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Thread: Austrian Army Regimental Names

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    Default Austrian Army Regimental Names

    In response to calicheSCOTS request in the British Army thread, I thought I would put together an Army list for Austria (and others will follow) - drawn on Napoleon Series, Osprey's MAA, Napoleonic Association, Pivka's "Armies of the Napoleonic Wars", Haythornwaite's "Napoleonic Source Book", Bowden's "Armies on the Danube 1809", Rothenburg's "Napoleon's Greatest Adversary", Rawkins "The Austo-Hungarian Army 1798-1815"; Knotel's "Uniforms of the World" etc. (This consolidates my & Didz's threads for ease of reference).

    Austrian Infantry (nationality & recruitment area in bracket - note nationality merely dictates size of companies, Hungarian companies are larger than the rest):

    Infantry Regiment Nr. 1 (German - Moravia)
    1792-1806: Infantry Regiment ‘Kaiser Franz II’ Nr. 1 [Kaiser Franz II (12.02.1768-02.10.1835) became Kaiser Franz of Austria when the Holy Roman Empire was dissolved on 06.08.1806]
    1806-1835: Infantry Regiment ‘Kaiser Franz I’ Nr. 1
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 2 (Hungarian - Hungary)
    1761-1806: Infantry Regiment ‘Erzherzog Ferdinand’ Nr. 2
    1806-1814: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Hiller’ Nr. 2
    1814-1825: Infantry Regiment ‘Kaiser von Russland’ Nr. 2
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 3 (German - Lower Austria)
    1780-1847: Infantry Regiment ‘Erzherzog Karl’ Nr. 3
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 4 (German - Lower Austria)
    1792-1804: Infantry Regiment ‘Deutschmeister’ Nr. 4
    1804-1814: Infantry Regiment ‘Deutschmeister’ Nr. 4
    1814-1835: Infantry Regiment ‘Hoch und Deutschmeister’ Nr. 4
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 5/Garrison Regiment Nr. 1 (German)
    1766-1808: Garrison Regiment Nr. 1 [1] (no colonels-in-chief appointed) - disbanded in 1808 and the regimental designation “Nr. 5” remained vacant for the remainder of the Napoleonic Wars.
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 6/Garrison Regiment Nr. 2 (German)
    1775-1808: Garrison Regiment Nr. 2 [1] (no colonels-in-chief appointed) - disbanded in 1808 and the regimental designation “Nr. 6” remained vacant for the remainder of the Napoleonic Wars.
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 7 (German - Moravia)
    1783-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Schroder’ Nr. 7
    1809-1814: Infantry Regiment ‘Grossherzog von Wurzburg’ Nr. 7
    1814-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Granduca di Toscana’ Nr. 7
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 8 (German - Moravia)
    1792-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Huff’ Nr. 8
    1799-1801: vacant
    1801-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Erzherzog Ludwig’ Nr. 8
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 9 (Walloon, later Polish - Wallonia, later Galicia)
    1792-1798: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Clerfayt’ Nr. 9
    1798-1802: vacant
    1802-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Furst Czartoryski’ Nr. 9
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 10 (German - Bohemia)
    1792-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Keuhll’ Nr. 10
    1799-1802: vacant
    1802-1806: Infantry Regiment ‘Markgraf von Ansbach und Bayreuth’ Nr. 10
    1806-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Mittrowski’ Nr. 10
    1809-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr Reisky von Dubnitz’ Nr. 10
    Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 11 (German - Bohemia)
    1792-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Michael, Graf Wallis’ Nr. 11
    1799-1801: vacant
    1801-1853: Infantry Regiment ‘Erzherzog Ranier’ Nr. 11
    Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 12 (German - Moravia)
    1792-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Marchese Manfredini’ Nr. 12
    1809-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Furst zu Liechtenstein’ Nr. 12
    Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 13 (German, later Italian - Inner Austria)
    1786-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr Reisky’ Nr. 13
    1809: disbanded
    1814: reformed
    1815-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Wimpffen’ Nr. 13
    Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 14 (German - Upper Austria)
    1788-1811: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Klebeck’ Nr. 14
    1811-1831: Infantry Regiment ‘Erzherzog Rudoph’ Nr. 14
    Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 15 (German - Bohemia)
    1792-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Prinz zu Oranien’ Nr. 15
    1799-1801: vacant
    1801: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Riese’ Nr. 15
    1806-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Zach’ Nr. 15
    Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 16 (German - Styria)
    1778-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr Terzi’ Nr. 16
    1799-1802: vacant
    1802-1806: Infantry Regiment ‘Erzherzog Rudolph’ Nr. 16
    1806-1832: Infantry Regiment ‘Marquis Lusignan’ Nr. 16
    Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 17 (German - Bohemia)
    1792-1796: Infantry Regiment ‘Furst Hohenlohe’ Nr. 17
    1796-1801: vacant
    1801-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Prinz Reuss’ Nr. 17
    Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 18 (German - Bohemia)
    1791-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Stuart’ Nr. 18
    1809-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf d’Aspre’ Nr. 18
    1809-1817: Infantry Regiment ‘Prinz Reuss zu Greiz’
    Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 19 (Hungarian - Hungary)
    1786-1810: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr Alvinczy’ Nr. 19
    1810-1813: vacant
    1813-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Prinz zu Hessen-Homburg’ Nr. 19
    Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 20 (German - Silesia)
    1785-1826: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Kaunitz-Rietberg’ Nr. 20
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 21 (German - Bohemia)
    1778-1808: Infantry Regiment ‘Gemmingen’ Nr. 21
    1808-1810: Infantry Regiment ‘Prinz Rohan’ Nr. 21
    1810-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Albrecht, Graf Gyulai’ Nr. 21
    Notes: Three infantry regiments were designated ‘Gyulai’ during the Napoleonic Wars: Nrs. 21 [‘Albrecht, Graf Gyulai von Maros-Nemeth und Nadaska’]; Nr. 32 [‘Samuel, Graf Gyulai von Maros-Nemeth und Nadaska]; Nr. 60 [‘Ignaz, Graf Gyulai von Maros-Nemeth und Nadaska’].
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 22 (German - Illyria, later Moravia)
    1758-1801: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Lacy’ Nr. 22
    1801-1802: vacant
    1802-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Sachsen-Koburg-Saalfeld’ Nr. 22
    1815-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Herzog von Nassau’ Nr. 22
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 23 (German, later Polish?/Italian? - Lower Austria, later Galicia)
    1790-1802: Infantry Regiment ‘Granduca Fernando III di Toscana’ Nr. 23
    1802-1805: Infantry Regiment ‘Kurfurst von Salzburg’ Nr. 23
    1805-1807: Infantry Regiment ‘Kurfust von Wurzburg’ Nr. 23
    1807-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Grossherzog von Wurzburg’ Nr. 23
    1809: disbanded
    1814: reformed
    1815-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr Mauroy’ Nr. 23
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 24 (German, later Polish - Lower Austria, later Galicia)
    1771-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Preiss’ Nr. 24
    1799-1801: vacant
    1801-1806: Infantry Regiment ‘Furst von Auersperg’ Nr. 24
    1806-1808: vacant
    1808-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Strauch’ Nr. 24
    Notes: When a regiment had no current colonel-in-chief, it was designated ‘vacant + the surname of the previous colonel-in-chief’ (in 1799, this regiment would be designated Infantry Regiment ‘vacant Freiherr von Preiss’ Nr. 24).
    Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 25 (German - Bohemia)
    1783-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Brechainville’ Nr. 25
    1799-1801: vacant
    1801-1806: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Spork’ Nr. 25
    1806-1808: vacant
    1808-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Zedtwitz’ Nr. 25
    1809-1810: vacant
    1810-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr de Vaux’ Nr. 25
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 26 (German - Carinthia)
    1790-1800: Infantry Regiment ‘Schroder’ Nr. 26
    1800-1803: vacant
    1803-1814: Infantry Regiment ‘Hohenlohe’ Nr. 26
    1814-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Wilhelm, Prinz von Oranien-Nassau’ Nr. 26
    1815-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Konig von Niederlande’ Nr. 26
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 27 (German - Styria, later Inner Austria)
    1761-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Strassoldo’ Nr. 27 – sources differ on 1761 or 1791
    1809-1825: Infantry Regiment ‘Marquis de Chasteler’ Nr. 27
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 28 (German - Bohemia)
    1779-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Wartensleben’ Nr. 28
    1799-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Frelich’ Nr. 28
    1815-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Kutschera’ Nr. 28
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 29 (German - Moravia)
    1791-1803: Infantry Regiment ‘Oliver, Graf Wallis’ Nr. 29
    1803-1815:Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Lindenau’ Nr. 29
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 30 (Walloon - Wallonia)
    1770-1814: Infantry Regiment ‘Furst de Ligne’ Nr. 30
    1814-1815: vacant
    1815-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Nugent’ Nr. 30
    Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 31 (Hungarian - Transylvania)
    1792-1794: Infantry Regiment ‘Beaulieu’ Nr. 31
    1794-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Benjowsky’ Nr. 31
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 32 (Hungarian - Hungary)
    1773-1802: Infantry Regiment ‘Samuel, Graf Gyulai’ Nr. 32
    1802-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Furst Eszterhazy’ Nr. 32
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 33 (Hungarian - Hungary)
    1791-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Sztaray’ Nr. 33
    1809-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Colloredo-Mansfeld’ Nr. 33
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 34 (Hungarian - Hungary)
    1792-1794: Infantry Regiment ‘Antal, Furst Eszterhazy’ Nr. 34
    1794-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr Kray’ Nr. 34
    1799-1804: vacant
    1804-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Davidovich’ Nr. 34
    1815-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Prinz zu Wied-Runkel’ Nr. 34
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 35 (German - Bohemia)
    1792-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Wenkheim’ Nr. 35
    1799-1803: vacant
    1803-1807: Infantry Regiment ‘Erzherzog Maximilian’ Nr. 35
    1807-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Erzherzog Rudolph’ Nr. 35
    1809-1819: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Mercy’ Nr. 35
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 36 (German - Bohemia)
    1792-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Furst zu Furstenberg’ Nr. 36
    1799-1801: vacant
    1801-1816: Infantry Regiment ‘Kolowrat-Krakowsky’ Nr. 36
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 37 (Hungarian - Hungary)
    1792-1798: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr de Vins’ Nr. 37
    1798-1803: vacant
    1803-1807: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Auffenberg’ Nr. 37
    1807-1808: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf von Auersperg’ Nr. 37
    1808-1813: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Weidenfeld’ Nr. 37
    1813-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Mariassy’ Nr. 37
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 38 (German?/Wallon? – sources conflict on nationality, later Italian - Wallonia)
    1785-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Herzog von Wurttemberg’ Nr. 38
    1809: disbanded
    1814: reformed
    1815-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Prohaska’ Nr. 38
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 39 (Hungarian - Hungary)
    1787-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Nadasdy’ Nr.
    1799-1803: vacant
    1803-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr Duka’ Nr. 39
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 40 (German - Moravia)
    1786-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Mittrowski’ Nr. 40
    1809-1834: Infantry Regiment ‘Herzog von Wurttemberg’ Nr. 40
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 41 (German, later Polish - Galicia)
    1792-1798: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Bender’ Nr. 41
    1798-1805: vacant
    1805-1808: Infantry Regiment ‘Herzog von Sachsen-Hildburghausen’ Nr. 41
    1808-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Kottulinski’ Nr. 41
    1815-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Hohenlohe-Bartenstein’ Nr. 41
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 42 (German - Bohemia)
    1792-1793: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Matheson’ Nr. 42
    1793-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Erbach-Schonberg’ Nr. 42
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 43 (German, later Italian - Carinthia/Inner Austria)
    1775-1806: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Thurn’ Nr. 43
    1806-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Simbschen’ Nr. 43
    1809: dissolved
    1814: reformed
    1815-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Furst Paar’ Nr. 43
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 44 (Italian?/German? ? – sources conflict on nationality,later Polish - Italy, later ??)
    1792-1799: Infantry Regiment ‘Belgiojoso’ Nr. 44
    1799-1801: vacant
    1801-1845: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Bellegarde’ Nr. 44
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 45 (German - Lower Austria/Styria, later Italy)
    1776-1806: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Lattermann’ Nr. 45
    1806-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr de Vaux’ Nr. 45
    1809: dissolved; still unreformed in 1815
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 46 (German, later Polish - Galicia)
    1786-1808: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Neugebauer’ Nr. 46
    1808-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Marquis de Chasteler’ Nr. 46
    1809: dissolved; still unreformed in 1815
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 47 (German - Bohemia)
    1779-1805: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Kinsky’ Nr. 47
    1805-1822: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Vogelsang’ Nr. 47
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 48 (Italian, later Hungarian - Hungary) [Some sources say Infantry Regiment Nr. 48 was ‘newly-raised’ when Vukassovich assumed command in 1799. The regiment, however, was not a completely-newformation (the formerly-Italian unit had been disbanded from 1795 to 1798)
    1792-1795: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Schmidtfeld’ Nr. 48
    1795: disbanded [1]
    1798: reformed
    1799-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Vukassovich’ Nr. 48
    1809-1815: Line Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Simbschen’ Nr. 48
    1815-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Radivojevich’ Nr. 48
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 49 (German - Lower Austria)
    1792-1796: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Pellegrini’ Nr. 49
    1796: vacant
    1797-1823: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Kerpen’ Nr. 49
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 50 (German - Upper Austria)
    1773-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Stain’ Nr. 50
    1809: disbanded; still unrefomed in 1815
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 51 (Hungarian - Transylvania)
    1788-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr Splenyi’ Nr. 51
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 52 (Hungarian - Hungary)
    1791-1804: Infantry Regiment ‘Erzherzog Anton’ Nr. 52
    1804-1878: Infantry Regiment ‘Erzherzog Franz’ Nr. 52
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 53 (Hungarian - Slavonia)
    1791-1814: Infantry Regiment ‘Johann, Freiherr Jellacic’ Nr. 53
    1814-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Hiller’ Nr. 53
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 54 (German - Bohemia)
    1769-1805: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Callenberg’ Nr. 54
    1805-1821: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr Froon’ Nr. 54
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 55 (Walloon, later Polish - Wallonia, later Galicia)
    1768-1803: Infantry Regiment ‘Josef, Graf Murray’ Nr. 55
    1803-1809: Infantry Regiment ‘Furst Reuss zu Greiz’ Nr. 55
    1809: disbanded; not yet reformed in 1815
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 56 (German - Moravia)
    1784-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Wenzel, Graf Colloredo’ Nr. 56
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 57 (German - Bohemia)
    1769-1818: Infantry Regiment ‘Josef, Graf Colloredo’ Nr. 57
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 58 (Walloon?/German? – sources conflict on nationality - Wallonia)
    1792-1794: Infantry Regiment ‘Vierfet’ Nr. 58
    1794-1819: Infantry Regiment ‘Beaulieu’ Nr. 58
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 59 (German - Upper Austria)
    1790-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Jordis’ Nr. 59
    1815-1830: Infantry Regiment ‘Grossherzog von Baden’ Nr. 59
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 60 (Hungarian - Hungary) Formed 1798
    1798-1801: vacant
    1801-1831: Infantry Regiment ‘Ignaz, Graf Gyulai’ Nr. 60
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 61 (Hungarian - Hungary) Formed 1798
    1798-1802: vacant
    1802-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Saint-Julien’ Nr. 61
    Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 62 (Hungarian - Hungary) Formed 1798
    1798-1802: vacant
    1802-1810: Infantry Regiment ‘Franz, Freiherr Jellacic’ Nr. 62
    1810-1815: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr von Wacquant’ Nr. 62
    Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 63 (Walloon, later Polish - Wallonia, later Galicia) Formed 1799
    1799-1807: Infantry Regiment ‘Erzherzog Josef’ Nr. 63
    1807-1811: Infantry Regiment ‘Graf Baillet’ Nr. 63]
    1811-1855: Infantry Regiment ‘Freiherr Bianchi’ Nr. 63
    Infantry Regiment Nr. 64 [‘Tyroler-Feld-Jaeger-Regiment’] (German) Formed 1801
    1808: disbandedThe Tyroler-Feld-Jaeger-Regiment (formed in 1801) was the only regimental-sized light infantry unit in the Austrian army. The regiment, initially composed of three battalions of six companies, was increased to four battalions for the 1805 Campaign. The Tyroler-Feld-Jaeger-Regiment was never deployed as a complete unit, and it was replaced in 1808 by nine Feld-Jaeger battalions. In 1813, three additional battalions were raised.
    In peacetime, the new Feld-Jaeger battalions were maintained as ‘divisions’ but were increased to battalion size during wartime. These battalions were not referred to by their commander’s surname, but by their number.
    Formed 1801 [disbanded 1808]
    Tyroler-Feld-Jaeger-Regiment[Line Infantry Regiment Nr. 64]
    Formed 1808 - battalions were called after their commander or some other nickname:
    Feld-Jaeger Battalion Nr. 1 [Bohemia] “Lutz" Jägers; in 1813 Plisnier; in 1814 Penz
    Feld-Jaeger Battalion Nr. 2 [Bohemia] “Arno” Jägers ; in 1813 Reicht
    Feld-Jaeger Battalion Nr. 3 [Bohemia] “Baroni” Jägers;
    Feld-Jaeger Battalion Nr. 4 [Bohemia] “Piombazzi” Jägers; in 1812 Becke
    Feld-Jaeger Battalion Nr. 5 [Moravia] “Suden“ Jägers; in 1812 Hartopp then Sickingen-Hohenburg;
    Feld-Jaeger Battalion Nr. 6 [Moravia] “Zaborsky” Jägers; in 1813 Mareschall;
    Feld-Jaeger Battalion Nr. 7 [German] “Steffanini” Jägers; 1809 Steinmetz; 1810 Steffanini; 1812 Malberg; 1814 Weikersreutter; 1815 Saintenoy;</SPAN>
    Feld-Jaeger Battalion Nr. 8 [German] the “Achter” or “Deutsche” Jägers; 1813 Flettenfeld;
    Feld-Jaeger Battalion Nr. 9 [German] “Kärnten” or “Göldling” Jägers; 1814 Gobiery; 1815 Teuffen;
    Formed 1813
    Feld-Jaeger Battalion Nr. 10 [German] Valmonte
    Feld-Jaeger Battalion Nr. 11 [German] Ensch
    Feld-Jaeger Battalion Nr. 12 [Galicia/Moravia] Bertholff


    Grenadier Battalions
    (commander’s name followed by numbers of the regiments that supplied the troops)
    Battalions in 1793
    Nimpsch 1/12/40
    Bender 7/20/56
    Beust 8/22/29
    Bardodetzky 2/32/34
    Morczin 19/37/53
    Lowen 33/39/52
    Rouviere 31/51
    St. Julien 3/4/46
    Keating 14/50/59
    Burger 23/24/49
    Zscheck 16/27/45
    Redel 13/26/43
    Wollust 44/48
    Rousseau 9/30/55
    De Briey 38/58

    Battalions in 1799
    Morovitz 1/7/12
    Papp 2/31/60
    Eichler 3/35/50
    Zuchari 4/16/23
    Piret 8/44/46
    Rosenhayn / Wouvremanns 9/30/58
    Weber 10/18/36
    Riese / Weissenwolf 11/15/47
    Czerwenka / Kleinmayer 13/14/43

    Battalions in 1800
    Paar 24/28/45
    Schiaffinati 26/40/59
    Kleinmayer 13/14/43
    Weber 10/18/36
    St. Julien 17/27/57
    Khevenhuller 4/16/23
    Pieret 8/44/46
    Pertusi 19/34/39
    Perss 32/48/53
    Gorschen
    33/52 (Joined by IR63
    from mid-1800)
    Weissenwolf 11/15/47

    Battalions in 1809
    Hohenlohe/Hromada - 1, 29, 38
    Hahn/Habinay -2, 33, 39
    Bissingen – 3, 50, 58
    Scovaud – 4, 49, 63
    Stark/Demontant – 7, 18, 21
    Mayblumel/Trenck/Locher – 8, 22, 60
    Peccaduc/Legrand – 9, 55, 56
    Wienawski/Frisch – 10, 11, 47
    Cappy/Oklopsia – 12, 20, 23
    Puteany/Jambline – 14, 45, 59
    Nissel/Berger – 15, 28, 57
    Salomon/Welsperg – 16, 26, 27
    Gregory – 17, 36, 42
    Janusch/Gersanich – 19, 52, 61
    Brzezinsky – 24, 30, 41
    Leiningen – 25, 35, 54
    Scharlach/Purcell – 31, 32, 51
    Kirchenbetter – 34, 37, 48
    Muhlen/Zetlar – 53, 62
    Albeck/Chimani – 13, 43
    Hauger/Portner – 40, 44, 46


    Battalions in 1813-15
    Frisch – 1, 12, 57
    Krahmer/Lanyi/Barthelemy– 2, 19, 33
    Scovaud/Salis/Erdman/de Best – 3, 4, 63
    Demontant/Berger/Moese – 7, 20, 56
    Locher/Possman/Jurissich/ 8, 22
    Portner/Majus – 9, 24, 44
    Hromada/Siegler – 10, 29, 40
    Leiningen/Fischer/Haller – 11, 25, 54
    Piret – 13, 38
    Puteany/Bubna – 14, 49, 59
    Berger – 15, 28, 47
    Welsperg – 16, 26, 27
    Oklopsia/Meinders/Oklopsia – 17, 18, 21
    Veyder – 23, 43
    Brzezinsky/Obermayer/Storr – 30, 41, 58
    Purcell - 31, 51
    Habinay/Kauffmann – 32, 39
    Kirschenbetter/Mazur/Czarnotzay/Jarossy – 34, 37, 60
    Georgy/Rueber/Call/Schussmann – 35, 36, 42
    Gersanich/Dressery/Faber – 48, 52
    Chimani/Eltz/Ghequier – 53, 61, 62

    Light Infantry Battalions 1798 – 1801
    No.1 Strozzi (Hungarian) raised in Galicia
    No.2 Carl Rohan (German) raised in Italy
    No.3 Am Ende (German) raised in Italy
    No.4 Bach (German) raised in Italy
    No.5 Paul Radivojevich (Hungarian) raised in Slavonia
    No.6 Trauttenberg (Hungarian) raised in Hungary
    No.7 Otto (then Schmelzer) (Hungarian) raised in Hungary
    No.8 Wurmser (Hungarian) raised in Hungary
    No.9 Greth (Hungarian) raised in Hungary
    No.10 Siegenfeld (Hungarian) raised in Croatia
    No.11 Franz Carneville (German) raised in Italy
    No.12 Rubenitz (Hungarian) raised in Moravia
    No.13 Munkacsy (Hungarian) raised in Hungary
    No.14 Louis Rohan (German) raised in Italy
    No.15 Mihalovic (Hungarian) raised in Slavonia


    The Freiwilligen Jäger Regiments 1798

    There were also three Freiwilligen jäger units formed in 1798. All were uniformed in a similar style to the Light Battalions but were armed with rifles rather than muskets. I haven’t managed to determine the names and strengths of the all of the three corps.

    However, 860 riflemen from Freiwillige Jäger Korps Freiherr Constantin d'Aspre (6 Companies) fought in Italy in 1799 alongside Light Infantry Battalion Mihalovic Nr15


    Grenz-Infanterie Regiments
    Liccaner
    Otocaner
    Oguliner
    Szluiner
    Warasdiner-Creuzer
    Warasdiner-St. Georger
    Brooder
    Gradischaner
    Peterwardeiner
    1st Banal
    2nd Banal
    Deutschbanater
    Wallachisch-Illyrisches
    1st Szekler
    2nd Szekler
    1st Walachisches
    2nd Walachisches
    (As a result of the defeat of 1809 and the ceding of territory to France the Liccaner, Otocaner, Oguliner, Szluiner, 1st & 2nd Banal Regiments went into service of the French.)

    In addition to there was a Grenz-Cordon-Battalion which was used as a border guard force and anti-smuggling force. It had ten companies by 1815 and some served with distinction with the field army in 1809.

    Cavalry

    Light Dragoon Regiments 1798-1801
    1 Kaiser – in 1802 became Chevauleger Regt Nr 1
    2 Kronprinz Ferdinand (1801 Disbanded)
    3 Erzherzog Johann – in 1802 became Dragoon Regt Nr 1
    4 Karaiczay (1801 renamed Hohenzollern) in 1802 became Chevauleger Regt Nr 2
    5 Modena (1801 Disbanded)
    6 Coburg (1801 Disbanded)
    7 Waldeck – in 1802 became Dragoon Regt Nr 2
    8 Wurttemburg – in 1802 became Dragoon Regt Nr 3
    9 Liechtenstein (Raised 1798) (1801 Disbanded)
    10 Lobkowitz – in 1802 became Chevauleger Regt Nr 3
    11 La Tour – in 1802 became Chevauleger Regt Nr 4
    12 Kinsky – in 1802 became Chevauleger Regt Nr 5
    13 Vacant (Raised 1798) – in 1802 became Chevauleger Regt Nr 6
    14 Levenehr – in 1802 became Dragoon Regt Nr 4
    15 Savoyen – in 1802 became Dragoon Regt Nr 5

    Dragoon Regiments 1802-14
    1 Erzherzog Johann
    2 Hohenlohe
    3 Wurttemburg (1809 renamed Knesevich)
    4 Levenehr
    5 Savoyen
    6 Melas (1809 renamed Riesch)

    Chevauxleger Regiments 1802-14
    1 Kaiser
    2 Hohenzollern
    3 O'Reilly
    4 La Tour (1807 renamed Vincent)
    5 Klenau
    6 Rosenburg
    7 Italien (Raised 1814

    Cuirassier Regiments 1798-1801
    1 Kaiser
    2 Erzherzog Franz Josef d'Este
    3 Erzherzog Albert
    4 Czartorisky (Disbanded in 1801)
    5 Zeschwitz (Disbanded in 1801)
    6 Melas (Converted to Dragoons in 1802)
    7 Carl Lothringen
    8 Hohenzollern-Hechingen
    9 Nassau-Usingen
    10 Mack
    11 Anspach (Disbanded in 1801)
    12 Kavanagh

    Cuirassier Regiments 1802-14
    1 Kaiser
    2 Erzherzog Franz Josef d'Este
    3 Erzherzog Albert
    4 Kronprinz Ferdinand (Formerly Nr 12)
    5 Nassau-Usingen (1805 renamed Sommariva) (Formerly Nr 9)
    6 Mack (1805 renamed Liechtenstein) (Formerly Nr 10)
    7 Carl Lothringen
    8 Hohenzollern-Hechingen

    Hussar Regiments 1798-1814
    1 Kaiser
    2 Erzherzog Josef Anton
    3 Erzherzog Ferdinand Carl D'Este
    4 Vecsey (1801 renamed Hesse-Homburg)
    5 (Raised 1798) Vacant (1801 named Ott, 1812 renamed Radetzky)
    6 Blankenstein
    7 (Raised 1798) Vacant (1801 named Liechtenstein)
    8 Wurmser (1799 renamed Nauendorf, 1801 renamed Kurfurst von Hesse, 1813 renamed Keinmayer)
    9 Erdody (1803 renamed Frimont)
    10 Meszaros (1801 renamed Stipsicz)
    11 Szekler Grenz-Husar-Regiment
    12 Grenz-Husar-Regiment Slavonisch- Croatische (Disbanded 1801)
    12 Palatinal (Raised 1807)

    Uhlan Regiments 1798-1815
    1 Merveldt
    2 Vacant (1800 named Schwarzenberg)
    3 (Raised 1801) ?Vacant? (?1802 named Erzherzog Karl)
    4 (Raised 1814) Vacant (1815 named Kaiser)

    Jager zu Pferde
    Raised in 1708 & disbanded in 1801.

    Artillery
    Initially there were 3 Field Artillery Regiments (1st, 2nd & 3rd Feldartillerie-Regiment). In 1802 a 4th Regiment was formed. In 1807 the Regiments were given territorial titles.

    The 1st became the Bohemisches Feldartillerie-Regiment. In 1801 it had a strength of 22 companies; 2 companies were added in 1815. The 2nd became Niederosterreichisches Feldartillerie-Regiment - in 1797 it had 20 companies. The 3rd became Mahrisches Feldartillerie-Regiment. It had a strength of 20 companies. The 4th Regiment became the Inner-Osterreichisches Feldartillerie-Regiment - it was formed in 1802 with 16 companies - 6 companies came from the 1st Regiment, 4 companies from the 2nd Regiment, 4 companies from the 3rd Regiment, and 2 companies from the disbanded Artillery Fusilier Regiment (which provided untrained labour for the guns).

    Note all 4 Regiments comprised 4 battalions, each with 4 companies.

    Freikorps
    Prior to the formation of the eighteen dedicated Light Infantry and Jager battalions in 1798 the Austrian Army employed a number of Friekorps to provide a similar, if somewhat unreliable and unpredictable, function.

    Some of these are listed below.

    Grun-Laudon Regiment - Two battalions raised in the lower Rhine in 1790.
    O’Donel’s Frei-Corps - Two battalions.
    Le Loup Jäger (Niederlandische Feld-Jäger) - Raised in the Netherlands by Major Johann Le Loup. In 1792 was a battalion of six companies. In 1801, all Austrian personnel were transferred to the Tiroler-Jäger Regiment. Dutch personnel going into French service.
    Limburg Volunteers (Limburger Freiwillige) - Formed in 1792, although a Limburg Jäger company had existed in Le Loup’s since 1790. In 1794 it was eight companies strong. It became part of the Erzherzog Carl-Legion.
    Gyulai’s Croatian Corps (Croatische Frei-Corps Gyulai) - Consisted mainly of Croatian troops. Comprised 12 infantry companies and 3 hussar squadrons. Three battalions served on the Rhine, two battalions under served in Italy.
    Mihalovich’s Corps (Slavonisch-Serbisches Corps Milalovich) - Raised in 1792.
    Carneville Legion (Carneville Frei-Legion) - Raised and paid for in the Netherlands in 1793 by Carl Franz Graf Carneville. Consisted mainly of French émigrés. Consisted of two companies of infantry and jägers and a division of hussars.
    Würmser’s Corps (Steyer-Würmser’sches Frei-Corps) - Slavonic corps formed in 1793 and consisted of battalions of infantry and four squadrons of hussars. Consisted of six infantry companies and one hussar squadron.
    Luttich’s Volunteers (Lutticher Freiwillige) - Formed in 1794 as a battalion of six companies.
    Rohan’s Corps (Rohan’sches Frei-Corps) - French émigrés formed in the Netherlands in 1794. Consisted of an infantry regiment and six hussar squadrons.
    Brentano’s Feldjäger-Corps - Raised in Turin in 1799 & disbanded in 1800.
    Italian Light Battalion (Italiensches Leichtes Battalion) - Raised in Italy in 1799 & disbanded in 1801.
    Dalmatian Light Battalion - Raised in Dalmatia in 1800 & disbanded in 1801.
    Lower Austrian Volunteers (Niederosterreichishes Freiwilligen-Corps) - Raised in 1800 and consisted of one Jäger and two Schützen battalions each of six companies of 184 men.
    Bourbon Legion - émigré corps formed 1704, 6 infantry companies, 1 hussar squadron.
    Erzherzog Karl Legion - November 1800 to 1801 - 22 battalions.
    Lobkowitz Freicorps - formed May 1809.
    Maria Ludovika Siebenberger Jagerkorps - 2 battalions formed May 1809.
    Bukowiner Cavalry - 4 squadrons formed June 1809.
    Erzherzog Karl Siebenberger Freicorps - 4 squadrons formed June 1809.
    Vienna Cavalry Corps 2 squadrons - formed May 1809.
    Mountain Jagerkorps - formed September 1809.
    Frei-Corps Maria Ludovika - Raised and disbanded in 1814 in Italy.
    Serbian Frei-Corps - Raised in 1814 and disbanded in 1815.
    After a history of incidents and atrocities committed by these Frie-Corps, most notably the Würmser’s Corps which are actually mentioned in a diplomatic letter from Britain to the Austrian government, the Austrian’s tried to replace these units with formations of Light Infantry under the command of formally trained Austrian Officers. (see Light Infantry above)
    The experiment failed. The Austrian's claimed that the men drafted into these units from the Frei-Corps were temperamentally unsuited to training and discipline, and it seems that their new Austrian Officers were no more able to exert control over them than their Frei-Corps officers. Desertion and insubordination was rampant in these battalions and in the end they were disbanded.
    However, surprisingly the men from these same units which were later transferred into either the French and British service were considered to be highly reliable soldiers by both nations, and so it seems the failing was most likely in their handling by the formally trained Austrian Officer Korps rather than an inherent flaw in the men themselves.

    Landwehr in 1809(target was 170 battalions each to be composed of 4 to 6 companies of Fusiliers and 2 rifle armed Schutzen or Jager companies)
    19 battalions Niederösterreich Landwehr
    15 battalions Oberösterreich Landwehr (this strength was never fully realised)
    13 battalions Steirische Landwehr
    10 Krainische Landwehr (some doubt whether fully mobilised)
    5 battalions Kärntener Landwehr
    4 battalions Salzburger Landwehr (2nd battalion Jager)
    6 battalions Legion Erzherzog Karl (raised in Bohemia and each battalion consisted of four normal companies armed with the musket and two jäger companies)
    55 battalions Bohemische Landwehr
    2 battalions Mährische Landwehr four companies of fusiliers and two companies of jägers
    2 battalions Mahrische-Schlesische Landwehr
    3 battalions Prager Burgerlisches Landwehr (comprising a normal battalion, a schafschützen battalion, and a grenadier battalion)
    6 battalions Weiner Freiwilligen Bataillonen (each of six companies) plus an additional jäger company.


    Breakdown of Bohemian landwehr (from http://www.napoleon-series.org/military/organization/Austria/ArmyStudy/c_AustrianArmyBohemia.html):
    Berauner Kreis 2 Battalions -1st battalion Beraun ; 2nd battalion Beraun
    Bidzower Kreis 4 Battalions - 1st battalion Bydzow; 2nd battalion Bydzow ; 3rd battalion Bydzow ; 4th battalion Bydzow
    Budweiser Kreis 3 Battalions - 1st battalion Budweis ; 2nd battalion Budweis ; 3rd battalion Budweis;
    Bunzlauer Kreis 6 Battalions - 1st battalion Jungbunzlau ; 2nd battalion Jungbunzlau ; 3rd battalion Jungbunzlau; 4th battalion Jungbunzlau ; 5th battalion Jungbunzlau ; 6th battalion Jungbunzlau;
    Caslauer Kreis 3 Battalions - 1st battalion Caslau; 2nd battalion Časlau; 3rd battalion Caslau;
    Chrudimer Kreis 4 Battalions - 1st battalion Chrudim ; 2nd battalion Chrudim ; 3rd battalion Chrudim ;4th battalion Chrudim ;
    Elbogener Kreis 3 Battalions - 1st battalion Elbogen; 2nd battalion Elbogen; 3rd battalion Elbogen ;
    Kaurimer Kreis 2 Battalions -1st battalion Kaurzim; 2nd battalion Kaurzim
    Klattauer Kreis 3 Battalions - 1st battalion Klattau ; 2nd battalion Klattau ;3rd battalion Klattau ;
    Königgrätzer Kreis 5 Battalions -1st battalion Königgrätz; 2nd battalion Königgrätz; 3rd battalion Königgrätz; 4th battalion Königgrätz; 5th battalion Königgrätz ;
    Leitmeritzer Kreis 5 Battalions -1st battalion Leitmeritz ; 2nd battalion Leitmeritz ; 3rd battalion Leitmeritz ; 4th battalion Leitmeritz; 5th battalion Leitmeritz ;
    Pilsener Kreis 3 Batalions -1st battalion Pilsen ; 2nd battalion Pilsen; 3rd battalion Pilsen ;
    Prachiner Kreis 4 Battalions - 1st battalion Prachin; 2nd battalion Prachin ;3rd battalion Prachin; 4th battalion Prachin;
    City of Prague 2 Battalions - 1st battalion města Prahy; 2nd battalion města Prahy
    Rakonitzer Kreis 2 Battalions -1st battalion Rakonitz; 2nd battalion Rakonitz;
    Saazer Kreis 2 Battalions -1st battalion Saaz ; 2nd battalion Saaz ;
    Taborer Kreis 2 Battalions -1st battalion Tabor ; 2nd battalion Tabor

    Breakdown of Mährische Landwehr- Moravia
    1. Brünner Kreis (4 Battalions: 1st Battalion Brünn; 2nd Battalion Cernahora; 3rd Battalion Austerlitz ; 4th Battalion Seelowitz)
    2. Hradischer Kreis (3 Battalions: 1st Battalion Strassnitz; 2nd Battalion Holleschau; 3rd Battalion Buschlowitz )
    3. Iglauer Kreis (3 Battalions: 1st Battalion Iglau; 2nd Battalion Iglau; ?)
    4. Olmützer Kreis (5 Battalions: 1st Battalion Olmütz; 2nd Battalion Olmütz; 3rd Battalion Olmütz; 4th Battalion Olmütz; 5th Battalion Olmütz)
    5. Prerauer Kreis (3 Battalions: 1st Battalion Prerau; 2nd Battalion Prerau ; 3rd Battalion Prerau ),
    6. Teschener Kreis (2 Battalions: 1st Battalion Teschen; 2nd Battalion Friedeck)
    7. Troppauer Kreis (3 Battalions: 1st Battalion Troppau; 2nd Battalion Jägerndorf; 3rd Battalion Zuckmantl)
    8. Znaymer Kreis (2 Battalions: 1st Battalion Namiest; 2nd Battalion Znaym; 3rd Battalion not raised)

    Breakdown of the Inner-Austrian Landwehr Infantry (Innerösterreichische Landwehr)
    Carinthian Landwehr – Kärntnerische Landwehr
    1. Circle of Klagenfurt (Klagenfurter Kreis - 3 battalions:1st Battalion Klagenfurt; 2nd Battalion Althofen; 3rd Battalion Lavamünd)
    2. Circle of Villach (Villacher Kreis - 2 battalions: 1st Battalion Villach; 2nd Battalion Sachsenburg)

    Landwehr of Styria - Steiermärkische Landwehr
    1. Circle of Bruck (Brucker Kreis - 2 battalions: 1st Battalion Mürzzuschlag ; 2nd Battalion Leoben)
    2. Circle of Cillj (today Celje – Slovenia) Cillier (Cillier Kreis - 2 battalions: 1st Battalion Cilli; 2nd Battalion Peilenstein)
    3. Circle of Graz (Grazer Kreis - 5 Battalions: 1st Battalion Graz; 2nd Battalion Eggenburg; 3rd Battalion Wilden; 4th Battalions Fürstenfeld; 5th Battalions Hartberg)
    4. Circle of Judenburg (Judenburger Kreis - 2 battalions: 1st Battalion Judenburg; 2nd Battalion Rottenmann)
    5. Circle of Marburg (today Maribor Slovenia) Marburger (Marburger Kreis - 2 battalions: 1st Battalion Marburg; 2nd Battalion Pettau)

    Landwehr of Carniola – Istria – Gorizia and Coastlands (Krain-Küstenländische - Istrische) Landwehr
    1. Circle of Adelsberg (Postojna) (Adelsberger Kreis - 4 battalions: 1st Battalion Mitterburg (Pisino); 2nd Battalion Lippa; 3rd Battalion Adelsberg; 4th battalion Loitsch)
    2. Circle of Görz (Görzer Kreis - 2 battalions: 1st Battalion Görz; 2nd Battalion Tolmein)
    3. Circle of Ljubljana (Laibacher Kreis - 3 battalions: 1st battalion Laibach; 2nd Battalion Radmannsdorf; 3rd Battalion practically not raised (disbanded Before the war))
    4. Circle of Neustädtl (Neustädtler Kreis - 4 battalions: 1st Unterkrainer battalion Neustädtl; 2nd Battalion Gottschee; 3rd Battalion Tschernembl; 4th battalion not completely raised)
    5. Circle of Trieste – Free Port of Trieste (Triester Kreis - 2 battalions: 1st Battalion Triester Stadtmiliz or battalion Triester Freikorps; 2nd Battalion Triester Territorialmiliz or 2nd Bn. Triester Freikorps; 3rd Battalion Triester Territorialmiliz raised in March 1809 - disbanded June 25; Triester Jäger-Freikorps (2 compagnies)

    Galician Landwehr
    This Corps was almost never raised. Only some unit of volunteers were organized entering the campaign against the Poles and the Saxons.
    The Galician Volunteers battalions (Galizische Freiwillige)
    I Battalion Ostgalizien Raised with 4 companies.
    II Battalion Westgalizien „Erzherzog Ferdinand“ Raised with 4 companies.
    III battalion "Kaiserin Lodovica"
    Arnauten Corps Bukowina and Bukowinaer Freiwillige battalion raised too late to fight.
    Galician Cossacks or Kosackenkorps (Österreichisches Kosakenpulk -Galizische Freikosaken only volunteer cavalry unit formed was a corps of dismounted cossacks (Freikosaken-Abtheilungen zu Fuss) - reinforced by 3 Sqns. of the Schlesischen Freikorps Schill.


    Insurrection Troops

    1800

    Hungarian Insurrection
    Infantry:
    Above the Danube: Pest (Pesther); Bacs; Trencsin; Hont/Gran; Neograd; Pressburg; 1st Neutra; 2nd Neutra; Thuroczar/Zala (Szala);
    Below the Danube: Odenburg/Raab/Weiselburg; Vesprim (Wesprimer)/Komorn (Comorner); Weissenburg; Szalad; Sϋmegh;
    Above the Thiess: Borsod/Unghvar; Abaujvar/Zips; Hewes/Gömor;
    Below the Theiss: 1st Bihar, 2nd Bihar; Arad/Bekes; Temess/Torontal; Krasso-Svency;

    Hussar Regiments:
    Above the Danube: Pest (Pesther); Pressburg; Gran;
    Below the Danube: Eisenburg; Weissenburg; Stuhl; Sϋmegh (1 squadron);
    Above the Thiess: Jazygiec; Kumanier & Hayduck (became 12th Palatinal Hussars in 1802); Zemplin; Borsod/Szongrad;
    Below the Theiss: Szathumar; Bihar (includes Arad/Krasso-Svency); Bekess/Szongrad;

    Croatian Insurrection
    Personal (Nobles); Portal (massed levy); Banderial (bands led by wealthy nobles)
    Infantry:
    Agram/Warasdin/Kreuz; Poserga/Syrmien; Banderial of Agram/Kreutz;
    Hussars:
    Banderial of Agram/Kreutz; Agram/Warasdin/Syrmien;


    1805

    Insurrection failed to muster (infantry battalions of 700 to 900 men, Hussar regiments 1,150 to 1,260men)
    Hungarian Insurrection
    Infantry:
    Above the Danube: Pressburg; 1st Neutra; 2nd Neutra; 1st Trencsin; 2nd Trencsin; Bars; Arva; Sohl; Gran; Neograd; Pest (Pesther); Ofen; Bacs;
    Below the Danube: Weiselburg; 1st eisenburg; 2nd Eisenburg; Szalad; Vesprim (Wesprimer); Komorn (Comorner); Weissenburg; Tolna; Baranya; Sϋmegh;
    Above the Thiess: Heves; Gömor; Borsod; Zips; Saros; Zemplin;
    Below the Theiss: Szatmar; Szalolcs; Bihar; Bekes; Csongrad; Arad; Torontal; Krassova;

    Hussar Regiments:
    Above the Danube: Pest (Pesther); Pressburg; Trencsin;
    Below the Danube: Eisenburg; Baranya; Szalad;
    Above the Thiess: Zemplin; Zips;
    Below the Theiss: Bihar; Temes;

    May 1809


    Hungarian Insurrection
    Infantry
    Above the Danube: Pressburg; Pest (Pesther); Neutra; Neograd;
    Below the Danube: 1st Eisenburg; 2nd Eisenburg; 1st Komorn (Comorner); 2nd Komorn; Zala (Szala); Vesprim (Wesprimer); Stuhl Weissenburg;
    Above the Thiess: Heve; Borsod; Gömor; Zemplin; Abaujvar;
    Below the Theiss: 1st Szatmar; 2nd Szatmar (3 companies); Mararos; Bihar (3 companies);

    Hussar Regiments
    Above the Danube: Pest (Pesther); Bars; Neograd; Pressburg;
    Below the Danube: Sϋmegh; Vesprim (Wesprimer); Zala (Szala); Eisenburg; Odenberg (2 squadrons);
    Above the Thiess: Heve; Zemplin;
    Below the Theiss: Szabolacs; Bihar; Torontal; Szatamar; Arad;

    Croatian Insurrection
    10 battalions - Banderial (2 battalions – 1,644 men); Personal (2 battalions – 1,042 men); Portal (? Battalions – 10,000 men); Littoral (?battalions – 2,450 men)
    12 squadrons - Banderial Hussars (601 men); Portal (866 men); Personal (182 men); Volunteers (162 men);

    Slavonian Insurrection
    5 battalions - totalling5,000 troops.

    Siebernberg Insurrection
    4 infantry regiments – 7,000 men
    1 Hussar regiment – 1,000 men
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; January 27, 2011 at 02:44 AM. Reason: addition of Grenadier battalions + additional sources; lists now consolidated+ correction of Insurection section

  2. #2
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    Default Re: Austrian Army Regimental Names

    This is excellent!

  3. #3
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    Default Re: Austrian Army Regimental Names

    Just to build on Prince of Esslings excellent post above. This information comes mostly from Rawlins
    'The Austro-Hungarian Army 1798 - 1814' which can be downloaded here: http://www.napoleonicassociation.org...01798-1814.pdf

    Grenadier Battalions in 1793
    Nimpsch 1/12/40
    Bender 7/20/56
    Beust 8/22/29
    Bardodetzky 2/32/34
    Morczin 19/37/53
    Lowen 33/39/52
    Rouviere 31/51
    St. Julien 3/4/46
    Keating 14/50/59
    Burger 23/24/49
    Zscheck 16/27/45
    Redel 13/26/43
    Wollust 44/48
    Rousseau 9/30/55
    De Briey 38/58

    Grenadier Battalions in 1799
    Morovitz 1/7/12
    Papp 2/31/60
    Eichler 3/35/50
    Zuchari 4/16/23
    Piret 8/44/46
    Rosenhayn / Wouvremanns 9/30/58
    Weber 10/18/36
    Riese / Weissenwolf 11/15/47
    Czerwenka / Kleinmayer 13/14/43

    Grenadier Battalions in 1800
    Paar 24/28/45
    Schiaffinati 26/40/59
    Kleinmayer 13/14/43
    Weber 10/18/36
    St. Julien 17/27/57
    Khevenhuller 4/16/23
    Pieret 8/44/46
    Pertusi 19/34/39
    Perss 32/48/53
    Gorschen 33/52 (Joined by IR63 from mid-1800)
    Weissenwolf 11/15/47

    Grenadier Battalions in 1809 onwards
    As detailed by the Prince (see above)

    Light Infantry Battalions 1798 – 1801
    It’s often mis-stated that Austria never had any specialized Light Infantry units prior to the formation of the Tyrolean Jager in 1801, and this is often used as the excuse for the poor performance of the Austrian Army against the French.

    However, its not that simple, Austria did have dedicated Light Infantry and rifle units much earlier and even standard Austrian Infantry Regiments were trained to deploy skirmishers. The real problem seems to have been that formal Austrian Officer training failed to prepared its cadets for the command and management of skirmishers and their effective use, training and leadership was therefore deficient.

    Light Infantry Battalions 1798
    No.1 Strozzi (Hungarian) raised in Galicia
    No.2 Carl Rohan (German) raised in Italy
    No.3 Am Ende (German) raised in Italy
    No.4 Bach (German) raised in Italy
    No.5 Paul Radivojevich (Hungarian) raised in Slavonia
    No.6 Trauttenberg (Hungarian) raised in Hungary
    No.7 Otto (then Schmelzer) (Hungarian) raised in Hungary
    No.8 Wurmser (Hungarian) raised in Hungary
    No.9 Greth (Hungarian) raised in Hungary
    No.10 Siegenfeld (Hungarian) raised in Croatia
    No.11 Franz Carneville (German) raised in Italy
    No.12 Rubenitz (Hungarian) raised in Moravia
    No.13 Munkacsy (Hungarian) raised in Hungary
    No.14 Louis Rohan (German) raised in Italy
    No.15 Mihalovic (Hungarian) raised in Slavonia

    The Freiwilligen Jäger Regiments 1798

    There were also three Freiwilligen jäger units formed in 1798. All were uniformed in a similar style to the Light Battalions but were armed with rifles rather than muskets. I haven’t managed to determine the names and strengths of the all of the three corps.

    However, 860 riflmen from Freiwillige Jäger Korps Freiherr Constantin d'Aspre (6 Companies) fought in Italy in 1799 alongside Light Infantry Battalion Mihalovic Nr15

    Grenz-Infanterie Regiments
    The Prince has already listed the National Grenz Infantry Regiments.

    However, in addition to there was a Grenz-Cordon-Battalion which was used as a border guard force and anti-smuggling force. It had ten companies by 1815 and some served with distinction with the field army in 1809.

    Freikorps
    Prior to the formation of the eighteen dedicated Light Infantry and Jager battalions in 1798 the Austrian Army employed a number of Friekorps to provide a similar, if somewhat unreliable and unpredictable, function.

    Some of these are listed below.

    Grun-Laudon Regiment
    Two battalions raised in the lower Rhine in 1790. The commander was Oberst Baron Myllius.

    O’Donel’s Frei-Corps
    Two battalions.

    Le Loup Jäger (Niederlandische Feld-Jäger)
    Raised in the Netherlands by Major Johann Le Loup. In 1792 was a battalion of six companies. In 1801, all Austrian personnel were transferred to the Tiroler-Jäger Regiment. Dutch personnel going into French service.

    Limburg Volunteers (Limburger Freiwillige)
    Formed in 1792, although a Limburg Jäger company had existed in Le Loup’s since 1790. The Commandant was Major de Mays. In 1794 it was eight companies strong. It became part of the Erzherzog Carl-Legion.

    Gyulai’s Croatian Corps (Croatische Frei-Corps Gyulai)
    Consisted mainly of Croatian troops. Comprised 12 infantry companies and 3 hussar squadrons. Three battalions served under Graf Gyulai (later Baron Lowenburg) on the Rhine, two battalions under Obersts Machoracz and Luleckner served in Italy

    Mihalovich’s Corps (Slavonisch-Serbisches Corps Milalovich)
    Raised in 1792 by Oberst Stephan Mihalovich.

    Caneville Legion (Carneville Frei-Legion)
    Raised and paid for in the Netherlands in 1793 by Carl Franz Graf Carneville. Consisted mainly of French émigrés. Consisted of two companies of infantry and jägers and a division of hussars,

    Würmser’s Corps (Steyer-Würmser’sches Frei-Corps)
    Slavonic corps formed in 1793 and consisted of battalions of infantry and four squadrons of hussars. The commanders were – Baron Johann Knesevich, 1797 – Graf Paul Esterhazy,
    1798 – Graf Carl Westenrode, 1800 – Ignaz Kengyel Bourbon Legion French émigré corps formed in the Netherlands in 1794 by Oberst Nordmann. Consisted of six infantry companies and one hussar squadron.

    Luttich’s Volunteers (Lutticher Freiwillige)
    Formed in 1794 as a battalion of six companies.

    Rohan’s Corps (Rohan’sches Frei-Corps)
    French émigrés formed in the Netherlands in 1794. Consisted of an infantry regiment and six hussar squadrons.

    Brentano’s Feldjäger-Corps
    Raised in Turin in 1799 by Freiherr von Brentano. Disbanded in 1800.

    Italian Light Battalion (Italiensches Leichtes Battalion)
    Raised in Italy in 1799 by Chevalier Bona-Corsi. Disbanded in 1801.

    Dalmatian Light Battalion Raised in Dalmatia in 1800 by Major Ertel. Disbanded in 1801.

    Lower Austrian Volunteers (Niederosterreichishes Freiwilligen-Corps)
    Raised in 1800 and consisted of one Jäger and two Schützen battalions each of six companies of 184 men.

    Frei-Corps Maria Ludovika Raised and disbanded in 1814 in Italy.

    Serbian Frei-Corps
    Raised in 1814 and disbanded in 1815.

    After a history of incidents and atrocities committed by these Frie-Corps, most notably the Würmser’s Corps which are actually mentioned in a diplomatic letter from Britain to the Austrian government, the Austrian’s tried to replace these units with formations of Light Infantry under the command of formally trained Austrian Officers. (see Light Infantry above)

    The experiment failed. The Austrian's claimed that the men drafted into these units from the Frei-Corps were temperamentally unsuited to training and discipline, and it seems that their new Austrian Officers were no more able to exert control over them than their Frei-Corps officers. Desertion and insubordination was rampant in these battalions and in the end they were disbanded.

    However, surprisingly the men from these same units which were later transferred into either the French and British service were considered to be highly reliable soldiers by both nations, and so it seems the failing was most likely in their handling by the formally trained Austrian Officer Korps rather than an inherent flaw in the men themselves.
    Last edited by Didz; October 26, 2010 at 04:01 PM.

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    Default Re: Austrian Army Regimental Names

    Add to list of Freicorps by Didz

    Bourbon Legion emigre corps formed 1704, 6 infantry companies, 1 hussar squadron.
    Erzherzog Karl Legion November 1800 to 1801 - 22 battalions.
    Lobkowitz Freicorps formed May 1809.
    Maria Ludovika Siebenberger Jagerkorps 2 battalions formed May 1809.
    Bukowiner Cavalry 4 squadrons formed June 1809.
    Erzherzog Karl Siebenberger Freicorps 4 squadrons formed June 1809.
    Vienna Cavalry Corps 2 squadrons formed May 1809.
    Mountain Jagerkorps formed September 1809

    Landwehr in 1809 (target was 170 battalions each to be composed of 4 to 6 companies of Fusiliers and 2 rifle armed Schutzen or Jager companies)
    19 battalions Niederösterreich Landwehr
    15 battalions Oberösterreich Landwehr (this strength was never fully realised)
    13 battalions Steirische Landwehr
    10 Krainische Landwehr (some doubt whether fully mobilised)
    5 battalions Kärntener Landwehr
    4 battalions Salzburger Landwehr (2nd battalion Jager)
    6 battalions Legion Erzherzog Karl (raised in Bohemia and each battalion consisted of four normal companies armed with the musket and two jäger companies)
    55 battalions Bohemische Landwehr
    2 battalions Mährische Landwehr four companies of fusiliers and two companies of jägers
    2 battalions Mahrische-Schlesische Landwehr
    3 battalions Prager Burgerlisches Landwehr (comprising a normal battalion, a schafschützen battalion, and a grenadier battalion)
    6 battalions Weiner Freiwilligen Bataillonen (each of six companies) plus an additional jäger company.

    Breakdown of Bohemian landwehr (from http://www.napoleon-series.org/military/organization/Austria/ArmyStudy/c_AustrianArmyBohemia.html):
    Berauner Kreis 2 Battalions -1st battalion Beraun ; 2nd battalion Beraun
    Bidzower Kreis 4 Battalions - 1st battalion Bydzow; 2nd battalion Bydzow ; 3rd battalion Bydzow ; 4th battalion Bydzow
    Budweiser Kreis 3 Battalions - 1st battalion Budweis ; 2nd battalion Budweis ; 3rd battalion Budweis;
    Bunzlauer Kreis 6 Battalions - 1st battalion Jungbunzlau ; 2nd battalion Jungbunzlau ; 3rd battalion Jungbunzlau; 4th battalion Jungbunzlau ; 5th battalion Jungbunzlau ; 6th battalion Jungbunzlau;
    Caslauer Kreis 3 Battalions - 1st battalion Caslau; 2nd battalion Časlau; 3rd battalion Caslau;
    Chrudimer Kreis 4 Battalions - 1st battalion Chrudim ; 2nd battalion Chrudim ; 3rd battalion Chrudim ;4th battalion Chrudim ;
    Elbogener Kreis 3 Battalions - 1st battalion Elbogen; 2nd battalion Elbogen; 3rd battalion Elbogen ;
    Kaurimer Kreis 2 Battalions -1st battalion Kaurzim; 2nd battalion Kaurzim
    Klattauer Kreis 3 Battalions - 1st battalion Klattau ; 2nd battalion Klattau ;3rd battalion Klattau ;
    Königgrätzer Kreis 5 Battalions -1st battalion Königgrätz; 2nd battalion Königgrätz; 3rd battalion Königgrätz; 4th battalion Königgrätz; 5th battalion Königgrätz ;
    Leitmeritzer Kreis 5 Battalions -1st battalion Leitmeritz ; 2nd battalion Leitmeritz ; 3rd battalion Leitmeritz ; 4th battalion Leitmeritz; 5th battalion Leitmeritz ;
    Pilsener Kreis 3 Batalions -1st battalion Pilsen ; 2nd battalion Pilsen; 3rd battalion Pilsen ;
    Prachiner Kreis 4 Battalions - 1st battalion Prachin; 2nd battalion Prachin ;3rd battalion Prachin; 4th battalion Prachin;
    City of Prague 2 Battalions - 1st battalion města Prahy; 2nd battalion města Prahy
    Rakonitzer Kreis 2 Battalions -1st battalion Rakonitz; 2nd battalion Rakonitz;
    Saazer Kreis 2 Battalions -1st battalion Saaz ; 2nd battalion Saaz ;
    Taborer Kreis 2 Battalions -1st battalion Tabor ; 2nd battalion Tabor

    Breakdown of Mährische Landwehr- Moravia
    1. Brünner Kreis (4 Battalions: 1st Battalion Brünn; 2nd Battalion Cernahora; 3rd Battalion Austerlitz ; 4th Battalion Seelowitz)
    2. Hradischer Kreis (3 Battalions: 1st Battalion Strassnitz; 2nd Battalion Holleschau; 3rd Battalion Buschlowitz )
    3. Iglauer Kreis (3 Battalions: 1st Battalion Iglau; 2nd Battalion Iglau; ?)
    4. Olmützer Kreis (5 Battalions: 1st Battalion Olmütz; 2nd Battalion Olmütz; 3rd Battalion Olmütz; 4th Battalion Olmütz; 5th Battalion Olmütz)
    5. Prerauer Kreis (3 Battalions: 1st Battalion Prerau; 2nd Battalion Prerau ; 3rd Battalion Prerau ),
    6. Teschener Kreis (2 Battalions: 1st Battalion Teschen; 2nd Battalion Friedeck)
    7. Troppauer Kreis (3 Battalions: 1st Battalion Troppau; 2nd Battalion Jägerndorf; 3rd Battalion Zuckmantl)
    8. Znaymer Kreis (2 Battalions: 1st Battalion Namiest; 2nd Battalion Znaym; 3rd Battalion not raised)

    Breakdown of the Inner-Austrian Landwehr Infantry (Innerösterreichische Landwehr)
    Carinthian Landwehr – Kärntnerische Landwehr
    1. Circle of Klagenfurt (Klagenfurter Kreis - 3 battalions:1st Battalion Klagenfurt; 2nd Battalion Althofen; 3rd Battalion Lavamünd)
    2. Circle of Villach (Villacher Kreis - 2 battalions: 1st Battalion Villach; 2nd Battalion Sachsenburg)

    Landwehr of Styria - Steiermärkische Landwehr
    1. Circle of Bruck (Brucker Kreis - 2 battalions: 1st Battalion Mürzzuschlag ; 2nd Battalion Leoben)
    2. Circle of Cillj (today Celje – Slovenia) Cillier (Cillier Kreis - 2 battalions: 1st Battalion Cilli; 2nd Battalion Peilenstein)
    3. Circle of Graz (Grazer Kreis - 5 Battalions: 1st Battalion Graz; 2nd Battalion Eggenburg; 3rd Battalion Wilden; 4th Battalions Fürstenfeld; 5th Battalions Hartberg)
    4. Circle of Judenburg (Judenburger Kreis - 2 battalions: 1st Battalion Judenburg; 2nd Battalion Rottenmann)
    5. Circle of Marburg (today Maribor Slovenia) Marburger (Marburger Kreis - 2 battalions: 1st Battalion Marburg; 2nd Battalion Pettau)

    Landwehr of Carniola – Istria – Gorizia and Coastlands (Krain-Küstenländische - Istrische) Landwehr
    1. Circle of Adelsberg (Postojna) (Adelsberger Kreis - 4 battalions: 1st Battalion Mitterburg (Pisino); 2nd Battalion Lippa; 3rd Battalion Adelsberg; 4th battalion Loitsch)
    2. Circle of Görz (Görzer Kreis - 2 battalions: 1st Battalion Görz; 2nd Battalion Tolmein)
    3. Circle of Ljubljana (Laibacher Kreis - 3 battalions: 1st battalion Laibach; 2nd Battalion Radmannsdorf; 3rd Battalion practically not raised (disbanded Before the war))
    4. Circle of Neustädtl (Neustädtler Kreis - 4 battalions: 1st Unterkrainer battalion Neustädtl; 2nd Battalion Gottschee; 3rd Battalion Tschernembl; 4th battalion not completely raised)
    5. Circle of Trieste – Free Port of Trieste (Triester Kreis - 2 battalions: 1st Battalion Triester Stadtmiliz or battalion Triester Freikorps; 2nd Battalion Triester Territorialmiliz or 2nd Bn. Triester Freikorps; 3rd Battalion Triester Territorialmiliz raised in March 1809 - disbanded June 25; Triester Jäger-Freikorps (2 compagnies)

    Galician Landwehr
    This Corps was almost never raised. Only some unit of volunteers were organized entering the campaign against the Poles and the Saxons.
    The Galician Volunteers battalions (Galizische Freiwillige)
    I Battalion Ostgalizien Raised with 4 companies.
    II Battalion Westgalizien „Erzherzog Ferdinand“ Raised with 4 companies.
    III battalion "Kaiserin Lodovica"
    Arnauten Corps Bukowina and Bukowinaer Freiwillige battalion raised too late to fight.
    Galician Cossacks or Kosackenkorps (Österreichisches Kosakenpulk -Galizische Freikosaken only volunteer cavalry unit formed was a corps of dismounted cossacks (Freikosaken-Abtheilungen zu Fuss) - reinforced by 3 Sqns. of the Schlesischen Freikorps Schill.


    Insurrection Troops

    1800

    Hungarian Insurrection
    Infantry:
    Above the Danube:
    Pest (Pesther); Bacs; Trencsin; Hont/Gran; Neograd; Pressburg; 1st Neutra; 2nd Neutra; Thuroczar/Zala (Szala);
    Below the Danube: Odenburg/Raab/Weiselburg; Vesprim (Wesprimer)/Komorn (Comorner); Weissenburg; Szalad; Sϋmegh;
    Above the Thiess: Borsod/Unghvar; Abaujvar/Zips; Hewes/Gömor;
    Below the Theiss: 1st Bihar, 2nd Bihar; Arad/Bekes; Temess/Torontal; Krasso-Svency;

    Hussar Regiments:
    Above the Danube:
    Pest (Pesther); Pressburg; Gran;
    Below the Danube: Eisenburg; Weissenburg; Stuhl; Sϋmegh (1 squadron);
    Above the Thiess: Jazygiec; Kumanier & Hayduck (became 12th Palatinal Hussars in 1802); Zemplin; Borsod/Szongrad;
    Below the Theiss: Szathumar; Bihar (includes Arad/Krasso-Svency); Bekess/Szongrad;

    Croatian Insurrection
    Personal
    (Nobles); Portal (massed levy); Banderial (bands led by wealthy nobles)
    Infantry:
    Agram/Warasdin/Kreuz; Poserga/Syrmien; Banderial of Agram/Kreutz;
    Hussars:
    Banderial of Agram/Kreutz; Agram/Warasdin/Syrmien;


    1805

    Insurrection failed to muster (infantry battalions of 700 to 900 men, Hussar regiments 1,150 to 1,260men)
    Hungarian Insurrection
    Infantry:
    Above the Danube:
    Pressburg; 1st Neutra; 2nd Neutra; 1st Trencsin; 2nd Trencsin; Bars; Arva; Sohl; Gran; Neograd; Pest (Pesther); Ofen; Bacs;
    Below the Danube: Weiselburg; 1st eisenburg; 2nd Eisenburg; Szalad; Vesprim (Wesprimer); Komorn (Comorner); Weissenburg; Tolna; Baranya; Sϋmegh;
    Above the Thiess: Heves; Gömor; Borsod; Zips; Saros; Zemplin;
    Below the Theiss: Szatmar; Szalolcs; Bihar; Bekes; Csongrad; Arad; Torontal; Krassova;

    Hussar Regiments:
    Above the Danube:
    Pest (Pesther); Pressburg; Trencsin;
    Below the Danube: Eisenburg; Baranya; Szalad;
    Above the Thiess: Zemplin; Zips;
    Below the Theiss: Bihar; Temes;

    May 1809


    Hungarian Insurrection
    Infantry

    Above the Danube: Pressburg; Pest (Pesther); Neutra; Neograd;
    Below the Danube: 1st Eisenburg; 2nd Eisenburg; 1st Komorn (Comorner); 2nd Komorn; Zala (Szala); Vesprim (Wesprimer); Stuhl Weissenburg;
    Above the Thiess: Heve; Borsod; Gömor; Zemplin; Abaujvar;
    Below the Theiss: 1st Szatmar; 2nd Szatmar (3 companies); Mararos; Bihar (3 companies);

    Hussar Regiments
    Above the Danube:
    Pest (Pesther); Bars; Neograd; Pressburg;
    Below the Danube: Sϋmegh; Vesprim (Wesprimer); Zala (Szala); Eisenburg; Odenberg (2 squadrons);
    Above the Thiess: Heve; Zemplin;
    Below the Theiss: Szabolacs; Bihar; Torontal; Szatamar; Arad;

    Croatian Insurrection
    10 battalions - Banderial (2 battalions – 1,644 men); Personal (2 battalions – 1,042 men); Portal (? Battalions – 10,000 men); Littoral (?battalions – 2,450 men)
    12 squadrons - Banderial Hussars (601 men); Portal (866 men); Personal (182 men); Volunteers (162 men);

    Slavonian Insurrection
    5 battalions - totalling5,000 troops.

    Siebernberg Insurrection
    4 infantry regiments – 7,000 men
    1 Hussar regiment – 1,000 men
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; January 17, 2011 at 08:10 AM. Reason: addition of Landwehr+ Insurrection+additional info on landwehr+ fleshing out names of Insurrection Units+ Galician units

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    Default Re: Austrian Army Regimental Names

    Cavalry part 1

    Light Dragoon Regiments 1798-1801
    1 Kaiser – in 1802 became Chevauleger Regt Nr 1
    2 Kronprinz Ferdinand (1801 Disbanded)
    3 Erzherzog Johann – in 1802 became Dragoon Regt Nr 1
    4 Karaiczay (1801 renamed Hohenzollern) in 1802 became Chevauleger Regt Nr 2
    5 Modena (1801 Disbanded)
    6 Coburg (1801 Disbanded)
    7 Waldeck – in 1802 became Dragoon Regt Nr 2
    8 Wurttemburg – in 1802 became Dragoon Regt Nr 3
    9 Liechtenstein (Raised 1798) (1801 Disbanded)
    10 Lobkowitz – in 1802 became Chevauleger Regt Nr 3
    11 La Tour – in 1802 became Chevauleger Regt Nr 4
    12 Kinsky – in 1802 became Chevauleger Regt Nr 5
    13 Vacant (Raised 1798) – in 1802 became Chevauleger Regt Nr 6
    14 Levenehr – in 1802 became Dragoon Regt Nr 4
    15 Savoyen – in 1802 became Dragoon Regt Nr 5

    Dragoon Regiments 1802-14
    1 Erzherzog Johann
    2 Hohenlohe
    3 Wurttemburg (1809 renamed Knesevich)
    4 Levenehr
    5 Savoyen
    6 Melas (1809 renamed Riesch)

    Chevauxleger Regiments 1802-14
    1 Kaiser
    2 Hohenzollern
    3 O'Reilly
    4 La Tour (1807 renamed Vincent)
    5 Klenau
    6 Rosenburg
    7 Italien (Raised 1814

    Cuirassier Regiments 1798-1801
    1 Kaiser
    2 Erzherzog Franz Josef d'Este
    3 Erzherzog Albert
    4 Czartorisky (Disbanded in 1801)
    5 Zeschwitz (Disbanded in 1801)
    6 Melas (Converted to Dragoons in 1802)
    7 Carl Lothringen
    8 Hohenzollern-Hechingen
    9 Nassau-Usingen
    10 Mack
    11 Anspach (Disbanded in 1801)
    12 Kavanagh

    Cuirassier Regiments 1802-14
    1 Kaiser
    2 Erzherzog Franz Josef d'Este
    3 Erzherzog Albert
    4 Kronprinz Ferdinand (Formerly Nr 12)
    5 Nassau-Usingen (1805 renamed Sommariva) (Formerly Nr 9)
    6 Mack (1805 renamed Liechtenstein) (Formerly Nr 10)
    7 Carl Lothringen
    8 Hohenzollern-Hechingen

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    Default Re: Austrian Army Regimental Names

    Cavalry part 2

    Hussar Regiments 1798-1814
    1 Kaiser
    2 Erzherzog Josef Anton
    3 Erzherzog Ferdinand Carl D'Este
    4 Vecsey (1801 renamed Hesse-Homburg)
    5 (Raised 1798) Vacant (1801 named Ott, 1812 renamed Radetzky)
    6 Blankenstein
    7 (Raised 1798) Vacant (1801 named Liechtenstein)
    8 Wurmser (1799 renamed Nauendorf, 1801 renamed Kurfurst von Hesse, 1813 renamed Keinmayer)
    9 Erdody (1803 renamed Frimont)
    10 Meszaros (1801 renamed Stipsicz)
    11 Szekler Grenz-Husar-Regiment
    12 Grenz-Husar-Regiment Slavonisch- Croatische (Disbanded 1801)
    12 Palatinal (Raised 1807)

    Uhlan Regiments 1798-1815
    1 Merveldt
    2 Vacant (1800 named Schwarzenberg)
    3 (Raised 1801) ?Vacant? (?1802 named Erzherzog Karl)
    4 (Raised 1814) Vacant (1815 named Kaiser)

    Jager zu Pferde
    Raised in 1708 & disbanded in 1801.
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; October 26, 2010 at 02:11 PM. Reason: addition of Jager zu Pferde

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    Default Re: Austrian Army Regimental Names

    Artillery
    Initially there were 3 Field Artillery Regiments (1st, 2nd & 3rd Feldartillerie-Regiment). In 1802 a 4th Regiment was formed. In 1807 the Regiments were given territorial titles.

    The 1st became the Bohemisches Feldartillerie-Regiment. In 1801 it had a strength of 22 companies; 2 companies were added in 1815. The 2nd became Niederosterreichisches Feldartillerie-Regiment - in 1797 it had 20 companies. The 3rd became Mahrisches Feldartillerie-Regiment. It had a strength of 20 companies. The 4th Regiment became the Inner-Osterreichisches Feldartillerie-Regiment - it was formed in 1802 with 16 companies - 6 companies came from the 1st Regiment, 4 companies from the 2nd Regiment, 4 companies from the 3rd Regiment, and 2 companies from the disbanded Artillery Fusilier Regiment (which provided untrained labour for the guns).

    Note all 4 Regiments comprised 4 battalions, each with 4 companies.
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; October 27, 2010 at 04:48 PM. Reason: additional info.

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    Default Re: Austrian Army Regimental Names


    Excellent list of Austrian regiments, however it can be sometime little bit misleading.

    Prince, you shwitch infantry regiments with nationality and I think that better is put here regions of recruitments.
    Mentioned source – Rawkins The Austrio-Hungarian Army 1798-1814 used that term too.

    Austrian Habsburg Empire was multinational and there was great diversity. Therefore it is hard named one regiment as German, Hungarian, Italian or Polish. There serviced many other nations as like Czechs, Croats, Ukrainians, Rumanians, Serbs, Slovacks etc. and I remember hot discussion with Didz in that matter.

    Here you also can check some regimental names.
    http://napoleonistyka.atspace.com/Austrian_infantry.htm
    http://napoleonistyka.atspace.com/Austrian_cavalry.htm
    http://napoleonistyka.atspace.com/Au..._artillery.htm


    Regards

    exNowy

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    Default Re: Austrian Army Regimental Names

    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    Excellent list of Austrian regiments, however it can be sometime little bit misleading.

    Prince, you shwitch infantry regiments with nationality and I think that better is put here regions of recruitments.
    Mentioned source – Rawkins The Austrio-Hungarian Army 1798-1814 used that term too.

    Austrian Habsburg Empire was multinational and there was great diversity. Therefore it is hard named one regiment as German, Hungarian, Italian or Polish. There serviced many other nations as like Czechs, Croats, Ukrainians, Rumanians, Serbs, Slovacks etc. and I remember hot discussion with Didz in that matter.

    Here you also can check some regimental names.
    http://napoleonistyka.atspace.com/Austrian_infantry.htm
    http://napoleonistyka.atspace.com/Austrian_cavalry.htm
    http://napoleonistyka.atspace.com/Au..._artillery.htm


    Regards

    exNowy
    While I accept your comment about the mix of nationalities & I will add recruitment regions; it is necessary to keep German etc because of the organisational aspects:
    A 'German' company had 8 gefreyten (senior privates), as did the 'Hungarian', but whereas the former had 160 gemeinen, the latter had 180.

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    Default Re: Austrian Army Regimental Names

    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    Austrian Habsburg Empire was multinational and there was great diversity. Therefore it is hard named one regiment as German, Hungarian, Italian or Polish. There serviced many other nations as like Czechs, Croats, Ukrainians, Rumanians, Serbs, Slovacks etc. and I remember hot discussion with Didz in that matter.
    Whilst Rawkins does give the regional area of each regiments depot I still think its wrong to assume that this is anything other than a vague indication of the ethnic composition of the regiment.

    As I said before the Austrian government only recognised certain ethnic groups as significant, and they certainly weren't in the habit of forming regiments based upon them. (other than certain irregular formations, which were not really recruited by them anyway).

    Therefore, the fact that Rawkins gives the recruitment region for Regiment Kaiser Franz Nr1 as Morovia, does not by definition make IR1 a Czek Regiment (or even a Morovian Regiment for that matter).

    Whilst Moravia might well have had a large ethnic Czek between 1750-1850, there is no evidence that the recruitment of IR1 was limited to that ethnic group, or that the Austrian government recognised IR1 as a regiment of Czek's, in fact it's clearly classifed by the Austrian's as German.

    What became clear in the previous debate about the composition of the Austrian Army is that certain historian's are trying to rewrite the history to support their own modern day nationalist agenda's, and I would prefer not to get drawn into this sort of emotional discussion again.

    The fact is that with the exception of certain irregular formations all Austrian Regiments were either German or Hungarian, and whilst their recruitment regions are interesting they only provide a vague indication of the ethnic composition of the unit. For example there is no certainty that all the regiments intake was even drawn from the population of that region, or that any ethnic filtering was conducted to select the recruits.

    Historically even regiments with clear Ethnic/National affiliations rarely managed to achieve ethnic purity. For example: In 1813 6% of The Gordon Highlanders were Irish and 3% were Englishmen wearing kilts. Only 91% came from Scotland and an even smaller percentage could actually claim to be highlanders, let alone members of the Gordon clan. Likewise, we know from the letters of complaint written by Frenchmen after the revolution that a significant number of the men in their German Regiments were actually French nationals, and were pretty upset at being abused by the population just because they happened to be wearing blue rather than white coats.

    So, given that the ethnic distribution of peoples in Austria-Hungary did not match the regional boundaries set by the Austrian government, and that these popuations were actually mixed anyway this constant obession with claiming certain regiments as ethnically pure based upon the location of their main depot is really nonesense.

    The Austrian government itself seems to have largely ignored the issue, and the only ethnic groups they mention are those whom they feel have a natural talent for certain roles, or whom they single out as being unsuitable for certain roles. In effect they indulged in an early form of institutional racism, but its not even clear whether this bigotry was applied regilously, and in any event, all the evidence suggests that it was totally unfounded particularly when men rejected by Austria as ethnically unsuitable subsequently served with distinction in the armies of France and Britain.
    Last edited by Didz; October 27, 2010 at 07:46 AM.

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    Default Re: Austrian Army Regimental Names

    Quote Originally Posted by Prince of Essling
    While I accept your comment about the mix of nationalities & I will add recruitment regions; it is necessary to keep German etc because of the organisational aspects:
    A 'German' company had 8 gefreyten (senior privates), as did the 'Hungarian', but whereas the former had 160 gemeinen, the latter had 180.
    Yes you are right, in organisational aspects Austrians Regiments were classified as Germans and Hungarians, but why we can see on that list regiments as Polish, Italian or Wallons? Have they another organisation then German? They were organised as German I suppouse. It can sugest that these regiments were recruited in areas where lived only these mentioned nations, but in Austrian regiments serviced many other nationalities. Therefore it is good that you have included regions of recruitment where also lived other nations. It can better show that sometimes in German or Hungarian regiments serviced many nations and Germans(Austrians) or Hungarians there can be only in minority.

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    Default Re: Austrian Army Regimental Names

    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    Yes you are right, in organisational aspects Austrians Regiments were classified as Germans and Hungarians, but why we can see on that list regiments as Polish, Italian or Wallons? Have they another organisation then German? They were organised as German I suppouse. It can sugest that these regiments were recruited in areas where lived only these mentioned nations, but in Austrian regiments serviced many other nationalities. Therefore it is good that you have included regions of recruitment where also lived other nations. It can better show that sometimes in German or Hungarian regiments serviced many nations and Germans(Austrians) or Hungarians there can be only in minority.
    It is not only organisation but also uniform - as Hungarians had pointed cuffs and wore diced light blue trousers. There was only 2 forms of organisation - German or Hungarian. German organisation & dress style applied to all units bar those marked Hungarian.

    Hungary, Italy & Netherlands were exempt from conscription. Poles were distributed throughout other Units as they were considered unreliable. Italian, Walloon & Tyrolean regiments relied on free recruiting while Hungarian recruits were provided by quotas fixed by the Diet. Germans from Southern German territories (non-Austrian) were drawn by a generous bounty - one estimate suggests that up to half of "German" regiments were drawn from this source. There was also a lifetime Duty reserved to vagabonds.

    When speaking about the Austrian empire, treat the term “German” as referring to imperial citizens resident in the Cisleithanian countries, mostly of German languages (such as Rhinelands, Bohemia, Austria, Tyrol and Styria, but also Moravia, Silesia and Galicia). The Transleithanian countries, Hungary and the Military border (i.e. Croatia) used the word “Hungarian” (taken from footnote 4 http://www.napoleon-series.org/military/organization/Austria/ArmyStudy/c_AustrianArmyOverview.html#_edn4.
    Last edited by Prince of Essling; October 27, 2010 at 04:37 PM. Reason: additional reference

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    Default Re: Austrian Army Regimental Names

    It's also worth stressing that we are not talking about nationalities here, as these nations did not exist in 1809. We are simply talking about ethnic groups whether they were formally recognised at the time or not.

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    Default Re: Austrian Army Regimental Names

    Quote Originally Posted by Prince of Essling"
    It is not only organisation but also uniform - as Hungarians had pointed cuffs and wore diced light blue trousers. There was only 2 forms of organisation - German or Hungarian. German organisation & dress style applied to all units bar those marked Hungarian.
    I have known this and therefore I have suggested that Polish, Wallons and Italian regiments have had Germans form of organisation.
    When speaking about the Austrian empire, treat the term “German” as referring to imperial citizens resident in the Cisleithanian countries, mostly of German languages (such as Rhinelands, Bohemia, Austria, Tyrol and Styria, but also Moravia, Silesia and Galicia). The Transleithanian countries, Hungary and the Military border (i.e. Croatia) used the word “Hungarian” (taken from footnote 4 http://www.napoleon-series.org/military/organization/Austria/ArmyStudy/c_AustrianArmyOverview.html#_edn4.
    This is little bit misleading, because the Cisleithanian countries were NOT mostly of German lenguages.
    There lived many nations which had own history, culture and quite different lenguages. In Bohemia, Moravia, Galicia, Silesia, part of Styria and Carniola lived in majority many Slavic nations which sometime even did not knew German lenguage. German was mostly used only in Austria, Tyrol and parts of Styria and Carinthia which were small territories. In Rhienland or better say today Germany, Habsburgs had only few small enclaves which they "quickly" lost. The Transleithanian countries were named Hungarians because it were past Kingdom of Hungary territories. But there lived many other nations as Croats, Slovacks, Serbs, Rumanians, Ruthenians (Ukraininans) etc. All they used quite different than Hungarian lenguages.

    And one more note: The Austrian Netherlands Habsbugs lost in 1795 therefore many old "Wallons" regiments must changed theirs regions of recruitment. Italian possesions Habsburg lost partialy in 1797 and 1805. They recapture it in 1814. Names of few Austrian regiments as Wallons or Italians were used because they garrisoned in these regions in the past. And this is questionable that in these regiments serviced mainly Italians or Wallons.

    Quote Originally Posted by Didz
    It's also worth stressing that we are not talking about nationalities here, as these nations did not exist in 1809. We are simply talking about ethnic groups whether they were formally recognised at the time or not.
    Do not tell us that Polish, Croats, Czechs, Serbs etc. nations did not exist in 1809. It is Austrian spoke and reusing lie. Didn't you know that Poles and Czechs have more than thousand years history. Croats and Serbs had theirs Kingdoms in Mediaval. It was few centuries before Austrian captured these countires. Even territories where lived Slovaks, Slovenians, Ruthenians/Ukrainians and Rumenians were occupied by others it does not mean that they were only ethnic groups. Nevertheles I do not want prolong these discusion about nations in Austrian Empire. Only put short note that there were more problems in names of Austrian regiments.

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    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    I have known this and therefore I have suggested that Polish, Wallons and Italian regiments have had Germans form of organisation.

    This is little bit misleading, because the Cisleithanian countries were NOT mostly of German lenguages.
    There lived many nations which had own history, culture and quite different lenguages. In Bohemia, Moravia, Galicia, Silesia, part of Styria and Carniola lived in majority many Slavic nations which sometime even did not knew German lenguage. German was mostly used only in Austria, Tyrol and parts of Styria and Carinthia which were small territories. In Rhienland or better say today Germany, Habsburgs had only few small enclaves which they "quickly" lost. The Transleithanian countries were named Hungarians because it were past Kingdom of Hungary territories. But there lived many other nations as Croats, Slovacks, Serbs, Rumanians, Ruthenians (Ukraininans) etc. All they used quite different than Hungarian lenguages.

    And one more note: The Austrian Netherlands Habsbugs lost in 1795 therefore many old "Wallons" regiments must changed theirs regions of recruitment. Italian possesions Habsburg lost partialy in 1797 and 1805. They recapture it in 1814. Names of few Austrian regiments as Wallons or Italians were used because they garrisoned in these regions in the past. And this is questionable that in these regiments serviced mainly Italians or Wallons.


    Do not tell us that Polish, Croats, Czechs, Serbs etc. nations did not exist in 1809. It is Austrian spoke and reusing lie. Didn't you know that Poles and Czechs have more than thousand years history. Croats and Serbs had theirs Kingdoms in Mediaval. It was few centuries before Austrian captured these countires. Even territories where lived Slovaks, Slovenians, Ruthenians/Ukrainians and Rumenians were occupied by others it does not mean that they were only ethnic groups. Nevertheles I do not want prolong these discusion about nations in Austrian Empire. Only put short note that there were more problems in names of Austrian regiments.
    This was supposed to be a helpful thread to players of NTW. Its sole aim was and still is to provide them with the regimental names of Austrian Army units in a helpful format, nothing more or nothing less. It was most definitely not designed nor conceived for the purpose of allowing rants on nationalities and the exposure of any prejudices either perceived, misconceived, unintentional, intentional or actual! Can we get back to the topic.

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    Default Re: Austrian Army Regimental Names

    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    Do not tell us that Polish, Croats, Czechs, Serbs etc. nations did not exist in 1809. It is Austrian spoke and reusing lie. Didn't you know that Poles and Czechs have more than thousand years history. Croats and Serbs had theirs Kingdoms in Mediaval. It was few centuries before Austrian captured these countires. Even territories where lived Slovaks, Slovenians, Ruthenians/Ukrainians and Rumenians were occupied by others it does not mean that they were only ethnic groups. Nevertheles I do not want prolong these discusion about nations in Austrian Empire. Only put short note that there were more problems in names of Austrian regiments.
    And there's the rub. As I suspected this discussion is not about history at all its about trying to recreate a nationalist legacy for ethnic groups whose nations did not exist historically. This was the problem that derailed the last thread on the Austrian Army, and as Prince of Essling has already indicated we are not interested in this sort of ranting.
    Last edited by Didz; October 29, 2010 at 07:51 AM.

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    Default Re: Austrian Army Regimental Names

    Quote Originally Posted by Didz
    And there's the rub. As I suspected this discussion is not about history at all its about trying to recreate a nationalist legacy for ethnic groups whose nations did not exist historically. This was the problem that derailed the last thread on the Austrian Army, and as Prince of Essling has already indicated we are not interested in this sort of ranting.
    Excuse me, but I do not agree with you in that matter. I was not trying recreate a nationalist legacy for ethnic groups whose nations did not exist historically. These nations or better say many of them historically exist.

    Could you say for example that Scots or Irishmen were only ethnic groups in British Empire? No I do not think so. They were quite different nations than Englishmen. And this is how I see Croats, Czechs, Polish, Germans etc. in Austrian Empire even at that period when the nation therm was not clear for everybody. It does not mean that these nations did not exist.

    Then who was ranting?

    It is pure question, because I do not want to disscuse this question with you and I was said it before you get into this offtopic.

    I asked about regions of recruitment in the beginning and had not any nationalist questions on my mind.

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    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    Could you say for example that Scots or Irishmen were only ethnic groups in British Empire?
    This rather depends on what you mean by a Scotsman and an Irishman, the same problem applies.

    The Kingdom of Scotland ceased to exist in 1707, but Scotland as a geographic area has existed in its current state since 1482. So anyone born in Scotland can rightly be considered Scottish, just I consider myself to be English.

    However, that doesn't mean that everyone born in Scotland is what you might consider to be an ethnic Scot. For a start there is the distinction between the Highlander and the Lowlander to consider, and in Ireland there is the added distinction between the immigrant English landowning classes who are mostly of Norman/French ancestry and the native Celtic/Danish ethnic groups.

    The Duke of Wellington himself was born in Ireland, but strongly denied that he was Irish. As he was quick to note that 'Not everything born in a stable is a horse.'

    However, Scotland and Ireland are bad examples anyway as they before retained a contiguous land mass as a homeland for their people. A better example would have been a Cornishman, as Cornwall disappeared as an independent state soon after the Norman invasion of 1066, but the Cornish still consider themselves to be a distinct ethnic culture within England.

    The Normans themselves would also be a better example as they have disappeared completely as a nation but still retain clear ethnic distinctions in both England and France.
    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    No I do not think so. They were quite different nations than Englishmen.
    True, they are but not necessarily different ethnically. There probably more Scotsmen and Irishmen in England than in Scotland and Ireland, not to mention the huge ethnic populations in the USA and Australia.

    In fact, coming back to the topic of ethnic regiments, the famous Irish Brigade which fought for the Union in the American War of Independence was not raised in Ireland, but was raised from ethnic Irish volunteers, not that this means that New York was a Irish state.
    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    It is pure question, because I do not want to discuss this question with you and I was said it before you get into this off topic. I asked about regions of recruitment in the beginning and had not any nationalist questions on my mind.
    But you were trying to link the region of recruitment to the concept of nationality, which was the point that concerned myself and PoE. The region of recruitment is nothing more than an adminstrative boundary and the influence it had on the ethnic composition of a regiment would depend entirely on the process used during recruitment. Thus a regiment raised in Scotland did not conists of nothing but Scotsmen because there was no process to exclude other ethnic groups. By comparison the Kings German Legion contained mostly German troops even though they did not recruit in Germany because that was the process use to select recruits.

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    Default Re: Austrian Army Regimental Names

    I see that you still try throw me into confusion.
    Again and again you add next things which make a medley.

    Quote Originally Posted by Didz
    As he was quick to note that 'Not everything born in a stable is a horse.'
    Nevertheless in a stable you still have a chance find more horses than ducks.

    Quote Originally Posted by Didz
    But you were trying to link the region of recruitment to the concept of nationality, which was the point that concerned myself and PoE.
    It is quite false statment. I did not link the regions of recruitment to the concept of nationality.
    It is not so simple. I only made the statement that Austrian Empire was multinational. This "mean" Austrian regiments included many nations not only Germans, Hungarians, Polish, Italian and Wallons.
    I did not know why only these nations PoE linked with names of Austrian regiments.

    Therefore I typed this

    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy
    Prince, you shwitch infantry regiments with nationality and I think that better is put here regions of recruitments.
    Mentioned source – Rawkins The Austrio-Hungarian Army 1798-1814 used that term too.


    I have had on mind that in these regions lived many nations. This is why I put some examples.

    And as I can see you know that

    Quote Originally Posted by Didz
    The region of recruitment is nothing more than an adminstrative boundary and the influence it had on the ethnic composition of a regiment would depend entirely on the process used during recruitment.
    However in AE it had inluence on the ethnic composition of regiments and it is clear that in majority of these regions lived quite differnet nationts than Germans or Hungarians. What is more both Germans and Hungarians sometimes were as minority in these regiments which were nominally named as German and Hungarian.

    PoE put on his list of Austrian regiments only German, Hungarian, Polish, Italian and Wallon names and I thought that it could be misleading. He link only these nations while in Austrian Empire lived many others nations or as you like ethnic groups.

    When we look at this thread from the beginning, we can see that it was you, who tried made medley with this nationality question. Later I only tried to defend my stetment that in AE lived many nations not only Germans and Hungarians. Other nations serviced in Austrian regiments too.

    Nevertheless it is hard link actual nations with Austrian regiments.
    Therefore I suggested link names of Austrian reriments with their regions of recruitment.
    It could give more informations and can include more aspects.

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    Default Re: Austrian Army Regimental Names

    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    I see that you still try throw me into confusion.

    That wasn’t my intention. I was merely trying to determine exactly what you meant. I think I’ve sorted that now, it was just the use of nationality rather than ethnicity that was confusing me.
    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    It is not so simple. I only made the statement that Austrian Empire was multinational.

    I think that’s a given fact. Most Empires are ‘by definition’ multi-national and most nations are multi-ethnic.
    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    I did not know why only these nations PoE linked with names of Austrian regiments.

    Well I think PoE has already explained this hasn't he?

    The Austrian Empire only classified their regiments as either German or Hungarian. The only difference being their organization and uniform. It had nothing to do with the ethnicity of the men that formed them.
    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    I have had on mind that in these regions lived many nations. This is why I put some examples.

    Or more accurately these regions were occupied by people of many different ethnic and cultural backgrounds.
    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    However in AE it had influence on the ethnic composition of regiments and it is clear that in majority of these regions lived quite different nations than Germans or Hungarians. What is more both Germans and Hungarians sometimes were as minority in these regiments which were nominally named as German and Hungarian.

    Almost certainly true, but the Austrian’s didn’t recognize most of these ethnic groups and so it’s difficult to determine the exact ethnic composition of any given regiment, or even any given region at the time we are talking about.

    I certainly don’t think its accurate to assume that because a regiment is classed as German it consisted mainly of ethnic German’s, all it really means that it was recruited from within the provinces which Austria designated to be part of their Germanic territory, or as PoE put it ‘imperial citizens resident in the Cisleithanian countries’, whereas the Hungarian regiments were raised in the Transleithanian countries, of Hungary and the Military borders (i.e. Croatia).

    The regions where these regiments were based might give some indication of their ethnic composition, but only if we had access to a clear ethnic census confirming the distribution of the different ethnic groups within the area at the time the regiment was raised. Unfortunately, we don’t, and even then it would only be a clue to what the actual ethnic composition of the regiment was, because evidence of other regiments shows that ethnic composition was never fully dependent upon regional affiliations or even the overt national affiliation of a regiment.
    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    PoE put on his list of Austrian regiments only German, Hungarian, Polish, Italian and Wallon names and I thought that it could be misleading. He link only these nations while in Austrian Empire lived many others nations or as you like ethnic groups.

    Well its no good blaming PoE for that, it happens to be the way the Austrian Empire organized its army. He could have listed the recruitment regions noted by Rawkins but in truth that doesn’t add much more value, as it made no different the nature of the regiment itself.
    Quote Originally Posted by exNowy View Post
    Nevertheless it is hard link actual nations with Austrian regiments. Therefore I suggested link names of Austrian regiments with their regions of recruitment.

    He has but as I’ve already explained it won't really add much as the regions were those designated by the Austrian Empire and so ignored the ethnicity of the people living in them.

    Plus of course the Regiments themselves were only based there, they were not associated with the regions themselves and so there is no certainty that their recruitment was always restricted to that area.

    The best we can really say is that the region in which a regiment is based might have influenced the ethnic mix of the men that served in it.

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