was founded in 1778 by the military leader and statesman Grigory Potemkin
as a fortress to protect the newly acquired Black Sea frontage of Russia. Kherson town became first Russian naval base and shipyard on Black Sea. Before Kherson there was a small Russian settlement which existed since 1737.
Kherson was named after ancient city of Khersones
. One of the leaders of building ships for Black Sea fleet from 1783 till 1785 was Russian naval commander F.F.Ushakov. From 1787 till 1791 A.V.Suvorov headed the construction of fortifications in Kherson city.