I run for fun in the French manufacturing units for the period of the revolution.
(It was fashionable at the moment). Here is a first draft.
The 7th regiment of Hussars de Lamothe 1792
In the French army, hussars appeared in 1637, but they do not form a separate weapon in the cavalry, in 1776. 6 The hussar regiments in 1789 became 14 during the Revolution and were reduced to 10 in 1803. Two additional regiments were created in 1810 with the Dutch hussars and the doubling of the 9th in Spain. Used as scouts, charged with harassing the enemy, the hussars were always displayed exceptional courage and wrote the most amazing pages of military history, capturing in 1795 the Dutch fleet in ice taken in Texel, making the surrender fortress of Stettin, participating in all major charges.
At the first Restoration, the strength of the light cavalry were greatly reduced, and only the first six regiments of hussars were to be preserved (order of 12 May 1814).
However, despite the royal decree, the 7th regiment of Hussars was preserved, and took the title of the regiment of Orleans.
The 7th Hussars was reconstituted on 12 September 1814 in Valenciennes, composed of former 7th Hussars, detachments of 1st Hussars and the 14th Hussars.
With the return of Napoleon in March 1815, the regiment demonstrated his enthusiasm, "said the tricolor cockade, and forced the inhabitants of Valenciennes to resume.
During the campaign in Belgium, he trained with the 3rd Brigade 1st hunters (Baron Bruno) of the 1st Light Cavalry Division (Jacquinot), which is attached to the 1st Army Corps (Drouet d'Erlon). It was led by Colonel
Voluntary commitments , epoque 1791.
At the root of the National Guard is the bourgeois guard of the Old Regime, which was to defend the property and persons. In the country, there could be insurrections against raising taxes, and people of low people, fearing a lack of grain and wheat, could tackle shops and convoys of wheat. On 13 July 1789, the population of Paris, by a starving famine, rises and starts looting shops and armories. People fearing a spillover, the city of Paris decides to channel the rising tension by creating a guard of Paris. Many volunteers from more affluent segments of society adhere spontaneously. This bourgeois militia plays an important role in the next day, during the storming of the Bastille. On 15 July, King Louis XVI called the Marquis de La Fayette commander in chief of the Parisian guard. The movement of great fear in the days following the campaigns and distressing to many cities causes throughout the country training of militias on the model parisien.Le 21 September 1792, France became a republic. The National Guard took part in the Revolution. In early 1793, there were 116 000 men. On 21 January, the Guard kept order during the execution of Louis XVI. The execution of the king provoked a wider conflict which faced France, England and the Netherlands entering the 1st war in February 1793 along with Austria and Prussia. The intensification of the conflict requires new staff. The National Guard was gradually used as a reservoir for the army. The Guard members were paying the richest poorest people to replace them in tasks that do not interest them. In September 1793 the office was abolished especially for National Guard Department of Defense. Thus ended the changing of the guard into the national army.
Voluntary commitments , epoque 1791.
Because of rising international tension and the breakdown of troops settled, the National Assembly decreed on 11 June 1791, the conscription free national guard. " From September 1791, has lifted the first battalion of National Guard volunteers from Mayenne-et-Loire ", scheduled for a theoretical 574 committed. Immediately, in Saumur, 165 young people have volunteered, of which 141 live in the city. As requests for voluntary excess, 81 of them are enrolled. They commit to a year-long campaign, but many of them remain under the flags. Alongside the notable children, who are in majority, appear wigmakers, probably unemployed, weavers and Taillandiers ... the balance of volunteers is higher than that of soldiers of the line. The first battalion of volunteers was formed in Angers on 15 September 1791. A former captain of the Carabinieri of Saumur, Nicolas de Beaurepaire, was elected colonel. The battalion defended Verdun, when the place is besieged by the Prussian army on 30 August 1792.
The second and third battalion have been removed, while the war is triggered and turns to disaster. Saumur still provides 249 volunteers, most of whom are enrolled. This recruitment has more popular, with domestic farmers appear. Economic incentives now hold a place as important as patriotism. At the same time the old ways resurface soliciting: premium bottles of wine, dinners civic copiously watered.
In total, 405 young people have committed Saumurois (plus some others in the Navy). The contrast is great between the recruitment of many of Anjou is favorable to new ideas and ready to defend them, and west of the department, already openly hostile. the entire district of Saumur had 581 volunteers, the district Vihiers 183, the district of Cholet 126. Socially, the bourgeois and middle class of shopkeepers and artisans are represented beyond their percentage in the population. Despite a strong presence of agricultural occupations, the categories are popular in lower numbers. You can not blame government officials for failing to give an