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Thread: Faction Thread - Cuman Khanate

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    Boztorgai_Khan's Avatar Domesticus
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    all discussions about the KYPCHAKS go here - ( CUMAN, KYPCHAK, KIPCHAK, KIPCAK, QIPCHAK, QYPCHAQ ) = SAME.

    The KYPCHAKS


    KIPCHAKS

    Kipchaks, Qipchaq, Qifjaq, Xifjaq, Kimchag, Kimcha'ud, Kuchak,Kyfchak, Kimaks, Kibi, Kukiji, Kujshe, Kuche, Kyueshe, Kushi, Kushu, Kuchuk, Cumans, Quman, Comani, Kumandy, Kun-ok, Kun, Kangli, Kengeres, Qangli, Seyanto, Sirs, Tele, Falven, Falones, Val(e)we(n,) Phalagi, Skythicon, Sakaliba, Khartesh, Ьනi, Ь෱��l൱i, Ь෣i, Рl��, Polovetsy, Polovtsy, and other variations
    DATELINE

    Time

    Events


    300 BC
    Türkic language splits into 2 branches, Oguz (Eastern) and Ogur (Kipchak) (Western). Oguz 'z', 'y, i', (Oguz, yilan, Yaik) Ogur 'r', 'd, dj', (Ogur, djulan, Djaik)

    201 BC
    V. Carlgren: Ethnonym Kypchak (Kyjchak) in Chinese annals is Tsujshe (Kujshe, Kuche, Kyueshe, Kushi, Kushu, Kuchuk)
    201 BC
    Tsujshe are first listed among people conquered by Maotun in 201 BC, along with Geguns, ancestors of Enisei Kirgizes
    300 AD
    Gaogyuys are listed as branch of Huns in Chinese annals

    300
    Genealogy:
    Gaogyuys (Chinese "High Coach")=Tele (Türk. "Coach" =15 tribes =
    ?1 Uange (Uygurs)
    ?2 Seyanto (Sir + Yanto)
    ?3 Kibi
    ?4 Dubo (Tubalar)(Dabo)(Tele)
    ?5 Guligan (Kurykan)(Yakut)
    ?6 Dolange (Telengits)
    ?7 Bugu (Pugu)(Uygurs)
    ?8 Bayegu (Baiyrku)( Uygurs)
    ?9 Tunlo (Tongra)(Uygurs)
    ?10 Hun 11 Sygye (Uygurs)
    ?12 Husye
    ?13 Higye
    ?14 Adye(Eduz)
    ?15 Baysi (Barsil)

    301
    Seyanto (Sir + Yanto) occupied steppes between Mongol Altay and E. Tianshan in 4-7c.

    516
    Syanbinian Jujan Khan Cheunu attacks Tele's kingdom Gaogyuy, captures Tele (Teleut) lord Mivota, Tele escape to Ephtalites

    534
    Anahuan with his horde attacks Tele's kingdom Gaogyuy, defeats it. Tele's lord Ifu killed by his brother Yuegyuy, who continues resistance, is defeated, killed by Ifu's son Bidi

    540
    Tele's kingdom Gaogyuy under Bidi is defeated and Gaogyuy state stops existing. In Chinese sources Chinese exoethnonym "Gaogyuy" is replaced with Türkic endoethnonym "Tele" (Türk. "coach")

    552
    Kipchaks were members of Türkic Kaganate

    552
    Kipchaks lived in Altai, valley of Chjelyan = Djilan = Snake, so Snake mountain and city Zmeinogorsk. Probably same as Boma of Dinlin. Belonged to Türkic Kaganate, lived in Alashan, mixed with Kangals, became Koman, or Polovets

    568
    Sirs live in towns and have ports in Djurdjan, across Amu-Darya.

    569
    Türks invade and conquer Sirs.

    604
    Nominally Djungaria and basin of Tarim entered Western Khaganate. However Kibi on north slopes of East Tyan-Shan and Seyanto on So. Slopes of Altain-Nuru crest fought western Türks for 2 years (605-606) and gained freedom.

    606
    Leader of Seyantos Ishibo subordinated to Gelen but retained control over his tribe. state was likely a tribal union

    609
    Troops of Empire Suy attack Tele and Western Khaganate

    619
    Both Tele leaders, Kibi Mokhe-Khan and Seyanto's Inan, subordinate to Tung Djabgu Khan = Djabgu of Shenuy. Djungaria returned to Western Khaganate.

    626
    Avars controlled all Kuturgur Hun lands Uturgur (Onogur?) Bolgars did not participate in Khazars' war raids into Caucasus Uturgur (Onogur?) Bolgars guarded western border of Western Kaganate Uturgur (Onogur?) Bolgars are allied with Tele (Dulu).

    627
    Seyanto tribe and Djungaria left Western Khaganate and joined Eastern Khaganate?s Kat Il Khan

    627
    Seyanto and Uygurs, both Tele tribes, help each other in Khaganate. Seyanto's Inan and Uygur's Pusa support each other

    628
    Seyanto tribe with 70K yurts gains independence.

    630
    Tardu Tong Yabgu of Western Khaganate (619-630), per Chinese chronicle Tanshu, subjugated Toleses between rivers Orkhon and Tola and Aral Lake, to Iranians, and advanced to Khandagar in south. His army has hundreds of thousands good bow-shooters

    630
    Qarluqs rebel, Tung Yabgu (23) dies, W. Khaganate split, SW and NE. SW run by Nushibis, under Irbis Bolun Yabgu (31) (631-631), installed by Nishu Khan Shad (32), son of Baga Shad (24). NE run by Tele (Dulu), under Sibir Khan Yabgu (14) (630-631)

    630
    Türks of Ordos become Kok Türks (Blue Türks), different from their north neighbors-Tele

    630
    Seyanto pursue Türk?s Chebi Khan who finds refuge in Altai valley with 30K army.

    631
    Seyanto tribe keeps independence.

    631
    Seyanto under China = 70K wagons

    631
    Uygur leader Tumidu, heir of Pusa, defeated Seyantos and seized their ranges. Emperor Taitszun sent an embassy to Seyanto leader Inan and recognized him as Khan, as a counterweight to Uygurs. Uygurs subordinated and recognized new Khan.

    631
    Seyanto state organized as Türk's. Khan's sons are Shads, leading tolos (North) and tardush (South). Army numbered 200K lances, smaller than was 1,000K of Türks' Shibir Khan

    631
    Seyanto state successfully controlled all Türkic leaders except for Ordos Türks under Chinese protection. Some Ordos Türks move north into Seyanto state.

    631
    New Seyanto state spread from Altai to Khingan and from Gobi desert to Baikal.

    632
    Seyanto gave a blow from behind. Ashina Chuni, loyal to traditions of Eastern Kaganate, raised his army against Seyanto. He had 50K army without success.

    632
    Kipchaks are not in 10 arrows of Western Kaganate

    634
    Seyanto tribe with 70K wagons keeps independence

    635
    Tribes that did not receive autonomy were Karluks, Yagma (YanNyan), Kipchaks, Basmals, and Huns (Dulu) tribes Chue, Chumi and Shato.

    635
    Yshbara Tolis-Shad Yabgu reorganizes W. Khaganate into 10-arrow Türks, of 5 Nushibi and 5 Tele (Dulu) tribal leaders, recognizing them as Shads (blood prince).

    636
    NE of Western Khaganate controlled by Tele Khan Tong Shad Yabgu, who attempts to unite W. and E. Khaganates

    639
    Seyanto ally with Gaochan in defense of Gaochan from Empire Tan aggression. Gaochan is attacked and occupied

    641
    Tsujshe (Kirchaks) is mentioned in Chinese annals desribing Dulu Khan, who in 641 conquered tribes other than Dulu or Nushibi, among them Tsujshe and Gegu, ie Kipchaks and Enisei Kirgizes. Per Chinese annals, Kipchaks and Enisei Kirgizes were neighbors for 800 years in Upper Ob and Western Sayans
    641
    Türks in service of Tan Empire are moved to north bank of Khuankhe and serve as a barrier against Seyanto

    641
    Seyanto Khan Inan organized expedition against restored Türkic vassal Khaganate on north bank of Khuankhe. Seyanto army is demolished 80%.

    641
    Kipchaks have 100K people, 40K army, 90 K horses

    641
    Kipchak on Altai subordinated to Khan Yukuk Yabgu

    645
    Seyanto Khan Inan died

    646
    Remains of Seyanto Horde loses to Empire Tan army and is dispersed forever. Uygurs fought Seyanto with Empire Tan and become loyal subjects and fight in all wars for Empire

    646
    Seyanto Khanaate was destroyed by Empire and their allies Uygurs, people were mercilessly wiped out. Remains of Seyanto dispersed by slopes of Beyshan, and joined Türks

    649
    Türkic Chebi Khan horde is resettled in East Khaganate vacated by Seyanto

    650
    Kipchaks move to Upper Irtysh and E. Kazakhstan steppes under pressure from China and Uygurs

    667
    150K Kumans, Türkmens, Kök-Oguses and Kyrgises confederated with Khazars cross Idel. Shambat and Asparukh battle Khazars, loose and flee to Bashtu, present Kiev.

    679
    Kipchaks restored Türkic Kaganate, second component = Sirs, descendants of Seyanto, became 'Kok Türk' = blue Türks Known as Kipchaks from that time

    692
    Kipchaks mixed with Kangar (Besenyos, Russian 'Pecheneg') between Black Irtysh and Syr-Darya in Deshtikipchak

    718
    Created Orkhon Inscriptions on Tonyukuk slella, describing events and providing Türkic perspective. Inscriptions are bilingual, in Kipchak language in Türkic alphabet, and in Chinese language in Chinese characters

    732
    Orkhon Inscriptions on Kul Tegin stella with a large and small inscriptions. Inscriptions are bilingual, in Kipchak language in Türkic alphabet, and in Chinese language in Chinese characters

    744
    Kipchak name first shows on Selenga Stella, Kipchak with Türkuts are ruling Kök Türk tribes, and allied against Uigurs.
    755
    Created Orkhon Inscription on Mogilyan Bilge Khan slella. Inscriptions are bilingual, in Kipchak language in Türkic alphabet, and in Chinese language in Chinese characters

    893
    KIMEK KAGANATE

    893-1225 Founder -
    Area -
    Script - Türkic Alphabet Talas type
    Coins -

    961
    After Dukak death, Yabgu appoints his son Seljuk Syu-Bashi, head of army. Seljuk evacuates his tribe to Sugura, near Jend (Hojdent), bordering with Moslem countries. Relocation may be caused by Kipchak victory over Oguz State or shortage of pastures

    972
    8 Besenyo tribes, under Khan Kura, of Kipchak stock with Oguz element, freed of Khazar dominance, defeat Russian prince Svyatoslav and make a drinking cup of his scull. Besenyos continuous fights with Khazars, Byzantines and Rus

    1010
    Kipchaks are pressed by Kumosi- Kimaks and then by Kidanes and move west. Kipchaks have three main groups: the main group and whole people are Kipchaks, western [European] branch is usually recorded as Cumans, and eastern [Asiatic] branch is known as Kangli (Kengeress)

    1020
    Kipchaks occupy Middle and Lower Donets basin, lower Don and Azov steppes. Earliest Kipchak stone monuments w. of Itil in honor of diseased are located here

    1029
    Kipchaks control steppes from Itil to Irtysh

    1045
    Byzantines call Besenyos and Kumans "Skythicon"

    1054
    Russian chronicles record appearance of Ghuz people, pushed by Kipchaks- a branch of Kimaks of middle Irtysh and of Ob.

    1055
    Russians claim that majority of Kipchak tribes under the leadership of Khan Blush crossed Itil in pursuit of Oguzes and occupy E. European steppes.

    1055
    Ipatian Chronicle reports first arrival of Kipchaks at border of Pereyaslav principality

    1060
    Kipchaks replace Besenyos (Pechenegs) from N Caucasus steppes. Stan of Kipchak Khans is located on river Sunj. N Caucasus steppes are important component of Deshti-Kipchak.

    1061
    First Kipchak Cumans attack of Rus under leadership of Khan Sokal

    1065
    600K Oguzes crossed Danube, devastated Balkans to Thessalonica. Emperor Constantine X Ducas, and then Kengeres and Bolgars, ruled at that time from Byzantium, annihilated them. Remains of Oguzes were subjugated, eliminated or assimilated by Kipchaks.

    1065
    600K Oghuzes crossed Danube and devastated Balkans to Thessalonica. Emperor Constantine X Ducas, and then Kengeres and Bolgars annihilated them. Remains of Oguzes were subjugated, eliminated or assimilated by Kipchaks.

    1065
    Steppes N. of Lake Balkhash inhabited by three Türkic peoples: Oguz (Oghuz, Ghuz, Torks, Ouzoi, Uzes, Türkmen), Kimaks/Kipchak of middle Yenisey of Ob, and Kirgiz. group distinguished from other Türkic people that they had Y mutated to J (DJ).

    1068
    Kipchaks defeat three joint Rus Knyazes Izyaslav, Svyatoslav, and Vsevolod on Al'ta/L'to River

    1078
    Svyatoslav pretender-son Oleg brought Kipchak army to Rus

    1090
    The reign of Kipchak Khan Bonyak (1090-1167)

    1091
    Kipchaks under Tugorkhan (?-1096) (Grousset's Togortak) and Bonyak (Grousset's Maniak) are allied with Byzantium under Alexius Comnenus, and together crushed Besenyo army at Mount Lebunion

    1095
    Kiev Grand Knyaz Vladimir Monomah signs peace treaty with Kipchaks, exchange and adopt sons (Türk. tali, or amanaty), then treacherously slaughter Khans Kitan and Itlar, raid and rob Kipchak settlements, causing retributions

    1099
    Khan Bonyak Cumans defeat Hungarian army of King Coloman Beauclerc at Przemysl

    1100
    Kipchaks are subdivided into hordes: Dniepr, Don, Lower Itil (Kipchak-Saksin), Eastern (Kipchak)

    1103
    Rus Dolob Congress to unite Rus forces to crush Cumans

    1103
    W. Kipchaks are invaded and defeated on river Suten (Molochnaya) by Vladimir Monomakh and Svyatopolk Izyaslavich of Kiev. 20 Kipchak princes died. Kipchaks retreat from Bug

    1105
    Khan Bonyak Cumans retaliate attacking Zarub

    1109
    Don Kipchaks are invaded and defeated by Rus Khyazes

    1110
    Kipchaks stone monuments spread in Dniepr basin, Crimea, Azov, Don, Itil, N Caucasus

    1111
    Don Kipchaks are again invaded and defeated by Rus Khyazes.

    1116
    Don Kipchaks are again invaded and defeated by Rus Khyazes. Cities Sharukhan, Sugrov and Balin with Alano-Bulgar populations are taken.

    1116
    (1116-1236) End of Russo-Kipchak wars. Kipchaks ally with Rus Principalities and join in in Rus intercine wars. In 120 years Kipchaks participate in 16 Russo-Russo wars, with only 6 Russo-Kipchak invasions and 6 Kipchak-Russo invasions

    1117
    Kipchaks under Khan Otrok retreat to N Caucasus steppes. Kipchak Khan Syrchan remains in Don Steppes. Kipchaks under Khan Otrok on way to N Caucasus destroy Sarkel. Its inhabitants with Besenyos and Oguz Türks migrate to Rus principalities

    1117
    Kipchak Khan Bonyak and Rus Knyazes Vsevolod of Kiev and Andrey of Pereyaslavl sign peace treaty near Malutin

    1118
    Kipchaks make peace with Alans. Khan Otrak has 40K army and is allied with Georgian King David IV the Builder and participates in war with Seljuks. A number of Kipchaks settle in Georgia

    1120
    Rus Knyaz Yuri Dolgoruky defeats Bulgars under pretext that they poisoned his father-in-law, Kipchak Khan Aepak

    1122
    Rus defeats Berendeys, Oguses and Cumans. Cumans leave

    1122
    Kipchak Khan Bonyak defeats Besenyos at Battle of Eski Zagra. Cumans subsequently occupy their lands

    1130
    1130-1150 Kipchaks participate in intercene wars of Rus principalities.

    1146
    Foundation of Karakalpak (Black Caps - Russ. Chernii Klobuki) Union (comprised of remnants of defeated Türkic peoples), dependent on and largely loyal to Rus. First time Rus annals mention Wild Kipchaks (Russ. "Wild Polovetsy") and Brodnicks

    1152
    Kipchak lands are defined in Ipatievsk Chronicle and Chronicle of Igor. Itil, N Black Sea, Sula, Crimea (Suroj and Korsun (Kerch)), Tmutarakan (NW Fore-Caucusus)

    1167
    Kipchak Khan Bonyak (1090-1167) dies, Khan ? becomes Kipchak Khan(1167-1172)

    1170
    Rus Knyazes under the leadership of Mstislav Izyaslavich raid Dnestr Kipchaks

    1171
    Besenyos lose control of Moldova to Cumans (1171-1241)

    1172
    Kipchak Khan ? (1167-1172) dies, Khan Konchak becomes Khan (1172-1201)

    1172
    Kipchak Khan Konchak and the Rus Knyazes Rostislav and Gleb sign peace treaty near Pesochna. Bulgars repel attack of Mstislav, son of Andrey Bogolyubsky

    1174
    Kipchak Khans Konchak and Kobyak fail in raid on territory of Pereiaslavl Knyaz Igor

    1175
    Kipchaks consolidate into 2 confederated hordes, Dniepr and Don. Al Mansuri and An Nuvayri mention Burjogly and Toksoba confederations.

    1179
    First successful raid of Kipchak Khan Konchak to Pesulye

    1180
    Kipchaks aid Knyaz Igor and Olgovichi against Knyaz David in Smolensk and Ryurik. After the defeat of Igor, they flee with his troops. The battle took place near Chertoriye River

    1184
    Dniepr Kipchaks are again attacked and defeated near Ivan-Voyn, and Kievan Grand Knyaz Svyatoslav (not Igor) captures and kills Khan Kobyak. Kobyak is from line Toglyy/Izay/Osoluk/Kobyak (in Russ. sources patrimonic name Karepyevich, from Karep)

    1184
    Don Kipchak Khan Konchak raids Russ and is defeated. Army of Knyaz Vsevolod devastates some Bulgar areas

    1185
    A number of Kipchaks, in 10'sK, settle in Georgia in times of George III (1152-1184) and Quinn Tamara (1184-1214).

    1185
    (March) Russ Knyazes Ryurik and Svyatoslav defeat Kipchaks on Khorol River. Month later Igor launches his disastrous campaign against Kipchaks. Khan Konchak and Gzak retaliate successfully in Pereiaslavl region

    1185
    1185-1187 Cuman-descended Bulgarian "boyars" Peter and Asen revolt against Byzantine rule, with Bulgar, Wallachian and Cuman troops. Foundation of second Danube Bulgar state

    1187
    Great March of Rus knyazes against Dnestr Kipchaks, the final destination is "Blue Wood"

    1193
    Rus Knyazes - co-governors Svyatoslav and Rurik fail to arrange peace treaty with (Kipchak vassals?) Lukomors and Bureviches.

    1195
    1195- Kipchaks participate in intercine wars of Rus principalities.

    1202
    Rus Knyaz Rurik with Kipchak allies defeats Galitsky princedom

    1202
    Kipchak Khan Kotyan's reign (1202-1240) over territories in N. Pontic and Hungary

    1203
    Kipchak Cumans capture Kiev

    1206
    Death of Delhi Sultan Muhammad Guri. Kipchak viceroy gulam Kutb ad-Din Aibek (1206-1210) becomes first Sultam of new dynasty

    1209
    Novgorod Knyaz Mstislav allied with Cuman Khan Kotyan, recaptures Galich from Magyars

    1219
    Gengiz Khan grants Muyten Bey yarlik for Bashkir? Kipchak? Ulus from Yaik and Agizel (Belaya), tributary of Kama, to Irtish

    1220
    Combined Russo-Kipchak forces of Knyaz George II of Vladimir raids Itil Bolgars, capture Oshel and other cities along Kama. Bilyar city was saved by paying rich tribute

    1221
    King George IV's Georgian Royal Guards Cuman cavalry defeated by Mongols

    1221
    Dominicans send missionaries to Cumans

    1222
    Khan Kotyan Cumans, Bulgars, Khazars and Alans in first fight with Mongol-Tatars, accept promise not to be harmed as speakers of Tatar Kipchak dialect, withdraw, but are attacked and defeated. Alanian capital Magas (Meget) is seized

    1223
    War councel in Kiev: Kipchak Khan Kotyak, Galician Knyaz Mstislav Mstislavich Udaloy (Brave), Kiev Knyaz Mstislav Romanovich, Chernigov Knyaz Mstislav Svyatoslavich, Volyn Knyaz Daniil, Kursk Knyaz Oleg, Smolensk Knyaz Vladimir, former Novgorod Knyaz Vsevolod

    1223
    Mongol-Tatars defeated important Khan Kotyan's Russo-Kipchak force on May 31, 1223, at battle of Kalka

    1223
    80K Russo-Kipchak force was defeated by 20K 3 tumen force of Subetai on June 16, 1223, at battle of Kalka

    1223
    Itil Bolgar Khan Gabdulla Chelbir collects 24K army, of 5K kursybays, 3K militia of Dair Tetush, 6K kazanchies, 10K Bashkorts. Staged at Kermek, NW of Mardan-Sember (present Simbirsk), on left bank of Itil. Subetai had 20K Tataro-Mongols, and 50K Türkmen and Kumans. Severe defeat of trapped Mongol army

    1225
    End of KIMEK KAGANATE
    893-1225 Founder -
    Area -
    Script - Türkic Alphabet Talas type
    Coins -

    1227
    Juchi dies, Batu becomes Ulus Juchi (Kipchak) Khan (1227-1255)

    1227
    Cuman Khan west of the Dneiper Bortz/Bortch (Türk. "debt") and 15,000 of his people baptized as Catholics in Moldavia and swear allegiance to Hungary

    1228
    First bishopric of Cumania, with seat at Milkov in Moldavia, established in Transylvania and King King Béla IV of Hungary assumed title ?king of Cumania?

    1235
    Eastern Desht-I Kipchak from Altai to Idel are included in Tataro-Mongol Empire

    1237
    Batu Khan becomes ruler of Kipchak Kaganate (Ak Urdu) (Golden Horde).

    1237
    Invasion of Asses and Kipchaks in N.W. Caspian and N. Caucasus. Leading Kipchak warrior Bachman killed, Khan Kotyan retreat beyond Tanais. Batu starts encircling maneuver going through Burtases, Erzya Moksha, and Rus

    1239
    King Béla IV of Hungary granted asylum to Cumans and their prince Kotyan (BE "Kuthen"), who had earlier unsuccessfully tried organize Rus resistance to Mongols. Kotyan agreed to convert his people to Catholicism, and be loyal to Hungary

    1240
    Batu Khan controls Kipchak, Bolgar, Rus Principalities

    1240
    Kuthen, considered a dangerous alien, is murdered; Cumans left Hungary but resettled there by Béla IV in 1245

    1241
    Cumans lose control of Moldova to Mongols (1241-1286)

    1241
    Cumans exacted revenge upon Hungarians by deserting them in their greatest time of need. They fled to Balkans, ravaging as they went

    1249
    Establishment of Kipchak Türkic Mamluk dynasty in Egypt

    1250
    Kipchaks spoke a Türkic language whose most important surviving record is Codex Cumanicus, a late 13th-century dictionary of words in Kipchak, Latin, and Persian, compiled by Christian missionaries

    1250
    Presence in Egypt of Kipchak-speaking Mamluks stimulated compilation of Kipchak-Arabic dictionaries and grammars written in Egypt and Syria

    1250
    Béla IV's son, future Stephen V, married Cuman princess, and, under rule of their son (Ladislas IV [László]; 1272?90), Cuman influence in Hungarian affairs was great

    1250
    Cumans did not completely assimilated into Hungarian society for centuries

    1255
    Batu dies (1227-1255). Sartaq the Christian becomes Kipchak Khan (1255-1257), then Ulagchi the Child (1257-1257)

    1257
    Ulagchi the Child dies (1257-1257), Berke the Moslem becomes Kipchak Khan (1257-1266)

    1262
    First war between Kipchak Kaganate and Il Khans.

    1263
    Kipchak Khanaate (Ak Urdu) carried on an extensive trade with Mediterranean peoples, particularly their allies in Mamluk Egypt and Genoese.

    1266
    Berke Moslem dies (1257-1266), Mangu Timur becomes Kipchak Khan (1266-1280)

    1279
    Kipchak (Cuman) George Terter I installed in Bulgaria (1280-1292)

    1280
    Mangu Timur dies, Tode Mangu the Moslem becomes Kipchak Khan (1280-1287)

    1287
    Tode Mangu Moslem dies, Tole Buqa becomes Kipchak Khan (1287-1290)

    1290
    Tole Buqa dies, Toqtagha becomes Kipchak Khan (1290-1312)

    1298
    Hungarian-Cuman force fights in Battle of Gollheim with army of Albrecht I of Habsburg

    1300
    Kipchaks settle in E. of Itil and in S. Urals

    1300
    Kipchaks settled from Itil to Lower Ilek rivers left modest earthen kurgans with rectangular burials facing East, with a hide or a mummy of harnessed and saddled horse

    1300
    Kipchaks settled E. of Lower Ilek river left stone kurgans with rectangular burials facing East, with a hide or a mummy of harnessed and saddled horse. Both groups have same ritual: men are equipped with birch lube quivers with cut arrows, knives and flints. Women? are buried with bronze or silver pendants, ear rings, signet rings, scissors, bronze mirrors and elements of head dress (bokki in a shape of a birch lube tube)

    1328
    Pope John XXII instructs Hungarian bishops not to collect tithes from Cumans

    1333
    Casimir the Great (Kazimierz Wielki) (1333-1370) expands Poland on the border of Kipchak khanate into a major Central-European power, increasing her territory 2.5 times, bringing it's size up to 270,000 sq.kms.

    1340
    Tini Beg dies, Jani Beg I becomes Kipchak Khan (1341-1356)

    1348
    Pope Coloman VI charges Minorite friars to convert Cumans

    1356
    Jani Beg I dies, Berdi Beg becomes Kipchak Khan (1356-1359 opposed by)

    1357
    Death of Jani Beg, last member of House of Juchi to rule over Kipchak Kaganate

    1359
    Berdi Beg dies, Qulpa becomes Kipchak Khan (1359-1360 and)

    1360
    Nauruz Beg dies, Hizr (of Ak Urdu - White Horde) becomes Kipchak Khan (1360-1361)

    1360
    Qulpa dies, Nauruz Beg becomes Kipchak Khan (1360)

    1361
    Hizr (of Ak Urdu - White Horde) dies, Temur Hoja (of Ak Urdu) becomes Kipchak Khan (1361-1362)

    1362
    Temur Hoja (Ak Urdu) dies, Abdullah becomes Kipchak Khan (1362 d1370)

    1369
    Abdullah dies, Jani Beg II becomes Kipchak Khan (1369-1370)

    1370
    Jani Beg II dies, Mohammed Buluq-Khan becomes Kipchak Khan (1370 d)

    1370
    Mohammed Buluq-Khan dies, Tulun Beg-Khanum (fem) (Ak Urdu) becomes Kipchak Khan (1370-1373)

    1373
    Tulun Beg-Khanum (fem) (Ak Urdu) dies, Ai Beg (Ak Urdu) becomes Kipchak Khan (1373 d 1376)

    1373
    Dmitrii Donskoi of Moscow repulsed Kipchak punitive invasion

    1375
    Ai Beg (Ak Urdu) dies, Hajji Cherkes (in Sarai) becomes Kipchak Khan (1375-1376)

    1376
    Hajji Cherkes (in Sarai) dies, Urus-Khan becomes Kipchak Khan (1376-1378)

    1377
    Khan of Ak Urdu Tokhtamysh assumes control of Kipchak Kaganate

    1378
    Urus-Khan dies, Arab Shaykh (restored)(in Sarai) becomes Kipchak Khan (1378-1379)

    1379
    Arab Shaykh (restored)(in Sarai) dies, rebellious Mamai claims Kipchak Khan throne (1379-1380)

    1380
    Dmitrii Donskoi of Moscow and Rus princes, as vassals of Tokhtamish, fight and win a signal victory over Kipchak Horde under pretender general Mamai at Battle of Kulikovo in 1380

    1380
    Tokhtamish, son of a minor Tatar prince, won fight with Mamai and ascended throne of Kipchak Khaganate - Ak Urdu. Mamai dies, Tokhtamish becomes Kipchak Khan (1380-1397)

    1395
    Timurlan defeats Tokhtamysh. Türkish Emir Edigu takes over control of Kipchak Kaganate.

    1398
    Tokhtamish dies, Temur Qutlugh becomes Kipchak Khan (1398-1400)

    1400
    Temur Qutlugh dies, Shadi Beg becomes Kipchak Khan (1400-1407)

    1407
    Shadi Beg dies, Pulad becomes Kipchak Khan (1407-1412)

    1412
    Pulad dies, Jalal Al-Din becomes Kipchak Khan (1412-1413)

    1413
    Jalal Al-Din dies, Karim Berdi becomes Kipchak Khan (1413-1414)

    1414
    Karim Berdi dies, Kebek becomes Kipchak Khan (1414-1417)

    1417
    Kebek dies, Jabbar Berdi becomes Kipchak Khan (1417-1419)

    1419
    Jabbar Berdi dies, Ulugh Mehmed becomes Kipchak Khan (1419-1420 d 1434)

    1419
    Death of Edigu. Beginning of civil war in Kipchak Kaganate

    1420
    Ulugh Mehmed dies, Devlat Berdi becomes Kipchak Khan (1420-1421)

    1421
    Devlat Berdi dies, Baraq becomes Kipchak Khan (1421-1428)

    1423
    Crimean Khaganate separates from Kipchak Khaganate under Khan Mengli Girei

    1423
    Baraq dies,Kuchuk Mehmed becomes Kipchak Khan (1423(36?)-1459)

    1428
    Kuchuk Mehmed dies, Ulugh Mehmed (restored) becomes Kipchak Khan (1428-1434)

    1430
    Kazan Khanate separates from Kipchak Khaganate.

    1432
    Kipchak Khan Ulugh Mehmed's envoy enthroned Vasili II on throne of Moscow instead of in Vladimir. This is last time that Tatar envoy participated in coronation of Grand Prince of Rus

    1434
    Ulugh Mehmed (restored) dies, Sayyid Ahmad I becomes Kipchak Khan (1434-1436)

    1459
    Sayyid Ahmad I dies, Mahmud becomes Kipchak Khan (1459-1466)

    1466
    Mahmud dies, Ahmad becomes Kipchak Khan (1466-1481)

    1470
    Struck last bilingual Kipchak-Rus coins

    1481
    Ahmad dies, Sayyid Ahmad II becomes Kipchak Khan (1481-1502)

    1502
    Destruction of Kipchak Kaganate capital Sarai.

    The KYPCHAKS

    CUMAN ( KYPCHAK ) - COA



    Historicalcoat of arms of Cumania


    Kazakh
    SOLDIERS by RUSSIAN's is the Real SOLDIERS of the CUMAN ( KYPCHAK )..




    MOSTLY - TATAR's, KYPCHAK's and MONGOL's - HAIR STYLE and FACE..



    Kypchak





    MORE PICTURES of Kypchaks;

    Kypchak
    Shaman



    Kypchak - Princess



    Kypchak - Archer



    Kypchak - HORDE



    Kypchak - Horde



    Kypchak



    Kypchak - Tatars



    Kypchak - RED ( Merchant ) GREEN ( Princess ) BLUE ( DIPLOMAT )



    Kypchak - Face Hair Style



    Kypchak - Horse Archers





    KYPCHAK - MOSTLY Faction Leaders and Faction Heirs By MONGOLS is that to so ( THE FACE )



    KYPCHAK - Axe SOLDIERS



    Kypchak - Tatar



    KYPCHAK - FACTION LEADER ( FACE )



    Kypchak - Tatar



    KYPCHAK - TOGAI BEG KHAN ( a GREAT - KYPCHAK - Leader ) - So was the Kypchak Leaders to ( Look the HAIR's )



    KYPCHAK - SOLDIERS and a LADY :wink:



    # CUMAN and KYPCHAK ( KIPCHAK ) is SAME ( ONE )
    # PECHENEG is a Family of CUMAN ( KYPCHAKS )


    Cuman


    Pecheneg and to by Kypchak


    Kipchak


    Cuman Horse Archer


    Cuman Warrior


    Cuman Warrior


    1 is Cuman Horse Archer

    Pecheneg Horse Archer


    You can Find Here More CUMAN ( KYPCHAKS ) and PECHENEGS - UNIT'S


    http://www.twcenter.net/forums/showthread.php?t=88827


    http://www.twcenter.net/forums/showthread.php?t=109214


    http://www.twcenter.net/forums/showthread.php?t=88137&highlight=CUMAN


    http://www.twcenter.net/forums/showthread.php?t=107474&highlight=CUMAN




    KIPCHAKS - ( SOUTH RUSSIA and UKRAINE ) - 1200 AD


    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kipchaks









    MORE COMING SOON..

    The KYPCHAKS


    Kypchak khans and their retainers mid 13th-early 14th c.



    Kypchak and Bulgar helmets and shields 13th - 14th c.






    -















    although some warriors below are called Russian their arms and armor was found in Kypchak and Bulgar graves





    CUMAN - KYPCHAK











    Kypchaks Pictures. :wink:













    Cumans had never Flag
    Cumans had TUG with WOLF HEAD. :original: :wink:

    the REAL BANNER ( the WOLF HEAD TUG )



    who can I send the Names, Family Tree and Religion and Title ??
    Last edited by B. Ward; September 21, 2008 at 07:49 AM. Reason: Multiple Posts



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  2. #2
    albasrii's Avatar Libertus
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    Default Re: Faction Thread - Cuman Khanate

    Quote Originally Posted by Boztorgai_Khan View Post
    Kypchak - Princess

    I hope the Cuman princesses could be modeled like her
    This are all good information Khan
    Please read the Quran. And please use the Tafsir to understand each word and each verse to avoid misunderstandings, Insya' allah. - School: Sunni Tafsirs

    أشهد أن لا إله إلاَّ الله و أشهد أن محمد رسول الله

  3. #3
    Boztorgai_Khan's Avatar Domesticus
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    Default Re: Faction Thread - Cuman Khanate

    Quote Originally Posted by albasrii View Post
    I hope the Cuman princesses could be modeled like her
    This are all good information Khan

    Hehe, Thank You..
    But That is a Volga-Bulgarian Girl.



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  4. #4

    Default Re: Faction Thread - Cuman Khanate

    Yes its true cuman should be remaked not only cumans other not western factions need help too but SS is a funny mod .




  5. #5
    caralampio's Avatar Magnificus
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    Default Re: Faction Thread - Cuman Khanate

    OK I think we got "the picture"

    Cumans seem to be related to Mongols unless I've gotten the wrong impression, wouldn't a good compromise be to give the Cumans the Mongol names from the game? It would not be totally accurate but close?

    As to the faces, armor, etc. I think you could work on the models, or find someone who can and is willing in the modding forums. Once made it is easy to include them.

  6. #6
    Boztorgai_Khan's Avatar Domesticus
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    Default Re: Faction Thread - Cuman Khanate

    Quote Originally Posted by caralampio View Post
    OK I think we got "the picture"

    Cumans seem to be related to Mongols unless I've gotten the wrong impression, wouldn't a good compromise be to give the Cumans the Mongol names from the game? It would not be totally accurate but close?

    As to the faces, armor, etc. I think you could work on the models, or find someone who can and is willing in the modding forums. Once made it is easy to include them.

    Nice

    True, Right

    Can I then Send you the Names of Cumans And Mongols ??



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  7. #7

    Default Re: Faction Thread - Cuman Khanate

    look it
    this is cumans
    goodjob boztorgai_khan

  8. #8
    Barser's Avatar Senator
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    Default Re: Faction Thread - Cuman Khanate

    I gotta say that if I where to make new unit models right now Cumans is far from the top list no matter how much there have been spamming about it of late. They are not the faction that needs most skinning attention and statistic shows they are the faction less people play.

    What about you make the models yourself? It seem you have the right motivation.

    ______________Factionleaders and Generals mod__________________
    ______________________Agents-minimod____________________________

  9. #9
    Boztorgai_Khan's Avatar Domesticus
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    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by Cuman View Post
    look it
    this is cumans
    goodjob boztorgai_khan

    Thank You..

    Quote Originally Posted by Barser View Post
    I gotta say that if I where to make new unit models right now Cumans is far from the top list no matter how much there have been spamming about it of late. They are not the faction that needs most skinning attention and statistic shows they are the faction less people play.

    What about you make the models yourself? It seem you have the right motivation.

    Ah Nice to heard it that.
    No, I Want Learn. But How, I have no Idea.
    Maybe is Not easy to me.

    I have idea's MODS.
    But I'am only a Researcher not more.
    Last edited by B. Ward; September 21, 2008 at 07:50 AM. Reason: Double Post



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  10. #10
    eskrogh's Avatar Biarchus
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    Default Re: Faction Thread - Cuman Khanate

    omg many pics, and alot of info if this will be the last Asian faction tread, that would be nice

    but all the spam Cuman, made was terrible, i can clealy see that the names must be all wrong, but Cuman, spamming is not the way to get people to listen make 1 tread no more, thats better than keeping the preview of the cumans alive...

    hmm if you could get the knowledge to change the names,
    then i would be happy to use the file, if you posted them, or you could, edit the first post and put the name list in?
    If people isnt over the minimum standard of living... lower the standard..
    if there is too much poverty in a sociaty, lower the poverty line... my qoutes... comment them if you will...

  11. #11
    Boztorgai_Khan's Avatar Domesticus
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    Default Re: Faction Thread - Cuman Khanate

    Quote Originally Posted by eskrogh View Post
    omg many pics, and alot of info if this will be the last Asian faction tread, that would be nice

    but all the spam Cuman, made was terrible, i can clealy see that the names must be all wrong, but Cuman, spamming is not the way to get people to listen make 1 tread no more, thats better than keeping the preview of the cumans alive...

    hmm if you could get the knowledge to change the names,
    then i would be happy to use the file, if you posted them, or you could, edit the first post and put the name list in?

    Thank You..

    I Know, I Told Him.

    I Can send pm that names if you want ??



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  12. #12
    eskrogh's Avatar Biarchus
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    Default Re: Faction Thread - Cuman Khanate

    that could be usefull... would be nice
    If people isnt over the minimum standard of living... lower the standard..
    if there is too much poverty in a sociaty, lower the poverty line... my qoutes... comment them if you will...

  13. #13
    Boztorgai_Khan's Avatar Domesticus
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    Default Re: Faction Thread - Cuman Khanate

    Quote Originally Posted by eskrogh View Post
    that could be usefull... would be nice

    I Send it now then.



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  14. #14
    eskrogh's Avatar Biarchus
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    Default Re: Faction Thread - Cuman Khanate

    was this the list of surenames?

    Means of Something Names:
    Most Names is Double.
    Turkic People was Rich with Names.


    and this is some of them`?

    Alp (means "hero")
    Alp Er ( Alp Er Name of Great Turk; Alp Er Tunga )
    Aybak, Aibak, Aybek, Aybeg, Aepak ( Kipchak Khan, in 1120 AD )
    Parsbit, Barsbek (also a male and female name)
    Baghatur (means "brave warrior")
    Balgitzi, Belgichi, Bälgichi, Balghichi
    Barjik, Barcak, Barcik
    Bashtu, Bashtwa
    Baybars, Baibars, Beybars, Beibars
    Bihor, Biheros, Bihar, Virhor
    Bonyak - Kipchak Khan Bonyak (1090-1167) dies, Khan ? becomes Kipchak Khan(1167-1172)
    Bugha (means "bull")
    Bulan (means "elk")
    Bulchan, Buljan, Bluchan
    Buzer, Busir, Bazir
    Chorpan (means "star")
    If people isnt over the minimum standard of living... lower the standard..
    if there is too much poverty in a sociaty, lower the poverty line... my qoutes... comment them if you will...

  15. #15
    jnecros's Avatar Miles
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    Default Re: Faction Thread - Cuman Khanate

    Boztorgai_Khan, I also love these types of horse culture nomads in throughout history, Sarmatia, Scythia, Mongols ect. I wanted your input, non game related, about the Kipchaks and the Krygyz. Are they the same peoples? I can not find any references about this and I am a long time fan/casual researcher of the 40 tribes of Kagan Barsbek's Kyrgyz, if you have information dealing with this send me a pm or whatever please.

  16. #16
    Boztorgai_Khan's Avatar Domesticus
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    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by eskrogh View Post
    was this the list of surenames?

    Means of Something Names:
    Most Names is Double.
    Turkic People was Rich with Names.


    and this is some of them`?

    Alp (means "hero")
    Alp Er ( Alp Er Name of Great Turk; Alp Er Tunga )
    Aybak, Aibak, Aybek, Aybeg, Aepak ( Kipchak Khan, in 1120 AD )
    Parsbit, Barsbek (also a male and female name)
    Baghatur (means "brave warrior")
    Balgitzi, Belgichi, Bälgichi, Balghichi
    Barjik, Barcak, Barcik
    Bashtu, Bashtwa
    Baybars, Baibars, Beybars, Beibars
    Bihor, Biheros, Bihar, Virhor
    Bonyak - Kipchak Khan Bonyak (1090-1167) dies, Khan ? becomes Kipchak Khan(1167-1172)
    Bugha (means "bull")
    Bulan (means "elk")
    Bulchan, Buljan, Bluchan
    Buzer, Busir, Bazir
    Chorpan (means "star")

    Male names

    But this is a Female name.
    Parsbit, Barsbek (also a male and female name)

    Quote Originally Posted by jnecros View Post
    Boztorgai_Khan, I also love these types of horse culture nomads in throughout history, Sarmatia, Scythia, Mongols ect. I wanted your input, non game related, about the Kipchaks and the Krygyz. Are they the same peoples? I can not find any references about this and I am a long time fan/casual researcher of the 40 tribes of Kagan Barsbek's Kyrgyz, if you have information dealing with this send me a pm or whatever please.

    Thank You..

    Maybe this can help you ?

    Spoiler Alert, click show to read: 
    The modern Northwestern Turkic languages are named after the Kipchaks. Some of the descendants of the Kipchaks are now known as Siberian Tatars, Nogays, Bashkirs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Tatars (partly), Crimean Tatars (partly).

    Kipchaks have transformed, to a degree, into modern Kazakh and Kyrgyz populations. Kipchak is the name of a tribe within the Middle Juz of the Kazakh people, as well as the name of a Kyrgyz tribe within modern-day Kyrgyzstan.

    There is also a village named 'Kipchak' in Crimea.


    The Cumans were nomadic warriors of the Eurasian steppe who exerted an enduring impact on the medieval Balkans. The basic instrument of Cuman political success was military force, which none of the warring Balkan factions could resist. As a consequence, groups of the Cumans settled and mingled with the local population in various regions of the Balkans. The Cumans were the founders of three successive Bulgarian dynasties (Asenids, Terterids, and Shishmanids), and the Wallachian dynasty (Basarabids). They also played an active role in Byzantium, Hungary, and Serbia, with Cuman immigrants being integrated into each country's elite.

    The people known in Turkic as Kipchaks were the same as the Polovtsy of the Russians, the Komanoi of the Byzantines, the Qumani (Cumans) of the Arab geographer Muhammad al-Idrisi, and the Kun (Qoun) of the Hungarians. According to Gadrisi, they originally formed part of the group of Kimak Turks who lived in Siberia along the middle reaches of the Irtysh, or along the Ob. The Kimaks and the Oghuz were closely related.

    It is known fact that cumans called themselves "kipçak", however the origin of this word isn't clear. Several sources have tried to explain this, O.Suleymenov in his book Az i Ya proposes theory that word "kipçak" came from tribal tamga (sign or emblem) that is represented by two sticks or two knives (iki pıçak). Modern tamga of Qıpşaq tribe among Kazakhs looks like two sticks but it's called "qos alıp" (double alīf). This name probably was changed due to islamisation.

    In Europe, they were assimilated by the local Turkic populations or their name spread to the conquered peoples: Kipchaks, Volga Bulgars, Alans, Kimaks and others; and elsewhere with Finno-Ugric speaking peoples, as well as with remnants of the ancient Greek colonies in the Crimea and Caucasians in the Caucasus.

    The name Tatar initially appeared amongst the nomadic Turkic peoples of northeastern Mongolia in the region around Lake Baikal in the beginning of the 5th century. These people may have been related to the Cumans or the Kipchaks. The Chinese term is Dada and is a comparatively specific term for nomads to the north, emerging in the late Tang. Other names include Dadan and Tatan.





    I Deal that with you, I send you a pm but I have school too.
    I Need Time.

    You Mean Barsbek of Khazar Khagan
    or
    Parsbit, Barsbek (also a male and female name) CUMAN FEMALE NOBLE GIRL ?



    BTW: Steppe Horse Song for you.


    Last edited by B. Ward; September 21, 2008 at 07:47 AM. Reason: Double Post



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  17. #17

    Default Re: Faction Thread - Cuman Khanate

    Boztorgai_Khan
    Kypchak section of names file attached.

    To err is human, but to really foul things up you need a computer.
    Paul Ehrlich

  18. #18
    Boztorgai_Khan's Avatar Domesticus
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    Default Re: Faction Thread - Cuman Khanate

    Quote Originally Posted by Quark View Post
    Boztorgai_Khan
    Kypchak section of names file attached.

    I send it to you the true list.

    So 95% ARABIC NAMES
    My list is 100% CUMANIC NAMES ( URAL-ALTAIC )
    Last edited by Boztorgai_Khan; September 21, 2008 at 08:34 AM.



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  19. #19
    jnecros's Avatar Miles
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    Default Re: Faction Thread - Cuman Khanate

    "You Mean Barsbek of Khazar Khagan
    or
    Parsbit, Barsbek (also a male and female name) CUMAN FEMALE NOBLE GIRL ?"---



    The Kyrgyz Kagan or "ajo", Barsbek. 680-711 AD, died fighting the Eastern Turks: Bilge-kagan, Toyukuk and Kyutegin in a suprise attack in the Sayan mountian range. Also mentioned in several song/epics like Manas is.

    Yeah man take your time, I am also in school. I can understand a good deal of Russian, if you write it. Its what I study

    Also thanks for the video link, very cool!

  20. #20
    caralampio's Avatar Magnificus
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    Default Re: Faction Thread - Cuman Khanate

    Take a look at the submods forum!

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