, as far as I know the Prussian Army of 1806 was a professional volunteer force. Prussia did not introduce conscription in 1813 and so there is no reason to suppose that anyone was forced to fight for them.
    No, Prussians forced many Poles and Lithuanians to service in their army and that was well known problem. In militarised country, where Prussian Army own their state which fought many wars, soldiers were needed. Look how growed Prussian Army in 18 century.

    Quote Originally Posted by Didz
    The Towarzysze Regiment you specifically mention was raised by Anton Wilhelm von L’Estocq a veteran Prussian General who had served in the Prussian Army since 1757 though he was born in Saxony.
    Well but there servised many Poles. It is not so importand to mentioned only this nation but it is good to know that Prussian regiments formed many nations which infuenced sometimes on regimental names too. Towarzysze it is Polish word used in old Polish cavalry regiments.

    Quote Originally Posted by Didz
    However, once again I would stress that whilst the regimental names and depots may indicate a regional affiliation there is no evidence to suggest that recruitment was limited to one specific area, let alone one specific ethnic group within that area.
    I agree.
    Nevetheless Provincial names for Prussian Regiments was old historicla tradition in Prussia -Brandenbourgia.
    Last edited by exNowy; October 28, 2010 at 01:16 PM.

  6. #6
    Prince of Essling's Avatar Napoleonic Enthusiast
    Join Date
    Dec 2009
    Location
    Surrey, England
    Posts
    2,335

    Default Re: Prussian Army Regimental Names

    Hussar [Lancer] Regiment ‘Bosniaken/Towarczys’ Number 9 [ In some sources, this regiment is not listed with the hussar regiments but rather as a separate lancer unit.] http://www.napoleon-series.org/military/organization/Prussia/cavalry/c_prussianhussars.html


    The sole lancer regiment in the 1806 Prussian Army was the Towarczys Regiment, a ‘foreign’ unit raised from Prussia’s Polish territories. In 1806, it was attached to L’Estocq’s [eastern] corps.

    The 10-squadron regiment – formed in 1800 from the ‘Bosniaken’ Regiment – was disbanded in 1807. The released men were later formed into Uhlan Regiment Number 2 (and, in part, Uhlan Regiment Number 1).

    A similarly-named lancer battalion (of five squadrons) was commanded by Major [later Oberstleutnant] Schimmelpfinnig von der Oye from 1800 to 1807.


    Getting back to topic - Prussian Army Regimental Names: This seems to me to break down into 4 real threads for tackling in any sensible way:
    1. upto 1806/07 - mainly covered by my first 2 posts;
    2. Immediate reform (already partially covered by Didz);
    3. Wars of Lliberation; and
    4. 1815.

  7. #7

    Default Re: Prussian Army Regimental Names

    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    Please do not teach me Polish history. I am Pole and know well history of my country. Prussia did not received all the northern provinces, they captured it by PLC partitions in 1772, 1793 and 1795.

    If you are Polish then you will know that The Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania ceased to exist on the 24 October 1795, following the partitions you have just mentioned.

    As such all that was left were the various ethnic groups which had formerly resided within its boundaries and according to modern national boundaries these included the area's now known as Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia and the Ukraine.

    Prussia received the area shown on the map I've already posted as a result of the partitions, and so one can cross-reference this map with the modern map of Europe to determine what modern day national boundaries are included were included within the boundaries of the Prussian state at the time. However, past experience has shown that, due to the lack of any meticulous ethnic or cultural census in the 18th and 19th Century, it’s very difficult to find out exactly what mix of ethnic groups actually resided in any of these area's at the time. The best I could come up with in the last thread was an ethnic census dated from 1911, which gives some indication but only if one assumes from the start that there has been no migration or expulsion of ethnic groups over the previous hundred years.

    A more accurate assessment might be possible if anyone has completed a DNA survey of the current population, but even then it would be subject to potential inaccuracies if there has been major social upheaval in the area such as that which was caused by the second world war. Such surveys have been conducted in Britain with some success to determine our ethnic origins, however, the population of Britain has not been heavily displaced by invasion and so it is still possible to see definite patterns of ethnicity in the DNA of the local populace.

    What's confusing me most about your argument is the constant use of the term 'Nation', and I'm wondering if this is deliberate or a translation problem. In modern day parlance Nation is often confused with Ethnicity as in modern attitudes people tend to consider themselves natives of the country they live in. However, in the 18th and 19th Centuries a Nation was nothing more than a territorial boundary denoting the land owned by a specific ruler, and the peoples living within it were largely incidental. Certainly, not everyone living within the boundaries of the Kingdom of Poland and Grand Duchy of Lithuania were ethnic Poles, and likewise note everyone living within the boundaries of the Kingdom of Prussia were ethnic Prussian (even if one accepts the idea that Prussian's are an ethnic group in their own right).

    So, I think we need to get the terminology clear for a start. As I understand it you are not talking about former subjects of the Kingdom of Poland, which did not exist after 1795, but of the ethnic group who consider themselves to be Poles, some of whom lived in the area which formed part of that state.
    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    It is clear that later Prussian forced many Poles to servis in their army. What is more earlier Great Friz II also captured Polish people and forced to service in Prussian Army. This King captured Silesia in middle of 18 century and there lived many Poles too.

    I'm actually quite interested in your claim that the Kingdom of Prussia forced members of the Polish community to fight in their army.

    Can you explain what evidence you have of this, because as I said before my understanding was that conscription was not introduced into the Prussian Army until 1813?
    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    Well tell me where lived Danish, Frisian and Slavic (?) in old PLC.

    Well as already explained the lack of any accurate ethnic census from this period makes it difficult to be sure exactly where any ethnic group were settled in the 18th-19th century.

    However, using modern day national boundaries as a guide one can clearly see that the Kingdom of Prussia extended into large area's of Europe which are no longer considered to be a part of Germany, and so encompassed a number of modern day ethnic groups and nations within its boundaries, if not completely, then at least in part.
    Spoiler Alert, click show to read: 

    Based on map data of the IEG-Maps project (Andreas Kunz, B. Johnen and Joachim Robert Moeschl: University of Mainz) - http://www.ieg-maps.uni-mainz.de

    The Danish group you asked about would probably have been focussed in the area then known as the Duchy of Schleswig, which included most of Southern Jutland and a slice of Northern Frisia. I suspect that the Frisian ethnic group was much more widespread as it includes most of Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Northern Germany and was dissipated across most of Europe by the Viking Invasions. My own ancestry in East Anglia, England is said to be Frisian. The Danish ethnic group are equally if even not more widespread appearing in Northern England, Scotland, Ireland, Iceland, Western France and probably all around the Baltic. For example William the Bastard was of Danish ethnicity, Normandy having been colonised by Danes as part of the Viking expansion centuries before.
    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    No, Prussians forced many Poles and Lithuanians to service in their army and that was well known problem. In militarised country, where Prussian Army own their state which fought many wars, soldiers were needed. Look how growed Prussian Army in 18 century.

    The Prussian Army did not own the state, the Kingdom of Prussia was owned by the house of Hohenzollern. The quotation that the ‘Prussian state doesn’t own an army, but rather the that the Prussian Army owns a state.’ was just an amusing joke.

    But as I said before I'm interested to know how this was achieved. If Prussia did indeed have a conscription system in place during the 18th Century it would change a lot of history books.

    What they currently tell us is that until 1730 most locally recruited soldiers were recruited or impressed from Brandenburg-Prussia. However, this was leading to a heavy displacement of the population to neighbouring states as the people tried to avoid service in the army (a bit like Italy today). In 1730, Frederick William I tried to put a halt to this migration of his subjects by dividing Prussia into regimental cantons and decreed that every youth was required to serve as a soldier in these recruitment districts for three months each year; and these semi-trained men were then available as necessary to bolster the regular ranks.

    Some of these youths would obviously have been Poles or Lithuanians, but in effect the system would have included youths from every ethnic group encompassed within the canton areas.

    Even so there is no mention of these youths being forced to serve in the standing army, and no mention of any ethnic filtering taking place to limit such coercion to specific ethnic groups.

  8. #8

    Default Re: Prussian Army Regimental Names

    Quote Originally Posted by Didz
    So, I think we need to get the terminology clear for a start. As I understand it you are not talking about former subjects of the Kingdom of Poland, which did not exist after 1795, but of the ethnic group who consider themselves to be Poles, some of whom lived in the area which formed part of that state.
    Yes, I was talking about Polish, which in your mind were as ethnic group, but in my mind Polish was and still are the nation. From my point of view it dose not matter if national state exist or cased to exist, nation still is alive. What is more our national anthem tells "Poland did not perished yet, when we still alive" and this is in free translation on English.

    Maybe this is why in that case I have had nations on my mind. The ethnic group I can see as small group and sometime it can be as part of greater group - the nation. That is why I see Kashebian as ethnic group and Germans, Polish, Lithuanians as nations.

    Maybe this is why we have had some kind of misunderstanding there.

    Quote Originally Posted by Didz
    The Danish group you asked about ...
    It was my joke, because you was linked Danish with Polands partitions and I know that Danish did not lived in Poland and in Pruussia in masses at that period.

    But this time you put new map where we can see Schlezwig and Holstain as Prussian Provinces.
    It is quite useless and I belive you know that these territories were Danish Kingdom possessions during Napoleonic Wars.

    Quote Originally Posted by Didz
    The Prussian Army did not own the state, the Kingdom of Prussia was owned by the house of Hohenzollern. The quotation that the ‘Prussian state doesn’t own an army, but rather the that the Prussian Army owns a state.’ was just an amusing joke.
    He, he yes, it was my next one joke.

    However it was not amusing for many when Prussian Army went on front line. And that is why I used therm that many Polish and Lithuanians were forced to service in Prussian Army. It was not a question about conscription or any nations in Prussia, because many Germans or Poles must sometime servised in Prussian Army, however they can be nominal volunteers.

    In Polish case we have had more problems because Polish were not Germans and therefore many of them have little heart to fought for Prussian King. He was German and was some kind of enemy for many Polish eyes, because Prussians destroyed (partitioned) PLC. You know, Poland cased to exist, but Polish still alive. That is why they can surrendered to French and even made uprising in 1806, and then quickly created Polish Army, when Napoleon came to Polish land.
    I thought that it was known facts, for you too.

    Now I think that it is clear and we can back to the topic, how it says PoE.

    Regards exNowy
    Last edited by exNowy; October 29, 2010 at 06:46 PM.

  9. #9

    Default Re: Prussian Army Regimental Names

    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    Yes, I was talking about Polish, which in your mind were as ethnic group, but in my mind Polish was and still are the nation.

    Thank you for the clarification. So, essentially we are discussing ethnic Poles rather than people who formerly lived within the borders of the Kingdom of Poland, so we can ignore all the other ethnic groups that formed part of that nation prior to 1795.
    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    Maybe this is why in that case I have had nations on my mind. The ethnic group I can see as small group and sometime it can be as part of greater group - the nation. That is why I see Kashebian as ethnic group and Germans, Polish, Lithuanians as nations.

    Its an interesting distinction and one that has become increasingly blurred in modern times with growth of the nation state. For example I am English, and I consider that to be my nationality, but it isn’t my ethnicity. I am only English because I was born in England, ethnicly I'm Anglo-Saxon, and as far as I can tell specifically Frisian. So, my ancestors presumably arrived in Britain on a dragon boat some time after the Romans departed and settled in East Anglia (then Angle-Land) when England as country never existed and only became English after the dead of Alfred the Great.

    Since then the ethnic diversity of the English has continued to become more and more complex and that must be true of every other nation. It’s certainly true of the American’s, whose entire population must be able to trace their ethnic origin’s to other roots.

    So, its quite important when discussing Regiments to made a clear distinction between nationality and ethnicity. For example the Kings German Legion consisted of regiments raised from men of a certain ethnicity, whereas the Brunswick Regiments were raised on the basis of nationality.
    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    It was my joke, because you was linked Danish with Polands partitions and I know that Danish did not lived in Poland and in Prussia in masses at that period.
    I hadn’t intended to make such a link, I was merely making the point that the Kingdom of Prussia encompassed a wide range of different ethnic groups.
    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    However it was not amusing for many when Prussian Army went on front line. And that is why I used therm that many Polish and Lithuanians were forced to service in Prussian Army. It was not a question about conscription or any nations in Prussia, because many Germans or Poles must sometime servised in Prussian Army, however they can be nominal volunteers.

    I’m still not convinced that any specific force was employed to make ethnic Poles and Lithuanian’s serve in the Prussian Army beyond that which was employed to make anyone fight in the Prussian Army.

    The stories of the brutality of Prussian discipline are pretty well documented, but I’ve never seen any evidence that any special measures were taken against specific ethnic groups. I’d be interested to know if you have any such evidence from Polish historical sources, but as far as I can tell apart from a general reference to ‘impressment’ most Prussia soldiers were volunteers or professional soldiers.

    Certainly from 1730 onwards ethnic Poles living within the Prussian state would have been required to take part in the three months mandatory military training. But again that was a universal requirement and applied to young men of all ethnic backgrounds.
    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    That is why they can surrendered to French and even made uprising in 1806, and then quickly created Polish Army, when Napoleon came to Polish land. I thought that it was known facts, for you too.

    I actually don’t know much about the 1806 uprising, but of course I'm aware that after much lobbying and vacillation Napoleon finally agreed to establish the Duchy of Warsaw in 1807.

    Though as I understand it the Duchy of Warsaw did not cover the entire area lost during the partition of the Kingdom of Poland. In 1807 it consisted only of that area granted to Prussia by the 2nd and 3rd partitions around Pozen and then in 1809 some of the land granted to Austria around Krakow was added. However, the area that was annexed from Prussia was given back to them in 1815, by the Congress of Vienna. So, eventually it only consisted of the area annexed from Austria.

    Anyway!!!

    Getting back on topic is there anything else that needs to be covered by this thread on Regimental Names?

    I get the impression and PofE has just about done it all hasn't he, at least for the Prussian Army of 1806.
    Last edited by Didz; October 30, 2010 at 06:24 AM.

  10. #10
    Prince of Essling's Avatar Napoleonic Enthusiast
    Join Date
    Dec 2009
    Location
    Surrey, England
    Posts
    2,335

    Default Re: Prussian Army Regimental Names

    Quote Originally Posted by Didz View Post

    Anyway!!!

    Getting back on topic is there anything else that needs to be covered by this thread on Regimental Names?

    I get the impression and PofE has just about done it all hasn't he, at least for the Prussian Army of 1806.

    I will add the rest of the 1808 reorganisation later today & then move onto Wars of Liberation and 1815 in the next few, which should then I hope put this thread to bed - then onto Russia!

  11. #11
    Prince of Essling's Avatar Napoleonic Enthusiast
    Join Date
    Dec 2009
    Location
    Surrey, England
    Posts
    2,335

    Default Re: Prussian Army Regimental Names

    PRUSSIAN ARMY 1808

    Note Regiments tended to be known by their name rather than their number e.g. Pommersches Husaren Regiment rather than 5th Husaren Regiment

    Line Infantry 1808

    Nr1 (1st Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr2 (1st Pommersches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr3 (2nd Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr4 (3rd Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr5 (4th Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr6 (1st Westpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr7 (2nd Westpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr8 Garde-Regiment zu Fuß
    Nr9 Leib-Infantrie Regiment
    Nr10 Colberg Infantrie Regiment
    Nr11 (1st Schlesisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr12 (2nd Schlesisches) Infantrie Regiment

    Jäger & Schϋtzen

    1st Jäger-Bataillon (Garde-Jäger)
    2nd Ostpreussisches Jäger-Bataillon
    3rd Schlesisches Schϋtzen Bataillon

    Cavalry 1808

    Cuirassiers
    1st Schlesisches Kϋrassier Regiment
    2nd Ostpreussisches Kϋrassier Regiment
    3rd Garde du Corps Regiment
    4th Brandenburgisches Kϋrassier Regiment

    Dragoons
    1st Königin Dragoner Regiment
    2nd Dragoner (1st Westpreussisches) Regiment
    3rd Dragoner (Littauisches) Regiment
    4th Dragoner (2nd Westpreussisches) Regiment
    5th Dragoner (Brandenburgisches) Regiment
    6th Dragoner (Neumarkisches) Regiment

    Hussars
    1st (1st Leib) Husaren Regiment
    2nd (2nd Leib) Husaren Regiment
    3rd (1st Brandenburgisches) Husaren Regiment
    4th (2nd Brandenburgisches) Husaren Regiment - disbanded in 1809 after Schill's unauthorised invasion of Westphalia.
    5th (Pommersches) Husaren Regiment
    6th (Oberschlesisches) Husaren Regiment
    7th (Niederschlesisches) Husaren Regiment

    Lancers
    1st Uhlanen (1st Westpreussisches) Regiment
    2nd Uhlanen (1st Schlesisches) Regiment
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; October 30, 2010 at 05:51 PM. Reason: addition to Hussar entry for 1808

  12. #12

    Default Re: Prussian Army Regimental Names

    I thought you were planning to start a new thread for the 1808 organisation.

    (btw: Have you got the details of the Reserve Regiments, Grenadier Battalions and Landwehr Regiments. I seem to remember you saying you had. If not then I'll start pulling those together by I only have a copy of Nash.)
    Last edited by Didz; October 30, 2010 at 02:58 PM.

  13. #13
    Prince of Essling's Avatar Napoleonic Enthusiast
    Join Date
    Dec 2009
    Location
    Surrey, England
    Posts
    2,335

    Default Re: Prussian Army Regimental Names

    Quote Originally Posted by Didz View Post
    I thought you were planning to start a new thread for the 1808 organisation.

    (btw: Have you got the details of the Reserve Regiments, Grenadier Battalions and Landwehr Regiments. I seem to remember you saying you had. If not then I'll start pulling those together by I only have a copy of Nash.)
    Most sorry if I gave you the impression that I was going to start a new thread. My intention all along had been to to keep on adding to this thread so that all of the information was stored in a single place to make retrieval simple unlike at present where I have to keep on looking at multiple books, booklets etc.

    Many thanks I do have full details for the Reserve Regiments, Grenadier Battalions and Landwehr Regiments. Am currently about 60% of the way to being able to publish the Regimental names for the Wars of Liberation. I am planning to roll it out during the course of tomorrow.

  14. #14

    Default Re: Prussian Army Regimental Names

    No problem, I was just going by your comments in post #6, but if you now think it best to keep it all together in one topic thats up to you.

    It might be better the summarize all the regimental information in the opening post though, as ExNowy and I have managed to make a right mess of this thread with all our ramblings about Poles

  15. #15
    Prince of Essling's Avatar Napoleonic Enthusiast
    Join Date
    Dec 2009
    Location
    Surrey, England
    Posts
    2,335

    Default Re: Prussian Army Regimental Names

    Quote Originally Posted by Didz View Post
    No problem, I was just going by your comments in post #6, but if you now think it best to keep it all together in one topic thats up to you.
    Quote Originally Posted by Didz View Post

    It might be better the summarize all the regimental information in the opening post though, as ExNowy and I have managed to make a right mess of this thread with all our ramblings about Poles
    Thanks - loose use of thread by me! Will do as you suggest once have put all info down.

    Wars of Liberation 1813-14
    Note Regiments tended to be known by their name rather than their number e.g. Pommersches Husaren Regiment rather than 5th Husaren Regiment


    Line Infantry 1813-15
    Each regiment consisted of two Musketeer Battalions of four companies each, a Fusilier Battalion of four Companies, used as light troops, and two Grenadier Companies, grouped in independent Battalions.

    Nr1 (1st Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr2 (1st Pommersches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr3 (2nd Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr4 (3rd Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr5 (4th Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr6 (1st Westpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr7 (2nd Westpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr8 Garde-Regiment zu Fuß
    Nr9 Leib-Infantrie Regiment
    Nr10 Colberg Infantry Regiment
    Nr11 (1st Schlesisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr12 (2nd Schlesisches) Infantrie Regiment

    The 1st Garde-Regiment zu Fuß was taken out of the line on 1 July 1813 and a 2nd Garde-Regiment zu Fuß was formed on 19 June 1813 (from the Normal-Infanterie-Bataillon which was drill unit & from Infantrie Regiments 9 & 10). A new line unit – the Brandenburgisches Infanterie Regiment was formed resulting in:

    Nr1 (1st Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr2 (1st Pommersches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr3 (2nd Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr4 (3rd Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr5 (4th Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr6 (1st Westpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr7 (2nd Westpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr8 Leib-Infantrie Regiment
    Nr9 Colberg Infantry Regiment
    Nr10 (1st Schlesisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr11 (2nd Schlesisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr12 (Brandenburgisches) Infanterie Regiment

    Grenadiers
    (regiments that troops were drawn from – early 1813)
    1st Ostpreussisches Grenadier Bataillon (1, 3)
    2nd Ostpreussisches Grenadier Bataillon (4, 5)
    Pommersches Grenadier Bataillon (2, 10)
    Leib-Grenadier Bataillon (9)
    Westpreussisches Grenadier Bataillon (6, 7)
    Schlesisches Grenadier Bataillon (11, 12)

    In October 1814 two Garde Grenadier Regiments were formed – “Kaiser Alexander” No 1 and “Kaiser Franz” No 2 - from the grenadier battalions.

    Jäger & Schϋtzen

    1st Jäger-Bataillon (Garde-Jäger)
    2nd Ostpreussisches Jäger-Bataillon
    3rd Schlesisches Schϋtzen Bataillon

    Reserve Infantry 1813

    1st Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    2nd Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    3rd Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    4th Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    5th Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    6th Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    7th Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    8th Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    9th Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    10th Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    11th Reserve Infantrie Regiment
    12th Reserve Infantrie Regiment

    Cavalry 1813

    Cuirassiers
    1st Schlesisches Kϋrassier Regiment
    2nd Ostpreussisches Kϋrassier Regiment
    3rd Garde du Corps Regiment
    4th Brandenburgisches Kϋrassier Regiment

    Dragoons
    1st Königin Dragoner Regiment
    2nd Dragoner (1st Westpreussisches) Regiment
    3rd Dragoner (Littauisches) Regiment
    4th Dragoner (2nd Westpreussisches) Regiment
    5th Dragoner (Brandenburgisches) Regiment
    6th Dragoner (Neumarkisches) Regiment
    Garde-Normal-Dragoner-Kompagnie

    Hussars
    1st (1st Leib) Husaren Regiment
    2nd (2nd Leib) Husaren Regiment
    3rd (1st Brandenburgisches) Husaren Regiment
    4th (1st Schlesisches) Husaren Regiment
    5th (Pommersches) Husaren Regiment
    6th (2nd Schlesisches) Husaren Regiment
    Garde-Normal-Husaren-Kompagnie

    Lancers
    1st Ulanen (1st Westpreussisches) Regiment
    2nd Ulanen (1st Schlesisches) Regiment
    3rd Ulanen (Brandenburgisches) Regiment
    Garde-Ulanen-Eskadron
    Garde-Kosaken-Eskadron (raised 1813)

    Note: In February 1813 the Garde-Ulanen-Eskadron, Garde-Normal-Husaren-Kompagnie & Garde-Normal-Dragoner-Kompagnie were joined together to form the Leichte-Garde-Kavallerie Regiment.

    Landwehr – Infantry & Cavalry 1813-14


    Ostpreussisches (East Prussia )
    1st April 1813 there were 20 battalions (numbered 1 to 20) and organised into 5 brigades.
    10th August 1813 the 20 battalions were organised into 5 Regiments (numbered 1 to 5).
    1st April 1813 there were 5 Kavalrie-Abtheilung (numbered 1 to 5) attached to the Infantry Brigades.
    10th August 1813 there were 21 squadrons organised into 5 Regiments (numbered 1 to 5).

    Westpreussisches (West Prussia)
    By June 1813 there were 10 battalions organised into 3 brigades – the 1st with 4 battalions, the battalions were numbered 1 to 4, the other 2 brigades had 3 battalions each numbered 1 to 3.
    27th July 1813 the old organisation was dissolved. The now 11 battalions were organised into 3 regiments (the 2nd had 3 battalions). The regiments were numbered 1 to 3.
    By June 1813 there were 3 Kavalrie-Abtheilung (numbered 1 to 3) attached to the Infantry Brigades.
    27th July 1813 there were 9 squadrons organised into 3 regiments (numbered 1 to 3).

    Schlesisches (Silesia)
    July/August 1813 there were 68 battalions organised into 17 regiments (numbered 1 to 17). There were also 40squadrons organised into 10 regiments numbered 1 to 10.
    At the end of December 1813, although infantry organisation was the same, the cavalry had grown to 46 squadrons still organised in 10 regiments (no breakdown found).

    Kurmarkisches (Kurmark)
    April 1813 there were 28 battalions organised into 7 brigades numbered 1 to 7 (in each brigade battalions were numbered 1 to 4).
    By August 1813 there were 26 battalions organised into 7 regiments (numbered 1 to 7 – the 1st regiment had just 2 battalions).
    April 1813 there were 7 Kavalrie-Abtheilung (numbered 1 to 7) attached to the Infantry Brigades.
    By August 1813 there were 28 squadrons organised into 7 regiments (numbered 1 to 7).

    Neumarkisches (Neumark)
    April 1813 there were 12 battalions organised into 3 brigades numbered 1 to 3 (in each brigade battalions were numbered 1 to 4).
    August 1813 the Brigades became regiments 1 to 3.
    April 1813 1813 there were 2 Kavalrie-Abtheilung (numbered 1 & 2) attached to the first two Infantry Brigades.
    August 1813 the Kavalrie-Abtheilung became regiments 1 & 2 each with 4 squadrons.

    Pommersches (Pommeranian)
    1st June 1813 there were 12 battalions organised into 3 brigades numbered 1 to 3 (in each brigade battalions were numbered 1 to 4).
    August 1813 the Brigades became regiments 1 to 3.
    April 1813 1813 there were 3 Kavalrie-Abtheilung (numbered 1 to 3) attached to the Infantry Brigades.
    August 1813 the Kavalrie-Abtheilung became regiments 1 to 3 each with 4 squadrons.

    Elbisches (Elbe)
    By 1 March 1814 there were 12 battalions organised into 3 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 3) and 1 Kavalrie Regiment (Elbisches Landwehr-Kavalrie-Regiment) with 5 squadrons.


    Westfälisches (Westphalia)
    Between nNovemeber 1813 and March 1814 there were 19 battalions organised into 5 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 5) – Nr 5 had 3 battalions.
    1 Kavalrie Regiments (Westfälisches Landwehr-Kavalrie-Regiment) with 6 squadrons.

    Bergisches (Berg)
    During December 1813 there were 4 battalions organised.

    Inaddition 10 ½ 6pdr Fussbatteries and 1 6pdr Reitende batterie were organised.
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; November 01, 2010 at 06:27 PM. Reason: addition of Landwehr

  16. #16

    Default Re: Prussian Army Regimental Names

    Thanks PoE, I'm glad you explained the business about the Nr12 (Brandenburgisches) Infanterie Regiment. Nash doesn't explain that very well in my opinion and I've been wondering how it came about. +rep

    He also classifies it as a Reserve Regiment, but purely on the grounds that its orgnaisation and dress was non-standard.
    Last edited by Didz; November 01, 2010 at 08:40 AM.

  17. #17
    Prince of Essling's Avatar Napoleonic Enthusiast
    Join Date
    Dec 2009
    Location
    Surrey, England
    Posts
    2,335

    Default Re: Prussian Army Regimental Names

    Last part of this thread for 1815- other than consolidating information into 1st post :

    1815
    Note Regiments tended to be known by their name rather than their number e.g. Pommersches Husaren Regiment rather than 5th Husaren Regiment

    Line Infantry 1815
    Each regiment consisted of two Musketeer Battalions of four companies each, a Fusilier Battalion of four Companies, used as light troops.

    Nr1 (1st Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr2 (1st Pommersches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr3 (2nd Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr4 (3rd Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr5 (4th Ostpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr6 (1st Westpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr7 (2nd Westpreussisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr8 Leib (1st Brandenburgisches)-Infantrie Regiment
    Nr9 Colberg (2nd Pommersches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr10 (1st Schlesisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr11 (2nd Schlesisches) Infantrie Regiment
    Nr12 (2nd Brandenburgisches) Infanterie Regiment
    Nr13 Infantrie Regiment - former 1st Reserve Infantrie Regt (RIR) - 1st Westfälisches in 1816
    Nr14 Infantrie Regiment – former 2nd RIR - 3rd Pommersches in 1816
    Nr15 Infantrie Regiment – former 3rd RIR - 2nd Westfälisches in 1816
    Nr16 Infantrie Regiment – former 4th RIR - 3rd Westfälisches in 1816
    Nr17 Infantrie Regiment – former 5th RIR - 4th Westfälisches in 1816
    Nr18 Infantrie Regiment – former 6th RIR - 1st Posen in 1816
    Nr19 Infantrie Regiment – former 7th RIR - 2nd Posen in 1816
    Nr20 Infanterie Regiment – former 8th RIR - 3rd Brandenburgisches in 1816
    Nr21 Infantrie Regiment – former 9th RIR - 4th Pommersches in 1816
    Nr22 Infantrie Regiment – former 10th RIR - 1st Oberschlesisches in 1816
    Nr23 Infantrie Regiment – former 11th RIR - 2nd Oberschlesisches in 1816
    Nr24 Infanterie Regiment – former 12th RIR - 4th Brandenburgisches in 1816
    Nr25 Infantrie Regiment – former Lϋtzow Freicorps - 1st Rheinisches in 1816
    Nr26 Infanterie Regiment – former Elbe Infantrie Regiment - 1st Magdeburgisches in 1816
    Nr27 Infanterie Regiment – from mix of former units - 2nd Magdeburgisches in 1816
    Nr28 Infantrie Regiment – formerly 1st Berg Infantrie Regiment - 2nd Rheinisches in 1816
    Nr29 Infantrie Regiment – former 2nd Berg Infantrie Regiment - 3rd Rheinisches in 1816
    Nr30 Infantrie Regiment – former 1st Regiment Russo-German Legion - 4th Rheinisches in 1816
    Nr31 Infantrie Regiment - former 2nd Regiment Russo-German Legion - 1st Thϋringisches in 1816
    Nr32 Infantrie Regiment – from mix of Landwehr units - 2nd Thϋringisches in 1816

    Note: Infantrie Regiments 13 to 32 did not receive a Provincial designation until the AKO of 5th November 1816.

    Jäger & Schϋtzen

    1st Jäger-Bataillon (Garde-Jäger) removed from the Line on 21 June 1815
    2nd Ostpreussisches Jäger-Bataillon
    3rd Schlesisches Schϋtzen Bataillon
    4th Rheinisches Schϋtzen Bataillon
    5th Magdeburgisches Jäger-Bataillon
    Garde- Schϋtzen-Bataillon

    Cavalry 1815

    Cuirassiers
    1st Schlesisches Kϋrassier Regiment
    2nd Ostpreussisches Kϋrassier Regiment
    3rd Brandenburgisches Kϋrassier Regiment
    4th Kϋrassier Regiment - became "Magdeburgisches" in 1816

    Dragoons
    1st Königin Dragoner Regiment
    2nd Dragoner (1st Westpreussisches) Regiment
    3rd Dragoner (Littauisches) Regiment
    4th Dragoner (2nd Westpreussisches) Regiment
    5th Dragoner (Brandenburgisches) Regiment
    6th Dragoner (Neumarkisches) Regiment
    7th Dragoner Regiment - became "Rheinisches" in 1816
    8th Dragoner Regiment - became "Magdeburgisches" in 1816

    Hussars
    1st (1st Leib) Husaren Regiment
    2nd (2nd Leib) Husaren Regiment
    3rd (1st Brandenburgisches) Husaren Regiment
    4th (1st Schlesisches) Husaren Regiment
    5th (Pommersches) Husaren Regiment
    6th (2nd Schlesisches) Husaren Regiment
    7th (Westpreussisches) Husaren Regiment
    8th Husaren Regiment - became "1st Westfälisches" in 1816
    9th Husaren Regiment - became "Rheinisches" in 1816
    10th Husaren Regiment - became "1st Magdeburgisches" in 1816
    11th Husaren Regiment - became "2nd Westfälisches" in 1816
    12th) Husaren Regiment - "2nd Magdeburgisches" in 1816

    Lancers
    1st Ulanen (1st Westpreussisches) Regiment
    2nd Ulanen (1st Schlesisches) Regiment
    3rd Ulanen (Brandenburgisches) Regiment
    4th Ulanen Regiment - became "Pommersches" in 1816
    5th Ulanen Regiment - became "Westfälisches" in 1816
    6th Ulanen Regiment - became "2nd Westpreussisches" in 1816
    7th Ulanen Regiment - became "1st Rheinisches" in 1816
    8th Ulanen Regiment - became "2nd Rheinisches" in 1816

    Guard
    Garde du Corps Regiment
    Garde-Dragoner-Regiment
    Garde-Ulanen-Regiment
    Garde-Husaren-Regiment
    1st Garde-Regiment zu Fuß
    2nd Garde-Regiment zu Fuß
    1st Garde Grenadier “Kaiser Alexander” Regiment
    2nd Garde Grenadier “Kaiser Franz” Regiment
    Garde-Jäger-Bataillon
    Garde-Schϋtzen-Bataillon


    Landwehr – Infantry & Cavalry 1815

    Ostpreussisches (East Prussia )
    5 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 5) each of 3 field battalions.
    5 Kavalrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 5) – all with 2 squadrons except the 2nd with 4.

    Westpreussisches (West Prussia)
    2 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 & 2) each with 3 field battalions.
    3 Kavalrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 3) – all with 3 squadrons except Nr 3 with 2.

    Schlesisches (Silesia)
    15 Infanterie Regiments (numbered 1 to 15) each with 3 field battalions.
    8 Kavalrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 5) – all with 2 squadrons

    Kurmarkisches (Kurmark)
    7 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 7) each with 3 field battalions.
    7 Kavalrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 3) – 30 squadrons in total.

    Neumarkisches (Neumark)
    3 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 3) each with 3 field battalions.
    2 Kavalrie Regiments (numbered 1 &2) – each with 3 squadrons.

    Pommersches (Pommerania)
    3 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 3) each with 3 field battalions.
    3 Kavalrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 3) – all with 3 squadrons.

    Elbisches (Elbe)
    4 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 4) each with 3 field battalions.
    1 Kavalrie Regiments (Elbisches Landwehr-Kavalrie-Regiment) with 4 squadrons.

    Westfälisches (Westphalia)
    5 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 5) each with 3 field battalions.
    1 Kavalrie Regiments (Westfälisches Landwehr-Kavalrie-Regiment) with 4 squadrons.

    Bergisches (Berg)
    1 Infantrie Regiment (Bergisches Landwehr-Infanterie-Regiment) with 3 field battalions.

    Saechsisches (Saxony)
    2 Infantrie Regiments from Obersaechsisches (numbered 1 & 2) each with 3 field battalions.
    2 Infantrie Regiments from Thueringisches [Thuringia] (numbered 1 & 2) each with 3 field battalions.
    1 Kavalrie Regiment (Thueringisches Landwehr-Kavalrie-Regiment) - strength not confirmed.

    Rheinisches (Rhineland)
    8 Infantrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 8) each with 3 field battalions.
    3 Kavalrie Regiments (numbered 1 to 3) with 4 squadrons.
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; November 03, 2010 at 07:54 AM. Reason: formatting + change to regimental designations

  18. #18

    Default Re: Prussian Army Regimental Names

    Nash claims RIR Nr13-24 were given the following provincial designations in March 1815

    Nr13 (1st Westfalsches) Infantrie Regiment - former 1st Reserve Infantrie Regt (RIR)
    Nr14 (3rd Pommersches) Infantrie Regiment – former 2nd RIR
    Nr15 (2nd Westfalsches) Infantrie Regiment – former 3rd RIR
    Nr16 (3rd Westfalsches) Infantrie Regiment – former 4th RIR
    Nr17 (4th Westfalsches) Infantrie Regiment – former 5th RIR
    Nr18 (1st Posensches) Infantrie Regiment – former 6th RIR
    Nr19 (2nd Posensches) Infantrie Regiment – former 7th RIR
    Nr20 (3rd Brandenburgisches) Infanterie Regiment – former 8th RIR
    Nr21 (4th Pommersches) Infantrie Regiment – former 9th RIR
    Nr22 (1st Oberschlesisches) Infantrie Regiment – former 10th RIR
    Nr23 (2nd Oberschlesisches)Infantrie Regiment – former 11th RIR
    Nr24 (4th Brandenburgisches) Infanterie Regiment – former 12th RIR

  19. #19
    Prince of Essling's Avatar Napoleonic Enthusiast
    Join Date
    Dec 2009
    Location
    Surrey, England
    Posts
    2,335

    Default Re: Prussian Army Regimental Names

    Quote Originally Posted by Didz View Post
    Nash claims RIR Nr13-24 were given the following provincial designations in March 1815
    I have also seen other designations as well, but the more I have read, the more convinced I have become that Nash (who I thought was close to the almighty on the Prussian Army) is wrong on this point! I also now need to amend the 1815 list and remove designations from the newly raised cavalry units as well.

    "A common misconception, found in many English publications on the Prussian army, that the other regiments were given provincial designations, too, when they were renamed or newly formed in 1815. In fact, these new regiments did not receive any provincial designation until the AKO of 5th November 1816. For example the 13. Infanterie-Regiment was not named the 13. Infanterie-Regiment (1. Westphälisches) until that day. With the same AKO, also the first twelve regiments included their numbers into their names, e.g. the 1. Pommersches Infanterie-Regiment was named 2. Infanterie-Regiment (1. Pommersches) from that date onwards.
    The reason why the infantry regiments 13 to 32 did not yet receive a provincial denomination in 1815 was that the final denomination of the regiments (and especially their repartition in garrsions in the provinces of the Prussian monarchy) had not yet been decided."

    See extract at http://lboro.academia.edu/StephenSummerfield/Papers/160298/_2009_Prussian_Infantry_1808-1840_Volume_2_-_Jager_Reserve_and_New_Regiments_1813-40

    Also see the OoB of the Prussians as mobilised for 1815
    http://www.cgsc.edu/CARL/nafziger/815CAH.pdf

  20. #20

    Default Re: Prussian Army Regimental Names

    Interesting, I figured it would have to be something like that. Of course the same is true of many British Regiments, which didn't get their official county designations until after Waterloo, but people still like to use them.

Page 1 of 2 1 2 LastLast

Tags for this Thread

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •